the bay of pigs invasion

acaramela  asked:

Hey can I ask you something and this is a thoroughly ignorant question but I'm Latina and I grew up learning that Castro killed his own people and that he just was a terrible dictator. I even have friends from around the region that support this and say that Castro and communism are responsible for the suffering of the Cuban people. Could you explain to me why this isn't the case? I just can't find any other reliable sources to inform myself. Thank you.

im sorry this is long, but read the whole thing, its all important information

First, Cuba isn’t a one-man or military dictatorship. A lot of people don’t know this, especially in countries allied with America, but Cuba is highly democratic, and even takes measures to stop corruption in politics. For example, elected representatives are paid workers’ wages, so there is no monetary incentive to run for office, all voting is by secret ballot, votes are counted in public, voting is voluntary, elected representatives can be recalled at any time, women make up 48.9% of the Cuban government (a hell of a lot more than the US which can’t even break 20% in its Congress), it is illegal to spend any money on political campaigns to advertise for particular candidates, and candidates’ biographies and their reasons for standing are posted on public notice boards so everyone has equal exposure.

The nomination and election of local candidates for office is done in public meetings, with return meetings happening every 6 months. There are limitations in higher levels of the government, where voters must choose to either accept or reject a single nominee, but as far as i know, the principles of recall and community nomination still hold true.

You can read more about Cuban democracy here:

Why Cuba Still Matters // Representative Government in Socialist Cuba // Cuban Democracy Fact Sheet // How to Visit a Socialist Country // 

As for the specific claim that Castro is a dictator, its on very shaky grounds (to say the least). Its true, of course, that Fidel and Raul have been the only presidents of Cuba since the revolution. However, the presidency isn’t chosen like it is in America, directly (well, its not even direct in America, but thats another topic). The presidency is chosen through the elected parliament (national assembly).

Delegates to the National Assembly are elected every 5 years, half nominated from municipalities and half nominated by mass organizations (like trade unions, women’s orgs, cultural orgs, etc.). Each nominee must receive at least 50% of the vote. All in all, there are 612 delegates, and 48.9% are women. 

The National Assembly votes on who belongs to the Council of State, which appoints the ministers, Presidency, and Vice Presidency. And following a 2011 Congress of the Communist Party, senior elected officials can only serve two terms (10 years) in office. That means in 2018, Raul Castro will step down and a new President will be chosen.

We should also talk about what exactly “dictatorship” means. All societies are dictatorial for some and free for others, because all states are institutions of class rule. Cuba, while I don’t believe it has a socialist economy (and thus not a socialist government) has absolutely shown what can be done with the support of the mass power of the people, and drawn a line between it as a free and independent country and imperialists.

So how is Cuba in service of its people? It raised literacy from 60-70% to 96% in two years- today 100% of Cubans are literate. It has a massive amount of doctors per capita and has lower rates of infant mortality, HIV, and malnutrition than the US. They have state subsidized SRS and HRT, some of the best current LGBT rights in the Caribbean, despite their historical struggles with homophobia. They are the most sustainable country in the world, despite the embargo. 

(The Embargo is absolutely devastating to the Cuban economy, too. Never let a discussion of Cuba’s economy go on without discussing the impact of the embargo)

Still, compare those achievements to Haiti. A country that has been and still is politically and economically crippled by US and French imperialism, which suffers under a neocolonial elite, which is paid starvation wages to make Levis and other commodities for the US, which receives little to no aid when natural disasters hit (which are exacerbated by the ecological devastation of the island).

What is really responsible for the suffering of the people, not just in Cuba, but in Haiti and all countries in the global south? Is it really the ideology of socialism that fights for greater rights and the accessibility to basic needs? Or is it capitalist-imperialism, which strangles Cuba with economic blockades, and parasitically leeches off of its neighbors?

As for the claim that Castro killed “his own people”… the phrasing of this (and of course this isn’t your fault, anti-communists always phrase stuff like this) makes it seem like its better if politicians kill others in imperialist war. Killing “your own people” is somehow far worse than killing the people of countries you want to invade or control. Castro and Che did kill people, yes Cubans. But again, we have to look at the class forces involved. Who were those fleeing? Who were being killed? Historical records show most were rich, white Cuban plantation owners or otherwise of the middle and upper classes, who backed the former military dictator Batista:

All weekend a Cuban exile contingent of right-wing ‘gusanos’ have been gathered on Calle Ocho street in Miami’s “Little Havana” to celebrate the death of Fidel Castro. However the hatred was always mutual; as Fidel characterized the first 1960’s waves of wealthy white parasitic former land owners who were part of the Batista dictatorship he overthrew as “gusanos” (worms), based on their reactionary politics, intransigent support for the blockade, and desire to team up with the CIA to carry out terrorist attacks all across post-revolutionary Cuba. (Note, not all exiles fall into this category, especially more recent arrivals).

The zenith of gusano interference was the 1961 U.S.-backed Bay of Pigs invasion, which Cuba’s government defeated, and afterwards Fidel pointed out the wealth of many of the 1,100 exile soldiers that his troops captured (and later released back to the U.S. in exchange for baby formula). Within those 1,100 soldiers were: 100 plantation owners, 67 landlords of apartment buildings, 35 factory owners, 112 businessmen, 179 living off inheritances, and 194 ex-soldiers of Batista.

