the last of the dynasty

tagged by: @heichouou (Don’t you know me well enough already?) Sorry for being so late, it was a very busy week and i have oral exams next week…

rules: tag 9 people you want to get to know better.

relationship status: I AM IN A RELATIONSHIP (this is the first time i can say this on one of these posts, can you tell i’m excited???)
favourite colour(s): blueee
lipstick or chapstick: lipstick!!!
last song you listened to: Dynasty by MIIA
last movie watched: Se7en
top three characters: in no particular order: Dazai Osamu, Oikawa Tooru and Prompto Argentum (hmmmmm, cheerful guys with a tragic backstory, i seem to have a type)
top three ships: Iwaoi, Soukoku and Ereri
books I am currently reading: well considering i have my orals about books: Carmen by Prosper Mérimée (for French and honestly it’s not so bad) and Eleanor and Park (i’m reading it in English even though it’s for Dutch XD)

tagging:  the Belgium squad that’s getting bigger each time: @johnlockfandomspjo, @homemadedildos, @cherrixx, @devastat0r1775, @attack-on-volleyball, @dapantsulife, @staring-at-the-sunset-1989 and @the-100-dollar-nose-bleed

This statue was discovered in the lost city of Thonis-Heracleion, once one of Egypt’s most important commercial centres for trade with the Mediterranean world. Known as ‘the Dark Queen’, this statue probably depicts the Ptolemaic queen Cleopatra III (ruled 142–101 BC) who married her much older uncle Ptolemy VIII and was murdered by one of her sons.
The sculptor has combined Egyptian and Greek styles, with the queen’s garment held together by an Isis-knot. She is represented as the Egyptian goddess Isis, highlighting the influential role queens played in the politics of the Ptolemies. Cleopatra VII, the legendary last pharaoh of Egypt, was also a descendant of this Greco-Macedonian dynasty.

Ancient Chinese knotted dragon pendant in jade, dated towards the end of the Warring States period in the 3rd century BCE. More specifically, the pendant dates to the Eastern Zhou dynasty, which lasted until 249 BCE. The pendant is currently located in the Met.

In which Pope Sixtus V is madly in love with Elizabeth I

“She certainly is a great queen, and were she only a Catholic she would be our dearly beloved. Just look how well she governs; she is only a woman, only mistress of half an island, and yet she makes herself feared by Spain, by France, by the Empire, by all.”

‘’What a valiant woman. She braves the two greatest kings by land and sea. If she were not a heretic she would be worth a whole world.’’

‘’It is a pity that Elizabeth and I cannot marry each other. Our children would have gained mastery over the whole world.’’

Originally posted by soph-ts-love-13

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 royal meme | monarchs 1/10

Kleopatra VII (69 - 30 BCE) ruled ancient Egypt as co-regent (first with her two younger brothers and then with her son) for almost three decades. She became the last in a dynasty of Macedonian [Greek] rulers founded by Ptolemy, who served as general under Alexander the Great during his conquest of Egypt in 332 B.C. Well-educated and clever, Kleopatra could speak various languages and served as the dominant ruler in all three of her co-regencies. Her romantic liaisons and military alliances with the Roman leaders Julius Caesar and Mark Antony, as well as her supposed exotic beauty and powers of seduction, earned her an enduring place in history and popular myth. ( @tiny-librarian

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Minoritized languages moodboard: Manchu

Manchu (ᠮᠠᠨᠵᡠ ᡤᡳᠰᡠᠨ manju gisun) is a severily endangered language spoken in Manchuria. It was the language of the Qing dynasty, but over the last centuries has been replaced by Mandarin Chinese.

For anon

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Octagonal Tomb of Arsioe IV

Ephesus, Turkey

~41 BCE

15 m. in height, 5 m. in width


the Octagon was a vaulted burial chamber placed on a rectangular base with the skeleton of a 15 or 16 year old woman in a marble sarcophagus. According to an interpretation Octagon was a monument to Ptolemy Arsinoe IV, the youngest sister of the famous Cleopatra VII, that was murdered in Ephesus in 41 BC.

