the 1970s is strong with this one


“That is one loaded question. Personally? I’m indifferent with no strong feelings either way. However I fear quite a lot has happened between the two countries, and I think the problem is opposite. They would not like me.

whowachedthewatchmen  asked:

Hey Tena, seeing as you love horror movies so much, any recommendations for gory and really chilling horror movies? Sorry for the weird ask!

Not a weird ask at all!  Gory and chilling…that might be trickier than it sounds, but I’ll do my best (WARNING–some of these contain some seriously disturbing, graphic content.  If you’re not sure about a title, look it up before proceeding):

I could probably go on and on if given enough time, but I think this is a decent list to start with (sudden afterthought–check out pretty much any Lucio Fulci horror film.  They tend to fit both criteria).  When I finish compiling my list of extreme cinema, there will be many more within that list to choose from.


“Love is the most complicated thing in the world. Artists are the most eccentric people. So when artists fall in love, the passion must be special, beautiful and somewhat melodramatic. With feelings so strong and minds dazed, we guess their love stories are the greatest.

Meet artists Marina Abramovic. In the 1970s, Marina and her then boyfriend names Ulay broke up. But even until the end of the relationship, they chose to do it in an interesting fashion, just like true artists. They went to opposite ends of the Great Wall of China and walk towards each other in the middle. When  they finally met, they gave each other one last embrace and parted ways. They never saw each other again after that.

More than 30 years later, Marina held a live art performance. She spent one minute in silence with complete strangers. They just stared at each other, probably getting inspiration or energy of some sort. But one particular man seemed to have captured Marina’s attention in a more special way because her reaction was different from the others. It turned out that the man at 1:30 was Ulay. It was their first time to see each other after more than 30 years, and the moment was so emotional and beautiful.

Love is the most wonderful ting in the world and even if some relationships don’t last and the feelings fade, the memories still remain. We shall keep it in our hearts and minds forever. Even though Marina and Ulay just stood there without saying a word, we are sure that they were able to speak with each other through their hearts. This is such a beautiful story!”

-Inah Garcia (Elite Readers)

So the Brown Bomber was a minor “hero” who appeared in three JLA issues. By speaking the magic words “BLACK POWER”, he turned from a chubby white man to a a super strong black man for one hour.

If your wondering how this got by the editors in 2008, it’s because it’s a reference to a shocking/hilarious/WTF idea DC had in the 1970s. After seeing the success of Marvel’s Luke Cage, DC decided they wanted to create their own Black headlining superhero. The first idea was “Black Bomber,” a racist white Vietnam veteran who had been exposed to an Agent Orange like substance designed to help American soldiers “blend in” with the Native Vietnamese. He instead gained the ability to turn into a Black man when ever he was angry. So in essence the Hulk but racist. The idea was later described by comics historian Don Markstein as “an insult to practically everybody with any point of view at all.“ When the editor who had approved the Black Bomber left the company before the character had seen print, Tony Isabella, a writer with previous experience on Luke Cage, was given the task of retooling the idea. The end result was Black Lighting, DC’s first major African-American hero

Also if your wondering why bottom middle panel is blank and Vixen’s dialogue doesn’t make sense, that’s because the writer originally had the Bomber ask her it was OK for him to say “Ni**er.” The editors deleted that dialogue 


Earlier today I watched the Let It Be film (again) and while I was on the part where John and Paul merrily sing ‘Two of Us’, I noticed Yoko’s expression was not that pleased with what John is doing.

Am I the only one who thinks she is kind of… jealous with Paul? Because McLennon is so happy by that moment and there she is, just watching at a distance, thinking, burning Paul with her gaze.

The Moonlight Witch’s Top 10 anime of 2016: Part One

2016 has come to an end and it’s again the time for me to list my top anime of the year. This was a good year for anime with plenty of excellent shows that have found their way onto my permanent favourites list and lots of other good shows besides.

Picking ten shows to put on the list was difficult, ranking them even more so. There are plenty of shows I enjoyed this year that did not make the cut but I’m largely satisfied with my final list. I’m still not completely happy with the final rankings so take them with a grain of salt.