Over the decades since that time, the aging gusano contingent in South Florida has proven to be perhaps the most corrupt group (on a per-capita basis) in American politics—which is saying something. In their dying off ranks you can find Batista’s old BRAC secret police goons, ex Cuban mafia, CIA contract killers, and former oligarchs of vast latifundias. As essentially Miami is still controlled by the remnants of Batista’s dictatorship and their off-spring, a regime which killed 20,000 Cubans and tortured tens of thousands more.

(from here)

Almost all (and i only say almost because i don’t know of any who were not) of those executed were members of Batista’s army, informants, rich landowners who backed Batista, etc. And, contrary to the idea that these were executions against the people, they were actually popularly sanctioned:

Serving in the post as commander of La Cabaña, Guevara reviewed the appeals of those convicted during the revolutionary tribunal process.[9] The tribunals were conducted by 2–3 army officers, an assessor, and a respected local citizen.[105] On some occasions the penalty delivered by the tribunal was death by firing squad.[106] Raúl Gómez Treto, senior legal advisor to the Cuban Ministry of Justice, has argued that the death penalty was justified in order to prevent citizens themselves from taking justice into their own hands, as happened twenty years earlier in the anti-Machado rebellion.[107] Biographers note that in January 1959, the Cuban public was in a “lynching mood”,[108] and point to a survey at the time showing 93% public approval for the tribunal process.[9]Moreover, a January 22, 1959, Universal Newsreel broadcast in the United States and narrated by Ed Herlihy, featured Fidel Castro asking an estimated one million Cubans whether they approved of the executions, and was met with a roaring “¡Si!” (yes).[109] With thousands of Cubans estimated to have been killed at the hands of Batista’s collaborators,[110][111] and many of the war criminals sentenced to death accused of torture and physical atrocities,[9] the newly empowered government carried out executions, punctuated by cries from the crowds of “¡paredón!” ([to the] wall!),[100]

thats from wikipedia, no less

Always remember- all states are the power of one class over another. Whether that class is the working class by itself (or in alliance with a progressive and anti-imperialist bourgeoisie as in Cuba), or whether it is a reactionary or imperialist bourgeoisie armed against the working class of the world (as in the US)- states are not just democracies or dictatorships- but institutions of class power. Its interesting how we call Cuba a dictatorship when the rich landowners flee or face persecution or god-forbid *gasp* their land is redistributed to campesinos! But the United States, which has the largest (mostly black and brown) prison population in the world (both by number and per capita), which is established on stolen land, and which regularly exercises its power to interfere in and mess with other countries independence, is seen as “free.”

Here are some more resources on Cuba:

[Documentary] Cuba: Defending Socialism, Resisting Imperialism // 20 Reasons to Support Cuba // Cuba: A Revolution in Motion // Cuba and its Neighbors: Democracy in Motion // Work and Democracy in Socialist Cuba // The Sugarmill: The Socio Economic Complex of Sugar in Cuba 1760-1860 // Cuba and the US Empire: A Chronological History // A Hidden History of the Cuban Revolution // Reminiscences of the Cuban Revolutionary War // The World Economic and Social Crisis // The Economic War Against Cuba // Race in Cuba //

Recreate The Cuban Missile Crisis By Pointing Your Nuclear Missiles At The U.S., And 4 Other Plans For A Perfect Day In Havana

If you’ve only got 24 hours to spend in Havana, here are the things you absolutely must do.

1. Take advantage of Cuba’s state-run healthcare system by swallowing 600 staples so doctors have to remove them for free: For a truly authentic Cuban experience, you need to get free surgery, and there’s no better way to need surgery than swallowing 600 staples. When doctors see that you swallowed 600 staples, they will vacuum them out of your guts free of charge and give you a T-shirt that says, “I Went To Havana And All I Got Was This Stupid T-Shirt And Free Surgery.”

2. Bond with Havana’s baseball fanatics by immediately using broken Spanish to describe to locals what Mark McGwire looks like now: Baseball is one of Havana’s most popular sports, but Cuba is nearly 100 miles away from the United States, so they have no way of finding out what the disgraced, beautiful baseball hero Mark McGwire looks like today. Live life to the fullest in Havana by using the best Spanish you can to describe McGwire’s “cabeza normal” (normal head) and his “brazo largo y grande… GRANDE y grande” (long, big arm… BIG and big). In this way, you can get the total Havana experience while everyone in the city learns about Mark McGwire’s current appearance.

3. Recreate the Cuban Missile Crisis by pointing your nuclear missiles at the U.S.: It’s simply not a trip to Havana unless you’ve trained your entire arsenal of nuclear missiles on a major U.S. city and caused an international standoff that threatens to annihilate the entire world, just like Cuba and America used to do way back in the ’60s!

4. Lead a failed invasion of Cuba to commemorate the CIA’s very own botched invasion at the Bay of Pigs: Once you’ve finished restarting the Cuban Missile Crisis, the next step for a perfect day in Havana is to attempt to invade Cuba and fail terribly, just like the United States did at the Bay of Pigs! If you’re lucky, you and your inadequate invading forces will even get put in a real Cuban prison and interrogated by members of the Cuban Revolutionary Armed Forces!

