the center for disease control and prevention

Infant mortality rates are down — but benefits are divided down racial lines

  • The good news: According to figures from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the U.S. infant mortality rate dropped 15% between 2005 and 2014, CNN reported Tuesday
  • Infant deaths fell largely across the board, from 6.86 infant deaths for every 1,000 live births to 5.82 deaths per thousand births. Sudden infant death syndrome also decreased by 29%. 
  • The bad news: Benefits have not been equally distributed. The mortality rate was twice as high for “non-Hispanic black women,” than “non-Hispanic white women.” 
  • For American Indians and Alaska Natives, infant mortality rates remained relatively unchanged. Read more (3/21/17 1:24 PM)

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April is National Autism Awareness Month, and April 2 is World Autism Awareness Day. Blue lights will be everywhere to raise awareness of the condition that, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, affects 1 in 68 kids. “Sesame Street” is debuting Julia, a Muppet who has autism, April 10.

While the increased awareness is great, we’d also like to think of it as a time for greater acceptance and understanding of those with autism. So in honor of kids (and adults) with this neurological disorder that can affect social skills, speech and language and motor skills, we asked five of our contributors to tell us what makes their child with autism awesome.

Read more here: What our children with autism have taught us: Love with abandon, and laugh at yourself 

Tom Price belongs to a fringe, conservative group of doctors known for its unorthodox health care views – and its bashing of the department he now leads. Amy Goldstein reports: “The group, the Association of American Physicians and Surgeons (AAPS), holds positions that are at wide variance with basics of federal health policy. It opposes Medicare … [and offers] extensive training to doctors on how to opt out of the program. It also opposes mandatory vaccination as ‘equivalent to human experimentation,’ a stance contrary to requirements in every state and recommendations of major medical organizations and the federal Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Such positions are part of an underlying credo, which Price has long espoused, that doctors should be autonomous in treating their patients — with far fewer government rules, medical quality standards, insurance coverage limits and legal penalties when they make mistakes. The congressman’s ardent hostility toward the Affordable Care Act, before its passage in 2010 and ever since, springs from that credo’s anti-government sentiment.“
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Tom Price belongs to a doctors group with unorthodox views on government and health care.

They’re tearing apart our government, and our country, and the Republicans in Congress are collaborators.

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The opioid crisis has caused a dramatic rise in hepatitis C cases, CDC says

  • Hepatitis C cases in the U.S. have risen by nearly 300% in recent years, a new report reveals — and injectable opioids are likely to blame.
  • The report, which was published by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, revealed that reported cases of HCV increased by 294% between 2010 and 2015.
  • The CDC notes the disease is “the most common blood-borne infection” in the U.S., affecting approximately 3.5 million Americans.
  • Seventeen states had hepatitis C infection rates that exceeded the national average in 2015, the CDC reported.
  • Seven states had at least twice the average amount of reported infections: Indiana, Kentucky, Maine, Massachusetts, New Mexico, Tennessee and West Virginia.
  • The national rise in hepatitis C cases, the report explained, is largely attributable to injectable opioids such as heroin and prescription drugs, as the primary risk factor for infection is injection drug use. Read more (5/12/17)

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so just messing around with the CDCs (center for disease control and prevention) BMI calculator, if you’re extremely underweight (in BMI standards) with a BMI of 13 it says: “Talk to your healthcare provider and see IF you need to gain weight.” if you’re slightly “overweight” (in BMI standards) with a BMI of 25.1 it says “you should try to lose weight.” lmao. It doesn’t say “talk to your healthcare provider to see if you need to lose weight.” it just fuckin’ says lose weight. lmaao. all right. just take that in.

amiawitchyet  asked:

What properties does rain water have?

Rain water is REALLY good for cleansing and growth, as it cleans the air and helps the plants grow. It’s also good for creativity, renewal, and energy boosts; it has a special kind of energy to it that tap water doesn’t have.

