She was born at 2:40 a.m. on April 21, 1926, at 17 Burton St. in Mayfair, London.
She also has an official birthday in June - this year it falls on Saturday 11 June.
She was born by caesarean section - described at the time in a statement by royal doctors as “a certain line of treatment”
The then home secretary, Sir William Joynson-Hicks, was waiting in a nearby room throughout the labour. The now dispensed with custom made sure the new arrival was a genuine descendant of the monarch and not an imposter who had been smuggled in.
She was christened Elizabeth Alexandra Mary at Buckingham Palace on May 29, 1926.
She was named after her mother, while her two middle names are those of her paternal great-grandmother, Queen Alexandra, and paternal grandmother, Queen Mary.
During the ceremony, Princess Elizabeth, as she was then known, cried so much that she had to be given dill water - an old fashioned remedy for colic - by her nurse.
She is called “Lilibet” by her close family.
She was much-loved by her grandfather George V and her visits were credited with aiding his recovery during his serious illness in 1929.
After the 1936 abdication, Princess Elizabeth became first in line to the throne
She once fell in the lake at Buckingham Palace as a child, looking for a duck’s nest, and ended up covered in green slime.
She travelled on the London Underground for the first time in May 1939 with her governess Marion Crawford and Princess Margaret.
During World War II, Elizabeth and sister Margaret moved to Windsor Castle for their safety.
At age 19, she and her younger sister Princess Margaret, then 14, mingled incognito with ecstatic crowds celebrating VE Day, 8 May 1945, in London. The Queen later recalled it was “one of the most memorable nights of my life”.
Elizabeth was educated at home.
She studied constitutional history and law, preparing for her future role as queen.
She was also instructed in religion by the Archbishop of Canterbury.
Elizabeth learned how to drive in 1945.
She went on her first overseas tour to southern Africa in 1947, accompanied by her parents.
Elizabeth and Philip, the Duke of Edinburgh, were married at
Westminster Abbey on November 20, 1947.
On her wedding day, she lost her bouquet before the ceremony and only found it after a footman remembered he had put it in a cupboard to keep it cool.
She did her own make-up for her wedding.
On the morning of the ceremony, while getting dressed at Buckingham Palace, her tiara snapped but luckily the court jeweller was standing by in case of emergency.
Her wedding ring was made from a nugget of Welsh gold which came from the Clogau St David’s mine near Dolgellau
In post-war Britain it was not acceptable for the Duke of Edinburgh’s German relations, including his three surviving sisters, to be invited to the wedding.
For a while, Elizabeth and Philip enjoyed a somewhat normal existence in Malta between 1949 and 1951. Philip was an officer in the Mediterranean Fleet.
Elizabeth became queen when King George VI died in February 1952.
In 1953, Elizabeth II attended her first football match (FA Cup Final).
She has made five official visits to the United States during her reign.
Elizabeth II has answered over 3.5 million items of correspondence.
She has owned over 30 corgis. Her first dog was named Susan.
The Queen and the Duke of Edinburgh became the first couple in the Royal Family to celebrate 60 years of marriage, also known as their diamond wedding anniversary
For her Diamond Jubilee in 2012, the queen received over 120,000 cards, letter and gifts.
Her coronation was the first to be televised in England.
Elizabeth carries cash in her purse only on Sundays when she donates money to her church.
She was coronated in Westminster Abbey in June 1953
In three months in 1977, to celebrate the 25th anniversary of her accession, Elizabeth went on six tours that took her through 36 counties in the UK and Northern Ireland.
For the queen’s 60th wedding anniversary, she returned to her honeymoon location, Broadlands in Hampshire; she and Philip recreated their wedding photos.
The queen’s favorite animals are horses and dogs.
She regularly attends both the Derby at Epsom and the Summer Race Meeting at Ascot.
Elizabeth owns and breeds thoroughbreds and often watches her horses race at other events, where they have won numerous times.
Thoroughbreds owned by the Queen have won four out of the five flat racing classics - the 1,000 Guineas and 2,000 Guineas, the Oaks and the St Leger – with only the Derby eluding her.
In recent years the Queen made sporting history when she became the first reigning monarch to win Royal Ascot’s Gold Cup with her thoroughbred Estimate in 2013.
However the Queen never makes any bets preferring to
get her enjoyment from watching her horses develop and compete.