 Arsinoe IV (ca. 68/67 – 41 BC) was the fourth daughter of Ptolemy XII Auletes, sister of Ptolemy XIII and Cleopatra VII, and one of the last rulers of the Ptolemaic dynasty of ancient Egypt. When their father died, he left Ptolemy and Cleopatra as joint rulers of Egypt, but Ptolemy soon dethroned Cleopatra and forced her to flee Alexandria.

When Julius Caesar arrived in Alexandria in 48 BC and sided with Cleopatra’s faction, Arsinoe escaped from the capital with her mentor Ganymedes and joined the Egyptian army under Achillas, assuming the title of pharaoh. When Achillas and Ganymedes clashed, Arsinoe had Achillas executed and placed Ganymedes in command of the army. Ganymedes initially enjoyed some success against the Romans, negotiating an exchange of Arsinoe for Ptolemy, but the Romans soon received reinforcements and inflicted a decisive defeat on the Egyptians.

Arsinoe was transported to Rome, where she was forced to appear in Caesar’s triumph. Despite usual traditions of prisoners in triumphs being strangled when the festivities were at an end, Caesar spared Arsinoe and granted her sanctuary at Ephesus. Arsinoe lived in the temple for many years, always keeping a watchful eye for her sister Cleopatra, who saw her as a threat to her power. Her fears proved well-founded; in 41 BC, at Cleopatra’s instigation, Mark Antony ordered her executed on the steps of the temple. She was given an honorable funeral and a tomb pictured here.

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Judgement at Karakorum

The death of Mongke Khan in 1259 brought the end of the Mongol Empire. Perhaps what made the Mongols most successful as conquerors was their unity, a unity which was always tenuous at best.  When Mongke Khan died he left no heirs to take over the empire, and as a result the Mongol Empire fractured between many khans and warlords. The largest and most powerful Mongol state that resulted was the Yuan Dynasty, founded in 1271 by Kublai Khan, which controlled all of China, Mongolia, Korea, parts of Siberia, and parts of Central Asia. 

The Yuan Dynasty didn’t even last a hundred years before collapsing, showing that while the Mongols were great empire conquerors and empire builders, they were not very good empire keepers. The Yuan Emperors created a class system with the Mongols at the top, controlling all high level government and military positions. The native Chinese were relegated to second class status within their own country, which fomented resentment against the Mongols. Furthermore, the Mongols of the Yuan Dynasty were terrible administrators, and over the decades the Chinese economy collapsed due to economic and financial mismanagement. The countryside was ravaged by outlaws and criminals. Corruption was rampant, as was political intrigue. Like I mentioned before, what made the Mongols most powerful was their unity. Without unity, the Mongols were nothing more than small bands of marauders and brigands. Infighting was common among the Mongols as heirs of Kublai Khan fought for control of the empire. The Yuan Mongols themselves were not the same Mongols bred during the days of Genghis Khan.  Rather than being fierce and ruthless steppe warriors, decades of luxurious living and wealth had transformed the Mongols into a horde of overprivileged brats who needed a good ass whoopin’ for their own good.

By the 1350′s, Chinese hatred of the Mongols had reached the boiling point. The Mongols ruled under the Mandate of Heaven, an ancient Chinese doctrine that said that rulers governed with the blessings of the gods. However, the gods could withdraw their mandate, giving the people the right to overthrow an incompetent or tyrannical ruler. Heaven would give a sign that it had withdrawn it’s mandate with a series of natural disasters. In the 1350′s China was plagued with a number of disastrous floods, droughts, and famines, disasters which a weakened Mongol government could do little to mitigate. To the Chinese, the Mongols were both incompetent and tyrannical, it was time for them to be tarred, feathered, and run out of town on a rail.

In 1351, a religious political movement called the White Lotus Society founded the Red Turban Rebellion, a movement to kick the Mongols out of China once and for all. The Mongols were almost powerless to stop them as millions across China rose up in arms. While the Mongols were extraordinary conquerors, the sucked at defending and holding ground. Back in the days before Genghis Khan, if the Chinese sent a massive army into Mongolia to quell the tribes, the Mongols would simply pack up their yurts and bug out, disappearing into the vastness of the steppes. Now that they had to defend an empire and hold on to territory, they had lost the advantage of mobility.  The Mongols were not prepared to deal with such a mass uprising. Over the next seven years the Mongols were forced to retreat toward the north, until in 1358 the last Yuan Emperor, Toghon Temur, ordered a complete withdrawal from China. 

