~A type of faerie whose appearance predicts the death of somebody nearby or a family member.
~ A type of household faerie who aids humans in farming yet brings them misfortune if offended/annoyed. Humans could dispose of a hob by giving them a new set of clothes but some prove difficult to get rid of.
~ Different types of nature fae who are seen as young and timeless. Very playful, with high energy causing them to be well-liked. A deep love and appreciation for nature. They love to dance and sing and relish in freedom.
~ A type of faerie who generally lived in groups underwater and sang a beautiful melody, luring fishermen to their death.
~ A mischevious type of faerie who are lonely and use pranks as a plea for human attention.
~ A small faerie that aids in tasks around the house. They dislike being seen and prefer offerings for their work, abandoning the house if these offerings are called payments/they're misused by the homeowner.
~ A type of faerie who are diplomatic and wise with sharper senses (physically and mentally) than humans. They love art, song and nature.
~ A type of fae who live as seals underwater, can shed their seal skin and become human, but almost always return to the sea by re-applying their skin. Seen as having great seductive powers over humans.
~ A small faerie who leads lone travelers off their path, using faery-light, often to their death.
~ A type of solitary faerie. Generally seen as greedy due to their hidden pot of gold at the end of rainbows. If captured they must grant 3 wishes for their freedom, much to their dismay.
~ A shape-shifting faerie who generally resides in human homes. They play malicious pranks to test humans. They can shift between being invisible, human, fire or objects.
~ A type of faerie, generally seen as very small and fragile. They punish humans who neglect others and reward considerate humans. They have a tendency to be manipulative.
I listened to this song (fall out boy if you’re interested) mainly.
You stepped off the Devenford bus, arms linked with your 6’2
best friend who had a scowl rested on his face as he looked out over the crowd
of students surrounding the bus. “Lighten up, Brett, it’s only a friendly.” You
smiled, bumping your hip against his. Brett eased up at the sound of you laughter
as you skipped through the crowd away from him in search of friends that you new in Beacon Hills, he stared at you weaving your
way through people like second nature.
Uriașii were the first people ever created. Despite their powerful stature the giants were friendly and, in bygone times, humans and the Uriașii lived together in peace. One day, however, a terrible war ensued between both races and the humans became the next owners of all the rivers and mountains. There’s a legend based on an agreement between the great Dacian king Burebista and all the Uriașii from the mountains that allowed them to live in the mountains only if they promised to guard with their life the great Dacian gold treasures. So, it is believed, that in the deepest caves of the Carpathians Mountains may still live some Uriașii, protecting the treasures for generations to come. In some areas of Oltenia and Transylvania the Uriașii are also called Jidovi while in the Carpathians Jidovi are often named Blajini, which means the Kind Ones, or Novaci, which means the Powerful Ones as they could snatch a tree without any effort. Their presence in Romania is well maintained by the multitude of places that were named after them: the Jidovi table, the Jidovi cave, the hill or the tombs of Jidovi and also, there is jidovina, a measuring unit consisting of several meters, the equivalent of a giant’s step. Wherever you go, their memory is well preserved and you must not be surprised to hear that there are still many people who believe in their past existence. At the beginning of 1900, there were still some people who claimed to have heard real stories about Jidovi from their grandparents who saw them in person. According to their stories, there were few giants left but lived in good communion with humans. When great floods came, Jidovii took care of people and their animals without asking for any reward.
The Iele are feminine mythical creatures In Romanian mythology. There are several differing descriptions of their characteristics. Often they are described as virgin fairies (zâne), with great seductive power over men, with magic skills and attributes similar to Nymphs, Naiads and Dryads found in Greek mythology. They are also similar to the Samodivas in Bulgaria. The name iele is the Romanian popular word for “they” (feminine). Their real names are secret and inaccessible, and are commonly replaced with nicknames based on their characteristics. The Iele are said to live in the sky, in forests, in caves, on isolated mountain cliffs and in marshes, and reported to have been seen bathing in the springs or at crossroads. From this point of view, the Iele are similar to the Ancient Greek Hecate, a three headed goddess of Thracian origin, who guards crossroads. They mostly appear at night by moonlight, as dancing Horas, in secluded areas such as glades, the tops of certain trees (maples, walnut trees), ponds, river sides, crossroads or abandoned fireplaces, dancing naked, with their breasts almost covered by their disheveled hair, with bells on their ankles and carrying candles. In almost all of these instances, the Iele appear to be incorporeal. Rarely, they are dressed in chain mail coats. The effect of their specific dance, the Hora is similar to the dances of the Bacchantes. The place where they had danced would after remain carbonized. Later, when grass would finally grow, it would have a red or dark-green color, the animals would not eat it, but instead mushrooms would thrive on it.