If you haven’t tried all of the shows on this list give them a shot! Some of these shows were extremely popular, others were virtually unheard of outside of specific niches of anime fandom. I watch a wide variety of different anime so this is quite a variable list, and not every title here will appeal to everyone. But all of the shows here are excellent and worth a look-see

As with last year, I’ve defined this list as shows ending in 2016, so shows which began in 2016 but are still airing are not eligible, while shows that began earlier but ended this year are. The list is also divided into three parts because of its length.

10. ReLIFE

ReLIFE first caught my attention for an unusual reason: the bizarre airing schedule! Instead of being released in the typical week-by-week format ReLIFE was released all at once for anyone to view. I don’t know why the decision was made or what the shows final sale numbers were but I can’t help but feel the decision was a mistake. In the flurry of new releases few people will sit down to watch an entire show, and without discussion and attention reignited each week by new material ReLIFE was quickly left behind and forgotten.

And it’s a shame because while ReLIFE may not be the most attention-grabbing of shows it is nevertheless excellent. The show’s premise is kind of ridiculous - an adult becoming a teenager as part of a scientific study - but the premise isn’t really the point. The real point here is an endearing high school slice of life tale, told with a more mature and world-weary protagonist which switches easily between comedy and drama. Those are two contrasting elements that are very easy to mess up but ReLIFE handles the contrast with skill, allowing it’s interesting and well-developed cast to bounce off each other in ways that create tension or humour very naturally.

Some of the most interesting elements come from our protagonist. Arata Kaizaki is ten years older than the characters around him and at times it shows. Many shows feature “meddling” protagonists who attempt to steer the characters around them but Arata comes across as a very justified version, more emotionally developed than his classmates and aware that issues that seem all consuming to them may not be so important in the long run. The show also handles the struggles of an adult going back to high school in a surprisingly realistic fashion as among other things Arata forgets that carrying cigarettes around in his bag is no longer an unremarkable fact and discovers that his memory of high school mathematics is virtually non-existent!

I ended up enjoying ReLIFE a great deal - more than I expected going in. I was very impressed with its characters and storytelling, and would very happily anticipate a second season should one be announced.

9. Osomatsu san

Osomatsu-san was a slow burner for me - one reason why the completed shows rule in place. I enjoyed it from the start, but it was only in the second cour that I really started to appreciate the show and what it does - largely because that was where I started to understand the characters, their personalities and their interactions with each other.

Osomatsu’s characters are really it’s biggest strength. Each once of them has their own unique and well-developed personality, which bounces off the others in ways that can be entertaining, surprising or touching in equal measure. And every person who watches this will likely discover a character or characters they find particularly appealing or uncomfortably relatable. I myself was particularly drawn to lazy, cat loving Ichimatsu and the ridiculous, painful Karamatsu, but all of the brothers are entertaining and interesting in their own right.

Osomatsu’s other main draw is its humour. Humour is a hit and miss subject and what one person finds funny may leave another totally cold. Osomatsu’s style of humour is largely mean-spirited but with a certain amount of affection and love for its characters beneath it, and that may not be everyone’s cup of tea. But when Osomatsu is funny it’s really funny and more than once the show startled a laugh or a gasp out of me with a surprising moment. Osomatsu is patient with its humour and does not hold back - the show is completely unafraid to end a touching segment with a startling brick joke or to go entirely off the rails for the sake of humour (check out episode 18 for a spectacular example of the latter) and above all else the show is clever, setting up and foreshadowing jokes with careful attention to detail.

Osomatsu won’t be for everyone and it’s humour does miss the mark from time to time, but overall it’s a bitingly funny show with compelling, interesting characters and I strongly hope it gets a second season.

8. Shouwa Genroku Rakugo Shinjuu

Rakugo is probably the show on this list whose existence is the most surprising. Adult period dramas don’t get made much, largely because they don’t tend to sell well when they do. I don’t know why Studio Deen took a chance on Rakugo but I’m immensely glad they did because they delivered us one of the best anime of the year.

