the evolution of a flower


Macrocystis pyrifera is in the family Laminariaceae. Commonly known as giant kelp, it is found along the coasts of the Pacific Northwest, South America, and Australasia. It is a common misconception that giant kelp is a species of plant. In fact, it is a brown algae, very distantly related to plants and even green algae. However, giant kelp and other brown algae still have the capacity to photosynthesize due to an evolutionary event independent from rise of photosynthesis in plants. Giant kelp is the largest species of brown algae, and is even considered one of the fastest growing organisms on the planet. Giant kelp can form dense populations underwater known as kelp forests, which harbor hundreds of different species of aquatic life. Under the right conditions, giant kelp can grow up to 2 feet a day, reaching an ultimate height of over 150 feet tall.

These caterpillars of the moth Nemoria arizonaria owe their different appearances to the chemicals present in their diet, not to differences in their genotypes. Caterpillars raised on a diet of oak flowers resemble the flowers, while their siblings raised on oak leaves resemble the twigs.



This genus of plants has been studied and hybridised by botanists and horticulturalists for well-over 100 years, to the point where the cultivars commercially available are difficult to identify.

I am hazarding a guess that pictured above, I have some hybrids of Primula vulgaris and Primula veris, but other common commercially-sold species are P. polyantha, P. elatior, and P. juliae

Also known as “primroses” or “cowslips” in English, these plants have an almost cosmopolitan distribution in the Temperate zone, but half of all identified or cultivated species ultimately hail from the Himalayas. They are adapted to an array of environments, so without a positive species identification, transplant, trial, and observation is the best way to cultivate them.

Since there is such a diverse array of species mass-produced as cheap decor, I “saved” a number of poorly-cared for discount plants that were doomed to be thrown away from supermarket shelves, and trialled them outdoors over winter as perennials. Lo and behold, a few of the survivors have begun to bloom more or less continuously.

Books: The Himalayan Garden: Growing Plants from the Roof of the World; Primulas of Europe and America

POKEMON SUN AND MOON - ♂ ♀ Rowlet, ♀♂ Litten, ♀ Popplio EVOLUTIONS

Remember this image a while back:

It wasn’t complete. There’s more!

  • Evolving Litten, Popplio, Rowlet during Daytime will result in different Final Evolutions
  • Evolving Litten, Popplio, Rowlet during Nighttime will result in different Final Evolutions


Litten’s ♀ Female Evolution (Torrracat) Evo. will turn into a Grey/Black Panther Pokémon. The ♂ Male Litten Evolution will evolve into Litten’s 2nd Evo. (to be announced) before becoming the Wrestler Pokémon.


Rowlet’s ♂ Evolution Dartrix will likely turn into the Archer Pokémon. It seems Rowlet’s ♀ Evolution may become a Flower/Owl Pokémon - possibly Fairy-type.


Popplio’s ♂ Male evolution is currently not yet leaked.

The leak said it will resemble a Water beast.


Leak said: “There are female Evolutions in Pokemon Sun and Moon because there is a female trainer, and GameFreak decided to go all out and include ♀ versions of all three starters, not just one”. — Pokemon X & Y Delphox

Follow @megapokemonxy for more Pokemon Sun and Moon Starter Leaks.

“You’re stronger than you believe. Don’t let your fear own you. Own yourself.” - Michelle Hodkin, The Evolution of Mara Dyer

Bonus Request #2

Requested by theherondalemenhateducks

Inspired by the beautiful curled petals of the white lilies. 



           The emergence of the young girl’s puberty announces the beginning of her adolescence. An intriguing and delicate moment where discoveries and asphyxia intertwine. Synonyms of life and blossoming, plants are metaphoric actresses of certain steps of this human and mental transformation. The body develops and blossoms without warning.

          From breast growth to the appearance of periods, this change of state becomes a fight with oneself: growing, accepting one’s metamorphosis, cutting through the chrysalis… In front of the incomprehension of all these things changing, modesty sets in. Malaise from a sometimes toxic upheaval. They become conscious of their appearance, and little by little, of their inner changes. They become curious, attracted to danger and risk. They get out of their cocoon, timidly and silently.


          L’apparition de la puberté chez la fille annonce le début de son adolescence. Un passage de la vie intriguant et délicat où s’entremêlent découvertes et asphyxie. Synonyme de vie et d’éclosion, les plantes sont ici les actrices métaphoriques de certaines étapes de cette transformation humaine tant physique que mentale. Le corps se développe et bourgeonne sans crier gare.

           De la poussée des seins à l'apparition des règles, ce changement d’état devient un combat avec soi-même : grandir, accepter sa métamorphose, percer la chrysalide…  Face à l’incompréhension de toutes ces choses qui changent, la pudeur s’installe. Mal-être ressenti d’un bouleversement parfois toxique. On prend conscience de son apparence et, petit à petit, de ce qu'il se passe en nous. On devient curieuse, attirée par le danger, le risque. On sort du cocon, timidement et en silence.

Photography by Charlotte Abramow + Plants creation by Duy Anh Nhan Duc

Fashion by Caroline Nedelec / Make-up by Virginie Rascle / Hair by Jonathan Dadoun

The amazing 11-years-old is Thémis