5. Ask a U.S. soldier if he will shut down Guantanamo Bay if you give him your shoes: This probably won’t work, but it’s worth a try, especially if you have very nice shoes.

4/20 Play-ze It
  • Student: hey, can you play Bob Marley in class today?
  • Me: oh? any reason why?
  • Student: ...because, you know...
  • Me: ...Adolf Hitler's birthday?
  • Student: NO! it's like...you know?
  • Me: Bay of Pigs invasion?
  • Student: what? no, it's 4/20!!
  • Me: ...I know, the Deepwater Horizon blowing up really affected me too, but no. No Bob Marley.
  • Student: OH MY GOD NEVER MIND!

anonymous asked:

I want to know your theory on JFK's assassination! I wrote a 20 p research paper on the CIA in the 20th Century and I have a hunch they did take part in the assassination along with others ofc

OKAY. So the Soviets and Cubans were working together on a nuclear weapons programme and the soviets were installing nuclear weapons in Cuba and these were pointed at the US. Many of the higher ups in US government were looking for a reason to invade Cuba and overthrow or kill Fidel Castro. Kennedy however, was more diplomatic than this. He employed a naval blockade around Cuba until they withdrew these weapons. Whilst this is regarded now as a positive thing and people will generally agree that Kennedy’s approach did avoid World War 3, at the time, there was talk by the CIA and FBI that this was a sign of weakness. And it was after the failed Bay of Pigs invasion which Kennedy also didn’t support, and also had people calling him weak for. The CIA also had many operations attempting to assassinate Castro, the most famous of which is Operation Mongoose, which obviously failed, and again, Kennedy didn’t support.

So Kennedy is getting in the way of the CIA carrying out the things they want to do in Cuba. And Cuba is working alongside the Soviets who are the biggest enemy of the US in 1962. On the radar of both the US and the Soviets is this guy Oswald. Now he has been quite vocal about his dislike of Kennedy and of America, and his desire to become a citizen of the Soviet Union. He sought multiple times to be given a visa into Russia and at one point after being declined, he attempted suicide in a Russian hotel. He was then moved to a bigger hotel and kept there where it’s believed the KGB surveilled him. Then, in September of ‘63, Oswald is in Mexico City where he meets with the KGB in a location that is almost entirely surrounded by CIA safehouses and surveillance locations, meaning the CIA would have been able to see or hear what was happening at that meeting. 8 weeks later JFK is killed.

He’s supposedly shot from behind, but it appears more like the bullet entered from the front of his skull, which would mean that where Oswald was positioned wouldn’t line up. My theory is this. The CIA work alongside the KGB in setting up the assassination. They need a fall guy, and Oswald has made it very clear that his alliance is with the Soviets and he hates Kennedy. He would be happy to go down in history as the man that killed JFK. However when it’s done, they know they can’t leave Oswald alive, it’s too much of a risk having a loose end like that. Especially one that’s as much of a loose canon as Oswald was who was reportedly “prone to psychological meltdowns” according to an ex-KGB agent who met with him in Mexico City. So they get Jack Ruby to shoot him 2 days later. Jack Ruby who conveniently dies before he can go to court to appeal his sentence of the death penalty.

On top of this, the CIA were told not to answer any questions about Oswald “on the record”, which, why would that be a necessary precaution if there was nothing incriminating to say? And also there’s a woman called Silvia Duran who was arrested as a Key Witness to the assassination the next day, the 23rd of November, and the CIA never spoke to her. They never got a testimony from her. In the 2 million documents that are currently declassified on this case, not one of them includes a testimony from her. And she’s still alive and living in Mexico but refuses to talk. In fact when ex CIA agent Bob Baer tried talking to her, she first refused to open the door saying “she didn’t have time to talk” and later, after agreeing to meet with him, did a runner before he arrived.


Listen. The CIA were involved. In the orchestration and the cover up.

anonymous asked:

Cold war cold war cold war plz. like how it started/ended and major things that went down during the time epriod

okay! sorry this got a little long, but it’s like a 40+ year thing, and i tried to hit every major event that affected america.

so basically the cold war starts in 1945 as wwii ends. essentially president truman is like “great working with you to take down those nazis and the japanese, stalin’s soviet union! but you’re actually a communist dictatorship so………..” and tensions between america and the ussr start rising again.

then in 1947, truman announces his truman doctrine, which basically states that the us will help protect and rebuild any countries threatened by communism, aka eastern european countries bordering the ussr. (this is called the theory of containment: keeping communism IN the ussr and not letting it spread.) the u.s. rebuilds a lot of europe using this massive aid package program thing called the marshall plan.

also, after wwii, we divided germany into pieces to be occupied by allied countries. this included splitting the capital, berlin, literally in half. the western half would be the “american” (capitalist) half, and the eastern the “soviet” (communist) half. so in 1948, stalin actually blockades the western half that’s supposed to be free from soviet rule, and we literally have to airlift provisions in until the blockade lifts in 1949. this, as you can imagine, is NOT good for our relations. also, around this time in ‘49, soviets start testing nukes and china becomes communist under mao zedong, so you can imagine how bad that is from the american perspective.

