Sphincterochila candidissima

…is a species of terrestrial air-breathing Sphincterochilid snail which is known to occur in Italy, Malta, and other surrounding areas. S. candidissima is fairly small with individuals only growing shell widths of ~16-25 mm ( 0.6 -0 .9 inches). Like other members of its family Sphincterochila candidissima is xerothermophilous, meaning it is well adapted to hotter/dryer places.


Animalia-Mollusca-Gastropoda-Heterobranchia-Euthyneura-Panpulmonata-Eupulmonata-Stylommatophora-Sigmurethra-Helicoidea-Sphincterochilidae-Sphincterochilinae-Sphincterochila-S. candidissima

Image: Xvazquez

The Mesozoic Park: Are Dinos fuelling your car?

Judging by the internet many people believe that when they fill up at the pumps they are filling their cars with long dead and decayed dinosaurs. Even the most boring family hatchback sounds exciting when you think it’s being powered by liquefied T-rex. However, I have some very sad and disappointing news; it simply isn’t true. Oil does not form from dinosaurs, it forms from organisms far more boring and widespread.

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*blushes* I don’t understand….. I rarely post herps.  But thanks so much markscherz , your humorous outlook and presentation of science is extremely commendable and your tagging system is incredible.  So to commemorate this momentous event in my blogging history here is the rest of the herp photos I have on my computer! (Let me know if any of my IDs are wrong)

1. Southern Ringneck Snake- Diadophis punctus- Gainesville Florida

2. American Bullfrog-  Lithobates catesbeianus- Gainesville Florida

3. Southern Toad-  Anaxyrus terrestris-  McIntosh Florida

4. Slimy Salamander- Plethodon spp. (I’m leaning towards glutinosus)- Cooper’s Rock State Forest West Virginia

5. Painted Turtle-  Chrysemys picta- Gainesville Florida

6. Eastern Red-backed Salamander- Plethodon cinereus- Allentown Pennsylvania

anonymous asked:

A disturbing behaviour i see among people is they tend to "exalt" visitors to an almost god status. DON'T if you ever should meet an outer terrestrial speak to them as a equal they're people just like us plus, they really HATE it.

I agree, Extraterrestrial beings are creatures of nature/universe just as we are. They, might be technologically more advanced then us, but that doesn’t make them spiritual or godlike. It certainly doesn’t mean that they have a higher standards of morals either. They seem to treat their subjects with the same cool and callous disregard that human scientists due with monkeys and other creatures. 

Palms in the undercanopy of the rainforest in Taman Negara National Park, 434,300 hectares (4,343 sq. km) of protected 130 million year old primary rainforest that supports tigers, sumatran rhinoceros, Asian elephants, Malaysian gaur (wild bovine), tapir, gibbons, monkeys totaling over 200 species of terrestrial animals, over 300 species of birds and over 1,000 species of butterfly. Malaysia’s dwindling rainforests are home to over 14,500 species of flowering plants and trees. This is the homeland of the Batek Negrito people. 

Image and caption by James Whitlow Delano, via Instagram.

The effect of removing large mammals from an ecosystem

Landscape-level effects of trophic cascades from four terrestrial ecosystems. 

(A) Upland habitat of islands with (right) and without (left) Arctic foxes in the Aleutian archipelago. Foxes drive terrestrial ecosystems from grasslands to tundra by limiting seabirds and thereby reducing nutrient inputs from
sea to land.

(B) Venezuelan forests on small islands of Lago Guri (left: jaguar, cougar, and harpy eagles absent) and mainland forest (right, predators present). A diverse herbivore guild erupted with the loss of predators from the island, thereby reducing plant recruitment and survival. 

© Riparian habitat near the confluence of Soda Butte Creek with the Lamar River (Yellowstone National Park) illustrating the stature of willow plants during suppression (left, 1997) from long-term elk browsing and
their release from elk browsing (right, 2001) after wolf reintroductions of 1995 and 1996.

(D) Decline of woody vegetation in Serengeti after eradication of rinderpest (by early 1960s) and the recovery of native ungulates (by middle 1980s). Left, 1986; right, 2003).