Sânziană is the Romanian name for gentle fairies who play an important part in local folklore, also used to designate the Galium verum or Cruciata laevipes flowers. Under the plural form Sânziene, the word designates an annual festival in the fairies’ honor. Etymologically, the name comes from the LatinSancta Diana, the Roman goddess of the hunt and moon, also celebrated in Roman Dacia (ancient Romania). Diana was known to be the virgin goddess and looked after virgins and women. She was one of the three maiden goddesses, Diana, Minerva and Vesta, who swore never to marry.
People in the western Carpathian Mountains celebrate the Sânziene holiday annually, on June 24. This is similar to the Swedish Midsummer holiday, and is believed to be a pagan celebration of the summer solstice in June.The folk practices of Sânziene imply that the most beautiful maidens in the village dress in white and spend all day searching for and picking flowers, of which one must be Galium verum(Lady’s bedstraw or Yellow bedstraw) which in Romanian is also named “Sânziànă”. Using the flowers they picked during the day, the girls braid floral crowns which they wear upon returning to the village at nightfall. There they meet with their beloved and they dance around a bonfire. The crowns are thrown over the houses, and whenever the crown falls, it is said that someone will die in that house; if the crown stays on the roof of the house, then good harvest and wealth will be bestowed upon the owners. As with other bonfire celebrations, jumping over the embers after the bonfire is not raging anymore is done to purify the person and also to bring health.Another folk belief is that during the Sânziene Eve night, the heavens open up, making it the strongest night for magic spells, especially for the love spells. Also it is said that the plants harvested during this night will have tremendous magical powers. It is not a good thing though to be a male and walk at night during Sanziene Eve night, as that is the time when the fairies dance in the air, blessing the crops and bestowing health on people - they do not like to be seen by males, and whomever sees them will be maimed, or the fairies will take their hearing/speech or make them mad. In some areas of the Carpathians, the villagers then light a big wheel of hay from the ceremonial bonfire and push it down a hill. This has been interpreted as a symbol for the setting sun (from the solstice to come and until the midwinter solstice, the days will be getting shorter). The consequences of heavens opening on Sânziene are connected by some to paranormal events reported during that period of each year. According to popular beliefs, strange things, both positive and negative, may happen to a person wandering alone on Sânziene night. Strange ethereal activities are believed to happen especially in places such as the Băneasa forest (near the capital of Bucharest) or the Baciu forest (near the city of Cluj-Napoca).
Zână is the Romanian equivalent of the Greek Charites or fairy Godmother. They are the opposite of monsters like Muma Pădurii. These characters make positive appearances in fairy tales and reside mostly in the woods. They can also be considered the Romanian equivalent of fairies and of the Germanic Elf.They give life to fetuses in utero and bestow upon them great gifts like the art of dancing, beauty, kindness, and luck. In folk tales, it is told not to upset them because they also have the power to do bad things or put a curse on the wrongdoer. They also act like guardian angels, especially for children who enter the woods, or for other good people.The word zână comes from the Roman goddess Diana. She is the one who has all the beauty, and is the one that gives it away.Zână is also used in current Romanian slang to refer to an attractive girl.
The Ştima Apelor in Romanian mythology is a primitive deity of sweet waters, the benevolence of which depends on the water stability, as well as the great floods as the drought, being a Romanian replica of the goddesses goddesses from the Greeks. In the beliefs of our people, every water has a knowledge. She appears as a woman, unobtrusively beautiful, wild, white, with green-blue hair, long to the heel. When it’s in the water, it’s half a woman, half a fish. From time to time, one of the Knowing, angry at the earth, comes out of the river or the lake with the water after it, and goes over the fields and meadows, flooding everything in the way and drowning people and animals. After her anger is over, Ştima returns to his mother’s womb or sits in the ponds.In the drought, when the waters fall and the night is hiding in the depths they take their heads out of the water at midnight and ask for a man’s head, shouting, “The hour has arrived, / The man has not come.” Then wherever he is, the one who is destined to drown leaves everything and makes his way to the water where he will drawn seduced by the Ştima.
