They won’t teach you this is school, but if you want to be a “woke” ally, one thing you should always read up on is the United State’s COINTELPRO program.
Last night the PBS The Black Panther: Vanguard of the Revolution documentary touched on it and I thought it was important to talk about. Outside there being a general ignorance about the Black Panther Party, it is also important to know the things the government and police did to WARRANT the creation of The Black Panther Party.
You should be very angry but very awake once you’re done. Because I want you to WANT to learn about it, I’ll only give you a blurb and a link.
Groups that were known to be targets of COINTELPRO operations includec
]The COINTELPRO documents show numerous cases of the FBI’s intentions to prevent and disrupt protests against the Vietnam War. Many techniques were used to accomplish this task. “These included promoting splits among antiwar forces, encouraging red-baiting of socialists, and pushing violent confrontations as an alternative to massive, peaceful demonstrations.” One 1966 COINTELPRO operation tried to redirect the Socialist Workers Party from their pledge of support for the antiwar movement.
communist and socialist organizations
organizations and individuals associated with the Civil Rights Movement, including Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. and others associated with the Southern Christian Leadership Conference, the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, the Congress of Racial Equality, and other civil rights organizations
black nationalist groups
the Young Lords
the American Indian Movement
the white supremacist groups
the Ku Klux Klan (an ACTUAL terrorist group
they should have been focusing on)
the National States’ Rights Party (an white nationalist group they should have been focusing on)
a broad range of organizations labeled “New Left”, including Students for a Democratic Society and the Weathermen
almost all groups protesting the Vietnam War, as well as individual student demonstrators with no group affiliation
the National Lawyers Guild
organizations and individuals associated with the women’s rights movement
nationalist groups such as those seeking independence for Puerto Rico, United Ireland, and Cuban exile movements including Orlando Bosch’s Cuban Power and the Cuban Nationalist Movement;
A member of the American Indian Movement on the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation at Wounded Knee, S.D. watch U.S. Marshals on the ridge beyond as both sides remained at a standoff on March 3, 1973 in Wounded Knee. (AP Photo)
Sacheen Littlefeather rejects the Academy Award for Best Actor on behalf of Marlon Brando , who boycotted the 1973 Oscars in support of the American Indian Movement’s armed standoff with U.S. Marshals and the FBI at Wounded Knee, South Dakota.
“I think the U.S. government is going to die in its own quagmire of brutality, its own quagmire of hatred and discrimination and the brutality that it has committed over the years and the honors given to people for committing those acts. For instance, for the massacre at Wounded Knee the U.S. government gave out Medals of Honor for killing women and children and that’s a disgraceful, disgraceful chapter and those are the kinds of thing that America is going to die from. Native people will still be here and the good people of America will be here too, but the federal system that has sponsored all these things, that’s endorsed them and still endorses them will die of all that stuff.” - Dennis Banks, co-founder of the American Indian Movement
I highly recommend picking up a copy of “Ojibwa Warrior” by Dennis Banks - essential reading!
“Teach Indian History in Our Schools!” - The Indian Education Act of 1972 established funding for special bilingual and bicultural programs, culturally relevant teaching materials, and appropriate training and hiring of counselors. An Office of Indian Education was also created.
Photo credit: Does anyone know who took this image or where it was taken?
On this day in 1890, hundreds of Native Americans were killed by United States government forces at Wounded Knee, South Dakota. Tensions between the federal government and the indigenous peoples of America had led to frequent bouts of warfare ever since the country was first colonised by Europeans. These wars became particularly intense during the latter half of the nineteenth century, and despite several key victories for Native Americans - most famously at the Battle of Little Bighorn in 1876 - the federal government increasingly pushed native peoples onto reservations. The government were particularly alarmed by the growing Ghost Dance movement, which was a spiritual movement which prophesised the imminent defeat of the white man and the resumption of the traditional Indian way of life. The movement factored into mounting tensions at Pine Ridge Indian Reservation, which were exacerbated by the murder of Sioux chief Sitting Bull on December 15th 1890. The situation came to a head fourteen days later, when the U.S. Army’s 7th Cavalry surrounded a group of Ghost Dancers, under the leadership of Lakota Sioux chief Big Foot, near Wounded Knee Creek in the reservation. During this confrontation, a shot was fired, and the fighting descended into a massacre of Native Americans by the well-equipped army. It is estimated that around 200 people died - nearly half of whom were women and children - though some historians place the number much higher. Only 25 U.S. soldiers were killed, and 20 of the survivors were awarded the Medal of Honor. The Wounded Knee massacre was a pivotal moment in the history of indigenous relations in North America, as it marks the last major confrontation of the Indian wars. The incident also provides a poignant symbol around which Native American activist groups have rallied, providing the title for Dee Brown’s famous history Bury My Heart at Wounded Knee (1970), and becoming the focal point of the occupation of Wounded Knee in 1973.
