term preservation

anonymous asked:

So Wikipedia says azawakh are lgds? I guess I always assumed they were hunting dogs bc sight hounds.

azawakhs are a fascinating breed! little is known of their history as they are the dogs of afro-ethnic tribes, most notably the tuareg i believe, of the south sahara, who apparently have kept little or no written records! azawakhs are held in very high esteem in their tribes of origin, and while other sighthounds are commonly kept and utilized, they dont hold the special place that the azawakhs do, whose common-name supposedly translates to mean “hound of the free people”

one of the few things that is known about the azawakh’s history is that it was, and continues to be in africa, a multipurpose dog! while it got lumped together with sighthounds in the rest of the world, the azawakh was traditionally used for guarding and companionship as much as hunting!

The "Right" Way

Authors Notes:
-Asdfghjkl- is the Squip talking to Jeremy
~Asdfghjkl~ is singing ((The tune would be that of the Be More Chill songs: the Squip’s solo and the background chorus))


Jeremy stands just outside Jake’s house, a look of pure determination on his face. He’s figured out a system that -almost- works every time. He thinks he just needs to iron out the last few bugs and pray that God is on his side.

…I thought that LAST time. And the time before that. And the time before that. Now he’s just standing there like a pitiful, lost child.

What he doesn’t realize is his LITERALLY fatal mistake. His very first step. Avoiding the confrontation with… him. I tried to get him to do it the right way the first few times, but he lost all faith in me when I blocked the loser in. Apparently he doesn’t know the term “self-preservation.” I’ll have to fix that.

The last time he fought with Michael, he didn’t rejoin the party. He sat by the door in silence, listening to Michael’s pathetic breakdown. That’s when he decided to try to stop that from happening. On the next loop, he went in, became intoxicated so I wouldn’t interfere (I was getting bored of trying to improve him anyway), and did things differently. Not like it helped; people still keep dying. Michael, Chloe, Brooke, Christine, Jake, Rich, Jenna, even himself a few times. Almost. He rewinds just before he dies. Let’s just hope nothing happens that stops his heart before he even gets the chance to think.

Anyway, I’m bored with just sitting on the sidelines. But moreso I’m bored of living this stupid night over and over again inside his head because he’s too weak to accept death. But if I try to do anything, he’ll just get drunk.

…Looks like it’s time for Plan B.


“What do you want? I thought you were leaving me alone.”

-There’s a right way to do this, to end this night.-

“Oh yeah? What’s that? Locking Michael in the bathroom again?! No way. I swear to God if you try ANYTHING–”

-I won’t. Trust me I want to be finished here just as much as you do. So I’m going to give you my advice. I AM your Squip, after all. It’s my job.-

“…So what’s your advice?”

If I say something extreme first, he will be more likely to listen to the second suggestion.

-Maybe someone NEEDS to die.-

“WHAT?! You’re CRAZY!!”

-No, think about it. It’s a house fire; there are bound to be casualties.-

“Well, yeah, I guess that makes sense… But plenty of people I don’t know die, so…that CAN’T be it!”

-Maybe someone you DO know is just fated to die.-

“‘Fated…to die…?’ But who…? N-no, no! I can’t think this way! I’m not gonna let ANY of my friends die!”

-Maybe you keep failing because you spread yourself too thin. Maybe you should just learn to be okay with failure and death. It seems to be following you anyway.-

“No…that can’t be it… Who could be “fated to die”…?

-I guess you’ll have to find that out for yourself. But that’s not all.-

“Oh, GREAT.”

-Don’t worry, it’s easier than playing God and deciding who should die. But it’s just as important, I assure you.-


-You need to stop avoiding the confrontation with Michael.-

“Wh…No! You heard just how upset he gets… I can’t put him through that again…”

-Do you want to watch him die forever?-

“N..no… Of course not… I can’t take that…..”

-Then LISTEN to me. And obey. Or we’ll NEVER get through this.-

-Jeremy, I know what’s best for you. Even if you can’t see it sometimes. ~Everything about you is going to be wonderful.~-

“~But I don’t care so much about me…~”

-~Everything about you is going to be so alive!~-

“~But I can’t even save my friends’ lives…~”

-~Jeeeeeeeremyyyyyy, you can’t try to beeeee the hero you wanna beeeeeeeeee…~ So be more chill.-

“…Be more…chill.”

-That’s right. Now let’s get in there.-

Because of the little pep talk, we end up arriving later than usual. Brooke sees us walk in from across the room and eagerly rushes over to meet us like the dog she’s dressed as.