then in 1950, the korean war starts, and that’s going to last a bit over three years until 1953. communist north korea starts fighting capitalist south korea, and while this isn’t an ~official~ war between the usa and ussr, we both send in troops to back up our preferred side, and the war essentially ends in a draw, with the border in pretty much the same place as it was before and is today.

so the years after wwii are essentially a race between americans and soviets to contain communism and to spread it, respectively. this means that the 1950s are a time of MASSIVE paranoia in america. everyone is afraid everyone else is a communist spy. a bonus fact apush graders like: during this time, ethel and julius rosenberg became the first people executed for spying during peacetime.

there’s also this senator named joe mccarthy who becomes one of the most outspoken anti-communists, and he basically accuses tons of americans of being spies and brings them before this committee he formed called the “house un-american activities committee.” included in this list are even well-known and beloved celebrities, like lucille ball from i love lucy. he also said he had a list of 205 government employees who were communists. dude was TOTALLY off his rocker, and eventually his downfall comes about because of this thing where he was basically exposed as a liar in 1954. his whole deeply paranoid anti-communist zeal thing becomes known as mccarthyism, and the incident as a whole becomes known as the red scare. they don’t teach about it as much, but there was also a lavender scare at the same time: fear of gays in the government, because the theory was that gay state officials would be more likely to give up state secrets if they could be blackmailed into being outed.

also, this whole cold war leads to 2 important “races”: the space race, and the nuclear arms race. both names are pretty self-explanatory: the space race is trying to get into space/advance space technology faster, and the arms race is who can stock more nukes. we definitely remember the space race more; it’s what led to things like the moon landing in 1969.

also, the soviets build a LITERAL wall down the middle of berlin in 1961. it’s called the berlin wall, obviously, and pretty much no one can get across it.

anyway, in 1962 under president john f. kennedy we have this thing called the cuban missile crisis. basically an american plane flying over cuba (now communist under fidel castro, and after a failed 1961 effort on america’s part to get locals to overthrow the communists known as the bay of pigs invasion), which is only about 90 miles from florida, gets photos of soviet nukes pointed directly at america! which is bad. so we set up a naval blockade around cuba in response, and for about two weeks, we’re pretty much on the brink of nuclear war. after 13 days, we reach an agreement: the ussr will get rid of its cuban missiles if we get rid of ours in turkey, which is too close to the soviet union for comfort.

THEN the vietnam war starts in 1965. (well, troops from france had been there years earlier, but we don’t jump in until 1965.) a lot like the korean war, it’s america supporting the south against the soviet union supporting communists in the north. very long, very ugly, very complicated, and two million people did, the vast majority of which were unfortunately vietnamese citizens. eventually we pull out in under president gerald ford in 1975, south vietnam falls to communism, and this is generally chalked up as an L for america in the history books. also, the ussr is now led by a dude named brezhnev, and he and nixon (president from 1969-1973) actually engaged in a policy called “detente,” which is actually a LESSENING of tensions? because we might have been fighting a war through proxy but at least we weren’t trying to nuke each other.

in 1979, the ussr invades afghanistan and we arm local militia groups to fight them. we end up regretting this very soon, as this is what’s going to lead to some groups we now know as al qaeda and the taliban. (the u.s. pretty much destabilized the entire middle east in the ‘70s, which is why it’s constantly at war now.) the soviets get kicked out, but we boycott the 1980 moscow olympics because of this.

okay, so now it’s the mid-80s, and reagan is president and a dude named mikhail gorbachev is the new soviet leader. reagan tries building a space weapons program literally called “star wars” in 1983. it doesn’t really go anywhere. gorbachev is actually more chill than previous soviet leaders, though. he has these policies of “perestroika” and “glasnost,” which mean “restructuring” and “openness,” respectively. during this time, he does his best to somewhat rebuild the corrupt soviet government in a way that’s more helpful and transparent to the people. reagan gives a very famous speech with the line “mr. gorbachev, tear down this wall!” about the berlin wall. finally, in 1989, the berlin wall is torn down. that year is easy to remember, because it’s the same as taylor swift’s megahit album.

finally, in 1991, the warsaw pact (which was what held the constituent countries of the soviet union together) dissolves, the ussr is no more, and while obviously tensions between the usa and that area aren’t just gone automatically, the cold war is effectively ended.

sorry this turned into a novel. hope this helped!

anonymous asked:

First of all, hello. I came about your blog, and your political stance, and while I won't even try to change it, I take it as a personal insult to me, my family, my culture and the thounsands of deaths it suffered, and feel morally obliged, as a citicen of my country (Venezuela) to at least ask one question: Given that you are living in a thriving, non-socialist country (Sweeden, I recall), what are your views on how the ideas you advocate completely and absolutetly destroyed mine?

I won’t even try to change your political stance, but I take it as a personal insult to me, my family, my culture and the millions of deaths it has caused, and I feel morally obliged, as a citizen of my country (Sweden) to at least ask one question: Given that you are living in a non-capitalist country (Venezuela, I recall), what are your views on how the ideas you advocate completely and absolutely destroyed mine? Do you know how many homeless people there are in Sweden, even when we have empty homes available for all of them?

I joke, obviously. But what are your thoughts on the Bengal Famine of 1943, which cased over 2 million deaths in capitalist India, under the rule of the capitalist UK?