If you want to use rain water in a drink or a bath, I highly recommend cleaning it first. Rain water has bacteria in it collected from air pollution and clouds. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, boiling the water is the fastest and most efficient way. Bring the water to a rolling boil for at least one minute (more at higher altitudes) and then let it cool to room temperature. Add salt to improve its taste–it actually doesn’t taste super great.

Hope this helps! I’ve been getting rain here too and can’t wait to use the water ^_^

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“The Tuskegee Study of Untreated Syphilis in the Negro Male” was a clinical study conducted between 1932 and 1972 in Tuskegee, Alabama in which 399 poor–and mostly illiterate–African American sharecroppers were denied treatment for syphilis. The individuals who enrolled in the study did not give informed consent and were not informed of their diagnosis; instead they were told they had “bad blood” and could receive free medical treatment in return for participating. For many participants, treatment was intentionally denied.

Source: Records of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Series: Tuskegee Syphilis Study Administrative Records, 1930-1980

huffingtonpost.com
Chronic Fatigue Syndrome: Diagnostic Tests, Treatment And Prevention Urgently Needed
By Clarissa K. Wittenberg This blog was inspired by the good news that the National Institutes of Health (NIH) has doubled its research budget for ...

Out of the pool! Outbreaks linked to crypto parasites on the rise

Some icky news just in time for pool season: Reports of diarrhea outbreaks linked to cryptosporidiosis parasites in pools and water parks increased at least two-fold in two years, federal health officials reported Thursday.

The parasite, called crypto for short and spread through human feces, caused at least 32 outbreaks in 24 states in 2016, compared with 16 nationwide in 2014, according to the federal Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Final numbers for 2016, along with 2015 numbers, will come in a later report, but “we expect them to go up,” said Michele Hlavsa, head of CDC’s healthy swimming program.

It is possible the increase is linked to better reporting, but it is also possible the problem is becoming more common, Hlavsa said.

so the new HHS is not only after Obamacare but also Hillary’s CHIP

As HHS secretary, Price would not only oversee Obamacare as it currently exists, but also run the government’s largest social programs, including Medicare, Medicaid and the Children’s Health Insurance Program. He would also have authority over the Food and Drug Administration, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the National Institutes of Health and other major health agencies.

HHS employs nearly 80,000 people and is the largest source of funding for medical research in the world.

Politically, Price is conservative. He opposes abortion rights, receiving a 2016 rating of 0 by Planned Parenthood and 100 percent by National Right to Life. He has voted against legislation aimed at prohibiting job discrimination based on sexual orientation; for a constitutional amendment to define marriage as between one man and one woman; and against the bill that would’ve ended the don’t-ask-don’t-tell policy regarding disclosure of sexual orientation in the military.

He has also voted against: federal funding for abortion; funding for groups like Planned Parenthood; a law that now requires the FDA to regulate tobacco as a drug; and a bill that would have provided four weeks of parental leave for federal employees.

1.2 million children in the US have lead poisoning. We’re only treating half of them.
Several states are doing an abysmal job of testing at-risk children for lead poisoning. Researchers at the Public Health Institute reported Thursday in the journal Pediatrics that the overall number of children with elevated blood lead levels as of 1999-2000 in the US was 1.2 million, or double what the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention had reported. In the 11 states in dark blue on the map below, including Arizona and Florida, more than 80 percent of children with lead poisoning were not tested by their pediatricians or local health departments. Read more
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The U.S. Food and Drug Administration and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention are warning Americans that certain lead tests manufactured by Magellan Diagnostics may provide inaccurate results for some children and adults in the United States. The CDC recommends that parents of children younger than six years (72 months) of age, and currently pregnant women and nursing mothers who have been tested for lead exposure consult a health care professional about whether they should be retested.
The FDA’s warning is based on currently available data that indicate Magellan lead tests, when performed on blood drawn from a vein, may provide results that are lower than the actual level of lead in the blood. Currently, the FDA believes the issue may date back to 2014. The warning includes all four of Magellan Diagnostics’ lead testing systems: LeadCare; LeadCare II; LeadCare Plus; and LeadCare Ultra. At this time, all LeadCare systems can be used with blood from a finger or heel stick, including the LeadCare II system - a system found in many doctors’ offices and clinics. In addition, some laboratories offer other methods of lead testing, which are not believed to be affected at this time.