“Jeremy!” she waves and squirms through the crowd, “I was afraid you weren’t coming; did you get my messages??”

That’s new.

-Play it off.-

“Am I late? Didn’t even realize.” Good. He’s listening to me again. Wait… He’s listening to me again? This doesn’t make… Running neurotypical scan… Showing signs of despondence, hopelessness, and despair. Analyzing probable causes… Ah, of course. The last reset. When Michael went blind. That was the closest he’s ever gotten. And he went and kissed the boy, too. They made it over that pit against all odds, but… It wasn’t enough. They took too long, and the entrance became blocked entirely. No one could get out. He watched as all of his friends choked to death, one by one. He held Michael’s face as he desperately tried to keep him from giving up. He called his name until his very last breath–in that timeline, anyway.

That must be what’s broken him. He doesn’t know what to do. He’s falling back on me again. This…this is perfect. If he lets me guide him through the party, we may actually be able to make it.


Things are going well. Jeremy is doing everything I tell him to. Out of nowhere, he just decides to break off from the group and head to the bathroom.

“This doesn’t feel right. Just…acting like nothing bad is about to happen…”

-It will pass. Eventually, it will pass.-

“How do you–Gwah!”

Jeremy is pulled into the bathroom by Michael. He tries to convince Jeremy that I’m going to ruin his life. Which is ridiculous. My job is to improve his life, not ruin it. By any means necessary.

-You can’t listen to him, Jeremy. I’m the only one who can get us out of this. You’ve tried everything. Give up and let me save us.-

Jeremy stares at the floor, his face as clouded as his vision.

“Get out of my way. You loser…”

After a moment of realization, registering that his “best friend” is mine now, Michael steps to the side. I always feel satisfied when we sever the last link to Jeremy 1.0. I have to take control just to stop Jeremy’s tears from falling and walk us out. I don’t let him stay anywhere near that bathroom.

The rest of the party, he just hangs on the sidelines. Too mentally strained to even try to enjoy himself. It’s not ideal, but I can’t push him too much, or he’ll stop listening to me again. I’ve finally regained his trust; I can’t lose it again. Jeremy watches that Rich kid from across the room. He’s fidgeting on the couch, scratching his head often and muttering to himself. Several people have jokingly asked what was wrong with him, but he dismissed them rather violently. Now he’s pacing around the living room, visibly shaking.

“I still haven’t figured out why he acts like that… I should go ask.”

-If you want to.-

He makes his way to Rich, coming up behind him, and taps his shoulder. Rich nearly jumps out of his skin at the touch. He rounds on Jeremy, grabbing him by the shoulders. Upon closer inspection, his face is pale and panicked, eyes bloodshot and baggy, hair unkempt and shaggy. You’d think he was drinking or smoking, but he hardly smells of alcohol or pot. So what could…?

“I NEED MOUNTAIN DEW REEEEED!!!!!” Rich yells, shaking.

Shit. He’s figured it out. How could his Squip be so idiotic? Sigh… Fine. Looks like he needs to be the one to go. Jeremy tries to soothe him, but there’s no point. He’s lost it.

-Give it up, Jeremy. He’ll be fine.-

Jeremy stops, watching him run around now, out of control. Not long after he flees to the kitchen, screams erupt from within and teens frantically flood from the fire.

-It’s time to go.-

“But Rich is still in there! And I can’t leave Michael behind..!”

-Michael will be fine. He already left.-

“He…he did?”

-Optic nerve blocking.-

“…Right…. But still, what about Rich?!”

-Leave him.-


-Hurry up and get out of here or I’ll do it for you.-

As Jeremy stares awestruck, eyes fixed on the growing flames, Jenna and Christine pass him; Christine stops for a moment to grab him by the arm, “What are you waiting for, Jeremy?! Come on!!” She drags him out, abandoning the other Squipped teen.

By the time Jeremy regains his senses, he scans the crowd. Christine and Jenna are safe, obviously, Chloe has buried herself under his arm, Brooke is sitting by the road, crying, and Jake has his hands to the sides of his head, trying to figure out how the hell he would explain this to his parents. The only one missing is–

“Michael… Where’s Michael?!”

-Jeremy, he’s–

“No!! I won’t risk it!”

He’s going to jump again!

-We finally made it out of there! You’re going to throw that away?! You don’t know that he’s still in there!-

“But I don’t know that he’s not!”

I need to say something and quick. Time jumping is the only thing I can’t stop him from doing!

