the life of an outlaw

  • Western Christians: Religion has no place in public life. The hijab should be banned. Kosher slaughter must be outlawed. Sikhs should stop wearing turbans and assimilate.
  • The Rest of Us: Can you maybe tone down Christmas by, like, 10%? Like enjoy it for sure, and go all out with your decorations and stuff, but maybe don't have nativity plays at public schools or wish people a 'Merry Christmas' unless you know it's their holiday? You know, like, just don't force it on those of us who don't celebrate?
  • Western Christians: ...
  • Western Christians: Religious freedom is under attack.

I will never understand those who don’t ship things. Like what do you do just like a couple on a tv show or movie or book and be like “they’re cute I hope that happens,” and then it’s ambiguous or doesn’t happen and you’re like “oh guess I was wrong. That’s the end of that then” and don’t obsess over it for the rest of your life?

no but (among the 1424356 other things on my list) i so need to write a book about medieval history for a popular audience, just because the reality would blow people’s minds

there are so many things you can learn from it, so many misconceptions to destroy, and such an interesting social and cultural study of people learning to do things in different ways after rome fell. they had a period of almost 1000 years where classical culture was NOT the automatic standard. that is why we have gothic architecture and script. why they invented new literary and artistic genres, why they developed new laws. where, unlike in the ancient world, women and slaves were not relegated to a position of utter inferiority – in fact, slavery was abolished throughout most of the middle ages, and only began returning in the 16th-17th century when people were determined to replicate the criteria and legal systems of antiquity. same with women. you can find records of women doctors, bookbinders, copyists, shopkeepers, traders etc throughout the high middle ages. women religious were HUGELY influential; the abbey of fontevrault in france was required to have an abbess, not an abbot, in charge. queens regularly ruled whenever the king wasn’t around. it was only in 1593 that france, for example, decided to outlaw them from public/professional life. the salic law, made by philip iv in the early 14th century, barred them from inheriting the throne and later spread throughout europe, but that was not the case beforehand.

don’t talk to me about how “feudal anarchy” was a thing. feudalism was the last thing from anarchy, and it wasn’t about a lord mistreating or killing his peasants however he pleased. it was a highly structured and regulated system of mutual obligations – not a desirable condition for the serf, but still the bedrock on which society functioned. serfs were not slaves. they had personhood, social mobility, could own property, marry, form families, and often obtain freedom once they were no longer in an economic condition to make serfhood a necessity. abbot suger of france (late 11th-early 12th century) was most likely a son of serfs. he was educated at the same monastery school as the later king louis vi, ran the kingdom while louis vii was on crusade, and became the foremost historian of the period and partially responsible for establishing the tradition of ecclesiastical chronicles.

don’t talk to me about how everyone was a fervent and uncritical religious fanatic. church attendance on the parish level was so low that in 1215, pope innocent III had to issue a bull ordering people to take communion at least once a year. the content of clerical grievances tells us that people behaved and thought exactly as we do today – they wanted to sleep in on sunday, they wanted to have sex when they pleased, they didn’t believe the guy mumbling bad latin at them, they openly questioned the institutional church’s legitimacy (especially in the 13th century – it was taking assaults on every side as splinter and spinoff sects of every nature grew, along with literacy and the ability of common people to access books and learning for themselves). in the 14th century, john wycliffe and the lollards blasted the rigidly hierarchical nature of medieval society (“when adam delved and eve span, who then was the gentleman?”) partly as a result, wat tyler, a fellow englishman, led the peasants’ revolt in 1381. yes, the catholic church had a social and institutional power which we can’t imagine, but it was fought and questioned and spoken back to every step of the way.

don’t talk to me about how they were scientifically ignorant. isidore of seville, in the frickin 7th century, wrote books and books on science and reason from his home at the center of the andalusian “golden age” in muslim spain. toledo in the 9th century was a hotbed of theology, mathematics, and writing; admiring western european observers called multicultural, educated iberia “the ornament of the world.” in the 8th century in the monastery of jarrow in northumbria (aka in the middle of FRICKING NOWHERE) the venerable bede was able to open his “ecclesiastical history of the english people” with a discussion on cultural, linguistic, demographic, historical, geographical, and astronomical details, and refers to britain’s location near the north pole as a reason for its days being long in summer and short in winter (“for the sun has then departed to the region of Africa”). while bede’s information is obviously imperfect by virtue of his social and chronological location, he is a trained scholar with a strong critical sensibility and the ability to turn a memorable phrase; discussing an attempted imperial coup by an illiterate roman soldier, he sniffs, “As soon as he had seized power he crossed over to Gaul. There he was often deluded by the barbarians into making doubtful treaties, and so inflicted great harm on the body politic.”

don’t talk to me about how they were uneducated and illiterate. they were well versed in antiquity and classical authors through the high middle ages. they didn’t just suddenly discover them again when the 15th century started. the renaissance wasn’t about finding the texts, it was about deciding to apply them in a systematic way. beforehand, the 13th century saw the rediscovery of aristotle and the development of a new philosophical system to compete with the long-entrenched and studied works of plato. thomas aquinas and the dominicans were writing in this century. dante wrote the inferno in this century. i could go on.

don’t talk to me about the stereotype of the silent and oppressed woman – we already discussed that a bit above. i should also add, women usually had voting rights on the level of their community and this wasn’t regarded as odd. i already wrote a ranty post earlier on the myth that “it was just medieval times” and thus a rapey free-for-all.

