Doggos got a new toy. Corgi defends while Airedale attacks. Love these pups! #corgisofinstagram #airedale #airedalesofinstagram #gobone #poweredtoysrule #somethingforeverypup #lovemypups #wordycorgi #dogplayhumansamused
Pugs and their brachycephalic brethren have a long list of problems, but lets just talk about their airway for a second.
Pugs and other flat-faced dogs have, to varying extents, brachycephalic syndrome. The short version is that these dogs breathe REALLY badly. The long version is that they have up to half a dozen things wrong with their airway that narrows it.
Try this experiment: find yourself a straw, any will do, and breathe through it. Only breathe through the straw. Try breathing quicker or slower and see how that feels.
How long does it take to become uncomfortable? Do you feel that instant relief when you finally breathe normally?
This is what it feels like for brachycephalic dogs to breathe. This is their reality. Their airway is narrowed, like yours was with the straw. They live like this. We breed them like this.
The sensation you were feeling is called air hunger. It’s beginning to be discussed more often as a welfare issue.
Brachycephalic syndrome consists of a number of abnormalities. Stenotic nares (closed nostrils) can be improved surgically, and affected dogs can still breathe through the mouth. A long soft palate reduces the diameter of the airway, and again can be improved surgically. The everted saccules, which may reduce the diameter of the airway by 50%, can also be removed surgically.
But you cannot fix the hypoplastic trachea. The dog’s windpipe may only be a fifth of the diameter it should be, perpetually restricting the dog’s breathing. They are forever forced to breathe through that straw. There’s nothing you can do about it.
A dog should have a nose. The disturbing trend of breeding flatter faced dogs has reduced the size if the skull, but hasn’t reduced the size of the tongue and soft tissues of the head. This flesh has nowhere to go, except to crowd the airway. Some pugs have so little nasal space that their nasal turbinates, the fine bones inside the nose responsible for the dog’s sense of smell, actually protrude backwards into the pharynx. Up to 30% of pugs were affected in one study.
Look at these skulls, one pug and one airedale terrier.
The pug’s bones are smaller, and there’s less space within the skull, but both dogs will have the same amount of flesh on the head. On the terrier it will be fairly normal. On the pug it’s packed in like a sleeping bag.
Consider how far their tongue protrudes. That’s how long their skull should really be to be ‘normal’. That’s how much nose is missing.
A dog needs a nose. These free spirits deserve to be able to breathe freely. We should not be breeding dogs to have flat faces because we like the look of it.
If you think we should, then go breathe through a straw.
Do you know anything about Black Russian Terriers?
We’re going to do something new for asks! We will have “guest speakers” who will answer some of the fun fact asks for you. If no one’s @ is indicated, then it’s just me. Otherwise, I will let you know who has answered the ask at the bottom!
The Black Russian Terrier isn’t really a terrier in the small to medium sized dog sense. They are a large working breed.
They originated in what is now Russia during the 1930s by a military kennel known as Red Star (based out of Moscow). They wanted to create a native breed to help the national security forces. Due to the upheaval of first the Russian Revolution of 1917, the economic depression of the late 1920s and 1930s, and then World War II, the program was a challenge.
Following the war, it surged. The Red Star kennel used selective breeding of Giant Schnauzer, Rottweiler, Airedale, and Newfoundland, as well as 14 other breeds to create the breed we know today as the Black Russian Terrier.
The BRT was bred for military and police work and by 1956, the Red Star Kennel had its breed. The first breed standard was created in 1958 but it wasn’t until 1981 that the Russian Ministry of Agriculture recognized the breed. It was international accepted by the FCI in 1984. In the United States, they are considered a rare breed. They are part of the working group under the AKC classifications.
These are NOT first time dog owner dogs. They large and strong dogs and need someone who has experience in training. They are very intelligent but can be aloof towards strangers and therefore continual training and socialization is needed.
They come in one color, solid black (though a grey hair or two isn’t a problem). The males of this breed at maturity is between 27-30 inches and for females it’s between 26-29 inches.
BRTs have a double coat and therefore do require daily brushing.