-Jeremy STOP!! Or you’ll NEVER break free of this.-

He stops. Thank God.

“…You’re sure he’s alive?”

If it’ll get him to not reset, -Yes.-

“…I can’t risk it.”


KRRRRT*,,×,WNwWKO $÷×NENWO [JWN [¥~,WKWL)EMW##@!![,×NAKAO (!(!(JU (KANW÷÷××??+,(€£¥`◇\~¡¿¿¿¿,!+`!,NAAAa (+(+(+÷÷#-,;^





Here we go again.



For a minute I thought this was the “final” timeline, the one where they actually all make it–and I thought what a fantastic idea it would be if the final timeline is what actually happened in the show! So all of the previous timeloops lead up to everything in the actual musical, that’s genius!!

But aaa wreck my hEART AGA IN JESUS, I’m so glad Jer’s so concerned for Michael even though there’s a chance he made it out~~~ And reading everything from the Squip’s POV was so interesting! Especially for this AU, seeing things from his perspective is so neat! I loved it <33333

AND HOLY SHIT I LOVE HOW YOU PUT IN SOME OF THE SONG LYRICS? When I read those I started to sing along and gosh. I am dECEA SE D


I am shook by how amazing this is, I think I need a minute to sit down and breathe omfg

TY for this amazing fic, I have been blessed by the gODS, my plants are thriving, my skin is clear, I have ASCENDED TO THE ASTRAL PLANE))

Culinary History (Part 36): Preserving

In medieval Europe, protein foods such as meat & dairy could only be eaten fresh during summer and autumn.  In the winter and spring, they would be smoky or salty, because this was the only way to stop food from going off.

Any meat that wasn’t eaten straight away after killing the animal was salted – layered up with huge amounts of salt in a large wooden cask.  This expensive to do – in the late 1200’s, 2d of salt was necessary to cure 5d of meat – so only good-quality meat was salted.

Pork took salt the best.  The Elizabethans had bacon, ham, salt pork, and gammon (the hind leg after being dry-salted or brined).  There was also souse – a pickled mixture of all the leftover bits except the squeak.

Glazed gammon.

Beef was also salted to make salt beef.  One version of salt beef was Martinmas beef, prepared around the feast of Martinmas (November 11th).  The beef was well-salted, then hung in the roof of a smoky house until it was well-smoked.

There is an urban myth that medieval cooks used spices to disguise the taste of gone-off meat, but this is not true.  Spices were too expensive to waste on bad meat, but they were used to make the salt meat taste less harsh.

Milk was preserved as well as meat.  In the East, it was curdled & fermented into yoghurty foods and sour drinks, such as the Kazakh kumis (a fermented liquor made from mare’s milk, used as a drink and medicine).


In the West, it was turned into cheese and butter, both highly-salted for preservation.  In Aelfric’s Colloquy (late 900’s AD), the “salter” says that “you would lose all your butter and cheese were I not at hand to protect it for you.”

Their butter was extremely salty.  Butter today has about 1-2% salt, but they had 5-10x that amount.  According to a 1305 record, 1 pound of salt was needed for only 10 pounds of butter.  This would be disgusting to eat, and the cooks had to spend a lot of effort washing salt out of butter to make it edible.

Fish had to be salted, too.  The Scottish kipper (salted, pickled, or cold-smoked herring) was not invented until the 1800’s.  But before that, there was a kind of cured haddock produced near Aberdeen, smoked over peat & decayed moss.  They were called Bervies (also Buckies & Smokies? or were they a different type of fish/process?)

Salted cod.

Salted/pickled fish was a staple European protein food, especially on Fridays.  Even before the Classical era, there had been a good trade in salted fish – first from Egypt and Spain; then from Greece and Rome.  In the Middle Ages, salt herring came from the North and Baltic Seas, where it was a major industry.

Salt herring is not easy to produce, because it goes off so fast.  It should be preserved within a day (preferably less).  In the 1300’s, the manufacturers developed techniques for salting herrings on board, and this made it a lot faster.  The fish were re-packed when they got back to shore.

The Dutch were exceptional at this, which may have been one of the reasons they dominated the European market.  Their herring-gutters could process two thousand fish an hour when at sea.  Because they did it so fast, they accidentally left behind a part of the stomach containing trypsin (a chemical which speeds up the curing process).

Only eating fish preserved and not fresh would have been very monotonous, and there are many jokes about this.  In A Pleasant Comedie, called Wily Beguilde (Anon, 1606), one character says to another, “You dried stockefish, you, out of my sight!”

