the duchess of brabant

7

♔ Future Kings and Queens of Europe ♕

Elisabeth ➞ Belgium ♕

Catharina-Amalia ➞ the Netherlands ♕

Ingrid Alexandra ➞ Norway ♕

Christian ➞ Denmark ♔

Leonor ➞ Spain ♕

Estelle ➞ Sweden ♕

George ➞ the United Kingdom ♔

6

All of Henry VIII’s six wives were related to each other–and to Henry–by a common ancestor, King Edward I (“Longshanks”). Henry was Edward’s seven- and nine-times great-grandson on his mother’s side and his six-times great-grandson on his father’s, while all of his wives–including the Spanish-born Katherine of Aragon and the German-born Anne of Cleves–were Edward’s seven-, eight-, or nine-times great-granddaughters.*

To the best of my ability, here are the wives’ ancestry dating back to Edward I.

Edward I → Edward II → Edward III → John of Gaunt → Philippa of Lancaster → Infante John of Portugal → Isabel of Portugal → Isabel of Castile → Katherine of Aragon

Edward I → Thomas of Brotherton → Margaret, Duchess of Norfolk → Elizabeth de Segrave → Thomas Mowbray → Margaret Mowbray → John Howard → Thomas Howard → Elizabeth Howard → Anne Boleyn

Edward I → Edward II → Edward III → Lionel, Duke of Clarence → Phillippa of Clarence →  Elizabeth Mortimer → Elizabeth Percy → Mary Clifford → Henry Wentworth → Margaret Wentwoth → Jane Seymour

Edward I → Margaret, Duchess of Brabant → John III of Brabant → Margaret of Brabant → Margaret III of Flanders → John I of Burgundy → Marie of Burgundy → John I, Duke of Cleves → John II, Duke of Cleves → John III, Duke of Cleves → Anne of Cleves

Edward I → Thomas of Brotherton → Margaret, Duchess of Norfolk → Elizabeth de Segrave → Thomas Mowbray → Margaret Mowbray → John Howard → Thomas Howard → Edmund Howard → Kathryn Howard

Edward I → Edward II → Edward III → John of Gaunt → Joan Beaufort → Richard Neville → Alice Neville → Elizabeth FitzHugh → Thomas Parr → Katherine Parr

While Anne Boleyn and Kathryn Howard were famously the most closely related of Henry’s wives as first cousins, (Anne’s mother was a sister of Kathryn’s father), Katherine of Aragon, Jane Seymour, and Katherine Parr all share a closer common ancestor in Edward III, and the first and last of Henry’s Katherines were both descended from John of Gaunt, who was Aragon’s three- and Parr’s four-times great-grandfather, respectively.

It’s also possible that some or all of these women were descended from other members of the English royal family in yet more ways, but these are the lines that I was able to follow. Until very recently I had no idea that all of Henry’s wives, even Anne of Cleves, were related to him; I thought it was kind of wild!

* This may not be the precisely correct terminology, as I’m no genealogist.