Or was this not capitalism’s fault? Then how is the poverty of Venezuela socialism’s fault? Why are supporters of capitalism allowed to say “Socialism is a nice thought, but it doesn’t work as proven by the poverty in Venezuela,” but I’m not allowed to say “Capitalism is a nice thought, but it just doesn’t work as proven by the reign of terror of Napoleon.”?

Or the Atlantic Slave Trade and the genocide of Native Americans.

Or colonialism and the devastation of the global south.

Or Hitler and Mussolini, who whilst saying they were anti-capitalist in order to garner support from the working class, still implemented capitalistic free-market economies, even supplying private capitalists with slave labour.

Or the Lebanon Crisis.

Or the Bay of Pigs Invasion of Cuba.

Or the Vietnam War.

Or the Invasion of Grenada.

Or the CIA’s 1953 Iranian coup d'état where the US overthrew a democratically elected socialist (Mohammad Mosaddegh) in favour of an authoritarian dictator (Mohammad Reza Pahlavi).

Or the CIA’s 1954 Guatemalan coup d'état where the US overthrew a democratically elected social democrat (Jacobo Árbenz) in favour of an authoritarian dictator (Carlos Castillo Armas).

Or the CIA’s 1973 Chilean coup d'état where the US overthrew a democratically elected socialist (Salvador Allende) in favour of a totalitarian fascist dictator (Augusto Pinochet who went on to kill over 3000 people, torture 30,000 people, and put 80,000 people in concentration camps).

Or the CIA’s 1991 Haitian coup d'état where the US overthrew a democratically elected social democrat (Jean-Bertrand Aristide), who is widely believed to have been the winner of the first honest election in Haiti, in favour of an authoritarian dictator (Raoul Cédras).

Or the fact that the 10 poorest countries in the world are all capitalist (Malawi, Burundi, Central African Republic, Niger, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Madagascar, Liberia, the Gambia, Guinea, Somalia). If you don’t like socialist Venezuela, perhaps you’d prefer capitalist Malawi? No? It’s almost as if not all capitalist counties are rich, and not all socialist countries are poor.

I think you get my point. Socialism and capitalism are both economic systems. You can’t blame Venezuela’s poverty on socialism any more than you can blame the Holocaust on capitalism.

By the way, have you been to Uruguay recently?

Uruguay is ranked first in Latin America in democracy, peace, lack of corruption, and is first in South America when it comes to press freedom, size of the middle class and prosperity. It ranks second in the region on income equality, per-capita income and inflows of FDI. Uruguay is the third-best country on the continent in terms of HDI, GDP growth, innovation and infrastructure. It is regarded as a high-income country (top group) by the UN. Nearly 95% of Uruguay’s electricity comes from renewable energy. Same-sex marriage and abortion are legal, leading Uruguay to be regarded as one of the most progressive nations in the world, and one of the most socially developed, outstanding regionally, and ranking highly on global measures of personal rights, tolerance, and inclusion issues.

And they are… GASP! SOCIALIST! Like… Like VENEZUELA?

In fact, Bolivia, Chile, Cuba, Ecuador, Guyana, Nicaragua, and Suriname are also socialist. But the only one people who advocate for capitalism ever talk about is Venezuela. I wonder why? 🤔

In all seriousness, I don’t want to come across as rude. It’s just that I hear this argument a lot. If you still live in Venezuela, I genuinely hope that either the situation there gets better, or that you get out of the country. Regardless of what you may think, I don’t want anyone living in poverty. Not in Venezuela, and not in Sweden, and not in the US. Take care of yourself.

gnomestar-upa  asked:

So you dislike trump right? Well let's look at every other president with questionable moral principles who did great in office overall. JFK, Reagan, Bill Clinton, Truman, Eisenhower, what's stopping trump from being a good president with questionable morals?

youre not wrong! no president has ever been perfect! You gave me a nice list of presidents, but im going to use JFK as our main example. enjoy.

kennedy was not perfect. In fact, this washington post article says he wasnt one of the greatest presidents at all. he enabled the fight against irish immigrants, the cuban missile crisis and bay of pigs invasions were both his fault, among many other things. but lets look at some of the good aspects (all info from http://www.ontheissues.org/Celeb/John_F__Kennedy_Civil_Rights.htm)

JFK :

  • 1961: created Committee on Equal Employment Opportunity, which made it so federal government agencies could not discriminate against employees based on race, creed, color, or national origin.
  • We should not counsel patience and delay on equal rights. “The heart of the question is whether all Americans are to be afforded equal rights and equal opportunities, whether we are going to treat our fellow Americans as we want to be treated.”
  • Push to register black voters to help Democrats in 1964.
  • Encouraged federal offices to hire black people.
  • 1960: Called Martin Luther King’s wife when MLK was jailed. Robert Kennedy called the judge who sentenced King and asked for his release on bail. He was successful.
  • Impatient for school desegregation in early 1960s.
  • Civil rights in public, not private intermarriage. When asked about racial intermarriage by a minister, Kennedy responded, “I am not talking about private lives, but public accommodation, public education, and public elections.”
  • Executive action for immediate civil rights progress.