A “red herring” was a rather smelly cured fish which had been double “hard-smoked” and salted.  It is now a literary term.

Sweet preserved foods were much nicer to eat.  In the Mediterranean, the most common way to preserve fruit & vegetables was to dry them.  In this way, grapes became “raisins of the sun”, plums turned into prunes, and dates & figs shrivelled up and became sweeter.  During Biblical times & earlier, juicy fruits & vegetables were either buried in hot sand, or laid out on trays or rooftops.  The hot sun easily dried them out.

In Eastern Europe, the sun was less hot, so they had to develop more complicated methods.  From the Middle Ages, special drying-houses were built in Moravia (CZE) and Slovakia.  A drying-house was a room heated by a stove below it, with many wicker handles inside to hang the fruit on.

The English nobility had “stillrooms”, cool rooms where servants bottled fruits, candied nuts & citrus peel, distilled spirits, and made jams, marmalades (originally from quinces) and sweetmeats.

Candying had many alchemical superstitions and “secrets”.  For example, walnuts should be preserved on St. John’s Day (June 24th). Fruits for preserving were picked just before ripening, because they held their shape better that way.  Preserving was a kind of magic, like embalming the dead, of holding back decay.

Hannah Wolley’s The Queen-Like Closet (1672) gives a recipe for “The best way to preserve gooseberries green and whole”.  They were soaked three times in warm water; then boiled three times in sugar syrup; and finally boiled once more in a fresh sugar syrup.

Even though people had no idea why these methods worked, they succeeded in preserving most of the time.  It wasn’t until the 1860’s, when Louis Pasteur discovered the micro-organisms that made food & drink go off, that we found out.  People believed that the reason was spontaneous generation, with mysterious invisible forces causing mould to grow.  In reality, it’s microbes such as bacteria, yeast and fungi that cause good fermentation for wine & cheese, and toxic fermentation when food degrades.

Drying works as a method of preservation because bacteria need moisture to grow in, and so when the fruit dehydrated, they mostly die off.  Pickling in vinegar works because microbes prefer alkaline conditions, and the acid stops mold from growing.

There wasn’t much innovation in preserving, because mistakes could be deadly.  From the Middle Ages to the beginning of the 1800’s, the only innovation was conserving meat in a layer of fat/oil – used in potted meats and duck/goose confit (salt-curing a piece of meat, and cooking it in its own fat).

Duck confit.

Okay, I finally added Billy’s biography to the characters page here. Only Not-Alpharius remains now.

Also posting biography here with traditional reminder, that this is all basically a crack humor AU about strange family of unprofessional dorks, roaming the space and surviving the shit together. 
And Billy, as my friend said, is the grumpy uncle of this family.

Keep reading

Food Magic: Lemons

In celebration of the publication of my very first book the next few weeks will be dedicated to food magic. While I did cover the basics of what it is, I feel that my favorite branch of witchcraft ought to be covered more thoroughly.

So today I am going to cover one of the staples of your Food Magic Pantry! The Lemon. 

While it is unclear exactly where the lemon started off it’s historic life it is believed to be somewhere around Assam (northeast India). However there is some pretty convincing arguments that it was native to China as well. 

The word Lemon is actually a conjugation for the word for Lime. It should be noted that in any place where lemon is used (magical or otherwise) lime is also acceptable. 

The lemon gained popularity around the world for it’s ability to fend of scurvy, to act as a short term preservative, and as a cleaner. 

Magical Properties: 
Energy Type: Projective
Elemental Correlation: Water (primary) Earth (Secondary) 
Deities: Oshun (African Goddess of Sweet Waters and love. She belongs to the Yoruba people of Nigeria and Benin). The lemon is also sacred to any Solar Deity
Associations:  Sun, Cleansing, Happiness, Spring, Digestion, Secrets (happy ones), Hope, and Love

Magical Uses
Hundreds. No, seriously there are hundreds of uses for the lemon, which is what gives it a place in my magical pantry staples. Below are just my top favorites. 

-Use Lemon Juice and a paint brush to write invisible sigils or symbols on surfaces around your house (Note that Lemon juice does not stain walls, but using too much on a painted surface can cause it to crack and peel) 
-A little lemon juice in hot water can aid in digestion and fend off colds in the winter. 
-A lemon ritual bath is cleansing and uplifting. Simply cut six lemons in half and place them in water. Completely submerge yourself for ten-thirty seconds. 
-Lemon Cookies with a heart or other symbol of love make for a very simple love spell. 