Rakugo is an extremely well told and mature work. In many ways, it feels much more like a prestige film or Shakespearean play than an anime, largely because it is centred around much quieter and more intimate subjects than most anime do, with a focus on characters who are much older than typical anime protagonists. In many ways, Rakugo is staged almost like a rakugo performance itself with purposeful and dramatic storytelling paired with expert camera work and shot framing. The show clearly doesn’t have the highest budget or the most staff, but it almost doesn’t need it - the direction and art design are strong enough to make up for those weaknesses.

Rakugo’s story is equally compelling. The show starts off in the 1970s with our apparent protagonist Yotaro but then cuts back to the story of his mentor Kikuhiko for almost the entire run. Kikuhiko’s story is beautifully told with deep multifaceted characters who bounce off each other in unpredictable but believable ways. The messy, painful love triangle between Kikuhiko, Sukeroku and Miyokichi takes up a great deal of the run with a strong focus on how the three of them are hampered from living the lives they should be by the backwards, restrictive society they live in. The best tragedies are ones in which the characters lives are ruined through inevitability and Rakugo understands that implicitly.

Rakugo is an extremely good and extremely rare type of show. It has a strong story, excellent direction and wonderful (and deeply flawed) characters. The second season airs in just a few days so this is an excellent time to give it a chance.

7. My Hero Academia

My Hero Academia was a show I was strongly anticipating even before it aired. I’ve always loved both superheroes and shounen tales and everything I had heard about the manga that this anime is based on was good. Needless to say, I was not disappointed.

My Hero Academia is not a particularly original story. There is nothing new about superheroes or powered coming of age stories. But this show doesn’t need to be telling a new story to be telling an excellent one. In fact given how played out this genre is it’s remarkable how fresh and new this show feels. It helps that this show is incredibly fun. Western superhero stories have heavily leaned on the dark and depressing side so seeing a show that relies on the fun and exuberance that can be found in superhero tales is deeply refreshing. The show is also bolstered by the fantastic production values and a colourful aesthetic courtesy of Studio BONES that emphasises the fun this show has to offer.

The most appealing part of My Hero Academia, however, is its wide cast of appealing characters. Midoriya is a likeable and sympathetic hero with well-written strengths and the show easily draws us into rooting for him throughout his journey. He’s also surrounded by a large and interesting cast, all with their own unique personalities and goals, from the aggressive but insecure Bakugou to cheerful, friendly Uraraka. It’s easy to see each different character as the hero of their own story and to imagine them carrying a show all by themselves and there are about a dozen different characters in My Hero Academia who I would happily watch a spin-off of.

I enjoyed this show so much that I immediately picked up the manga afterwards and I’m strongly looking forward to the second season which is going to adapt one of my favourite arcs from the manga. If you haven’t seen this show I highly recommend that you check it out before the second season airs this spring.

(part two) (part three)

anonymous asked:

how are you studying for AP Chem? I'm incredibly nervous and trying to cram today and saw that you were also! thanks!!


but yeah okay a quick rundown of what I’m doing:

  1. reviewing all the chapters (quick glance to refresh brain)
  2. memorizing and committing to memory (hopefully enough so that i can recite this in my sleep) all the things you need to know, like strong acids/bases, oxidation numbers, names for different compounds, solubility rules
    1. stuff you need to know cheat sheet here and here
  3. i’m looking at FRQ responses that college board has released and just looking at them, figuring out why the answer was what it was (it’s a little too late for me to do the problems, so i’m just trying to see what’ll stick)
    1. FRQ 2015 answers
    2. FRQ 2014 answers
    3. FRQ 1970-2013 answers
  4. and i’m looking at mock multiple choice tests to review
    1. here’s one
    2. and another one 
    3. website with practice tests 

also, remember to take deep breaths and tell yourself, out loud ‘i can do this. i’m going to get a three and above. i will, i can, i am.’ positivity helps, not just psychologically but overall, you know?

i hope this kind of helps! sorry this isn’t more comprehensive, but bc the exam is so close (less than 8 hours for me, less than a day for others, i think!) there’s only so much you can do for last minute cramming!

good luck and may the curve be ever in your favor. xoxo


Christopher Williams, TecTake Luxus Strandkorb grau/weiß, Model no.: 400636, Material: wood/plastic, Dimensions (height/width/depth): 154 cm × 116 cm × 77 cm, Weight: 49 kg, Manufactured by Ningbo Jin Mao Import & Export Co., Ltd„ Ningbo, Zhejiang, China for TecTake GmbH, Igersheim, Germany, Model: Zimra Geurts, Playboy Netherlands Playmate of the Year 2012, Studio Rhein Verlag, Düsseldorf, February 1, 2013, (Zimra stretching), 2013.