Now, lets look at trump. ( http://www.ontheissues.org/2016/Donald_Trump_Civil_Rights.htm )

TRUMP ON CIVIL RIGHTS:

  • Sued by the Justice Department in 1973 for racial discrimination because he would not rent apartments in one of his developments to African-Americans. He was actually sued twice.

Q: You said you would check respectfully the mosques. How do you respectfully check a mosque?
TRUMP: Well, you do as they used to do in New York, prior to this mayor dismantling. Right now, they’re doing it in France. In fact, in some instances, they are closing down mosques.
Q: Are you talking about increasing profiling of Muslims in America?
TRUMP: Well, I think profiling is something that we’re going to have to start thinking about as a country. And other countries do it. You look at Israel and you look at others, and they do it. And they do it successfully. And I hate the concept of profiling. But we have to start using common sense, and we have to use our heads.

  • Says the Confederate Flag should be put in a museum. While he said he would take it down, he also said “respect whatever it is you have to respect.”
  • I’m no misogynist; I put women in charge of construction. “I’ve always had a great relationship to the women I work with. The relationship has been amazing in terms of thousands of employees, top-level employees. And, you know, I was one of the first people in the construction industry to put women in charge of major construction projects and my relationship has been great. I have many executives that are women and doing a phenomenal job. And I’m doing very well with the women voters. So I don’t really worry about those false accusations.” Says the man who’s under several assault accusations.

Q: You don’t use a politician’s filter. However, that is not without its downsides, in particular, when it comes to women. You’ve called women you don’t like “fat pigs, dogs, slobs, and disgusting animals.”

TRUMP: Only Rosie O'Donnell!

Q: You once told a contestant on Celebrity Apprentice it would be a pretty picture to see her on her knees. Does that sound to you like the temperament of a man we should elect as president?

TRUMP: I think the big problem this country has is being politically correct. I don’t have time for total political correctness. And to be honest with you, this country doesn’t have time either. This country is in big trouble. We don’t win anymore. We lose to China. We lose to Mexico both in trade and at the border. We lose to everybody. And frankly, what I say, and oftentimes it’s fun, it’s kidding. We have a good time. What I say is what I say. But you know, we need strength, we need energy, we need quickness and we need brain in this country to turn it around.

  • Has stated he is against gay marriage. However, he has also said he wants to prosecute hate crimes against LGBT people.

Now, trump has also said that workers should not be fired for their sexual orientation, and said he promotes gender equality in the workplace. He also said he wants to raise the minimum wage and expand health care for mental health. all great things! However:

  • Wants to defund Planned Parenthood, which helps MILLIONS OF PEOPLE.
  • Wants to overturn Roe v. Wade
  • Wants to prevent Muslim immigrants from coming to the US, have Muslims register in a database
  • Wants to deport upwards of 11 million illegal immigrants currently in the US
  • Wants to build a wall separating the US from Mexico, and make Mexico pay for it
  • Wants to get rid of the EPA
  • “I’m for vaccines, but in smaller quantities to avoid autism.” (Sep 2015)

On gun control:

  • We need Supreme Court to stand up for the 2nd Amendment. (Oct 2016)
  • Appoint Supreme Court judges who respect 2nd amendment. (Oct 2016)
  • No guns for people on terrorist watch-list. (Sep 2016)
  • Buying lots of ammunition & body armor should be a red flag. (Jun 2016)
  • Mass shootings are due to a huge mental health problem. (Jan 2016)
  • No limits on guns; they save lives. (Jan 2016)

and if allllll of this still doesnt make you a bit skeptical, trump is very unclear about his stances on many things. he contradicts many of his points, and even goes as far to say “i never said that”. so either he means everything he said, and will follow through, or he was just trying to win the presidency and will not do anything he said.

i dislike trump because he threatens to deport my friends. i dislike trump because he opposes my rights to my body. i dislike trump because of his mistreatment of women. i dislike trump because he is endorsed by racists. i dislike trump because of the horrible uprising he has stirred.

so if you want to give trump a chance, thats your position, not mine. but i dislike trump because he is racist, misogynistic, anti-LGBT, xenophobic, and cruel, among many other things.

i am born from immigrants. i am jewish, i am a poc, i am LGBTQ, and i am afraid for my life. i do not want my rights to be stripped away, and i do not want my loved ones to have to endure that either. i do not want trump’s america. 

5

The CIA’s plan to commit terror attacks in America — Operation Northwoods

In the early 1960’s Fidel Castro was becoming one pain in the butt embarrassment for the Central Intelligence Agency.  Cuba represented an immense failure of US foreign policy, as the once American dominated government fell to Castro’s regime in 1959.  In the upcoming years, the CIA would try numerous times to assassinate, discredit, and remove Castro from power.  This culminated with the Bay of Pigs Invasion in 1961 where the CIA attempted a failed military invasion using Cuban counterrevolutionaries, and the Cuban Missile Crises, a showdown between the US and Soviet Union over Soviet nuclear missiles stationed in Cuba.

In 1962 the CIA proposed Operation Northwoods as a drastic but conclusive solution to the Cuban situation.  Operation Northwoods called for a series of terrorist attacks on American military bases and civilian targets, which were to be conducted by CIA personnel disguised as Cuban agents.  With supposed evidence in hand, the US Government would then have full justification for military operations against Cuba.  Operation Northwoods was to begin with an assault on Guantanamo Bay by “Cuban Forces”.  Then a series of terrorist attacks would be conducted by CIA agents in cities such as Miami and Washington.