Better With You By My Side

prompt: Dan and Phil are both sons of rich families and are sent to ballroom dancing lessons. Because there is a shortage of girls, Dan and Phil end up as partners. Phil really doesn’t want to be there and Dan doesn’t either, but is so frustrated by the fact Phil doesn’t want to dance with him he is determined to get him to.

a/n: so yea i haven’t written a chaptered fic in a while but um if ppl like it i might do a weekly schedule!!


Chapter One

“Adam?” Dan bursts into his brothers bedroom.
“No, you can’t.” Adam immediately waves him off, barely takes his eyes off his magazine. “You still haven’t paid me last week’s £20 back yet.”
Dan rolls his eyes. “I don’t want money. Have you seen my new shirt anywhere?”
Adam looks up indifferently. “The black one?”
Dan nods.
Adam’s face suddenly lights up. “With the cravat?”
Dan’s nods become increasingly hopeful.
“Nope.” Adam suddenly picks up his magazine, kicking his legs back up on the bed.
Dan fixes a steady glare on his older brother, before slamming his door behind him and rushing back into the hallway where he had originally started. He avoids mentioning to the housekeeper when questioned why are you running around like a baby elephant? that he needs to be dressed and ready for the chauffer at 11:30.
As he’s still standing in the long hallway, fully clothed in his pyjamas and there’s still no sign of his new shirt.
And it’s now 11:20.

Keep reading

Image: Standing Rock Protest

An open letter from Kurt Dongoske, from the January 27, 2017 Newsletter of The Archaeological Division of the American Anthropological Association: 

“For most people, the beginning of a new year offers a renewed sense of hope, happiness, and prosperity for the future. For me, as the Zuni Tribal Historic Preservation Officer and an archaeologist working in cultural resource management in the Southwest for 40 years, the dawning of 2017 brings anxiety born out of a feeling of foreboding that our future is in jeopardy. I am referring both to the future of careers in cultural resource management and the future of our environment. Normally, I’m a pretty optimistic fellow, but the results of the recent presidential election left me feeling more than pessimistic. My sense of foreboding is based, in part, on the campaign platform of the President-elect in which he promised to diminish or abolish regulations, underscored by anti-science, anti-climate change, and fact-denying rhetoric. Moreover, his recent appointments for key administrative positions heighten my apprehension. 

Once the President-elect is in office, I fully expect an executive and legislative branch assault on all environmental and historic preservation legislation and regulation that ‘industry’ currently views as unnecessary impediments to so-called 'development.’ The incoming administration most likely will move quickly to effectively promote and encourage gas, oil, and coal extraction on federal lands and couple this with a move toward seriously reducing compliance with environmental protection legislation and strong-arm tactics to any push back by environmental or professional organizations. 

Closer to home, I anticipate that the incoming administration will act to fundamentally undermine the preservation community’s commitment to protect, preserve, and interpret historical properties and cultural resources. Now more than ever, as the natural resource extraction industry is afforded unique privileges by the federal government, archaeological sites, sacred sites, traditional cultural properties and landscapes may be threatened with destruction without appropriate consideration or treatment. Any effort by the new administration to exempt categories of development projects from Section 106 of the National Historic Preservation Act and National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) review—including reform of NEPA and the Section 106 process—will have a deleterious effect on cultural resource management. 

It is not just archaeological sites, historic properties, places, landscapes and the environment that will be threatened. A highly partisan Congress may entertain bills that seek to restrict the types of research funded under the National Science Foundation (NSF). This will cause negative reverberations throughout the academy. Even more importantly, such a change would damage historically and geographically marginalized communities that rely on the academy to make their voices, concerns, and struggles more public and to hold responsible entities more accountable. 

While the new Republican-held Congress is anticipated to work toward diminishing environmental and historic preservation regulations, they will concomitantly attempt to curtail federally required Tribal consultation by reversing previous Executive Orders on tribal consultation. Should this occur, it will have a profoundly negative effect on the ability of Tribal Nations to put forth meaningful and effective voices in the protection of their places of sacred and traditional cultural importance. One need only look at the Dakota Access Pipeline, the resistance by the Standing Rock Sioux, and the militarized response by the oil industry as an example of what may be in store for Native peoples. The othering of immigrant Mexicans and Muslims by the President-elect can be anticipated to be extended to Native Americans as a form of delegitimizing and dismissing their claims of primacy-of-association-to-landscape and to natural and cultural resources. If all of this occurs, not only will archaeological sites, traditional cultural properties and landscapes be threatened if not completely disregarded, but also it may result in the violation of basic human rights for Native Americans and their ability to secure the protection of their sacred places, cultural identities and living heritage. 