The Queen’s racing colours are a purple body with gold braid, scarlet sleeves and black velvet cap with gold fringe.
She also is interested in Scottish country dancing, and she gives annual dances for the community.
She gives to almost 40 animal-related organizations as well as almost 90 medical and health-care charities, in addition to the hundreds of other organizations she is involved with.
The queen speaks fluent French.
Norman Hartnell designed the queen’s wedding and coronation gowns, as well as many of her early outfits as monarch.
Queen Elizabeth II is the 40th monarch since William the Conqueror was crowned in 1066.
There have been 12 U.S. presidents since she first began her reign
There have been seven Roman Catholic popes during her time as monarch.
The queen was a Girl Guide as a child, as well as a Sea Ranger (a portion of Girl Guides dedicated to sailing)
Elizabeth has 30 godchildren
Queen Elizabeth II became the first British monarch to visit China in 1986.
She sent her first email in 1976 from a British research facility.
Since she began her reign, there have been six Archbishops of Canterbury.
She bred a corgi with a dachshund and created the dorgi, and has continued to breed them since
Her love of dogs came from her great-great grandmother Queen Victoria, who owned dachshunds and Scottish collies.
One of her beloved corgis had to be put down in 2003 after it was attacked by Princess Anne’s English bull terrier.
She is a keen pigeon fancier. In 1990, one of her birds took part in the Pau race, coming first in the Section 5th Open and was subsequently named “Sandringham Lightning”.
The queen once had to demote a footman for putting whiskey and gin in one of her corgi’s water bowls
In summer 2005, she opened the first children’s trail in the Buckingham Palace garden
In 1981, she was shot at by a teenager with a replica gun as she rode past crowds on horseback near Buckingham Palace
At state banquets, she dislikes serving raw food or messy dishes such as spaghetti which can embarrass the eater.
In Papua New Guinea, where she is the constitutional monarch, she is known in the pidgin language of Tok Pisin as “Missis Kwin”, and as “Mama belong big family”.
The Queen also has the titles the Lord of Man in the Isle of Man, the Duke of Normandy in the Channel Islands, and the Duke of Lancaster in the land of the Duchy of Lancaster.
With the birth of Prince Andrew in 1960, the Queen became the first reigning sovereign to have a child since Queen Victoria.
The British Monarchy Youtube channel launched in 2007 and has almost 56 million views and more than 150,000 subscribers.
The Queen was the first member of the Royal Family to be awarded a gold disc from the recording industry. 100,000 copies of the CD of the Party at the Palace, produced by EMI, were sold within the first week of release.
She sent a message of congratulations to Apollo 11 astronauts for the first Moon landing on 21 July, 1969. The message was micro-filmed and deposited on the Moon in a metal container.
The queen is the only person in the UK who doesn’t need a driver’s license or a license plate to drive.
Elizabeth also does not need a passport to travel internationally
As a princess, Elizabeth drove a truck and trained as a mechanic in World War II.
Whales, dolphins, porpoises and sturgeons are considered “Fishes Royal" and therefore the property of the monarch when caught within three miles of the UK coast.
The queen, when gifted rare animals such as jaguars, donates them to the London Zoo.
To pay for her wedding dress materials, she collected rationing coupons.
She has visited more than 115 countries.
Only five other British kings and queens have ruled for 50 years or more.
Queen Elizabeth II has given royal assent to, or passed, more than 3,500 Acts of Parliament after passed by the houses of Lords and Commons.
The queen has visited the Vatican three times, most recently to visit Pope Francis in 2014.
The queen has travelled overseas more than 250 times.
Elizabeth has attended every Parliament opening with the exception of two, during which she was expecting two of her children.
Two of the more recent prime ministers were born during her reign: Tony Blairand David Cameron were born in 1953 and 1966, respectively
Her love of horses began with a gift of a pony for her third birthday
The queen usually receives around 60,000 letters a year.
She made a radio broadcast in 1940 at the age of 14.
The queen and the Duke of Edinburgh have sent more than 45,000 Christmas cards.
The Duchess of Cambridge joined the Queen and the Duchess of Cornwall on a visit to Fortnum and Mason in London for a tour of the facilities which had recently unveiled a ‘Diamond Jubilee’ Collection of assorted items.