For people making comparisons between Kylo Ren and Anakin Skywalker, such as both are angry and full of angst and blah blah blah.
Kylo Ren grew up being trained by Jedi, with a mother who clearly loved him, a father who loved him, albeit maybe he didn’t show it enough or wasn’t the father he should have been, and an uncle who was a cinnamon roll in human form and loved his family unconditionally, protected by the republic and the resistance, and while I can understand maybe him having a mental illness, he acts like a 12 year old going through puberty. Temper tantrums, a distorted worship of the man who he believed his grandfather to be, and some daddy issues.
Anakin Skywalker grew up on a desert planet as a slave with his slave mother and no father because he was conceived by the force. He had to be separated from the only person who he’d loved in his life and know that he was leaving her behind to a life of continued servitude. Then had to hold said dying mother, who was his only point of love or goodness for the first decade of his life, in his arms after she was tortured after being separated from her for YEARS. Then, THEN, he fell in love with Padme Amidala, whom he’d loved since she’d assisted in his removal from slavery, but was constantly made to keep it a secret for fear of losing his position in the Jedi order, the only home he’s ever known outside of the life he led with his mother. THEN he was plagued with visions of Padme dying in childbirth and Palpatine picked up on that fear, a fear born of loving Padme too much, and exploited it. Everything he did was for love of Padme Amidala and saving her life, but the evil corrupted him until he was buried alive under it until years later when he was reminded of the woman who loved him so unconditionally. Up until the end, Padme loved him and believed in the light that was truly Anakin Skywalker. And here was their son, Luke, who’s belief in that goodness was so like his mother, being tortured by The Emperor, motivating Anakin to destroy the man who brought him to the dark side. Because of the love he had for Padme and his child, which allowed Anakin to restore the balance to the force as predicted since he was the chosen one.
There is a long comprehensive list of force powers known to be used, mostly aggregated and slightly edited, as taken from
Broadly speaking, Jedi powers encompassed Control, Sense and Alteration.
was an extremely personal Force technique, used during meditation by
the Jedi Knights of the Old Republic. It was a rigorous exercise, that
was very hard to perfect. Alchaka meditation involved the repetition of
certain positions and the movements required between them, often to the
point of exhaustion, in order to help clear the mind and attune the body
to the strength of the Force.
Art of Movement Art of Movement
was a technique taught at the Jedi Temple during the Old Republic, it
could be done with the Force to improve its performance.
Breath Control Using the breath
control, a Jedi could literally numb the body’s instinct to shut itself
down after long periods without oxygen, allowing the user to be able to
go without breathing for longer periods than he or she ordinarily could
by using the Force to reserve the amounts of air in the lungs.
Detoxify Poison Detoxify
Poison allowed a Force-user to detoxify poisons or eject them from
their body in a much shorter amount of time than would normally be
possible. It could also be used to cleanse their body of alcohol.
was a term used by the Jedi Order to describe the reaction in which
certain Jedi or Force-sensitives shutdown areas of their minds in
reaction to emotional trauma. With sections of their memory seemingly
ceasing to exist, those who used the technique were unable to remember
details about the event at the center of the trauma.
Force Body Force
Body was a type of Force technique which allowed any Force-sensitiveto
push their body’s endurance past a safe limit, ignoring and possibly
sacrificing their health and well-being, in order to sustain their
connection to the Force.
Force Comprehension Force
Comprehension was the ability to absorb and interpret great quantities
of information rapidly by speeding up the user’s neural processes. Force
Comprehension required that the user possess at least a basic knowledge
of the topic he was comprehending. Without this knowledge the user
would simply speed up his neural processes and exhaust himself. Many
Force users were wary of this ability, since on occasion knowledge
learned at such a fast pace elicited strong emotions in the user.
Therefore, the technique was not commonly used by the Jedi. Force
comprehension found little favor with the Sith as well, simply because
they don’t have to worry for the strong emotions. For these reasons,
Force comprehension was considered to be a universal power.
Force Concealment (Also known as Force Stealth) Force
stealth also referred to as Force Concealment or Buried Presence was a
power that was used by highly skilled Force-sensitives to mask their
Force alignment (Light or Dark), their ability to use the Force, or even
their entire presence from other Force sensitives.