‘Drug Dealer, MD’: Misunderstandings And Good Intentions Fueled Opioid Epidemic

America’s attitude towards pain has shifted radically over the last century. Psychiatrist Anna Lembke says that 100 years ago, the medical community thought that pain made patients stronger.

“Doctors believed that pain was salutary,” she tells Fresh Air’s Terry Gross, “meaning that it had some physiologic benefit to the individual, and certainly some spiritual benefit.”

But as prescription painkillers became more available, patents became less willing to endure pain. Suddenly, Lembke says, “doctors began to feel that pain was something they had to eliminate at all cost.”

Prescriptions for opioid painkillers increased, and so, too, did cases of opioid addiction. In 2011, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention declared a prescription drug epidemic as a result of doctors overprescribing painkillers to patients. Lembke’s new book, Drug Dealer, MD, explores the origins of the prescription drug epidemic from a doctor’s perspective.

“Starting in the 1980s, doctors started to be told that opioids were effective treatment for chronic pain, and that treating patients long-term with opioids was evidence-based medicine,” she says. “That was patently false and that was propagated by what I call 'big medicine,’ in cahoots with Big Pharma.”

Photo: Endai Huedl/fStop/Getty Images

 HIV’s Patient Zero exonerated

n 1982, sociologist William Darrow and his colleagues at the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) travelled from Georgia to California to investigate an explosion in cases of Kaposi’s sarcoma, a type of skin cancer, among gay men. Darrow suspected that the cancer-causing agent — later shown to be a complication of HIV infection — was sexually transmitted, but lacked proof. His breakthrough came one day in April when three men from three different counties told Darrow that they had had sex with the same person: a French Canadian airline steward named Gaétan Dugas.

CDC researchers tracked down Dugas in New York City, where he was being treated for Kaposi’s sarcoma. With his cooperation, the scientists definitively linked HIV and sexual activity1. They referred to Dugas as ‘Patient Zero’ in their study, and because of a misunderstanding by journalists and the public, the flight attendant became known as the person who brought HIV to the United States. Dugas and his family were vilified for years2.

But an analysis of HIV using decades-old blood serum samples exonerates the French Canadian, who died in 1984. The paper3, published on 26 October in Nature, shows that the virus had been circulating in North America since at least 1970, and that the disease arrived on the continent through the Caribbean from Africa.

Participants in a 1983 Gay Pride parade in New York City protest against panic over AIDS. Barbara Alper/Getty Images

Herpes affects 1 in 5 Americans — and now one doctor believes he has a solution 

Given the enormous stigma surrounding herpes, it’s not surprising that sufferers aren’t an out-and-proud bunch. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention estimates that 1 in 5 American adults (50 million people) has genital herpes (HSV-2), though most are blithely unaware. The virus has earned a reputation as a “silent epidemic,” both because so many people unknowingly contract and transmit it, and because it’s not a condition that inspires a lot of public discussion or advocacy. How often do people run 5Ks for herpes?

A lot of people — the herpes community, infectious disease experts and others who’d like one less reason to fear skin-on-skin contact — demand a vaccine get on the market. But after three decades of failed experiments aimed at developing one, we still don’t have it.

One doctor, however, is sure he knows the solution. His name is Bill Halford.

Asked and Answered: A Letter to a Mother Concerned About the Zika Virus

It’s the height of mosquito season. What is normally a nuisance in the summer has turned into a serious public health emergency, especially for Americans who are expecting or planning to start a family.

The Zika virus — and the mosquitos that carry it — have made their way to the United States. The President is working with local officials, the Centers for Disease Control, and other federal agencies to do what we can to prevent the spread of the virus and help Americans in the affected areas protect themselves and their families.

You can learn more about the virus and how to protect yourself here.