As anthropologists and archaeologists, we should be deeply troubled with the President-elect’s past and current turgidity toward dismantling or decreasing legislation that provides for the consideration and protection of clean air, clean water, and healthy ecosystems. We have a professional ethical responsibility to work collaboratively and effectively to advocate for and protect archaeological and cultural resources and to speak out and work against any and all efforts that threaten these important places. Moreover, as anthropologists we have a profound ethical responsibility to advocate on behalf of indigenous people when they are being disenfranchised from a regulatory process that has been altered to privilege oil, gas, and coal extraction efforts on their ancestral lands. 

The American Anthropological Association (AAA), the Society for American Archaeology, and the Register of Professional Archaeologists all have ethical principals or codes of conduct that define our responsibilities to the archaeological record. For example, the Society for American Archaeology’s ethical principle No. 1 calls upon all members of the Society to be “both caretakers of and advocates for the archaeological record for the benefit of all people,” and “to use the specialized knowledge they gain to promote public understanding and support for its long-term preservation.” Recently, the Society for American Archaeology’s Board of Directors issued direction to the membership (Our Ethical Principles, Our Actions: Member Responsibilities in a Time of Change) in response to what is viewed as a pending time of change. They added the following directions to the membership regarding ethical principle No. 1: 

As members, we will therefore oppose any initiatives to weaken the present legal protections of archaeological sites and materials, be these through legislative process, rewriting of agency regulations, or other means. Moreover, our stewardship responsibilities require that we support and defend initiatives aimed at mitigating the impacts on cultural heritage of accelerating climate disruptions. 

The AAA’s code of ethics speaks to our professional responsibilities to support and defend the rights of indigenous peoples and this is important for us, as anthropologists, to never forget and to be compelled to action by embracing this code. The AAA represents all anthropologists and archaeologists working in the United States and our collective economic viability and our ability to secure federal funding for academic research and cultural resource management projects likely will be under assault. It seems to me that every archaeological, anthropological, historic preservation and environmental professional organization has a dog in this fight and must be willing to speak out and lobby against any efforts to abolish or decrease environmental protection and historic preservation legislation. 

As members of professional organizations, I urge you to encourage and support our organizations to establish strong lobbying coalitions with fellow environmental organizations in order to actively and effectively thwart any legislative or executive efforts to weaken current legal protections for the environment and historic properties, places, and landscapes. As individuals, I encourage each and every one of us to act locally, at the state level and nationally by contacting your congressional representatives and senators and expressing your concerns regarding the movement to rollback regulations, for those regulations not only help to protect our collective cultural heritage and a healthy environment for generations to come, but are the backbone of providing appropriate consideration for and attention to many places that are central to the identity and ongoing traditional practices and benefits of indigenous and traditional communities.” 

TL;DR: The Trump Administration’s actions to restrict regulations in order to allow the development of energy extraction on federal lands puts at risk both natural and heritage resources, many of them nonrenewable. In cutting off federal funding and curtailing public education, it also threatens the livelihoods and free speech of scientists in many fields. The Trump Administration also presents a threat to the civil rights of Tribal Nations in cases where economic interests ignore Tribal sovereignty over matters within their own lands. It is important that the scientific community, the Tribal community, and their allies stand up to these efforts of the Trump administration (see the final paragraph of the letter for concrete actions). 


Irreconcilable Differences

In my opinion, not only is the 1950 film Cinderella one of Disney’s greatest animated films, but one of the greatest animated films of all time. It is so beautiful and wonderful that I actually hold contempt and great dislike for the sequels. Part of it stems from the fact that they were made by DisneyToon Studios and not Walt Disney Animation Studios, and so I consider the animation and stories by the former to be inferior. But I have more personal reasons about why I don’t like the sequels than just the differences in the animation.

The two Cinderella sequels were made more than 50 years after the original film was released. By now, all of its cast and crew is deceased, including Walt Disney, and only they could tell audiences what is canonical to the film or not. Due to the year differences between the films, it just makes me wonder how much their filmmakers could keep the characters similar to their original film counterparts. I have a feeling that the people who made the sequels might have made them the way they want them to be. Like it was done that Cinderella had a reconciliation with her stepfamily; in this case, with Anastasia, because it is what the filmmakers wanted to happen.