Source: Trophic Downgrading of Planet Earth - (link to pdf)
James A. Estes, John Terborgh, Justin S. Brashares, Mary E. Power, Joel Berger, William J. Bond, Stephen R. Carpenter, Timothy E. Essington, Robert D. Holt, Jeremy B. C. Jackson, Robert J. Marquis, Lauri Oksanen, Tarja Oksanen, Robert T. Paine, Ellen K. Pikitch, William J. Ripple,Stuart A. Sandin, Marten Scheffer, Thomas W. Schoener, Jonathan B. Shurin, Anthony R. E. Sinclair, Michael E. Soulé, Risto Virtanen, David A. Wardle.
SCIENCE VOL 333 15 JULY 2011


I made The Witches’ Daughters for Terrestrial, an anthology of earth-themed fantasy comics edited by Amanda Scurti. You can also read it at its forever home on my portfolio website.

The anthology debuted at SPX 2014, and now you can buy it here! It’s full of lovely comics and illustrations, and I’m very happy to be included in such good company. 

The Woolly Terrestrial Octopus (Octopus hirtus) is a land-dwelling carnivore that can grow up to four feet in length and weigh as much as seventy-five pounds. It is warm-blooded and lives in northern temperate forests, using its sharp beak to hunt for birds, squirrels, and other small rodents. It is a solitary creature that is most active at night.

The terrestrial octopus has a thick coat of fur and is able to climb trees and rocky outcrops using its strong arms, which are lined with mucus-secreting suction cups. Unlike its invertebrate marine counterpart, the terrestrial octopus has a skeleton, including a skull, rib cage, and vertebra-like columns of bones within each arm.

During mating season, the terrestrial octopus builds, in thickets of tall vegetation, distinctive conical grass-nests in which to lay its large, speckled eggs. It will lay three to five eggs, and the incubation period lasts for thirty-five to forty days.

get a print here: http://www.etsy.com/shop/NautilusPress



the handwritten manuscript ‘La Sphere du Monde..’, 1549, by Oronce Fine.

Oronce Fine (or Orance Finé) (1494-1555) was a third generation physician from France. He was also a teacher and prolific author in the fields of mathematics, geography, cartography and astronomy and he held the chair in mathematics at the Collège Royal in Paris for more than twenty years.

Hey guys! This is the title page of a 6 page mini-comic for the awesome Amanda Scurti’s new fantasy Earth-themed anthology TERRESTRIAL. It’s loosely based off the Filipino mythological figure, Mariang Sinukuan. I’ve been wanting to do something with her for awhile, so I was really excited about the anthology’s theme. You can pre-order it here, before it debuts at SPX in September. Check out all the other wonderful contributors!! It’s a mind-blowing list. Thank you again Amanda for inviting me. :)


Meganeura  - The Giant Dragonfly

When: Carboniferous (~305-299 million years ago)

Where: France

What: Meganeura is the largest dragonfly, with a wingspan of 2.5 feet (~75 cm) in some specimens. The largest living dragonfly is a comparatively weensy 7.5 inches (~19 cm) across at the wings. A scientific debate had centred upon why Meganeura was able to become so large. It has been suggested that it was only able to reach such a great size due to the relatively higher levels of oxygen in the Carboniferous air. This is based partly upon the way most modern insects respire, they do not truly breathe, but instead simply diffusion oxygen throughout their small bodies. However, more recent studies show that larger insects do breathe via compression and expansion of their trachea. Additionally insects much larger than those today have been found in later rocks which do not show evidence of elevated oxygen levels. More research needs to be done to determine the impact of oxygen levels upon the maximum size of insects.  

Only a few fossils have been found of Meganeura, but despite this, almost every scene ever of a Carboniferous forest has one of these animals perched upon a giant club moss tree. I do not blame them, I could not resist either.  Other animals in these dense forests with Meganeura were a gaggle of other gigantic insects and arthropods, a great variety of amphibians, and the first reptiles. This was the start of the true colonization of land by vertebrates; it has also been suggested it was the arrival of these predators which limited the size of insects such as Meganeura in later time periods. 


This is Cellar Door, a short one-shot comic I made for Amanda Scurti’s fantasy anthology, Terrestrial. The anthology is full of beautiful comics and illustrations, you can buy it here if you’re interested.