The Mongols would found a rump state called the Northern Yuan Dynasty in Mongolia, while a Red Turban leader named Zhu Yuanzhang claimed the Mandate of Heaven and founded the Ming Dynasty.  The Ming Chinese continued to advance against the Mongols, driving father north and eventually kicking the Mongols out of Manchuria. In 1388 the Ming invaded Mongolia with a massive army. The Mongols attempted to stop them, but were easily crushed at the Battle of Lake Biur, which resulted in 70,000 Mongols surrendering to the Chinese Imperial Army. The Ming then marched on the Mongol capital of Karakorum, and burned it to the ground. Talk about comeuppance.

After the destruction of Karakorum, the Mongols reverted back into their old tribal ways, splitting into factions that remained in almost constant civil war. The Ming watched closely, and whenever it seemed that a leader would emerge to unite the Mongols once again, the Ming would invade, cut that person down to size, and the infighting among the Mongols would begin again. As a result, the Mongols would never be the existential threat to China or any other civilization like they were back in the days of Genghis Khan. Some came close to bringing back old Mongol glory, such as in 1449 when the Mongols defeated a 500,000 man Ming army, captured the emperor, and laid siege to Beijing, but Mongol infighting destroyed the offensive and regressed the Mongols back to their old ways once again. In 1757, the Manchu Dynasty conquered Mongolia, reducing the Mongol population by 80% through warfare, disease, and genocide. In the meantime, the Russians advanced from the west, conquering and occupying traditional Mongol lands in Central Asia.

Mongolia would remain a province of Manchu China until the fall of the Dynasty in 1912. In 1924 Mongolia became a communist state under the Mongolian People’s Republic. While technically Mongolia was a sovereign nation, in reality it was a puppet state of the Soviet Union, who occupied the country with Red Army troops up until the end of World War II. As a result, around 30,000 Mongolians were executed as part of Stalin’s purges in the late 1930′s. After World War II Mongolia would become a pawn of the Soviet Union in it’s Cold War squabbles against China. Communism came to an end in Mongolia as the Soviet Union collapsed.

Cleopatra VII

Not a traditional Pharaoh of old, Cleopatra was the last leader of the Ptolemaic Dynasty.  These Pharaohs came from the Macedonian general of Alexander the Great.

Cleopatra is known for her famous demise, liaisons with Roman Generals and famed good looks.  But Cleopatra was a scholar, a mother and a Pharaoh, one battle away from ruling the world.

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On March 24th, in 1603, Elizabeth I died at Richmond Palace between two and three in the morning after having been Queen for a total of 44 years, 127 days. She was the last ruler of the Tudor Dynasty and is still considered to be one of England’s most popular monarchs.

Throughout her life, she had infamously never married or had any children, leading to her nickname of “The Virgin Queen”. Elizabeth was succeeded on the throne by her 1st cousin twice removed, James VI of Scotland, who was the great-grandson of her father’ sister Margaret. He would rule in England as James I, becoming the first monarch of the House of Stuart.

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Favourite Historical People: Richard III

Richard III (2 October 1452 – 22 August 1485) was King of England from 1483 until his death in 1485, at the age of 32, in the Battle of Bosworth Field. He was the last king of the House of York and the last of the Plantagenet dynasty. His defeat at Bosworth Field, the last decisive battle of the Wars of the Roses, marked the end of the Middle Ages in England.

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Richard III of England

Richard III (2 October 1452 – 22 August 1485) was King of England from 1483 until his death in 1485, at the age of 32, in the Battle of Bosworth Field. He was the last king of the House of York and the last of the Plantagenet dynasty. His defeat at Bosworth Field, the last decisive battle of the Wars of the Roses, marked the end of the Middle Ages in England. He is the subject of the historical play Richard III by William Shakespeare.