In my photo of Zimra Geurts, who was the Playboy Netherlands Playmate of the Year in 2012, there are references to Guy Debord’s Society of the Spectacle, in which automobiles, women in bikinis, and topless models appear; as well as references to Harun Farocki’s film Ein Bild, which is about a Playboy centerfold shoot in Munich in the 1970s. Farocki’s film is really about the labor that goes into constructing an image, in that case one associated with male pleasure. The diagonal strip that says “Balcar” is a representation of the soft box light that was used in the Farocki film. Of course the stripes on the strandkorb konsul [beach chair], relate to the artist Daniel Buren. So what comes together in this picture is a montage of several elements: Playboy, Buren, Debourd, and Farocki.

Farocki has a strong place in that picture, stronger than I thought he would, but I think my picture gets to a different place than his film. I think Zimra has a different function in my picture actually, a more active function.

…It’s not only about the economy of her body, but also about her creating the opportunity to produce a new unexpected instructional model in the place where the viewer expects to encounter a familiar stereotype.

(Christopher Williams)


The Graveyard House by Eldridge-Smerin Architects

London-based architects Eldridge Smerin have completed a house overlooking a cemetery in London, UK. The four-storey house replaces one designed by architect John Winter in the 1970’s and uses the footprint of the original building. A sustainable environmental approach allows for not only the strong use of natural light and the benefits of solar gain from the south facing windows, but also includes natural ventilation techniques for summer cooling and a green roof.

Photo © Richard Powers


Walter Day And His Transcendental Galaxies

“TM’s just like that.  You do it regularly, absolutely regularly, two times a day.  And suddenly, whether it’s two years down the line or four or five, you suddenly realize it.  Wow, this bad thing that used to plague me is gone.”

Walter Day enters my home photography studio with a young man’s zest.  He carries with him a strong energy that seems to spread throughout the rest of the room as we sit down to talk about his life in Iowa as a living legend in the gaming community.  Transcendental Meditation brought Day to Fairfield, Iowa in the late 1970’s, and his decision to move there would ultimately be an anchor point to the rest of his life. Day would soon open the now-famous Twin Galaxies arcade just a short drive away in Ottumwa, and from there he would eventually become one of the world’s leading gaming historians.

FORGOTTEN IOWA: Tell us a little about yourself.

WALTER DAY : Well, my name is Walter Day.  I was born in Oakland, California and grew up in Anaheim a mile or two from Disneyland.  When I was fourteen or so, my parents moved the family back to their hometown of Lynn, Massachusetts.  That’s where I went to high school.  It was there that I first heard about Transcendental Meditation, something that would become one of the most important things in my life.  It removed a lot of stress, a lot of physical health ailments, it just made my life more dynamic and energetic.

FORGOTTEN IOWA: So, TM is what brought you to Iowa in the first place?

WALTER DAY:  Oh, yes. Absolutely.  Maharishi Mehesh Yogi, the founder of the TM movement, said that people should come to this place in Iowa called Fairfield. He said that’s where we’d do our group meditations, that it’d affect how other people think, too.  That’s what I’ve been doing for 36, no, for 37 years now.  It’s been an interesting experience to say the least.  But the Maharishi also said that we should do something to support ourselves when we arrived here.  Since I had just fallen completely in love with video games, I decided to open up an arcade in Ottumwa with a friend of mine.  We called it Twin Galaxies.  It was just one of those typical, old-fashioned video game arcade of the early 1980’s.  We’d only been open three months when we had someone go for a world record on a video game. You wouldn’t believe the trouble we found when we tried to verify the score, that it was indeed the new world record.  Turns out, nobody was keeping track of the scores!  We called up all the manufacturers and magazines and said, “we’re keeping track of the scores.”  We just boldly said it like that.  It was just some amazing stroke of destiny that nobody argued it.  They just said, “Wow, that’s great!  We’ll keep you in our Rolodex and refer to you when somebody calls about a new high score.”  It was less than thirty minutes after that call before Twin Galaxies received our first phone call to report a high score in the Nashville, Tennessee area.  It started as fast as that.  After a week, we were getting a dozen calls a day.  Before the year was over, we started getting ninety to a hundred calls a day.  And thirty-five years later, Twin Galaxies still exists, owned by big Hollywood producers.  I’ve since retired from it.