we should also talk about how a form of gay marriage was legal for hundreds of years – two men could take wedding vows in a church and live together like any other married couple (though they called them “spiritual brotherhoods”). we should also talk about the cult of male bonds between knights in the 12th/13th century, and how it was idealized as the highest form of love. i also wrote a post a while ago about richard the lionheart and how sexuality worked. so.

we should talk about how all of this was happening in the time period that routinely gets written off as basically a wash between the fall of rome and the renaissance. we should remember that the renaissance was what led to modern structures of oppression for women, slaves, etc – everyone who had been worth nothing in antiquity. we should tear into the myth of historical progress and how it was invented to justify massive, wholesale colonization, genocide, and “civilization” in the supposedly enlightened 18th, 19th, 20th, and 21st centuries – because nothing we do now, apparently, can be as bad as what those bad ol’ bloodthirsty ignoramuses did back then.

we shouldn’t idealize the medieval era as a golden age either. that is never the right way to approach history. but we should take a long, long look at why we are so insistent on our simplistic, erroneous concepts of this time period, and how exactly they serve to justify our behaviors, mindsets, and practices today.

further reading to support any of these topics available on request.

A Father At Last (Peter Quill x Reader)

Originally posted by despairingfever

By popular demand: Peter finding out you’re pregnant. 

Just in time for mother’s day!

Peter shut his eyes and looked away as he held back your hair. He wasn’t doing the best job at it. A few strands had fallen in your face, but he was too busy trying not to throw up himself, to bother tightening his grip. He’d been in disgusting situations before. He’d grown up around dozens of men who didn’t know what it meant to shower. He’d been covered in god knows how many different types of alien muck. He’d been peer pressured—while drunk—to eat all sorts of strange foods…and he was fine with it all. But when it came to vomit, he could hardly hear the word without inwardly gagging a little.

Thankfully, none of his current shipmates tended to get ill; save for one occasion when Drax caught the A’askavarian flu. Peter physically locked him in the bathroom for the duration, and took to sleeping in the cockpit, as far as possible from any noises. It was a rough few days for his stomach—and Drax’s—but they both managed to survive, no thanks to Rocket’s incessant teasing.

But this situation was different. There was a difference between friends and girlfriends, and that meant holding your hair back, rather than flicking a band in your direction and running away, like he so desperately wanted to do.

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Who You Might Have Been in Your Past Life
  • Look at your North/South Nodes
  • North Node in Aries/South Node in Libra: judge, lawyer, diplomat, peacemaker/mediator, socialite, designer; some kind of helper or life pertaining to balance and equality and helping others, but may have been taken advantage of by others
  • North Node in Taurus/South Node in Scorpio: detective, murderer, prostitute, powerful business leader, doctor (surgeon primarily); a life pertaining to dark matters and secrecy and power, but may have abused power
  • North Node in Gemini/South Node in Sagittarius: traveler, philosopher, religious or spiritual leader, teacher; a life of honesty and having to do with adventure and higher learning but might have been directionless
  • North Node in Cancer/South node in Capricorn: business leader, government-related profession, father figure, law-related profession, landlord; most likely wealthy and their status was of the utmost importance; a life of ambition and achieved goals, but might have been inconsiderate and controlling towards others
  • North Node in Leo/South Node in Aquarius: humanitarian, revolutionist, politician, visionary, activist, outlaw, scientist, astronomer or astrologer; a life pertaining to the unusual, opposite the norm and helping + figuring out the world rather than yourself, loved the outside world, but aloof and unaware to their inner world--family, friends and themselves
  • North Node in Virgo/South Node in Pisces: a dancer, artist, musician, poet, writer, a psychic, a martyr, a witch, an addict, a healer; something having to do with spirituality, expression of that spirituality and empathy, but often drained by others and scarified themselves for others who didn't do the same
  • North Node in Libra/South Node in Aries: warrior, soldier, military-profession/armed forces, pioneer, leader figure, rescuer, adventurer, reckless child, athlete; a life of selfishness, impulsiveness, perhaps violence and competitiveness, but also courageousness and initiation
  • North Node in Scorpio/South Node in Taurus: banker, farmer, builder, agriculturalist, merchant (primarily selling art), financier, fashion designer, musician; might have accumulated wealth; a life of being attached to material possessions and having obstinate views
  • North Node in Sagittarius/South Node in Gemini: a student of many things, an author, inspirational speaker, messenger, religious/spiritual follower, journalist, actress; a life of exploring many different aspects of what the world had to offer, but also a life of lies, infidelity and gossip
  • North Node in Capricorn/South Node in Cancer: nurse, psychologist, chef/cook, mother figure, teacher, physic healer, writer/poet, feminine-related professions; a life having to do with nurturing and nostalgia, but also dependency on others or vice versa.
  • North Node in Aquarius/South Node in Leo: actor/performer, artist, royalty or something close to it, magician, model, spokesperson, gambler; a life of inherited wealth and self expression, but a gambler of that wealth, dramatic tendencies, bossiness towards others and may have mistreated others for their own gain
  • North Node in Pisces/South Node in Virgo: mathematician, physician or nurse, veterinarian, maid or a literal servant-position for others, scientist, secretary, health-related professions; a life having to do with organization, perfectionism and structure, but may have been criticizing and judgmental of others who weren't the same/didn't have the same views