Muma Padurii, whose name translates to “mother of the woods” appears in many stories as a guardian of the trees. She is a shape-shifter, appearing as a beautiful woman or as an old woman with skin made of tree bark. She steals children, torments mothers who gave birth out of wedlock, and if you steal her magic twig for kindling your house will burn down.She lives in the depths of the old mountains in the heart of the forests in a hut from a cavern of a secular tree. She wanders only at night time until sunrise.She comes in the middle of the night in homes with open doors or windows disfiguring and killing men. She also punishes men who whistle or sing in the woods waking up her children (the trees) and those that pick the forrest’s fruits or cut down the trees.
Fata Padurii (“the Forest Girl”) is a demon that lures young men into the woods, where it kills them. She has two faces: when she first shows herself to a man, she is a young and very beautiful woman, tall, thin, with big, black eyes that shine into the starlight, curved eyebrows, ruddy cheeks and long, dark hair. After she mesmerizes the victim with her beauty, Fata Padurii turns into a hideous and scary monster, she kills the boy and eats his heart. She only appears at night and never leaves the woods, so she doesn’t attack human villages. This monster is a symbol for a maturity test which all young men have to face: discovering love. The deadly threat of the demon warns the lad that love can have a dangerous side, at the same time with the beautiful one. There is a masculine counterpart for her in the dacian mythology, who appears to young women. His name is Zburatorul (“the Flying Man”), but he is less dangerous and aggressive than Fata Padurii. The romanian folklore contains several superstitions related to this demon: you shouldn’t whistle or sing in the woods at night and you shouldn’t fall asleep near a burning fire, as these signs might attract the monster. Fata Padurii is the daughter of Muma Padurii (“the Mother of the Woods”) and Paduroiul. Her parents are enemies and she doesn’t love any of them either. She stole from her mother the spell which makes her beautiful, and from her father - the magic ivy that she uses to trap her victims. She eats her prey’s heart not only as a trophy, but because she needs it for the transformation spell to work and turn her into a young woman.
In Romanian mythology, Baba Dochia, or The Old Dokia, is a figure identified with the return of spring. Supposedly the name originates from the Byzantine calendar, which celebrates the 2nd-century martyr-saint Eudokia of Heliopolis (Evdokia) on March 1. The Romanian Dokia personifies mankind’s impatience in waiting for the return of spring.A folk myth associates the 9 days from March 1 to March 9 with the 9 coats she’s shedding. It is told that her spirit is haunting every year around that time, bringing snowstorms and cold weather before the spring sets in. Women use to pick a day out of these 9 beforehand, and if the day turns out to be fair, they’ll be fair in their old days, and if the day turns out to be cold, they’ll turn bitter when older. In other sources, Dochia was the daughter (or sister) of Decebalus, King of the Dacians. When the Roman Emperor Trajan was conquering part of the Dacian territory, Dochia seeks refuge in the Carpathian Mountains in order to avoid marrying him. She disguises herself as a shepherd and her people as a herd. When she realizes that there is no escape she asks the supreme dacian god Zamolxes to turn her and her herd into stone.
Marțolea is a pagan being (widespread especially in the regions of Bukovina and Maramureș). The entity’s gender is unclear, as it can shapeshift at will. It lives up in the mountains and descends on Tuesday nights to lure with its singing and punish the women caught working.Usually its form is of a goat with human like head, horns and hooves. To married women it shows as an old woman, to married men as a virgin and to unmarried women as a young charming man. Called also Marț Sara (the old Romanian words for “Tuesday Evening”) is a malefic entity, who demands the semi-holy day of Tuesday to be respected and who forbids four women’s chores: spinning of the wool, sowing, boiling laundry and baking bread. Marțolea’s punishments for these things are either killing by ripping or hanging the guts on nails to the wall and around the dishes.Marțolea repays the women who keep the Tuesday day sacred by leaving them eggs on their doorstep or flowers from the highest mountains in Bukovina. On the first night of March, women that wear March Trinkets (Mărțișor) are repaid by Marțolea with a silver coin that the girls will have to keep all year round.In some regions, there is a different character called Joimârița, another form of the Romanian word for Thursday this one however punishes lazy children.
