the lion monument


Monument of Craterus


4th century BCE

15.27 x 35 m, 4 m in height

The building was probably a portico with Ionic or Doric columns on the facade. On its rear wall was discovered a dedicatory inscription in ten verses, according to which the building was identified with a panhellenic sanctuary, known from the ancient sources as the ex voto of Craterus, the Macedonian general and close friend of Alexander the Great. Plutarch mentions that Craterus dedicated in Delphi a bronze sculpted complex, made by the famous 4th century B.C. sculptors Leochares and Lysippos. Pliny, however, attributes the work solely to Lysippos. The sculpture depicted the scene of a lion hunt, i.e. a well-known incident of Alexander’s life, when he was saved by Craterus during a lion hunt in the East. According to the inscription, the ex voto was dedicated not by Craterus himself, but by his son, after his father’s death, probably around 320 B.C., or at the end of the 4th century B.C.

The sculpture, lost today, would have been placed on a pedestal against the back wall of the building, whereas the figures would have been arrayed one next to the other. The attempts at a reconstruction are based on ancient sources as well as on some preserved works of art that seem to be inspired by the specific ex voto. For example, a base decorated in relief with the depiction of a lion hunt found in Messina and displayed now in the Louvre, is possibly copying the Delphi sculpture. It has also been suggested that the lion hunt scene from the mosaic pavement of the “House of Dionysus” in Pella repeats the same pattern. In the ex-voto of Delphi Alexander and Craterus either on horseback or on foot- probably stood to the right and left of the lion, engaged in a heroic battle against it. Another suggestion is that Craterus was on horseback and Alexander on foot. The work was a closed composition with the hunting scene developed in the centre.

Victor Emmanuel ll Monument, Venice | Oil on Alu Dibond | 30x40cm⠀
Original available⠀

#painting #victoremmanuel #monochrome #oilpainting #painter #fineart #artwork #realism #instaart #sculpture #paintstrokes #loosepainting #lion #italy #venice #monument #blackandwhite #bnw_society #bw_lover #bnw #monoart #monochromatic #noir #artsindemand #artscrowds #artsbeautifulx #artsnewss #instaartexplorer #darkartists For more of my art visit

Paolo Guglielmi (1804 - 1862)  Lithograph of The Awake Lion from the Monument to Clement XIII  1830  After Agostino Valentini’s drawing  After the monument by Antonio Canova


TEMPLE LIONS 2015 (Templo de los leones)
Arquitectura tanática como alegoría del poder a través de la historia de la arquitectura y la yuxtaposición de algunos símbolos e iconos.

La oscilación pendular y tenebrosa de la gigantesca esfera de acero con púas
nos remite a la figura del mangual ,arma letal del siglo XVII yXVIII.
Pende  esta desde la estructura gótica nervada. flotando sobre el piso vidriado
como una metáfora de la autodestrucción que llevan implícitos  todos
los poderes en la historia.

A.L.Moure Strangis.

Sardarapat Memorial is a memorial complex to the victory of the Battle of Sardarapat located in the village of Arax, in the Armavir Province of Armenia,

Located close to the town of Armavir, in the Armavir province of Armenia. The memorial is a symbol of pride, victory and survival of the Armenian People, It’s memorial is to the Battle of Sardarapat that took place in late may of 1918 and was five days of brutal fighting between Armenian makeshift units, civilians and the Ottoman Empire. 

In the words of Christopher J. Walker, had the Armenians lost this battle, “it is perfectly possible that the word Armenia would have henceforth denoted only an antique geographical term.”

External image

Against tremendous odds, and during the haunting backdrop of a continuing genocide , Armenia’s makeshift army rebuffed the Turkish troops and safeguarded the small portion of historic Armenia, what became the current republic.

The entrance of the memorial stands huge winged oxen made by red tufa stone, which is common in Armenian architecture. Steps lead to a square from which a 26 metre tall high bell tower rises. The bells ring every year on the day of the historic victory. The monument is gaurded by massive Armenian style winged lions and eagles.