Force Enlightenment Force
Enlightenment was a light side Force power. The most well-known Jedi
who used this power frequently was the Jedi Exile, who learned it after a
significant conversation with Jedi Masters Vrook Lamar, Kavar, and
Force Ghost The Force ghost was the
soul and essence of a deceased Force-sensitive who denied the will of
the Force upon death, yet was able to interact with the living, albeit
not physically. Some Sith Lords learned similar techniques, which in
some cases allowed them to physically interact with their environment.
Force Healing Force healing, Force heal, or Cure was a power that used the Force to accelerate the natural healing process rapidly.
Force Speed Force
speed, also known as burst of speed or Force sprint, was a core Force
power that allowed the user to maintain sprinting speeds for a brief
Hibernation Trance Hibernation trance, healing
trance, Jedi hibernation, Force trance, or recovery trance was a
control-based ability that allowed Force-user to go into a very deep
hibernation state. This slowed the user’s metabolism and breathing to a
standstill, causing the individual to only use one tenth of the air of a
normal individual. A fully trained Force-user could stay in this state
for up to one week in a dry climate or one month in a wet climate before
dying from lack of water.
Morichro Similar to a Force
trance, morichro suspended biological functions, including breathing and
heart rate. A trained morichro user could turn the technique upon
himself, surviving without food, water, or even air for periods of over a
year at a time, though it would not protect against vacuum. But unlike a
Force trance, it could also be turned on others, making it an effective
way of subduing enemies.
Tapas Tapas was a Force technique that allowed its user to draw on the power of the Force to remain warm in a cold environment.
Force Listening Theran
Force-listening was a Force technique used by the Theran Listeners to
hear through the Force. With it, Force-sensitives could understand words
in another language or listen to beings talking from a distance.
Force Meld Force
Meld, otherwise known as Jedi meld or Battle meld, was a technique
where a number of Force users joined their minds together through the
Force, drawing strength from each other. A refinement of battle
meditation, it was known to the ancient Jedi, though dangerous.
Force Seeing Force
sight, or Force seeing, was a basic Force ability, perhaps related to
Force sense. It enhanced the bearer’s visual and spatial perception even
in the dark or behind walls.
Force Sense Force sense
was one of the most basic Force abilities for a Jedi. It could be used
to feel another being’s feelings, the future, ripples in the Force
caused by momentous or traumatic events, impending danger and the
presence of the dark side.
Force Vision Generally,
when peering deep into the Force, a Force user had the potential to see
events that could happen in the future. Force Visions were extremely
rare, and uncontrollable. Often, one would meditate to gain a vision,
but only a few would actually succeed.
Telepathy Telepathy was the very basic ability to mentally communicate over small or vast distances with other individuals.
Alter Damage With this power, Jedi were able to reduce the damage inflicted by their lightsaber so that it did not deal lethal damage.
Alter Image Alter
Image was a Force power which allowed the user to alter his or her own
personal features, such as the height, weight, skin color, facial
features, sex, voice, and body shape.
Alter Environment Alter
Environment was a Force power that involved various techniques that
allowed the user to manipulate nature, enabling the creation of
phenomena such as Force whirlwinds or fog that could be used to attack
or to shield the user from opponents.
Animal Friendship Animal Friendship, also referred to as Beast Control or Beast Trick, was the Force ability to control an animal.
Battle Meditation Battle
meditation was a Force ability which considerably boosted the morale,
stamina, and overall battle prowess of an individual’s allies while
simultaneously reducing the opposition’s combat-effectiveness by eroding
their will to fight. With the Force, one could coordinate entire fleets
of ships, allowing them to perform at maximum efficiency, acting as a
single entity with the ability to counter every enemy move quickly and
effectively. Though ideal for meditating large-scale conflicts, battle
meditation was equally effective when employed for the benefit of one’s
comrades in small skirmishes, attacks, and duels.
Combustion Combustion was the Force ability that allowed users to cause an object explode by sheer force of will.
Crucitorn Crucitorn was a Jedi technique for transcending physical pain beyond normal thresholds.
Dark Transfer Crucitorn was a Jedi technique for transcending physical pain beyond normal thresholds.
Deadly Sight Deadly Sight was a power of the dark side, focusing the user’s hatred into deadly energy.
