the great imperial crown

8

The Russian Imperial Regalia

  • The Great Imperial Crown, was made for Catherine the Great’s Coronation in 1762. 5,000 selected Indian diamonds and a large precious red spinel weighing 398.72 carats.
  • Small Imperial Crown is one of the royal Small crown was created to the coronation ceremony of the Empress Maria Alexandrovna, the spouse of Alexander II. The crown seems to be woven of diamond lace mounted in silver, weighs 378 grams: there are 48 big (from 2 to 9 carats) and 200 small diamonds.
  • Imperial orb, was made for Empress Catharine II. Golden orb has diamond belt and cross with huge sapphire in 195 carat. In total there are 1370 diamonds.
  • Imperial sceptre, was made for Empress Catharine II in SPb in 1771 and altered in 1774. Golden sceptre has famous diamond “Orlov” and 196 another diamonds.
  • The Order of St. Andrew the Apostle the First-Called.
2

The Great Imperial Crown - Made in 1762 for the coronation of Catherine the Great by the court jeweler J.Pauzie. This specially commissioned crown is a byzantine throwback, with two half-spheres joined by two rows of pearls and a garland of oak leaves and acorns.  It contains a whopping 4,936 diamonds and a giant 415 carat ruby perched on top. Good thing the queen had a strong neck!  

From Hugo Gerhard Ströhl’s Heraldic Atlas, 1899

1. Austrian Empire: Crown of Rudolf II, Holy Roman Emperor
2. German Empire: German State Crown
3. Russian Empire: Great Imperial Crown
4. Kingdom of Hungary: Holy Crown of Saint Stephen
5. German Empire: Crown of the German Empress
6. Kingdom of Bohemia: Crown of St. Wenceslas
7. Kingdom of Prussia: Crown of Wilhelm II
8. German Empire: Crown of the Crown Prince
9. Kingdom of Bavaria: Royal crown of Bavaria
10. United Kingdom: Crown of St. Edward
11. United Kingdom: Crown of Queen Victoria
12. Kingdom of Italy: Royal crown of Italy
13. Archduchy of Austria: Archducal coronet
14. Kingdom of Sweden: Crown of the Swedish Crown Prince
15. Kingdom of Romania: Steel Crown of Romania 

8

The Great Imperial Crown was made by a skilled court jeweller Jeremia Posier for the Empress Catherine II the Great’s Coronation in 1762. It has a traditional shape and is made up of the two open hemispheres divided by a foliate garland and fastened with a low hoop. The crown is set with 5,000 selected Indian diamonds (some Russian sources state this number as 4,836) and number fine, large white pearls. The crown is also decorated with one of the seven historic stones of the Russia’s Diamond Collection - a large precious red spinel weighing 398.72 carats which was brought to Russia by Nicholas Spafary, the Russian envoy to China from 1675 to 1678. The Imperial Crown is currently on display in the Moscow Kremlin Armoury State Diamond Fund.

2

Royal Crown - The Great Imperial Crown

The Great Imperial Crown made in 1762 for the coronation of Empress Catherine the Great of Russia by the court jeweler J.Pauzie represents the height of creative imagination, lavish beauty and skilled workmanship. It is adorned with five thousand diamonds arranged in a splendid pattern of laurel wreaths and oak branches. The glitter of the diamonds is enhanced by two rows of gleaming pearls and the crown is topped by a huge red spinel, the second largest in the world.