I always wanted to go into a fantasy world, Narnia-style, when I was a kid. Well, maybe I shouldn’t date that, because if my closet suddenly had no back you can bet I’d go through, at least to see what was up.

[note: at least to me, Tumblr is displaying the last 2 pages with weird black bars on em, but when you click through to full size they should display fine!]


Here’s a preview of my short for Terrestrial, the earth-themed fantasy comics anthology organized by Amanda Scurti and debuting at SPX 2014! That’s Amanda’s gorgeous cover image up top.

These are the first 2 pages of a 6-page fairytale about magic and pottery, moms & daughters, and things we leave behind.

Check out more preview pages and the full (EXCELLENT) line-up, and don’t forget to pre-order it here before August 11th!


Moldavite is a favorite stone of mine because of it’s intense, “out of this world” energy! Moldavite is a tektite which means it was created from impact when a meteor struck Earth. The heat of the meteor impact melted surrounding rocks, dirt and sand creating a “strew field” of moldavite tektites that extends for miles. Moldavite is only found in parts of the Czech Republic, Germany and Moldavia making it a rare stone that will eventually become extinct. Tektites such as moldavite and libyan desert glass are NOT meteorites! You will frequently see them mislabeled as such in stores.

Upon holding moldavite, many people will report feeling an intense surge of energy! You can often feel tingling sensations or a subtle vibration in your hand when holding a moldavite. It’s common to feel fluttering in the chest, to have a hot flash, feel nausea, dizziness or to feel “spaced-out” when first holding/wearing a moldavite. These effects can last anywhere from minutes to days and it’s just your body adjusting to moldavite’s frequency. I suggest after you buy a piece of moldavite, you spend some time with it to see how it’s energy effects you. It will often take time for your body to become acclimated to the intense energy of a tektite. Most people become acclimated to moldavite (and no longer experience the weird effects) within 3-5 days.

Magickal Uses:

Moldavite is an excellent stone to use to assist in astral travel and in the communication with spirit guides. Moldavite also assists in past life regression and it can help you to see into the future. Intuitive abilities often become stronger when wearing/carrying moldavite so it’s an excellent stone to work with if you are looking to develop your psychic abilities.

Moldavite and other tektites are not psychically protective. Moldavite can actually amplify your energy/feelings and the energy/feelings of those around you. Again, it’s very important to see how moldavite effects you before you wear or carry it on a daily basis. It’s often best to carry or wear black tourmaline, jet or smoky quartz with moldavite to help stay grounded & psychically protected until you are acclimated to moldavite’s intense energy.

Use caution when incorporating moldavite in magickal workings because it will assist in manifesting your intent/thoughts very quickly. Make sure your mind is clear and your intent is focused during magickal workings to avoid any problems when you work with moldavite.

Healing Properties

The fluttering most people feel in their chest while holding moldavite happens because moldavite helps to stimulate and open the heart & thymus (spiritual heart) chakras. When kept close to the body, moldavite will also begin to remove energy blockages in all of the chakras. If you have had trouble opening your heart chakra and releasing bottled-up emotions, moldavite is the stone for you! Moldavite also helps you to develop unconditional love for yourself and others. Because moldavite can amplify thoughts and make emotions more intense, it’s best to use moldavite for healing purposes only when you are already healthy and fairly balanced. Moldavite is more a stone of activation and transformation than of healing.

Moldavite also resonates well with the crown chakra and it helps to accelerate spiritual growth. While wearing or holding moldavite, solutions to problems will become clear. It’s not uncommon to have an epiphany or two while working with moldavite! If you struggle with finding your purpose in this life, I recommend carrying or wearing a moldavite as it helps you to “remember” why you are here. Moldavite will often bring repressed emotions bubbling to the surface so that they can be either acknowledged, integrated or released. This helps to facilitate emotional healing and spiritual growth.

Chakras: Energizes and removes energy blockages from all of the chakras.

Zodiac: No specific associations.

Planetary Associations: No specific associations.

Color: Dark green, green, light green

Peace, Love & Magick


The photo above was taken by Kris and the beautiful piece of faceted moldavite shown in the photo is from Kris’ personal collection.