Samca is a very ugly and scary evil spirit: she most commonly takes the appearance of a naked woman with disheveled hair growing down to her heels, with dried out breasts that touch the ground, small eyes that shine as brightly as the stars, iron hands and long nails sharp as knitting needles or hooked as sickles and a tongue of fire.This demon whose very large, ugly and crooked mouth always spits fire can come out at the end of each month, around full moon, and usually appears to children under the age of four, who are so frightened that they become sick immediately. This demon can also appear to women lying on their birth bed, and once visible she would touch the pregnant women as if kneading on them, scaring them so much that they either die instantly or remain crippled for life.Samca can take different forms: a very large and fierce pig, a grinning dog showing awful teeth, a hairless cat with fiery, bulging eyes, a crow with bloody eyes and as a big black spider. The disease with which the children are touched children after Samca appears to them is called “the children’s malice”.Samca has 19 names: Vestitia, Navadaraia, Valnomia, Sina, Nicosda, Avezuha, Scorcoila, Tiha, Miha, Grompa, Slalo, Necauza, Hatavu, Hulila, Huva, Ghiana, Gluviana, Prava and Samca. To defend against Samca, people need to write all her 19 names on a wall of the house or have to convince someone else to write a protective spell, which they would afterwards carry on them. When attacked, this spell will make Samca harm the writer of the protective spell instead, with the exception that, if the writer of the spell was a person of age, Samca would not hurt them, making them just grit their teeth in their sleep.
In the Romanian mythology Căpcăun is a supernatural character which can either appear with two heads or with a dog head and a human body.It’s said that these beings can turn into more animals (from bear to deer and so on).The term Căpcăun also means “Tatar chieftain” or “Turk chieftain”.This creature is described as a man-eating ogre who kidnaps innocent children and young women.
The Strigoi are the troubled spirits of the dead rising from the grave but some Strigoi can be living people too if they were born the seventh child of the same sex in a family, if they led a life of sin or if they died without being married/by execution for perjury/by suicide or having been cursed by a witch.Some of the properties of the strigoi include: the ability to tranform into an animal, invisibility, and the propensity to drain the vitality of victims via blood loss. (Yes, Strigoi are the myth behind the modern Bram Stoker).The name strigoi is related to the Romanian verb a striga, which in Romanian means “to scream” but the word is generally thought to originate in the Ancient Greco-Roman concept of the strix (Late Latin striga, Greek στρίγξ) which denoted either a witch or a type of ill-omened nocturnal flying creature or a hybrid of the two that was said to crave human flesh and blood, particularly of infants. Strigoi is known as the moroiul (the name used mainly in Ardeal and in the western parts of Wallachia, as well as in Oltenia), vidmă (in Bucovina), Werewolf or the “Poor” and is also called Vampir by the Meglenoromans.
Pricolici, like Strigoi, are undead souls that have risen from the grave to harm living people. While a Strigoi possesses anthropomorphic qualities similar to the ones it had before death, a pricolici always resembles a wolf.Malicious, violent men are often said to become pricolici after death, in order to continue harming living people.Some Romanian folklore delineates that Pricolici are werewolves in life and after they die, return as vampires. This also gives rise to the legend of vampires that can turn into animals such as wolves, dogs, or owls and bats. The common theme of all these animals being that they are nocturnal hunters much like vampires. Even as recently as modern times, many people living in rural areas of Romania have claimed to have been viciously attacked by abnormally large and fierce wolves, victims of such attacks often claim that their aggressor wasn’t an ordinary wolf, but a pricolici who has come back to life to continue wreaking havoc. In a country that still has the largest population of canis lupus in Europe it’s not hard to guess how this mythical creature sprang to life.
A Moroi is a type of vampire or ghost which leaves the grave to draw energy from the living. Moroi are often associated with strigoi and pricolici.Moroi can also be forms of demons which possess a living body, usually the body of a bear. They are also sometimes referred to in modern myth as the live-born offspring of two strigoi. It may signify an infant who died before being baptized.The origins of the term “moroi” are unclear, but it is thought by the Romanian Academy to have possibly originated from the Old Slavonic word mora (“nightmare”). Beyond the Carpathians, in most of the Transylvanian ethnographic areas, especially in the Land of Moti and in the Padurenilor area of Hunedoara County, Moroi (and its feminine form, Moroini) has only reffered the witches who steal the milk and cow’s hands, In a unique example of vampism directed against the food bounty brought by domestic animals.
