Designed by a French commission following general Boulanger’s demands in 1885, based on the previous Gras-Kropatschek rifles. Adopted c.1886, manufactured starting c.1887 by all major French national factories. 8x50mmR Lebel 8-round tubular magazine +1 chambered +1 in the lift, bolt action repeater. France’s military rifle for a good 60 years, named after colonel Nicolas Lebel who submitted the jacketed bullet idea, the Mle1886 rifle was the first smokeless powder rifle in full military service, one of the first repeating rifles in full military service and later the first one to use spitzer bullets.
An Indochinese worker makes shells in a French factory. About 49,000 Indochinese went to France as workers during the war, while others fought as soldiers in the French army. In France these workers observed the militancy of French laborers and over the following decades created a labor movement in their own nation that would eventually topple French colonialism.
-Crash Course: they’re videos, technically, but they are an awesome way to be entertained and learn at the same time. I used these to “take breaks” while studying for APUSH exams, and it relieves stress to watch something funny. Plus, John Green. Enough said.
-Animaniacs- also videos, but this is how I survived memorizing the presidents in order. If anyone ever comes across this for some reason and wants the rest of the song, I wrote the final few presidents through Obama for myself that I might post someday.
-Quizlet- Quizlet is my go-to for memorization. I love having online flash cards so I’m not wasting so much paper, and plus, they have games you can play to help yourself- the “learn” setting is especially helpful for languages, because you actually have to spell the word right before it lets you move on.
-Slader- I had no clue that Slader existed until my senior year in high school and I was so mad. Slader has a lot of answers to math problems, and other subjects as well, and it allows people to post explanations for the problems so you can solve along step-by-step. Disclaimer: DO NOT USE THIS TO CHEAT. The answers are there to help you CHECK yours, and most questions have a written tutorial to show you how to solve it, so do the work- it seriously helps you understand what’s going on. Slader is like 60% of the reason I passed Precalculus- the tutorials taught me more than I ever learned in class.
-Sparknotes- everyone knows about sparknotes, but here’s a suggestion of how to use it. I will use my experience with Hamlet as an example. When reading Hamlet, I would read the passage we were assigned, and then, the night before comprehension quizzes, I would read the Sparknotes summaries to jog my memory. Sparknotes has other great tools, such as a list of characters, in case you can’t remember who that random dude from page 3 was.
-Netflix- WAIT WHAT??
Hear me out. If you’re studying Political Science or some sort of Civics/Government class, I strongly recommend watching at least a little bit of The West Wing. Not only is this one of, if not the best show to grace television, but it is highly educational about American politics. It’s very fast-paced and hard to understand every political plot, but watching The West Wing gave me a greater appreciation for politics and history.
*someday I might try to post a list of the most educational West Wing episodes- they are very helpful for understanding concepts. For example, if you’re studying the Senate, there is a wonderful episode on Filibusters.
-If you’re learning a language, listen to pop tunes in that language. This helped me enormously with French, and I think it would work with anyone learning a new language. Find an artist you like, and become a fan!
(Fun fact- my favorite French artist came to my city twice, and I saw him live in concert 😍)
-if you’re in band or orchestra, listen to the pieces you’re practicing and learning while you do other homework. It will give you a greater understanding of how your part works with the other parts in the ensemble. I used this frequently.
-Books for language learners-
Depending on what year you are in a language, reading a chapter book in your language can help. I read Charlie and the Chocolate Factory in French and really enjoyed it! Helped me a lot with vocabulary.