However, in the original film, neither Drizella nor Anastasia appear to have any redeeming qualities, which makes me believe that the chance of either of them turning good would be very unlikely. I honestly can’t see Drizella or Anastasia ever wanting to make amends with Cinderella after their mistreatment of the latter. This is particularly because they have no concept of the difference between right and wrong or good and bad. Not to mention their mother taught them that what they did to Cinderella was not bad or wrong, so I think that the chances of them changing after behaving badly for years is very slim. And let’s not forget that they have had this lifelong jealousy of Cinderella that I don’t think will ever stop. It’s obvious to me that they would continue to hate Cinderella with a burning passion after the latter married the prince, because she again succeeded at something that they failed to do. On a minor note, since the Tremaines hate Cinderella, they would be glad to have her out of their lives once she got married. But simultaneously, they would still be furious that she, of all women, won the heart of the prince when they couldn’t, and even with Cinderella gone, they no longer have someone to do the housework, boss around, or torment.

In terms of preserving continuity with the original title character, I don’t think the sequels strayed too far because Cinderella is still portrayed to be so good and pure of heart that I don’t think she would hate her stepfamily and be prone to forgiving them if given the chance. If you remember what I have said in the past, Cinderella never acts out with anger and sadness in the original movie because she does not want to stoop to the Tremaines’ level and act just like them. That is just what they WANT her to do! And Cinderella does not want them to think they can take away her dignity and pride, nor will she let herself be their victim.

I got to thinking that if they ever attended the castle for balls or parties, Drizella and Anastasia would still view Cinderella as the girl they loved to torment, not as a princess, even though she would now be legally above them in terms of social class. So if the three Tremaines were ever alone with Cinderella after the latter’s marriage, I think they would treat Cinderella no different than they used to treat her. But if they were in the presence of Cinderella AND the prince, then they all would become afraid and kiss up to her in her presence. But even if they feared her, they wouldn’t be genuinely nice to her, nor do I believe they would ask Cinderella for forgiveness. Hell, I can bet their mother never taught them about forgiveness, either.

I have to admit, given what they did to their stepsister in the original film, I would like to know what it would have been like had Anastasia and Drizella encountered Cinderella again after her wedding. But I don’t think the concept with Anastasia redeeming herself is what would happen if WDAS made the film instead of DisneyToon. Like I said earlier, these two dipsticks have no real redeeming qualities, and they have hated Cinderella for almost their entire lives; a hatred I doubt would ever fade, especially and even after Cinderella married the prince. She succeeded once again where they failed completely.

No, in my mind, Drizella and Anastasia would continue to hate Cinderella for years beyond the events of the movie. They are their mother’s daughters, and Drizella and Anastasia have no love in their hearts, so they are not worthy of asking for forgiveness and reconciling with their kind, loving stepsister.

This is a post which was published along with Pastor’s John MacArthur’s video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1BgBzFLFJyw

God may not be “a God of confusion” (1 Corinthians 14:33), but there are scores of biblical scholars, theologians, and pastors who insert plenty of it into the first few chapters of Genesis.

Evangelicalism abounds with theologians who don’t know what the meaning of the word “day” is. The Hebrew word for day, yom, appears more than two thousand times in the Old Testament and would attract virtually no debate were it not for six specific appearances in Genesis 1. But those six days of creation are now at loggerheads with modern scientific dating methods. Rather than stand firm on the biblical account, church leaders acquiesce to unprovable theories and confuse the clear and consistent biblical teaching on origins.

A History of Skepticism

A French naturalist of the 1700s, Comte de Buffon, scoffed at the six days of creation and the straightforward biblical genealogies that dated the earth around six thousand years old. He said it had to be much older—about seventy-five thousand years old. Since that day, scientific dating results have followed the same trajectory as the American debt ceiling. By 1862 it was 100 million years; by 1913, 1.6 billion years. Today the estimate sits at 4.5 billion, but it will surely change again as soon as someone comes up with a better, more convincing guess.

The truth is, science can’t offer us one, comprehensive answer for how we got here. There are lots of acceptable theories—except, of course, the plain reading of the Genesis account.

The Mythical Middle Ground

Regardless of historical science’s inability to get its story straight, its various conjectures are given unquestioned authority and exert enormous academic and ideological pressure. And in the face of that pressure, many theologians and biblical scholars attempt to harmonize creation and evolution in hopes of maintaining both their academic credibility and their orthodoxy.

Popular author and theologian Tim Keller is a good example. Keller uses a false dichotomy to justify his attempt to harmonize evolutionary theory with the biblical text, saying that we shouldn’t have to “choose between an anti-science religion or an anti-religious science.”