  • Twin Galaxies, 1984.

FORGOTTEN IOWA:  What made you open the arcade in Ottumwa as opposed to opening it in Fairfield?

WALTER DAY: Well, first of all, the video games were so expensive.  An arcade cabinet cost the same as a new car in the early 1980’s, numbers as high at $3,500 each.  And that’s in early ‘80’s currency!  When we opened our arcade in November of 1981, we had twenty-two brand new games in there.  It was essentially the equivalent of having twenty-two brand new cars that we were responsible for the mortgages on.  These companies had to earn, a quarter at a time mind you, the money to pay back for the debt owed on these machines.  Anyway, there were these people called route operators that would decide where the games would eventually go, what town and what venue, stuff like that.  There was already an arcade in Fairfield back then, and there were some odd rules about only having one arcade per town dictated by these distributors, so opening an arcade here just wasn’t possible.  It turns out that the only town in Iowa that didn’t yet have one was Ottumwa.  It was merely an odd quirk of fate that it was a town that happened to be so close to the one I lived in.  We just grabbed a location there as fast as we could, rented it, and the rest is history.

FORGOTTEN IOWA: How would you say Iowa compares to the east coast or the west coast of America?

WALTER DAY: Well, Iowa is so much a part of my heartbeat now because I’ve been here so long that I don’t necessarily notice the qualities of it anymore.  Iowa just is me and I am it, you know?  But recently, lots of people have come to town from other places and they just love Iowa.  They go nuts over Fairfield specifically. Lots and lots of people who have come to my video game events from out of town, out of state, the non-meditators, they’re absolutely intrigued and amazed by Fairfield. They think it’s one of the coolest, most remarkable places they’ve ever been.  They tell me that they can’t put their finger on what it is, just that there’s something so different about Fairfield.  And it feels so good that many have talked about moving here and living here.  Some of them even commit to it and they come here, you know, they live here today.  Not necessarily coming to start doing Transcendental Meditation, just because there’s something about this place that they just love. 

FORGOTTEN IOWA: What do you think the biggest changes have been for Iowa and the people that live here?

WALTER DAY: Okay, well, from the context of being a person that practices transcendental meditation, the big group of us that arrived here to do this big program together and meditate – we have always had the understanding that culture will change.  Culture will become uplifted.  Harmony will develop between all kinds of different groups of people.  We’ve become more peaceful.  You know, the economics and money could get better yet.  Things like that, you know, but I think even those things are beginning to happen slowly.  Especially for Fairfield. Especially here.  That’s why all sorts of different organizations like Mother Earth News, or the Smithsonian Magazine, have been declaring this town an economic powerhouse.  A cultural phenomenon.  Just one of those great places you never heard about that, when you do, you want to come and live in.  That’s not a hallucination.  When we first came here, there was a big division between the townspeople and the meditators.  They thought that, “Oh, some sort of Hindu cult is going to take over the town.”  But we began to have more and more of a presence in the town, and they eventually realized that there was no sort of takeover happening at all.  What actually happened is we all became integrated, and a lot of those townspeople started meditating, too.  A lot of them fell in love with the practice of Transcendental Meditation and started doing it themselves.  So all that stress between these two groups has gone away almost entirely over the years.  So, what else has changed?  A lot of independent small businesses have popped up here, I’ve read that this part of the world is starting to be referred to as the silicorn valley.  I think we’re heading toward good things.  It’s a good time to be an Iowan.

Walter and I would continue a conversation that would jump all over the map, from video games to life philosophies, as I set up my studio lights and we began our photo shoot.  Somewhere in that time, I began to feel like I’d just made a good friend.  And I suppose that’s the kind of guy that Walter Day is.  Friendly, inviting, warm, kind; the kind of person that felt as genuinely Iowan as they come.  He left my studio with two or three large winter jackets on and with a spring in his step.  Walter was off to meditate and then to play his guitar for a little while.