 Among the plans was a scheme to hijack an airplane then simulate a crash with an empty airplane that would give the appearance of “killing all passengers”.  In Miami CIA agents were to assassinate a number of Cuban refugees, leaving evidence that the murders were conducted by Cuban assassins. It was also suggested that a boatload of Cuban refugees be destroyed, with evidence planted to blame Pro-Castro saboteurs.  The plan even called for the mass shooting of civilians on the street by “Cuban military forces” as well as the bombings of American ships and buildings. There was even a plan to blow up an American ship, creating a “USS Maine” propaganda moment to galvanize Americans against Cuba.  Finally, Operation Northwoods called for a fleet of American captured MiG fighter jets to fly over American airspace, harassing civil aviation and perhaps even shooting down an American airliner bound for the Caribbean.  

The plan was drafted by the Joint Chiefs of Staff, signed by Chairman Gen. Lyman Lemnitzer, and forwarded to President John F. Kennedy by Robert Mcnamara.  Horrified by such a corrupt and unethical plan, JFK refused to approve of it.  Fortunately, Operation Northwoods never happened.  Documents of Operation Northwoods were declassified in 1997.  A copy of a Defense Department memo on Northwoods can be found in the link below.

 http://www2.gwu.edu/~nsarchiv/news/20010430/northwoods.pdf

HIGHEST TRIBUTE TO COMRADE FIDEL CASTRO

GREAT LEADER OF THE CUBAN REVOLUTION,
INSPIRATION TO THE PEOPLES OF THE WORLD

By Prof. Jose Maria Sison, Chairperson, International League of Peoples Struggle, November 26, 2016

We, in the International League of Peoples’ Struggle, express our most heartfelt condolences to the Castro family, the Cuban people, the Communist Party of Cuba and government of Cuba over the passing away of Comrade Fidel Castro, the great revolutionary leader of the Cuban people and founder of the Communist Party of Cuba.

We pay the highest tribute to him for leading the revolutionary struggles of his people and achieving great victories in upholding national sovereignty and independence, advancing the cause of socialism, contributing to the worldwide struggles for national and social liberation and inspiring the people of the world to persevere in the struggle for socialism and communism against US imperialism and all reaction.

The greatness of the Cuban revolution under the leadership of Fidel Castro is immediately recognized by considering the fact that Cuba is a small country that is only 90 miles away from the US and yet the Cuban people have succeeded in liberating themselves from this imperialist monster, in defeating its aggressive actions such as that in the Bay of Pigs, countering the threat of nuclear attack, frustrating countless acts of sabotage and the hundreds of assassination attempts on Fidel Castro and prevailing over the most sustained embargo ever waged by US imperialism against any country.

The Cuban revolution has been victorious because of the correspondence of Fidel Castro’s indomitable revolutionary spirit, mastery of strategy and tactics, daring and perseverance to the needs and demands of the Cuban people and their determination to fight and win when aroused, organized and mobilized. As a university student of law from a landed family, Fidel Castro sided with the oppressed and exploited people, opposed the brutal and corrupt dictatorship of Batista and founded an underground revolutionary socialist group called The Movement.

The Movement launched an attack on the Moncada barracks on July 26, 1953. It failed as a military operation but it succeeded in sparking the spirit of resistance among the youth and people. Fidel Castro together with many other participants in the Moncada attack were arrested. Imprisonment gave him the chance to read revolutionary works, including those of Marx, Lenin and Marti. His speech in court, “History Will Absolve Me”, became a powerful piece of propaganda.

Castro was released from prison in 1955 and left Cuba for Mexico. He regrouped The Movement and eventually renamed it as the July 26 Movement in honor of the Moncada attack. With his Argentine comrade Ernesto “Che” Guevara and others, he set sail for Cuba on the Granma in order to wage guerrilla warfare against the Batista regime. Under his strategic direction, the few guerrillas grew from small to big, from weak to strong, by destroying the 5000-troop backbone of the Batista army piece by piece at the Sierra Maestra.

In coordination with the revolutionary mass movement in the urban areas, the July 26 Movement won total victory on January 1, 1959. Fidel Castro proclaimed victory and proceeded to transform Cuba by ending Batista’s rule of terror, carrying out land reform and wealth redistribution, eliminating illiteracy and expanding education, realizing universal health care of high quality and providing other social services. He nationalized US-owned companies, refineries and land and thus earned the wrath of the almighty USA.

The US Central Intelligence Agency launched the Bay of Pigs invasion of 1961. This was thoroughly defeated and the revolutionary prestige of Castro and the Cuban revolution resounded throughout the world. Next came the 1962 Missile Crisis which exposed the vulnerabilities of the US to Soviet nuclear power on various geographic scales during the Cold War. It is estimated that Castro himself became the target of at least 638 assassination attempts and Cuba to countless destabilization attempts, aside from the relentless economic, trade and financial embargo.