What resources would you recommend on the American Native American boarding school era and the American Indian Movement? I have a hold on David Wallace Adams’ Education for Extinction, and I’ve read the Wikipedia articles on the basics, but I admit upfront that I don’t know half as much as I want to know, or that I feel I ought to know, before I get started writing.
I can only speak from a Canadian perspective, because I’m not well versed in American politics. Canada has just done an extremely large Truth and Reconciliation Commission that is a report on Native boarding schools and the treatment perpetuated in Canadian institutions. If you want to simply know more about this era across the continent as a substitute, I would go there. The publications are a literal cubic foot of material.
This is a very touchy topic for individuals, between how the government tries to control the narrative (during the trial, many people were re-victimized, or outright censored), how recent it is (they weren’t closed in Canada till the 1990s), and how much damage they caused. As a result I would actually not suggest talking to Natives directly about it (do not randomly bring up genocide when a people has gone through genocide, just don’t) unless they are specifically open to questions in a controlled environment. That is, they are literally speaking at an event about boarding schools.
From what I understand, America hasn’t actually done much in terms of investigation? Sadly. But I could be dead wrong! Most of the resources I have are, well, Canadian, seeing as that’s the country I live in. We have plenty of information without having to import. But in general, look for legal or anthropological documents.
Sadly I know nothing about the American Indian Movement. Up here, we have Idle No More and from what I understand it has spread internationally, but that doesn’t sound like what you’re looking for. The CIA might have something, because they worked on dismantling it via COINTELPRO. But other than that, no clue. Followers?
April 2 2016 - Warriors from several tribes have built a camp in the path of the planned Dakota access pipeline to block its’construction. The pipeline would endanger the Missouri river and the communities and ecosystems connected to it. [video]
1794: Toussaint L’Ouverture launches Haitian revolution against slavery and for independence from France.
1854: Charlotte Wilson is born in Kemerton, Worcestershire.
She was an English anarchist who co-founded Freedom newspaper in 1886
with Peter Kropotkin, and edited, published, and largely financed it
during its first decade. She remained editor of Freedom until 1895.
1862: Henry David Thoreau dies, in Concord, Massachusetts. He was 44.
1877: Chief Crazy Horse surrenders to US troops.
1913: Greek anarchist Alexandros Schinas dies while escaping
prison in Thessaloniki. He was imprisoned for the assassination of King
George I of Greece
1916: Alexander Berkman & Emma Goldman founded the No Conscription League.
1937: During the Spanish Civil War, reprisals against the
anti-Stalinist left are starting throughout the Republic by Stalinist
parties PCE and PSUC.
1938: Michael Löwy, Marxist sociologist, philosopher and Trotskyist activist, is born in São Paulo, Brazil.
1942: Ariel Dorfman, author and human rights activist, is born in Buenos Aires, Argentina.
1968: The Union Nationale des Étudiants de France
(UNEF)—still the largest student union in France today—and the union of
university teachers called a march to protest against the police
invasion of Sorbonne University. More than 20,000 students, teachers and
supporters marched towards the Sorbonne, still sealed off by the
police, who charged, wielding their batons, as soon as the marchers
approached. While the crowd dispersed, some began to create barricades
out of whatever was at hand, while others threw paving stones, forcing
the police to retreat for a time. The police then responded with tear
gas and charged the crowd again. Hundreds more students were arrested.
1968: 5000 students walkout of Garfield High as part of the East LA Walkouts at several schools.
1970: Student Strike of 1970: Many colleges across the US shut down in protest of the war and the Kent State events.
1973: FBI attacks Native Americans in American Indian Movement at Wounded Knee.
1979: 125,000 march on Washington, DC, opposing nuclear power.
2012: A demonstration took place in Victoriaville, Quebec
which eventually turned into a riot. Two protesters were very seriously