10

top ten historical females - asked by @sansaregina

♔ Elizabeth Woodville - Queen Consort of England from 1 May 1464 - 3 October 1470 and again from 11 April 1471 - 9 April 1483; married to Edward IV of England; leading figure in the Wars of the Roses and mother to the Princes in the Tower; successfully organised the betrothal of her eldest daughter, Elizabeth of York, to Lancastrian claimant to the throne, Henry Tudor (later Henry VII of England) with his mother, Margaret Beaufort.
♔ Hürrem Sultan - Haseki Sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1533/4  - 15 April 1558; legal wife to Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent, first former slave to be elevated to such a rank in centuries; one of Suleiman’s most trusted advisors; engaged in several major building programs throughout the Ottoman Empire; first woman to remain in the Sultan’s court for the duration of her life; arguably began the era of the Sultanate of Women despite not becoming Valide Sultan herself.
♔ Isabella of France - Queen Consort of England from 25 January 1308 - 20 January 1327; married to Edward II of England; invaded England in September 1326 with her lover Roger Mortimer, 1st Earl of March leading to the abdication of her husband and the coronation of her son, Edward III; was Regent to her son from 1326 - 1330.
♔ Eleanor of Aquitaine - Suo jure Duchess of Aquitaine from 9 April 1137 - 1 April 1204; Queen Consort of France from 1 August 1137 - 21 March 1152; Queen Consort of England from 25 October 1154 - 6 July 1189; formally took up the cross on the Second Crusade as the feudal leader of her duchy; had her marriage to Louis VII of France annulled on the grounds of consanguinity; had a tumultuous marriage to Henry II of England; Eleanor was arrested by her husband in 1173 for her role in the Revolt of 1173/74 in favour of her son, Henry the Young King, she was to be imprisoned until Henry II’s death in 1189; when her son, Richard the Lionheart, left his kingdom on the Third Crusade, he left Eleanor to act as Regent.
♔ Turhan Hatice Sultan - Haseki Sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 2 January 1642 - 12 August 1648; Valide Sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 8 August 1648 (nominal) - 4 August 1683; Naib-i-Sultanat of the Ottoman Empire from 3 September 1651 - 1656; concubine to Sultan Ibrahim I; after Ibrahim’s deposition, her son, Mehmed, ascended the throne as Sultan Mehmed IV; upon this Turhan should have been recognised as Valide Sultan, however, she was overlooked in favour of her predecessor, Kösem; due to Turhan’s ambitions Kösem allegedly planned to depose Mehmed in favour of a grandson with a more pliant mother, this was reported to Turhan and Kösem was murdered; as both Regent and Valide Sultan, Turhan wielded enormous power, almost equal to that of her son and was the only woman in Ottoman history to do so; by 1656 Turhan turned more of her attention to patronage and rescinded most of her power to the Grand Vizier; last of the great figures in the era of the Sultanate of Women.
♔ Isabella of Portugal - Holy Roman Empress, Queen of the Germans, Queen consort of Italy, Queen consort of Spain from 10 March 1526 - 1 May 1539; married to Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor; her political union with Charles proved to be a love match; Isabella was to be a competent consort and was appointed Regent of Spain during her husband’s absences in 1529–1532 and 1535–1539; Isabella died after her sixth pregnancy ended in a stillbirth in 1539 and her death affected her husband deeply; in 1580 her son Philip II of Spain ascended the Portuguese throne claiming Isabella’s rights of succession and united  the Iberian Peninsula under one crown.
♔ Mary I of England - Queen Regnant of England and Ireland from 19 July 1553 - 17 November 1558; Queen Consort of Spain, Jerusalem and both the Sicilies; Archduchess of Austria; Duchess of Burgundy, Milan and Brabant; Countess of Habsburg, Flanders and Tyrol from 16 January 1556 - 17 November 1558; married to Philip II of Spain; when her father, Henry VIII of England, broke with the Catholic Church in 1533 he deemed his marriage to her mother, Catherine of Aragon, null and void and thus deemed Mary to be illegitimate; Mary was returned to the line of succession, in 1544; when Edward VI died, he excluded Mary from his will and the line of succession as she was Catholic; he named Lady Jane Grey as heir to the throne, whom Mary deposed (and later executed) on the 19 July 1553 after assembling an army and support in the days following her brother’s death; Mary’s first Parliament in October 1553, declared the marriage of her parents valid and abolished Edward’s religious laws; During 1553 Mary also returned her kingdom to the Catholic Church and the old Heresy Acts were revived; In January 1558, French forces took Calais, England’s sole remaining possession on the European mainland, it was an ideological loss that damaged Mary’s prestige.
♔ Livia Drusilla - Empress consort of the Roman Empire from 27 BCE - 14 CE; married first to Tiberius Claudius Nero with whom she had the future Emperor Tiberius, and Nero Claudius Drusus; she divorced her fist husband in favour of future Roman Emperor, Augustus when she was six months pregnant with her son, Drusus, and she married Augustus three days after his birth; Livia enjoyed the status of privileged counsellor to her husband, petitioning him on the behalf of others and influencing his policies; in 35 BCE Octavian gave Livia the unprecedented honour of ruling her own finances; Livia pushed her sons into positions of power with Tiberius eventually being declared Augustus’ heir in 4 BCE; when her husband died in 14 CE he left one third of his property to Livia, the will also adopted her into the Julian family and granted her the honorific title of Augusta, which permitted Livia to maintain her status and power after his death, under the new name of Julia Augusta.
♔ Catherine of Aragon - Queen Consort of England from 11 June 1509 - 23 May 1533; married first to Arthur Tudor, Prince of Wales on 15 November 1501; after her marriage to Arthur, they both fell ill with sweating sickness and as a result Arthur died on 2 April 1502; Catherine was left a widow, during this time she lived as a virtual prisoner in London; in 1507 Catherine began to serve as the Spanish ambassador to England, the first female ambassador in European history; the Scots invaded England in September 1513 and Catherine rode north in full armour despite being heavily pregnant at the time and gave a speech to the troops; from 1525 onwards, Henry sought to divorce or annul his marriage to Catherine on the grounds that she had slept with his brother, her first husband, and was not a virgin when she wed Henry, so that he could marry the Lady Anne Boleyn; in 1531 Catherine was removed from Henry’s court and separated from her daughter; her marriage to Henry was annulled on 23 May 1533 but she continued to refer to herself as Henry’s only lawful wedded wife and England’s only rightful queen but was referred to as Dowager Princess of Wales on Henry’s order.
♔ Eleanor of Provence - Queen Consort of England from 20 January 1236 - 16 November 1272; married to Henry III of England; despite fulfilling all the necessary roles and duties expected of a Queen Consort at the time, Eleanor was deeply unpopular with the people due to her large retinue of Savoyard family members, who did not leave England after her coronation as well as her perceived influence over the King which created friction between the English barons and the crown, during his reign; Eleanor was made Regent in 1253 when her husband left for Normandy; she vigorously opposed Simon de Montfort, 6th Earl of Leicester’s actions against her husband, and raised troops in France in Henry’s name; after her husband’s death in 1272, she remained in England to help raise her grandchildren.