March, 2016


LaWanda Page

LaWanda Page (October 19, 1920 – September 14, 2002), born Alberta Peal, was an American actress and comedienne best known for her role as Aunt Esther in the 1970s TV sitcom Sanford and Son. She later reprised the role in Sanford Arms and Sanford.

 She was born in Cleveland, Ohio on October 19, 1920. Page was raised in St. Louis, Missouri. She began her career in show business working small nightclubs, billed as “The Bronze Goddess of Fire,” an act which included her eating fire and lighting cigarettes with her fingertips. She performed the cigarette feat on an episode of Sanford and Son, in which Fred held a circus in his front yard.

 LaWanda Page and Redd Foxx were very close friends from the time they were pre-teen age. They attended school and grew up together in St. Louis. Later on, they both entered the field of comedy separately and performed stage acts. Page later recorded several live comedy albums for the Laff Records label in the late 1960s and early 1970s under the LaWanda stage name. One release, a gold-selling album called Watch It, Sucker!, was titled after one of her Aunt Esther character’s catchphrases to capitalize on her newfound TV fame. During her tenure as a stand-up comic, which lasted all the way to the 1990s, she was often called The Queen of Comedy, or in some mainstream circles, The Black Queen of Comedy. Other than the expletive-free Sane Advice album, released two years after the run of Sanford and Son, most of Page’s albums and stand-up material were raunchy in nature.

 On Sanford and Son, the character Aunt Esther was the sister of Fred Sanford’s late wife Elizabeth. Before getting the role, Page had already been performing her comedy routine in nightclubs in St. Louis and then Los Angeles for several years. She was beginning to get out of show business because she was moving back to St. Louis to take care of her ailing mother. Foxx, a stand-up comedian himself for several years, was offered a television sitcom back in L.A. When the show was being cast, he told one of the show’s producers about Page. The producer had heard of her before as he himself had previously caught her act. Foxx telephoned Page in St. Louis and asked her to read for the role of Aunt Esther. Page came back and auditioned for the role and was offered the part. However, before any taping had begun, producers noticed during rehearsals that Page was unfamiliar with the ins-and-outs of producing a television sitcom; she had been more accustomed to performing in nightclubs. One of Sanford and Son’s producers stated to Foxx that he will need to fire Page and hold auditions again for the Aunt Esther role so that taping could begin. Foxx insisted Page play the part and he threatened to walk away from the show if she was let go. The producers stuck with Page, who would go on to become one of the most famous television personalities of the 1970s.

 The Aunt Esther character was a combination of a devout churchgoer and a tough-as-nails realist. Esther would state whatever was on her mind, and she was very loving to her nephew Lamont. She often sparred with Fred over both the state of Fred’s soul and the lack of his success, resulting in them trading barbs. Though, the show was Foxx’s vehicle, the strong portrayal of the Aunt Esther character by Page allowed her to hold her own against Sanford. The character of Esther was in direct contrast to the raunchy, expletive-filled material of Page’s stand-up comedy act and record albums.

 In 1977 Page appeared in a episode of The Love Boat entitled “Oh Dale”, alongside Sherman Hemsley. Page also appeared on several episodes of The Dean Martin Celebrity Roasts, and over the next two decades occasionally guest-starred in episodes of other popular television shows, including Amen, Martin, 227, Family Matters, and Diff'rent Strokes. In the early 1990s she appeared on several tracks of the debut album by RuPaul entitled Supermodel of the World, most notably the hit song “Supermodel (You Better Work).” She also appeared in several music videos from the album. Shortly before her death she appeared in a series of comical Church’s Chicken television commercials featuring the catchphrase “Gotta love it!” Among her movie credits are an appearance in the Steve Martin film My Blue Heaven; as an extremely foul-mouthed clown in Bobcat Goldthwait’s 1991 comedy Shakes the Clown; a cameo appearance in the hit movie Friday, stealing the opening scene with a salty one-liner; and a role in the ‘hood parody film Don’t Be a Menace to South Central While Drinking Your Juice in the Hood as the overbearing mother of aging gangsta “Old School.”

