the hittites

Syro-Hittite Terracotta Horse and Rider, Late 2nd - Early 1st ML BC

The Syro-Hittites were Luwian, Aramaic and Phoenician-speaking political entities of the Iron Age in northern Syria and southern Anatolia that arose following the collapse of the Hittite Empire around 1180 BC and which lasted until roughly 700 BC.

I’m Jewish, and I support my Muslim brothers and sisters.

“וַיִּקְבְּר֨וּ אֹת֜וֹ יִצְחָ֤ק וְיִשְׁמָעֵאל֙ בָּנָ֔יו אֶל־מְעָרַ֖ת הַמַּכְפֵּלָ֑ה אֶל־שְׂדֵ֞ה עֶפְרֹ֤ן בֶּן־צֹ֙חַר֙ הַֽחִתִּ֔י אֲשֶׁ֖ר עַל־פְּנֵ֥י מַמְרֵֽא׃” “And Isaac and Ishmael his sons buried him in the cave of Machpelah, in the field of Ephron the son of Zohar the Hittite, at the face of Mamre” (Gen 25:9)

According to the Hebrew Bible, the children of Abraham/Ibraham came together when our shared patriarch Abraham/Ibraham passed away.  We are a family and must continue to work towards creating peace between our beloved peoples and traditions.

I would like to present to you my boy Mursili II, King of Hatti (a Bronze Age kingdom and later empire in central Turkey). Unfortunately, there are no known statues or reliefs of him, so the picture above is a screenshot from the 2003 Turkish documentary The Hittites which I may or may not have chosen because the actor playing Mursili is pretty damn handsome.

Mursili was a badass warrior but also a sensitive sweetheart, a writer and a historian. He was the youngest of five sons and nobody expected him to rule, but when his father and eldest brother died, he was the only son left to be king. (Two of his other brothers were already local rulers in Syria, and the last brother, Zannanza, had died in an affair which is a story in its own right.) Mursili was very young at his accession, barely an adult, and after his badass father’s rule nobody took him seriously. His allies belittled him and called him a child, and when Mursili sent out envoys to negotiate, they never sent them back.

So Mursili defeated them all.

Within ten years, he had either conquered or allied himself with all the kings of the region. He was also the first Hittite king to subjugate Arzawa, a neighbouring kingdom which Hatti had been at odds with for centuries. Despite his young age, Mursili quickly became known for his success in battle. Under his rule and that of his father, the Hittite empire reached its peak.

But Mursili’s rule wasn’t just about fighting. For twenty years he struggled with a plague that was killing masses of his people. In those days, such a plague meant that the Gods were angry against the king, and Mursili clearly took it to heart. He wrote a number of extremely emotional prayers in which he asked for forgiveness, and as time went by, argued with the Gods about the unfairness of such suffering. These prayers are some of the most beautiful examples of Hittite literature.

But as if that wasn’t enough for poor Mursili, in his tenth year as king, his wife died of a mysterious illness. He accused his stepmother of cursing her (probably the most controversial thing he did) but though he was legally and religiously allowed to have her executed, he only banished her. He also wrote about this episode in his prayers, in vivid words:

I punished her with this one thing, that I sent her down from the palace. (…) Has her life now become miserable? Because she is alive, she beholds the sun of heaven with her eyes. She eats the bread of life. My punishment is the death of my wife. Has this gotten any better? Because she killed her, throughout the days of life [my soul] goes down to the dark netherworld [on her account]. For me it has been unbearable. (translation: Harry A. Hoffner Jr)

A few more facts about Mursili:

  • he suffered from temporary speech loss that might’ve been caused by a stroke due to all the stress he was under
  • he was interested in history and wrote not only annals (year-by-year events) for his own rule, but also for his father’s
  • during the first years of his reign, his two surviving brothers regularly helped him out. They both died the same year as Mursili’s wife.
  • he witnessed an eclipse which can (probably) be dated to the 24th of June 1312 BC. This is really useful for establishing a chronology of Bronze Age history!

Mursili died in his 40s after a successful but difficult life. He’s hardly known outside of Hittitology circles but he will always be my sweet, badass, scholarly history crush!