Dopplegänger Dopplegänger was a Force power that allowed a user to create a perfect illusion of his or herself through the Force.
Drain Knowledge Drain Knowledge was a dark side ability used to extract knowledge out of a sentient without his or her consent.
Droid Disable Ionize
was a Force power developed during the Old Sith Wars that allowed a
Jedi to overload and damage electronic systems, such as droids.
Electric Judgment This
was a power similar to Force lightning that showed up as yellow or
green energy instead of blue or white, but otherwise it was very similar
in both appearance and usage.This power was uncommon and controversial
among the Jedi because of its intrinsic association with anger and
Force Bellow Force bellow was a power in which the user would amplify their voice using the Force.
Force Blinding Force
blinding was a telekinetic light side Force power. Upon use of this
technique, a blinding flash of energy emanated from a user’s hand,
manifesting as a flash of light that overloaded a target’s vision,
causing temporary blindness.
Force Cloak Some Force
users with this rare ability could use the Force to photo-kinetically
bend light and sound waves around themselves, rendering them invisible
to others, both visually and through Force.
Force Confusion Among
the more advanced mind trick techniques was Force confusion, which
could be used in combat to temporarily manipulate enemies to fight as an
ally. It was especially useful when outnumbered, and was quicker to
employ than affect mind in the heat of battle.
Force Deflection Force
Deflection was a Force power used by Jedi and Sith who were without a
lightsaber, or chose not to carry one. It is unknown exactly if the Jedi
and Sith merely created a wall using the Force to deflect blaster
bolts, and Energy, or if they actually deflected them back with their
hand. It took much skill in the Force to use this, however, and most
Jedi used their lightsabers instead to deflect incoming attacks
Force Destruction Force
Destruction was a dark side Force power used by certain gifted Sith and
Dark Jedi, allowing them to create a massive energy field and throw it
in any direction.
Force drain Force drain referred to a
spectrum of offensive and defensive Force powers, tied to the same
concept, which used the dark side of the Force to tap into the strengths
of an organic target.
Force Flash The Force-flash was a Force power employed when the person using it did not want to be seen.
Force Jump Force
Jump, also known as Force Leap, used the Force to augment the user’s
natural leaping ability. Force-users adept in this technique could
perform awe-inspiring vertical/horizontal leaps with impunity.
Force Light Force
light was an immense light-side Force power used by Jedi. When used
against a darksider, Force light would weaken the darksider’s connection
to the Force.
Force Lightning Force lightning (also
known as Sith Lightning) was a well known Force ability, most often used
by practitioners of the dark side of the Force, especially the Sith.
Force Orb Force
Orb was a Force power which served as an attack. Under normal
circumstances, it only worked underwater. It could also sometimes be
used on land by gathering moisture in the area.
Force Scream Force
scream was a Force power used by Dark Jedi or Sith. It was a scream, of
strong frustration, rage, or grief, emitted through the Force. Best identified with the terrible plastic “Nooooo !” uttered by Vader at the end of Episode III.
Force Stun Force Stun was a Force power that could temporarily deaden the senses and perceptions of a targeted enemy.
Force Slow Force Slow clouded the target’s mind, causing them to slow down both mentally and physically.
Force Storm (wormhole) Force
storm was a volatile dark side Force power capable of creating
hyperspace wormholes that were able to displace objects across vast
distances and tear apart the surfaces of entire planets.
Force Subjugate Force
Subjugate was a Force power that enabled the user to inflict damage
upon the mind of an opponent. The infliction was able to act as a
distraction, or to rid the opponent of concentration for a short period
of time. Some used this power to calm, or even enrage creatures with a
low amount of will power.
Force Suppression Force
suppression was a Force technique used to attack the will of the target,
canceling all first and second tier Force powers. This would
individually affect each active Force power. This technique took a great
deal of focus to accomplish.
Force Travel Force travel
was a Force power which allowed a being to travel great distances
instantly by creating a momentary rift in space. This power caused the
user to be corrupted by the dark side, as it broke the normal rules of
the galaxy by ripping the Force asunder. The technique became more
corrupting to use depending both on how far away the target was, as well
as how familiar the Force-user was with the location.
