the last duchess

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Members of the British Royal Family attended a Service of Dedication on Horse Guards Parade before formally unveiling the new Iraq Afghanistan Memorial on Victoria Embankment Gardens, London. They also attended a reception for those who served in Afghanistan. | March 9th, 2017 

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–> anonymous asked: top ten six historical ladies?

Hatshepsut: one of the most successful pharaohs, she is considered to be a pharaoh who inaugurated a long peaceful era, due to a long and prosperous reign.

Cleopatra: last active pharaoh of Ptolemaic Egypt, she was a politically astute ruler who fought for the independence of her country.

Anne of Brittany: last Sovereign Duchess of Brittany and twice anointed Queen consort of France, she was a central figure in the struggle for influence that led to the union of Brittany and France.

Mary Tudor: sister of Henry VIII and Queen Dowager of France, she married for love and was the maternal grandmother of Lady Jane Grey.

Mary I of England: first queen regnant of England, she paved the way for all her female successors.

Catherine de Medici: the most powerful woman in sixteenth-century Europe, she maintained the Valois dynasty on the throne during the reigns of her three sons.

The basement of the house in the Ural Mountains where Communists executed the Czar and his family - July 16, 1918 .

The gunshot-and-bayonet murders took place in July 1918 in a cellar in the city of Ekaterinburg, central Russia.

“ I ordered them to stand along the wall. Obviously, at that moment they did not imagine what awaited them. Alexandra Feodrovna said “There are not even chairs here.” Nicholas was carrying Alexei. He stood in the room with him in his arms. Then I ordered a couple of chairs. On one of them, to the right of the entrance, almost in the corner, Alexandra Feodrovna sat down. The daughters and Demidova stood next to her, to the left of the entrance. Beside them Alexei was seated in the armchair. Behind him Dr. Botkin, the cook and the others stood. Nicholas stood opposite Alexei. At the same time I ordered the men to go down and to be ready in their places when the command was given. Nicholas had put Alexei on the chair and stood in such a way, that he shielded him. Alexei sat in the left corner from the entrance, and so far as I can remember, I said to Nicholas approximately this: His royal and close relatives inside the country and abroad were trying to save him, but the Soviet of Workers’ Deputies resolved to shoot them. He asked “What?” and turned toward Alexei. At that moment I shot him and killed him outright. He did not get time to face us to get an answer. At that moment disorganized, not orderly firing began. The room was small, but everybody could come in and carry out the shooting according to the set order. But many shot through the doorway. Bullets began to ricochet because the wall was brick. Moreover, the firing intensified when the victims shouts arose. I managed to stop the firing but with great difficulty.A bullet, fired by somebody in the back, hummed near my head and grazed either the palm or finger (I do not remember) of somebody. When the firing stopped, it turned out that the daughters, Alexandra Feodrovna and, it seems, Demidova and Alexei too, were alive. I think they had fallen from fear or maybe intentionally, and so they were alive. Then we proceeded to finish the shooting. (Previously I had suggested shooting at the heart to avoid a lot of blood). Alexei remained sitting petrified. I killed him. 

They shot the daughters but did not kill them. Then Yermakov resorted to a bayonet, but that did not work either. Finally they killed them by shooting them in the head. Only in the forest did I finally discover the reason why it had been so hard to kill the daughters and Alexandra Feodrovna.

YUROVSKY’S (one of the guards) account of the execution of the last Tsar and his family.

The princesses had jewels sewn into their bodices and skirts, which had initially deflected the bullets.

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–> anonymous asked: top eight favorite overlooked or forgotten historical figures?

Hephaestion Amyntoros: lifelong friend of Alexander the Great and distinguished general of the Macedonian army, diplomat in Asia during the campaign, Chiliarch of the Empire, he also corresponded with the philosophers Aristotle and Xenocrates and actively supported Alexander’s attempts to integrate the Greeks and Persians.

Anne of Brittany: last Sovereign Duchess of Brittany and twice anointed Queen consort of France (1491-1498 and 1499-1514), she was a central figure in the struggle for influence that led to the union of Brittany and France. She is highly regarded in Brittany as a conscientious ruler who defended the Duchy - the safeguarding of Breton autonomy and the preservation of the Duchy outside the French crown being her life’s work.

Charles Brandon, 1st Duke of Suffolk: lifelong friend of Henry VIII, courtier and general, he married for love Mary Tudor in 1515, risking his head in the process and losing the royal favor temporary. Much appreciated at court, he spent his life as a trusted and beloved courtier to the king, who payed for his burial in 1545.