 Page died of complications from diabetes on September 14, 2002. She is interred in an outdoor crypt at Inglewood Park Cemetery in Inglewood, California.

❀ 美 麗 島 ❀

“「ilha formossa」、「高砂」、「大肚」、「東寧」、「台灣」。These were just a few of her names. Her favorite, however, would have to be what her people call her: Home.”

( beautiful island ) | a fanmix about APH Taiwan through the ages | tracks in aboriginal languages, Mandarin, Taiwanese, and Hakka

listen here | cover edit by me | tracklist:

Keep reading

Why people say that Radical Feminism is White Women’s Feminism.

To understand this, it is important that one understand first that this point comes from women of color; that Audre Lorde and bell hooks and the strong women who came of age in the 1970’s are the core of this. That intersectionality was birthed from it, that womanism and Black Feminism (and many others) begin their shift from this point of contention, and that heroines of Lesbian Separatist Radical Feminism such as Mary Daly were unrepentant in their assertions that such did not apply, literally talking over and marginalizing the lives and experiences of women of color. Lastly, that this was the harbinger of the third wave, which sought to undo the injustices that stem from this simple thing.

The core here is the assertion that all women share a distinct, universal experience.

That one line is the problem, in and of itself. That one idea, one concept, is what is referred to when people say that radical feminism is white women’s feminism.

It doesn’t matter if a person holding to the idea is a person of color or not — how many black or latina or pinay friends RadFems have is not a defense for the racist basis that exists there.

The chief message of this is that there is no universal experience of womanhood. That womanhood is not isolated from other forces, even in the monolithic chamber of thought that RadFem ideology holds (patriarchy as root cause).

That womanhood is subject to other factors that change that mythical universal experience and thereby render the idea invalid because the experience is not universal, it is individual, and subject to the vagaries of other forces like racism and class and poverty or wealth and ability.

There is a core understanding that people forget: nothing is universal when it comes to people. Nothing. Indeed, it is a logical fallacy to ascribe any sort of universal idea or experience or belief. It is generally called the Scotsman fallacy, or No True Scotsman fallacy.

Look it up.

Now, think about this for a moment, please.

Intersectionality is a way of looking at how different oppressive systems and institutions work together in concert. Fundamentally, it holds that there can be no universal experience.

Now think about how many of those who claim that RadFem ideals are not white women’s feminism that also hold to intersectionality.

That universal experience idea is inconsistent with intersectionality, and that means that most likely those people have not genuinely given much thought to this history or these conflicts, and are not familiar with it, and so have not come to a point of consideration for this inherent conflict in their professed beliefs.

They haven’t done the work of examining how their ideology and concepts interact, haven’t worked to find a resolution.

That or they do not want to do so, usually for reasons that have no basis in fact and are, themselves, subject to and part of the Unexamined relationship to patriarchy they have.

Then note how they police others, even though the act of policing is, in and of itself, supportive of those systems of oppression.

Where, in all of that, is the ethical life? The moral life? The intellectual honesty? The emotional truth? The spiritual calm?

Think on that while you remember this simple truth:

Womanhood is not based on some universal experience. For decades, women of color fought to even be seen as women by other women. Much like another group fights now. The first wave of feminism worked to forbid women of color from joining them. Yet used them as tools for their own ends, and used men of color as scapegoats. Womanhood is not founded on one’s genitals — doing that objectifies and reduces women to a singular factor, erasing and marginalizing the lived lives of women.

That is the job of patriarchy. Of racism. Of classism and ableism. Of Ciscentrism.

All of which seek to objectify and reduce and divide and marginalize and erase the whole of a person, and their dreams and hopes and loves and laughter and ultimately, in the end…

… Their humanity.

This is why all of this stuff is said. So now you know.

Time to make sure others do as well, don’t you think?



(Toni D’orsay).

Yesterday, NASA released this new view of the entire sunlit side of Earth from one million miles away. This color image of Earth was taken by NASA’s Earth Polychromatic Imaging Camera (EPIC) on on NOAA’s Deep Space Climate Observatory satellite. 