Princess Elisabeth (15 years old) of Belgium , Duchess of Brabant and Queen Mathilde of Belgium attend the finals of Queen Elisabeth Cello 2017 Competition that in the Henry Le Boeuf Great Hall at the Bozar - Centre for Fine Arts in Brussels , Belgium 🎻 -June 3rd 2017.
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Beautiful mother and daughter ❤♥💝.

Britain (equal primogeniture- “gender blind”)

Sovereign: Queen Elizabeth II

  1. The Prince of Wales
  2. The Duke of Cambridge 
  3. Prince George of Cambridge 
  4. Princess Charlotte of Cambridge
  5. Prince Henry of Wales
  6. The Duke of York
  7. Princess Beatrice of York
  8. Princess Eugenie of York
  9. The Earl of Wessex
  10. James, Viscount Severn
  11. Lady Louise Mountbatten-Windsor
  12. The Princess Royal 
  13. Peter Phillips 
  14. Savannah Phillips 
  15. Isla Phillips 
  16. Zara Phillips 
  17. Mia Tindall
  18. David Armstrong-Jones
  19. Charles Armstrong-Jones
  20. Margarita Armstrong-Jones
  21. Lady Sara Chatto
  22. Samuel Chatto
  23. Arthur Chatto
  24. More

Spain (Male-preference primogeniture)

Sovereign: King Felipe VI

  1. The Princess of Asturias 
  2. Infanta Sofia
  3. Infanta Elena, The Duchess of Lugo
  4. Felipe Juan Froilan Marichalar
  5. Victoria Federica Marichalar
  6. Infanta Cristina
  7. Juan Urdangarin
  8. Pablo Urdangarin
  9. Miguel Urdangarin
  10. Irene Urdangarin

Belgium (equal primogeniture- “gender blind”)

Sovereign: King Philippe 

  1. The Duchess of Brabant 
  2. Prince Gabriel 
  3. Prince Emmanuel 
  4. Princess Eleanore
  5. Princess Marie-Astrid
  6. Prince Amedeo
  7. Princess Maria Laura
  8. Prince Joachim 
  9. Princess Luisa Maria 
  10. Princess Laetitia Maria 
  11. Prince Laurent 
  12. Princess Louise
  13. Prince Nicolas 
  14. Prince Aymeric