The threat this virus poses to developing babies is particularly concerning for women who are pregnant or thinking about starting or growing their families. One woman, Ashley Young, wrote directly to the President about her concern:

“In the south, it is hard to walk outside and not get bitten by a mosquito in the warmer months. … Mr. President, if I am going to be completely honest with you, if I wasn’t already pregnant, I would think twice about becoming pregnant at all until something is done about this virus.”

The President, whose administration has been working around the clock on the Zika virus, shares her concern, and wrote back to her.

Read Ashley’s letter and the President’s response:

Mr. President,

I am a very concerned pregnant woman living in the south. The recent news about the Zika virus has been in numerous news stories recently. I am currently pregnant with my third child. I have two, healthy boys that bring so much joy into my life daily. We went through quite a long, difficult journey to conceive both of our boys, but with our third child everything has been much easier. However, thought of contracting a virus from a mosquito that could cause major neurological birth defects for my unborn child is very hard to wrap my head around. I feel that something must be done now to help stop these mosquitoes from spreading this dangerous virus in our country. If we don’t find a way to stop it now, then I am afraid we will end up with thousands of babies that have neurological birth defects that will affect them for the rest of their lives. I understand that you have called for a vaccine to be created to solve the future spread of this disease, but a vaccine will not do anything to protect my unborn child or the unborn children of other pregnant women. In the south, it is hard to walk outside and not get bitten by a mosquito in the warmer months. Being that my child is not due until the middle of the summer, I am extremely concerned that by then the virus may have spread and possibly could infect me before I am able to deliver a healthy baby free from neurological or other birth defects as a result of the Zika virus. Mr. President, if I am going to be completely honest with you, if I wasn’t already pregnant, I would think twice about becoming pregnant at all until something is done about this virus. I believe that as a result of your strong push for affordable healthcare for everyone, that you will see the need to make sure something is done about this virus before it is able to spread and possible infect thousands of babies causing permanent, life-long birth defects. I want to thank you for promptly addressing this concern, as I am sure it is a concern for not only myself and my unborn child but also of thousands of other women and families in our country.

Sincerely,

Ashley Young

Read the President’s letter back to Ashley:

Dear Ashley:

Thank you for writing me. Your email reached my desk, and as President and as a father, I want you to know I take your concerns very seriously. My foremost priority is the health and safety of Americans and my Administration is working around the clock to protect you and families across our country.

Most people who become infected with Zika will not even know it because the symptoms are usually nonexistent or mild. However, as you noted, scientists have established a link between Zika infections during pregnancy and poor birth outcomes. Our primary goal is to minimize these outcomes, and early in the year I instructed by staff to do all we can to respond to the Zika threat.

While we are still learning about Zika, we do know there are ways to minimize your risk if it does appear in your community, including protecting yourself from mosquito bites by wearing long sleeves and pants, staying in places with air conditioning and window and door screens, and wearing EPA-registered insect repellants. You can find more information and steps you can take to protect yourself and your family from Zika at www.CDC.gov/Zika. CDC regularly updates this information as we learn more, so I encourage you to check back often.

In the meantime, I have directed my team to accelerate research on new vaccines and methods of detecting the disease. Additionally, I’ve formed a coalition of experts and Federal, State, and local leaders to combat the spread of Zika so that we can identify any outbreaks in the continental United States early and contain them. To make sure our public health officials have the resources needed to prepare and respond to Zika, I’ve asked Congress to approve $1.9 billion in emergency funding to support and advance these efforts as quickly as possible.

.Again, thank you for writing. Your message will remain on my mind.

Sincerely,

Barack Obama

Fortunately, Ashley’s baby, Savannah, was born healthy. But the federal government can and should do more to help protect Americans like Ashley. However, Congress went on a 7-week vacation without passing the emergency funding President Obama requested more than 6 months ago — well-ahead of mosquito season.

Failure to pass that emergency funding means less-effective mosquito control efforts, longer wait times for diagnostic results, delayed process in finding a vaccine, and more Americans at risk.

President Obama and his Administration will continue to do everything possible to address the Zika virus.

To learn more about what you can do to help protect you and your family, check out hhs.gov/zika.