At the request of the whitehouse, Neil deGrasse Tyson, Frederick P. Rose Director of the Hayden Planetarium, offered reflections on this new image of our home.

Earth. Not mounted on a stand, with color-coded state and national boundaries, as schoolroom globes are prone to display. Instead, we see our world as only a cosmic perspective can provide: Blue Oceans – Dry Land – White Clouds – Polar Ice. A Sun-lit planet, teeming with life, framed in darkness.

In 1972, when NASA’s Apollo 17 astronauts first captured an entire hemisphere of our planet, we were treated to such a view. The Blue Marble, it was called. The Space Program’s unprecedented images of Earth compelled us all to think deeply about our dependence on nature and the fate of our civilization.

Of course, at the time, we had other distractions. Between 1968 and 1972, the United States would experience some of its most turbulent years in memory, simultaneously enduring a hot war in Southeast Asia, a Cold War with the Soviet Union, the Civil Rights Movement, campus unrest, and assassinations. Yet that’s precisely when we voyaged to the Moon, paused, looked back, and discovered Earth for the first time.

The year 1970 would celebrate the first Earth Day. In that same year, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) were formed with strong bipartisan support. In 1972, the pesticide DDT was banned and the Clean Water Act was passed. And one year later, the Endangered Species Act would be enacted, the catalytic converter would be introduced, and unleaded automotive emission standards would be set. A stunning admission that we’re all in this together, with a common future on a shared planet.

Regrettably, we still live in a turbulent world. But we now have at our disposal, not simply a photograph of our home to reflect upon, but continual data of our rotating planet, captured 13 times per day, by the robotic Deep Space Climate Observatory (DSCOVR), a specially designed space camera & telescope, launched and positioned a million miles from Earth.

We will now be able to measure and track Sun-induced space weather as well as global climactic trends in ozone levels, aerosols, vegetation, volcanic ash, and Earth reflectivity, all in high resolution; just the kind of data our civilization needs to make informed cultural, political, and scientific decisions that affect our future.

Occasions such as this offer renewed confidence that we may ultimately become responsible shepherds of our own fate, and the fate of that fragile home we call Earth.

Neil deGrasse Tyson
American Museum of Natural History, New York City

This post was originally published on Dr. Tyson’s Facebook Page

Image via NASA

Lake Mohegan and the Cascades

If you’re coming from Bridgeport via I-95, take exit 24, turn right, then hang a left to go up Black Rock Turnpike until you see Burroughs Road. Take that right. Follow it down, past the house with the weird, light-up numbers, past the soccer field, and you’ll reach Fairfield Woods Road. Go right again, then take your first left at the stop sign onto Morehouse Highway. Follow Morehouse until the end.

The time I went this way with my boyfriend, Aaron, who was new to the area, he thought the only option at the bottom of Morehouse was to take a left. The route straight was obstructed by a locked metal gate covered with reflective orange tape. But I had a key.

Behind the gate lies a small, poorly-maintained road which leads around and down to a wooded area on the rear end of Lake Mohegan. It’s a manmade lake that was once a gravel quarry back in the ‘50s. The town of Fairfield bought the then-defunct quarry in 1961 and routed the Mill River to fill it up, ultimately making a pleasant beach area for the locals. Once the quarry was full of water and the sand was brought in, the townsfolk came in droves. Both sides of the lake would attract bathers and sunseekers of all types. The main part of the lake always had three lifeguards on duty, but at the rear end of the lake, where it’s fed by the river, there’s a deceptively strong current and no lifeguard stations.

Keep reading

Gravitational waves detected 100 years after Einstein's prediction

For the first time, scientists have observed ripples in the fabric of spacetime called gravitational waves, arriving at Earth from a cataclysmic event in the distant universe. This confirms a major prediction of Albert Einstein’s 1915 general theory of relativity and opens an unprecedented new window onto the cosmos.

Gravitational waves carry information about their dramatic origins and about the nature of gravity that cannot otherwise be obtained. Physicists have concluded that the detected gravitational waves were produced during the final fraction of a second of the merger of two black holes to produce a single, more massive spinning black hole. This collision of two black holes had been predicted but never observed.

Keep reading