Mamo Blog - 2017.03.17 (Eng. Translation)

ヤタちゃん来たよ♪
Yata-chan Came♪

「王家の紋章」の、お稽古、
「Crest of the Royal Family」’s, rehearsal,

今日は、
Today,

ついに、
Finally,

ヤタちゃんが参戦!!!!!!\(^o^)/
Yata-chan’s contribution!!!!!!\(^o^)/

昨日がヤタちゃん主演の舞台が千秋楽で、
Yesterday was the final performance of the stage that Yata-chan stars in,

とてもハードなスケジュールのはずなのに、
Though he’s had a very hard schedule,

元気な姿を見せてくれて、
For showing me such a healthy appearance,

とっても嬉しかったし☆、
I was very happy☆、

こっちが、めちゃくちゃ癒されちゃいました(o^^o)
I was able to be healed by him(o^^o)

やっぱり、ヒッタイト、
After all, Hittite,

最高!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
Is the best!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

僕らのチームワークで、
With our team work,

さらにパワーアップした、我がヒッタイトを見せますので、
After powering-up, we’ll show you our Hittite,

どうぞ!!!!
By all means!!!!

お楽しみに(*≧∀≦*)
Please look forwards(*≧∀≦*)

そんなヤタちゃんと、ツーショット(^-^)v☆
With that Yata-chan, a two-shot(^-^)v☆

やっぱり、可愛いなぁ、おい!(笑)
After all, he’s cute righht, isn’t he!(lol)

今日は、ヤタちゃんと、髪型がお揃いでした(笑)
Today, with Yata-chan, our hair styles are matching(lol)

the topic of debate on tumblr in 2019

is it wrong for modern indo-europeans to worship tarhunt because they don’t live in anatolia or is it wrong for modern turkish people to worship tarhunt because they have no cultural or linguistic link to the hittites despite living in anatolia

anonymous asked:

What country was famous for having great archers?

Oh, this is a far deeper question than: “country X had the best archers.” Archery was an integral part of warfare since the Neolithic era, and certainly during the Bronze Age, so plenty of peoples have used archery.

The Egyptians and Hittites, for example, were masters of chariot archery. Lightly armored, incredibly mobile (on flat terrain anyway) units that could dance circles around slow infantry.

The English, in particular the Welsh, were masters of the longbow, and were an incredibly dominant foot archer for their wars against France. The Scythians too, were incredible archers, as were the Japanese.

The Mongols were famous for their use of mounted archery, and on the steppes, they used solid engineering and long training to dominate their neighbors and even beyond. The Comanche too, were exceptional horse archers.

The Chinese invented the crossbow and were excellent at deploying it effectively. Genoa could also field very effective crossbowmen.

As you can see, there’s plenty of amazing archery talents the world over. As it was a critical component of warfare, it’s only natural that societies the world over would look to perfect it.

Thanks for the question, Anon.

SomethingLikeALawyer, Hand of the King

youtube

(via https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MJWXcQNlels)

Check out this really wellmade map we found!!! The Hittite and Shorty work together to complete 1 wolrd of this map!

5

Royalty Meme[2/9] Consorts
Nefertari Merytmut

Nefertari was the Chief Royal Wife of Ramses II. She married him before he ascended the throne in 1279 B.C.E. The couple had at least six children together, including four sons. Her name means “beautiful companion.” Ramses bestowed many other titles upon her, including “Lady of the Two Lands,” “Lady of Grace,” “Great King’s wife, his beloved,” and “the one for whom the sun shines.” She was well-educated and was able to read and write hieroglyphs.  Egyptian and Hittite records suggest that she played a prominent role in her husband’s court during the first twenty years of his reign.  She appears to have died, however, sometime after Year 24..

Ramses had over two hundred consorts and concubines and more than one hundred children, many of whom he outlived. Yet his love for Nefertari endured.  She is depicted in the Great Temple at Abu Simbel, and he constructed the smaller temple there in her honor. He also built her a magnificent and elaborate tomb in the Valley of the Queens.  The inscriptions there describe a beautiful and intelligent queen who was “unique.” In Ramses’ words, “no one can rival her, for she is the most beautiful woman alive. Just by passing, she has stolen away my heart.”

In the 1000s BCE, rulers of the reigning kingdoms around the Mediterranean and in the Fertile Crescent did not usually meet each other. Travel times were much longer than they are today. So instead of ruler-to-ruler meetings, diplomacy was conducted through people referred to by the Akkadian term mar shipri. These civil servants acted both as messengers and as ambassadors. They often had royal or aristocratic blood, and spoke Akkadian which was the language of diplomacy. Mar shipri would bear expensive gifts for whatever ruler they were going to see, and would be received with pomp and ceremony.

The nice thing about visiting home is that my mom is always willing to listen to me infodump
“yeah, so there were these three largyneals, they’re not really laryngeals but they’re called that, and they could serve as either vowels or consonants just like liquids could. Like you know how r is kind of a vowel in the English word hurt? Yeah it’s like that. So anyway”
“I’m gonna go walk the dog now but that’s awesome”