Vârcolac, in english Werewolf, is a demon who eats the Sun and the Moon, generating in this way the phases of the Moon and eclipses. The multiple representations of this creature, from real animals such as wolves and dogs to fantastic ones have led to a mystery over the form of the demon.Vârcolac is the representation of evil that disturbs the natural order of the world, and any deviation from the order established by the community can generate a werewolf. Vârcolacii, as well as strigoii can come from many sources, such as: unbidden children with anomalies, people who have killed a brother or sister, or even an act contrary to a tradition can generate a Vârcolac.The werewolf-man will transform during an eclipse, and most of the time, his soul is the one who will climb to heaven and eat the Sun or the Moon. If the bond of the soul with the body is interrupted during transformation, the soul is lost forever.The etymology of the word seems to come from Bulgarian or Serbian, from vylx + dlaka meaning wolf hair. The mythology of the Dacian-Gothic ancestors has a big influence on the Romanian mythology, especially through the cult of the wolf, which was also linked to the werewolf creature.
Balaur is quite similar to the European dragon; it has wings, fins, feet and it’s polycephalous.Often, the Balaur was depicted as a creature of epic proportions, one that “plants its footsteps on the mountain and touches the violet skies with its lofty crest.“While the balauri resemble dragons in many ways, weavers of Romanian lore point out that they have several distinct traits.In many tales, they’re actually snakes transformed during long periods of isolation underground.The snake turned balaur grows one head for each year of isolation.Some legends accredit them the common dragon ability of fire-breathing, but others ascribe to them the ability to influence weather and cause thunder, lighting and hail.In Wallachia it is also believed that the saliva of the Balaur can form precious stones (a risky way to gain treasure since like many dragons creatures of lore, Balauri often guarded great trasures).As a traditional character which is found in most Romanians fairy tales, it represents Evil and must be defeated by Făt-Frumos (a knight hero in Romanian folklore) in order to release the princess.
The Șolomonar is a wizard who is believed, in Romanian mythology, to control clouds and rain. They are said to be able to control the movement of the "cloud dragons”, to call a hailstorm, to cure diseases and to master the highest knowledge about the Universe. Their caste or order’s origin is often linked to that of the Dacian priests. Solomonarii are said to be tall people, red-haired, wearing white capes on their shoulders and magic tools around their waists and they are most often seen around begging for alms or summoning and riding the “storm dragons” alone or together with Moroi. Fearing their wrath, people usually ask a Master Stonemason for advice. This Master Stonemason is a former Solomonar himself, who dropped the craft in favor of being again amongst people; his knowledge is highly prized because he knows the secrets of Solomonars. The “Solomonars” were not supernatural creatures, but rather humans who learned special abilities. It is said that the children who become “solomonar” are born bearing a particular type of membrane on their head or on the whole of their body. Later, as the legend says, these children were to be selected into apprenticeship by experienced Solomonars, taken into forests or in caves which would usually be marked with encoded inscriptions. These children would learn the art and craft of wizardry, which they would use to fight against the dark forces of nature and of the human spirit. They are often said to be very secretive and if they lied or broke the caste rules, they were severely and cruelly punished. Some accounts state that Solomonars have a special book in which all their knowledge and power is gathered. This is the book they use during their apprenticeship and only one out of seven apprentices becomes a solomonar.The Romanian tradition does not doubt their existence. There are even witnessing accounts in Transylvania and Bukovina regarding the existence of living solomonars. There are however many interpretations for the myth’s origin, most of them connecting them with the Geto-Dacian priests, Kapnobatai and Ktistai. The Solomonars lived like ascetics, away from the civilized world, and sometimes they are said to actually live on “the other realm” but they are known to return to civilization and beg for alms although they do not need anything and wherever they are not received well, they would call a hailstorm as a means of punishment.
Over the years, I have come to realize that the greatest trap in our life is not success, popularity, or power, but self-rejection. Success, popularity, and power can indeed present a great temptation, but their seductive quality often comes from the way they are part of the much larger temptation to self-rejection. When we have come to believe in the voices that call us worthless and unlovable, then success, popularity, and power are easily perceived as attractive solutions. The real trap, however, is self-rejection. As soon as someone accuses me or criticizes me, as soon as I am rejected, left alone, or abandoned, I find myself thinking, “Well, that proves once again that I am a nobody.” … [My dark side says,] I am no good… I deserve to be pushed aside, forgotten, rejected, and abandoned. Self-rejection is the greatest enemy of the spiritual life because it contradicts the sacred voice that calls us the “Beloved.” Being the Beloved constitutes the core truth of our existence.