Force Weapon Force
Weapon was a Force ability that allowed the user to imbue an unpowered
weapon with the Force for a period of time. By channeling energy into
the weapon, it allowed the wielder to strike and do more damage than the
weapon’s simple appearance would suggest. As a useful side effect, a
Force-imbued weapon could be used to block lightsabers without damaging
Pyrokinesis Pyrokinesis was a Force power that allowed a Force-user to manipulate and create fire.
Kinetite Kinetite was a sphere of restrained kinetic energy which could be thrown at an enemy.
was a Force technique that was used to induce a powerful dizziness and
nausea in enemies by turning their equilibrium against them.
Mechu-deru Mechu-deru was a Force based skill of the mechanized area, providing an intricate reprogramming of droids.
Midichlorian Manipulation Midi-chlorian
manipulation was a form of Sith alchemy requiring immense knowledge of
the dark side of the Force which allowed its user to create, maintain,
or save life through the influencing of midi-chlorians to a certain
Mind Trick Mind tricks refer to a spectrum of
Force powers which influenced the thoughts of sentient creatures, most
commonly used to coerce into agreement by suggestion through voice
manipulation, or to cause one to reveal information.
Protection Bubble Protection
Bubble was a Force power, probably related to Force Protection. With
this ability, the user could create a defensive sphere around their
Plant Surge Plant Surge, also known as Consitor
Sato, was a light side Force power that was based around the
channeling of life energy into plants, allowing the user to improve the
plant’s rate of growth and even affect the manner in which it grows.
was a Force technique used by Jedi skilled in energy manipulation.
Employing this power, a Jedi could convert small amounts of nearby
matter into controllable focused energy. With this energy, a Jedi could
block attacks from blaster bolts.
was a light side Force technique that revitalized an exhausted, wounded
or, unconscious user, or whoever the user directed it at.
Sever Force Sever
Force was a non-lethal Force power by which a being’s connection to the
Force was interrupted, or blocked from them with a wall of light-side
Sith Alchemy Sith alchemy was primarily used to
enhance the strength of weapons and armor (such as the famous Sith
swords), or to genetically engineer and enhance alien species, making
them more dangerous and easier to control by the Sith Lords. More
sinisterly, Sith alchemy was capable of waking the dead in servitude to
Spear of Midnight Black The spear of midnight
black was a dark side Force power. It enabled the Force-user to summon
the Force and forge with it an invisible spear from dark side energies
which could be hurled at opponents, killing or injuring them as if it
were a real, physical spear.
Spirit Transference Transfer
essence, also known as essence transfer or transfer life, was a radical
dark side Force power used to transfer a person’s consciousness into
another body, or in some cases an inanimate object.
was a neutral ability that most Force-sensitives had. With it, they
could lift objects according to their concentration and move them,
hovering the items in any direction. This ability was the base for Force
Pull, Force Throw and Force Push, as well as telekinetic lightsaber
combat techniques such as Saber Throw.
was an umbrella title used by the Jedi Order to classify Force
abilities related to energy absorption. Designated as one in a family of
Control abilities, tutaminis techniques were taught to Jedi Initiates
within the Jedi academy throughout the history of the Order. While
taught to all Jedi during the days of the Galactic Republic, it was a
rare feat to be capable of dissipating concentrated energy such as what
makes up a blasterbolt or lightsaber blade.
Torture by Chagrin Torture
by Chagrin, also known as memory walk, consisted of mentally reaching
into the victim’s mind, forcing them to relive all the worst memories of
their life, both painful ones and ones that were merely embarrassing,
over and over and over again to the point where it almost seemed to
cause physical pain.
Thought Bomb The thought bomb was
one of the most powerful and destructive applications of the dark side
of the Force which targeted all Force-sensitive individuals and
vaporized clothing, flesh, bone, and even stone within the radius of the
weapon’s blast. The thought bomb sucked the souls of its victims into a
sphere of dark side energy where they were trapped in an orb of dark
torment until the end of time. Unfortunately for the user(s) the thought
bomb was a suicide weapon.
Note: This answer does not
cover what are the known occurrences of which Jedi used which power at
which time, what powers were typically or exclusively used by the dark
side or the light side, nor does it cover sub powers of each type as
that would extend the scope of the question greatly.
Also given that Star Wars lore tends to grow with time, feel free to suggest edits if you see something new over time.