Denmark (equal primogeniture- “gender blind”)

Sovereign: Queen Margrethe II

  1. Crown Prince Frederik
  2. Prince Christian 
  3. Princess Isabella 
  4. Prince Vincent 
  5. Princess Josephine 
  6. Prince Joachim 
  7. Prince Nikolai 
  8. Prince Felix
  9. Prince Henrik
  10. Princess Athena 
  11. Princess Benedikte
  12. Princess Elisabeth 

Sweden (equal primogeniture- “gender blind”)

Sovereign: King Carl XVI Gustaf

  1. Crown Princess Victoria 
  2. Princess Estelle 
  3. Prince Oscar
  4. Prince Carl Philip 
  5. Prince Alexander
  6. Princess Madeleine 
  7. Princess Leonore
  8. Prince Nicolas

Norway (equal primogeniture- “gender blind”)

Sovereign: King Harald V

  1. Crown Prince Haakon
  2. Princess Ingrid Alexandra 
  3. Prince Sverre Magnus
  4. Princess Martha Louise
  5. Maud Angelica Behn
  6. Leah Isadora Behn
  7. Emma Tallulah Behn

The Netherlands (equal primogeniture- “gender blind”)

Sovereign: King Willem-Alexander

  1. The Princess of Orange 
  2. Princess Alexia
  3. Princess Ariane
  4. Prince Constantijn
  5. Countess Eloise 
  6. Count Claus-Casimir
  7. Countess Leonore
  8. Princess Margriet

Luxembourg (equal primogeniture- “gender blind”)

Sovereign: Grand Duke Henri

  1. Prince Guillaume, Hereditary Grand Duke
  2. Prince Felix
  3. Princess Amalia
  4. Prince Liam
  5. Princess Alexandra 
  6. Prince Sebastien 
  7. Prince Guillaume of Luxembourg
  8. Prince Paul Louis of Nassau
  9. Prince Leopold of Nassau
  10. Prince Jean Andre of Nassau
  11. Prince Robert of Luxembourg
  12. Prince Alexandre of Nassau
  13. Prince Frederik of Nassau

Monaco (Male-preference primogeniture)

Sovereign: Prince Albert II

  1. Prince Jacques, Hereditary Prince of Monaco 
  2. Princess Gabriella
  3. Caroline, Princess of Hanover 
  4. Andrea Casiraghi
  5. Alexandre “Sasha” Casiraghi
  6. India Casiraghi
  7. Pierre Casiraghi
  8. Stefano Casiraghi
  9. Charlotte Casiraghi
  10. Princess Alexandra of Hanover 
  11. Princess Stephanie 
  12. Louis Ducruet
  13. Pauline Ducruet

Jordan (Agnatic primogeniture- males only)

Sovereign: King Abdullah II

  1. Crown Prince Hussein 
  2. Prince Hashem
  3. Prince Faisal
  4. Prince Omar
  5. Prince Ali
  6. Prince Abdullah 
  7. Prince Hamzeh
  8. Prince Hashim 
  9. More

Liechtenstein (Agnatic primogeniture- males only)

Sovereign: Prince Hans-Adam II

  1. Hereditary Prince Alois
  2. Prince Josef-Wenzel
  3. Prince Georg
  4. Prince Nikolaus 
  5. Prince Maximilian 
  6. Prince Alfons
  7. Prince Constantin
  8. Prince Moritz
  9. Prince Benedikte
  10. Prince Philipp
  11. Prince Alexander 
  12. Prince Wenzeslaus
  13. Prince Rudolf
  14. Prince Nikolaus 
  15. Prince Josef-Emanuel
  16. More

Japan (Agnatic primogeniture- males only)

Sovereign: Emperor Akihito

  1. Crown Prince Naruhito
  2. Prince Akishino
  3. Prince Hisahito
  4. Prince Hitachi
  5. Prince Mikasa
  6. Prince Katsura

To be updated as necessary

8

HAPPY BIRTHDAY PRINCESS ÉLISABETH, DUCHESS OF BRABANT | 25 October 2001

Even today, lives are shattered by war. Fathers, mothers and children are suffering or are separated. But their misfortune also teach us about courage and dignity. The willpower in their eyes invites us to take a stand for a better world of justice and peace. It comes to us, the youth, to keep our torches high and, like today, form a light front.