Under the leadership of Fidel Castro, the revolutionary proletariat and people of Cuba have stood out as the most formidable revolutionary force inspiring the people of Latin America to fight for national independence, democracy and socialism against US imperialism. They have not wavered in taking the road of anti-imperialist resistance even during the “special period” when drastic adjustments had to be made in the face of the disintegration of revisionist regimes in Eastern Europe and the Soviet Union no less.

Up to recent times, they have cooperated with Venezuela and other Latin American countries in building the ALBA (Bolivarian Alternative for the Americas) in accordance with the principles of social welfare and mutual economic aid and in opposition to imperialist and reactionary policies, especially neoliberalism, subversion and military intervention. They are known for outstanding policies and acts of internationalism not only in Latin America but also on a far wider scale.

They have played a major role in the tricontinental movement of anti-imperialist governments and peoples earlier inspired by the Bandung Conference and then by the Non-Aligned Movement. Under the direction of Fidel Castro, Cuba played a major role in fighting the forces of imperialism, colonialism and neocolonialism. As an outstanding example, Cuban troops frustrated the armed forces of the South African apartheid regime and made way for the national independence of the people of South Africa. In several countries, Cuban doctors, agricultural specialists and teachers have helped on humanitarian missions.

When Fidel Castro became seriously ill in July 2006, he relinquished his presidential duties to the vice president Raul Castro, his revolutionary comrade and brother.. As soon as he regained physical strength, he wrote letters and articles on global issues and continued to influence Cuban policy. At the final session of the 7th Congress of the Cuban Communist Party on April 19, 2016, he referred to his ripe age of 90 and declared, “This may be one of the last times that I speak in this room, but the ideas of the Cuban communists will remain as proof that on this planet, by working with fervor and dignity, we can produce the material and cultural wealth that humans need”.

Fidel Castro will always be remembered as a great revolutionary leader who held his ground in Cuba, accomplished what was possible and continued to fight for the cause of national and social liberation, for socialism and for the ultimate goal of communism despite the dismal conditions resulting from the betrayal of socialism by the modern revisionists, the collapse of the Soviet Union and the subsequent ideological, political, economic and military offensives of the US and its imperialist allies. He understood that we are now in a period of unprecedented worsening of capitalist crisis and inter-imperialist wars in transition to a new upsurge of revolutionary struggles on a global scale.

3

Presidio Modelo

The Presidio Modelo was a “model prison” of Panopticon design, built on Isla de Pinos (now the Isla de la Juventud) in Cuba. The prison was built under the President-turned-dictator Gerardo Machado between 1926 and 1928. The five circular blocks, with cells constructed in tiers around central observation posts, were built with the capacity to house up to 2,500 prisoners in humane conditions. Most of the survivors of the rebel attacks on Moncada Barracks, including one attack leader, Fidel Castro, and his brother, Raul Castro, were imprisoned there, most from 1953 to 1955.

After Fidel Castro’s revolutionary triumph in 1959, Presidio Modelo was used to jail political dissidents, counter-revolutionaries, homosexuals, Jehovah’s Witnesses, and anyone else considered unfit or an enemy to the new norms and dictates of the Socialist Cuban State. By 1961, due to the overcrowded conditions (6,000 to 8,000 political prisoners at one time), it was the site of various riots and hunger strikes, especially just before the Bay of Pigs invasion, when orders were given to line the tunnels underneath the entire prison with several tons of TNT. The prison now serves as a museum and is declared a national monument, and the old administration building now serves as a school and research center.

via

4

February 16th 1959: Fidel Castro becomes Prime Minister

On this day in 1959, Fidel Castro was sworn in as Prime Minister of Cuba. Born to a wealthy Cuban family in 1926, Castro attended university in Havana. In 1952, he witnessed the overthrow of the government by the forces of General Batista, leading Castro to call for full-scale revolution. After serving some time in prison for an attempted uprising against the dictatorial Batista, Castro fled to Mexico where he met Argentinian revolutionary Che Guevara. In 1956, Castro and Guevara began a guerrilla war against the U.S.-backed government, which was ultimately successful and caused Batista to flee in early 1959. Upon becoming Prime Minister, Castro inaugurated a Marxist-Leninist plan for Cuba, which caused some conservative Cubans to emigrate to the United States. Though initially trying to establish normalised relations with the United States - which included Castro meeting with Vice President Richard Nixon in April 1959 - tensions soon escalated between the two nations. In 1960, the U.S. imposed economic sanctions on Cuba, and in 1961 the disastrous Bay of Pigs invasion occurred, in which CIA-sponsored Cuban exiles launched an unsuccessful invasion of Cuba. The U.S. distrusted Castro’s communist leanings and feared an alliance between Cuba and the Soviet Union - America’s Cold War rival. This fear appeared well founded, as in 1962 the U.S. discovered that Castro had secretly allowed the Soviets to plant missiles in Cuba. This led to the Cuban Missile Crisis, where tensions over the missiles escalated to a point where many thought nuclear war was imminent. Castro became President in 1976, though his leadership was controversial, for while he ruled dictatorially and repressively, he was generally popular among Cubans for his education and healthcare programmes. Castro stood down in 2008, and was succeeded by his brother Raúl. Last year saw a momentous normalisation of U.S.-Cuba relations, ending a fifty year trade embargo and establishing diplomatic relations.