the choctaw

In 1847 during the Irish potato famine, the Choctaw Nation of Native Americans donated $147 to assist with famine relief. The Irish built this monument of appreciation.

Ariana’s Figure Skating Masterpost

Okay, so as a figure skater, I love Yuri on Ice… But as a figure skater I am begging you to PLEASE do research on figure skating before you write YOI fanfics because if I see the word ‘twirl’ one more time I am going to shit a brick.

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Czarina Conlan (1871-1958)

Art by Creshtar (tumblr)

The daughter of a Chickasaw father and a Choctaw mother, Czarina was an important activist and archivist.  

Czarina founded the first woman’s club in Oklahoma in 1896. In 1932, she was elected Directer of the Oklahoma State Federation of Women’s Clubs, which made her a member of the national board.  As a state director, Czarina advocated for women’s suffrage.  

In 1909, Czarina became the first woman elected to a school board in Oklahoma.  The Attorney General tried to block her appointment, but Czarina defied his orders and completed her two year term.  In 1914, she ran for the position of Commissioner of Charities and Corrections.

In 1913, Czarina created a time capsule for the Ladies Aid Society of the First English Lutheran Church of Oklahoma City.  Six years later she began working as the curator of the Native American collection of the Oklahoma Historical Society Museum.  She held that position until 1942.

In the 1920s, Czarina traveled to Washington with a committee of Oklahoma Native Americans to advocate for land rights.

Czarina died on May 5, 1958.

sydneyharcourt: TBT to before Destiny’s Child broke up and left to be movie stars. Yes, it’s hard to believe my daughters are all my genetic offspring, but you never got to see their mother, Mrs. Catherine (Destiny) Schuyler - who is mixed Chinese, Black, White, Ethiopian, and Choctaw Indian. We had no idea what the kids were going to look like! Historically, she hurt her back shoveling the path to the barn during Helpless and couldn’t make the wedding.

anonymous asked:

How do you determine the different levels in step sequences? Everything is so fast, I don't get how people can count the edges and turns?! Love ur blog btwn ❤️❤️❤️

(Huge thanks to @drag0ness for this reply!)

Counting step sequences is difficult and requires a lot of practice to be able to discern the steps and turns the skater is doing in order to achieve the highest level. Most of this is from the ISU Handbook (for singles skating; step sequences in ice dance are a whole other beast) but I think watching a step sequence with all the steps/turns written out helps. There’s a video listing all the turns and steps in Yuzuru Hanyu’s 2016-17 FS step sequence here.

The basic things that skaters do with their feet (gifs of ice dancers doing some of these turns/steps can be seen here and here):

Turns: twizzles, brackets, loops, counters, rockers, three turns

Steps: toe steps, chasses, mohawks, choctaws, change of edge, cross rolls

Turns/steps that are considered “difficult” (by the ISU):

  • Twizzles (turn)
  • Brackets (turn)
  • Loops (turn)
  • Counters (turn)
  • Rockers (turn)
  • Choctaws (step)

All of these are turns on one foot. The choctaw uses 2 feet but you are stepping to change to the opposite edge on the other foot (eg. from a backward outside edge to a forward inside edge).

To get a level 4, you need to do a minimum of 11 difficult turns and steps and you have to do the steps in both clockwise and counterclockwise directions. Each step cannot be counted more than twice. In terms of ice coverage, it must either use the entire length of the ice or double the width of the ice.

Other level features:

1) Rotations in both directions with full body rotation covering at least 1/3 of the pattern in total for each rotational direction.

2) Use of upper body movements for at least 1/3 of the pattern. Easy to understand - is the skater using varied arm movement? Arms moving around affect your balance, can help you steer your body around the turns. Is their torso moving too or does it only stay upright over their center of gravity?

3) Two different combinations of 3 difficult turns executed with a clear rhythm. By this they mean that within the 3 different, difficult (of the 5 turns listed above) turns you do, the ending edge of the 1st turn must be the starting edge of the 2nd turn and the ending edge of the 2nd turn must be starting edge for the 3rd turn. By 2 different combinations, it means 1 on right foot, 1 on left. (For example, in the Yuzuru video above, he does the first combination on his left foot at 00:13 and the second combination on his right foot at 00:23.)

Some mistakes that can affect levels: 

1) A skater may not be able to hold an edge during a turn and as a result do a hop; this may make them lose 1 of the 11 difficult turns/steps they have planned and lose a level.

2) The edges in the turns are considered too shallow to be counted in the step sequence; counted as not enough steps/turns.

3) Not enough ice coverage; this can invalidate the entire step sequence.

TL;DR Did the skater do at least 11 hard thingies with their feet? Did they do the hard thingies in both directions and used both their feet? Is their upper body moving too? Did they cover a lot of ice and show deep edges? If so, it’s probably a level 4.
Thousands of veterans converge on North Dakota to aid pipeline protest
By Sandy Tolan

An estimated 2,100 U.S. military veterans were bound for the frigid Northern Plains on Saturday in a mass show of support for Native Americans and their allies battling the Dakota Access oil pipeline.

The vets, organized under the banner “Veterans Stand for Standing Rock,” include 219 vets from California, many of whom departed in seven charter buses on Friday.

“Here’s a chance to use my energy as a vet and as a Native American,” said Robin Gage, 60, a former member of the California National Guard who organized transportation for the California veterans. Her grandmother was a member of the Choctaw Nation, from Louisiana.

“Quite frankly, I don’t like bullies,” said Gage, referring to North Dakota’s deployment of militarized police against opponents of the 1,172-mile, $3.8-billion pipeline, which would transport up to 570,000 barrels of oil a day.

(Continue Reading)

Okay I need to follow more natives so where are my black natives, my Latino natives, dark gorgeous natives, disconnected natives, struggling natives, gay natives, bi natives, trans natives, pan natives, depressed natives, suicidal natives, all beautiful wonderful natives!!! We need to be there for each other and love each other.