“Maria Theresa, by the Grace of God, Empress of the Romans, Queen of Hungary, of Bohemia, of Dalmatia, of Croatia, of Slavonia, of Galicia, of Lodomeria; Archduchess of Austria; Duchess of Burgundy, of Styria, of Carinthia and of Carniola; Grand Princess of Transylvania; Margravine of Moravia; Duchess of Brabant, of Limburg, of Luxemburg, of Guelders, of Württemberg, of Upper and Lower Silesia, of Milan, of Mantua, of Parma, of Piacenza, of Guastalla, of Auschwitz and of Zator; Princess of Swabia; Princely Countess of Habsburg, of Flanders, of Tyrol, of Hainault, of Kyburg, of Gorizia and of Gradisca; Margravine of Burgau, of Upper and Lower Lusatia; Countess of Namur; Lady of the Wendish Mark and of Mechlin; Dowager Duchess of Lorraine and Bar, Dowager Grand Duchess of Tuscany.

REQUIEM aeternam dona eis, Domine, et lux perpetua luceat eis. Requiescat in pace. Amen”

anonymous asked:

Why do some royal families use the title such as CROWN prince or CROWN princess? Is it to show they they are heir to the throne. Idk I just realized that the British don’t do that.

Crown Prince/ss symbolises that the person is next in line to the throne or married to the next in line. But each royal family have their own title systems so it’s just never been traditionally part of some royal titles. Most countries who don’t have a Crown Prince/ss title have a special territorial designation for the heir though. In the UK you have Prince/ss of Wales and Duke of Cornwall. In Belgium it’s Duchess of Brabant. In the Netherlands it’s Prince/ss of Orange. In Spain it’s Prince/ss of Asturias. 

R4R Zodiac Royalty: Scorpio (Sun)

23 October- 21 November

Element: Water

Scorpio is the sign of mystery, intensity and passion. It is sometimes referred to as the “sexual sign” because its inhabitants often seem to ooze sex appeal. They are dedicated friends and excellent partners… for the most part. Scorpios have a reputation for straying to other beds, but have an uncanny ability to keep it covered up. They have an innate charisma and a certain X factor that is hard to put a finger on, but that is just the way Scorpios like it. They have a quiet intensity that makes an excellent leadership quality. Scorpios stay very well-informed about others while only allowing what they want known about themselves. They prefer to operate in stealth mode while gaining leverage on those they view as potential threats. Their passion runs deep and can border on obsession, whether it be with a hobby or an old flame. Scorpios rarely forget an insult and will wait years for the perfect opportunity for revenge. Their power isn’t boasted or thrown around gregariously, but reserved until the exact moment of execution. Scorpios always get what they desire.

Key Traits:

  • Passionate
  • Intense
  • Obsessive
  • Sensual
  • Persistent
  • Private
  • Possessive
  • Vengeful
  • Mysterious
  • Dedicated

Likes: Excitement, Power, Mind games, Being in love, Delving completely into an interest or relationship, Reading people, Having leverage, Secrets

Dislikes: Sharing, Being dumped, Feeling exposed, Not feeling in control of a situation

Compatibility: Water signs (Cancer, Scorpio, Pisces) and Earth signs (Taurus, Virgo, Capricorn)

Pictured (L-R):

The Duchess of Brabant- 25 October 2001

Princess Tessy of Luxembourg- 28 October 1985

The Princess of Asturias- 31 October 2005

Queen Sofia of Spain- 2 November 1938

Prince Guillaume of Luxembourg- 11 November 1981

The Prince of Wales- 14 November 1948

Sheikh Hamdan of Dubai- 14 November 1982

Peter Phillips of Great Britain- 15 November 1977

Not Pictured:

King Michael of Romania- 25 October 1921

Amelia Morales y de Grecia- 26 October 2007

Princess Anita of Orange-Nassau- 27 October 1969

Prince Constantine Alexios of Greece- 29 October 1998

Lady Louise Mountbatten-Windsor- 8 November 2003