52 Exhibitions: Andy Warhol: A Retrospective (1989).
In 1989, MoMA presented the first comprehensive retrospective of the work of Andy Warhol, two years after his untimely death. This landmark exhibition spanned two floors of the Museum, featuring more than 300 paintings, drawings, sculptures, photographs, and films by this exceptionally prolific artist. Curator Kynaston McShine argued in the massive catalogue that accompanied the exhibition that Warhol’s “sheer, inescapable fame…has often disguised the fact that he was one of the most serious, and one of the most important, artists of the twentieth century.” At the time, however, critics were divided, and the exhibition generated vigorous debate about Warhol’s merits. One anti-Warhol writer nevertheless had to concede that his “influence has been so strong that Picasso and even Pollock today appear to be distant, chthonic gods.” After its New York showing, the retrospective traveled to The Art Institute of Chicago and then across Europe, where it was rapturously received.
Rauschenberg and the Art of Collaboration: The Moon Museum
When Apollo 12 landed on the moon in 1969, it may have been carrying an edition of this artwork.
Forrest Myers, a member of Experiments in Art and Technology (E.A.T.), invited Rauschenberg, (one of the founding members of E.A.T.) and five other artists to make drawings, which were etched by scientists at Bell Laboratories onto tiny wafer-thin iridium-plated ceramic chips. When NASA didn’t respond to Myers’s request, Bell Labs scientist Fred Waldhauer asked an engineer to help. According to Waldhauer, one copy of the chip was covertly attached to the leg of the lunar lander.
In addition to Rauschenberg’s straight line, there is a Mickey Mouse–like figure by Claes Oldenburg, stylized initials by Andy Warhol (“He was being the terrible bad boy,” said Forrest Myers in an interview), a black square by David Novros, a computer-generated drawing by Myers, and a circuit-like diagram by John Chamberlain.
My home and studio are filled with tiny objects—mementos, souvenirs, and detritus from personal relationships and experiences. I naturally cling to the things around me, and they cling to me. A found earring without its partner, some soap shaped like an ear, a tiny empty picture frame: these things point to bodies, but nobody is there. — Adam Milner