Mary Tudor, Queen of France: sister to Henry VIII, she became the third wife of Louis XII of France in 1514. At his death in 1515, she married Charles Brandon for love, against the wishes of her brother and his council. The couple were eventually pardoned, after having paid a heavy fine. She was the maternal grandmother of Lady Jane Grey.

Anne of Cleves: fourth wife of Henry VIII whose marriage was annulled, she was afterwards refereed to as the King’s Beloved Sister. She lived to see the coronation of Mary I, outliving the rest of Henry’s wives.

Mary I of England: first queen regnant of England, she wielded the full powers of a king and paved the way for her female successors. She is mostly remembered for her restoration of Roman Catholicism and her unpopularity at the time of her death.

Gustav II Adolf, or Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden: credited as the founder of Sweden as a Great Power, he led Sweden to military supremacy during the Thirty Years War and is often regarded as one of the greatest military commanders of all time.

Louis XIII of France: one of the first examples of an absolute monarch, he relied heavily on his chief ministers (Charles d'Albert, duc de Luynes and Cardinal Richelieu) to govern the kingdom, ended the revolt of the French nobility, as well as successfully intervened in the Thirty Years’ War against the Habsburgs.

Photo for Memory - Pavel Viktorovich Ryzhenko

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–> Favorite historical figures:

Alexander III of Macedon: king of Macedonia, he created one of the largest empires of the Ancient world, stretching from Greece to Egypt into northwest India and modern-day Pakistan. Undefeated in battle, he is widely considered one of history’s most successful military commanders. Military academies throughout the world still teach his tactics. He is often ranked among the most influential people in human history.

Cleopatra VII Philopator: last active pharaoh of Ptolemaic Egypt, she was a politically astute ruler who fought for the independence of her country, while understanding the need for an implication in Roman affairs, leading to her relationships with Julius Caesar and Mark Antony. Despite the efforts of a lifetime, Egypt became a province to the newly-established Roman Empire after her death.

Anne of Brittany: last Sovereign Duchess of Brittany and twice anointed Queen consort of France (1491-1498 and 1499-1514), she was a central figure in the struggle for influence that led to the union of Brittany and France. She is highly regarded in Brittany as a conscientious ruler who defended the Duchy - the safeguarding of Breton autonomy and the preservation of the Duchy outside the French crown being her life’s work. 

Charles Brandon, 1st Duke of Suffolk: lifelong friend of Henry VIII, courtier and general, he married for love Mary Tudor in 1515, risking his head in the process and losing the royal favor temporary. Much appreciated at court, he spent his life as a trusted and beloved courtier to the king, who payed for his burial in 1545.

François I: first king of the House of Valois, he was a prodigal patron of the arts, who initiated the French Renaissance. His reign saw important cultural changes, the rise of absolute monarchy in France, as well as the spread of humanism and Protestantism. For his role in the development and promotion of a standardized French language, he became known as “le Père et Restaurateur des Lettres” (the “Father and Restorer of Letters”).

Mary Tudor, Queen of France: sister to Henry VIII, she became the third wife of Louis XII of France in 1514. At his death in 1515, she married Charles Brandon for love, against the wishes of her brother and his council. The couple were eventually pardoned, after having paid a heavy fine. She was the maternal grandmother of Lady Jane Grey.

Mary I of England: first queen regnant of England, she wielded the full powers of a king and paved the way for her female successors. She is mostly remembered for her restoration of Roman Catholicism and her unpopularity at the time of her death. Although her reign (1553-1558) was quite short, she started the policies of fiscal reform, naval expansion, and colonial exploration that were later lauded as Elizabethan accomplishments.

Louis XIV, the “Sun King”: one of the most powerful French monarchs, he consolidated a system of absolute monarchical rule, turned France into the leading European power of his time, encouraged and benefited from the work of prominent political, military, and cultural figures. His reign, by its length and achievements, has been dubbed “Le Grand Siècle” (“the Great Century”).

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The Duchess of Cambridge was presented with a posy of flowers by four-year-old Nell Cork, whose brother, Finnbar, received care at the centre before he died in August last year.

The Duchess crouched down as she spoke to Nell before shaking the hand of her elder brother, Alfie, 13, and speaking to her parents, Claire and Tristan.

The family, from Hethersett, near Norwich, are among those who have been helped by the hospice charity.

January 24, 2017

Cемья  -  ( х/м, 155 x 100, 1995 год) МИХАИЛ  КУДРЕВАТЫЙ