This is the Bow-Wow Chorus. They’re holding down the shoes now. But times will change. They’ll be getting said shoes from upstairs windows some of these mornings when lights are low and most of the city is sleeping. The pups, all pedigreed Airedales, were born in London, old deah.
der Affenpinscher - the Affenpinscher/ Monkey Terrier der Afghanische Windhund - the Afghan Hound der Airedale Terrier - the Airedale Terrier der Akita - the Akita die Alpenländische Dachsbracke - the
Alpine Dachsbracke der Altdänische Vorstehhund - the Old Danish Pointer der American Bulldog (but tbh I’d say “die Amerikanische Bulldogge) - the American Bulldog der Amerikanische Cocker Spaniel - the
American Cocker Spaniel der Appenzeller Sennenhund - the Appenzeller Sennenhund/ Appenzeller mountain dog der Australian Shepherd - the Australian Shepherd der Beagle - the Beagle der Bergamasker Hirtenhund - the Bergamasco Shepherd der Berner Sennenhund - the Bernese Mountain Dog der Bernhardiner - the St. Bernard der Bloodhound/der Bluthund - the Bloodhound der Border Collie - the Border Collie der (Deutsche) Boxer - the (German) Boxer die Bulldogge - the Bulldog der Bullmastiff - the Bullmastiff der Bullterrier - the Bull Terrier der Chihuahua - the
Chihuahua der Chow-Chow - the Chow Chow der Dackel - the Dachshund der Dalmatiner - the
Dalmatian der Deutsch-Drahthaar - the
German Wirehaired Pointer der Deutsch-Kurzhaar - the
German Shorthaired Pointer der Deutsch-Langhaar - the
German Longhaired Pointer die Deutsche Dogge - the Great Dane der Deutsche Schäferhund - the
German Shepherd der Dobermann - the Doberman Pinscher der Englische Cocker Spaniel - the
English Cocker Spaniel der
English Foxhound - the English Foxhound der English Setter - the English Setter der Eurasier - the Eurasier/ Eurasian Dog der Finnische Lapphund - the
Finnish Lapphund der Finnische Laufhund - the Finnish Hound der Foxterrier - the Fox Terrier die Französische Bulldogge - the French Bulldog der Golden Retriever - the Golden Retriever der
Greyhound - the
Grönlandhund - the
Greenland Dog der Große Münsterländer - the
Large Münsterländer der Havaneser - the Havanese der
Hygenhund - the
der Irish Red Setter - the Irish Setter / Red Setter der
Irish Terrier - the
der Irische Wolfshund - the Irish Wolfhound der Islandhund - the Icelandic Sheepdog
das Italienische Windspiel - the
der Jack Russell Terrier - the
Jack Russell Terrier
der Jämthund - the Jämthund/ Swedish Elkhound
der Kanaan Hund - the Canaan Dog der
Kangal - the
Kaukasische Schäferhund - the
Caucasian Shepherd Dog
der Kroatische Schäferhund - the
Kromfohrländer - the
der Labrador Retriever - the
Landseer - the
Leonberger - the
das Löwchen - the
Löwchen/Little Lion Dog der Malteser - the Maltese
der Mastiff - the (English) Mastiff der Mops - the Pug der
Neufundländer - the
der Norwegische Elchhund - the Norwegian Elkhound der Otterhund - the
Pekingese/ der Pekinese - the
der Pharaonenhund - the
der (English) Pointer - the (English) Pointer der Pudel - the Poodle der Pyrenäen-Berghund - the
Pyrenean Mountain Dog/ Great Pyrenees
Rottweiler - the
Saluki - the
Saluki/ Persian Greyhound der
Samojede - the
Schnauzer - the
Shar-Pei - the
Chinese Shar Pei
der Shiba - the
Siberian Husky - the
Tibet-Spaniel - the
Tibet-Terrier - the
der Tschechoslowakische Wolfhund - the
Weimaraner - the
Welsh Corgi Cardigan - the Cardigan Welsh Corgi der
Welsh Corgi Pembroke - the
Pembroke Welsh Corgi
Welsh Terrier - the
West Highland White Terrier - the
West Highland White Terrier
der Wolfsspitz - the
Yorkshire Terrier - the
Zwergpinscher - the
(fun fact: “Italienisches Windspiel” translates to “Italian wind chime” and if that isn’t an adorable name for a dog breed idk what is)