It’s worth remembering that true empirical science is measurable, testable, repeatable, and observable. Therefore evolutionary theories require at least as much blind faith as the Genesis account, if not more. And yet the wonky religions of Big Bang Cosmology and Darwinian Evolution have done an amazing job of frightening theologians with their façade of pseudo-scientific evidence.

Theologians who refuse to compromise and cave to that façade are not “anti-science.” They are against bad science. If a scientific theory conflicts with God’s inerrant Word, it is the theory that requires revision; not Scripture. True biblical scholarship seeks to arrive at exegetical conclusions in conformity with the biblical text, not impose humanistic conclusions upon the text, thus changing its meaning. Those who insist on mixing oil with water combine pseudo-science with pseudo-exegesis and come up with convoluted solutions that neither scientists nor scholars can agree on.

Accommodating Lies

Celebrated theologian N.T. Wright actually claims that he sees “emerging hominids” when he reads the opening chapters of Genesis:

Genesis one, two, and three is wonderful picture language, but I do think there was a primal pair in a world of emerging hominids, that’s the way I read that. … the way that I see it is that God called one pair of hominids and said “OK, this place is a bit chaotic, you and I together, we’re going to have a project. We’re going to plant this garden and we’re going to go out from here and this is how it’s going to be.”

N.T. Wright is a proud supporter of BioLogos, an organization Phil Johnson has aptly renamed “Evangelicals and Atheists Together.” BioLogos is an organization with the mission of inviting “the church and the world to see the harmony between science and biblical faith as we present an evolutionary understanding of God’s creation.” That’s like being on a mission to draw a round square. They’re trying to make evolution compatible with the Bible when it’s not even compatible with science.

Phil Johnson points out that BioLogos is evangelical syncretism taken to a whole other level, labelling them an “evangelical trojan horse”:

In every conflict that pits contemporary “scientific” skepticism against the historic faith of the church, BioLogos has defended the skeptical point of view. BioLogos’s contributors consistently give preference to modern ideology over biblical revelation. Although the BioLogos PR machine relentlessly portrays the organization as equally committed to science and the Scriptures (and there’s a lot of talk about “bridge-building” and reconciliation), the drift of the organization is decidedly just one way. That should be obvious to anyone who ignores the organization’s own carefully-crafted PR and simply pays attention to what the BioLogos staff and contributors actually blog about.

Tim Keller, while remaining ambiguous as to his own views, is a willing spokesman for BioLogos. On their website, Keller professes his openness to Derek Kidner’s theory that God forming man from the dust of the ground could be a description of evolution:

“The intelligent beings of a remote past, whose bodily and cultural remains give them the clear status of ‘modern man’ to the anthropologist, may yet have been decisively below the plane of life which was established in the creation of Adam… Nothing requires that the creature into which God breathed human life should not have been of a species prepared in every way for humanity.”

So in this model there was a place in the evolution of human beings when God took one out of the population of tool-makers and endowed him with ‘the image of God.’ This would have lifted him up to a whole new ‘plane of life.’

Renowned Hebrew scholar Bruce Waltke believes the church must accept evolution’s terms of surrender to preserve its credibility:

I think that if the data is overwhelming in favor, in favor of evolution, to deny that reality will make us a cult, some odd group that’s not really interacting with the real world… . And to deny the reality would be to deny the truth of God in the world and would be to deny truth. So I think it would be our spiritual death if we stopped loving God with all of our minds and thinking about it, I think it’s our spiritual death. It’s also our spiritual death in witness to the world that we’re not credible, that we are bigoted, we have a blind faith and this is what we’re accused of… . And I think it is essential to us or we’ll end up like some small sect somewhere that retained a certain dress or a certain language. And they end up so … marginalized, totally marginalized, and I think that would be a great tragedy for the church, for us to become marginalized in that way.

The doctrine of inerrancy becomes useless when men like Wright, Keller, and Waltke let atheists weigh in on what parts of the Bible are acceptable to believe. And while they don’t explicitly deny Scripture, their reinterpretation relegates it to a meaningless text. It is true that not all scholars who take such positions call themselves evangelicals, but they wield great authority in evangelical circles, and their capitulation is spreading like a disease.

Clarity vs. Confusion

Genesis 1 could not be a more straightforward biblical narrative describing God’s creation week, as John MacArthur explains:

The simple, rather obvious fact is that no one would ever think the timeframe for creation was anything other than a normal week of seven days from reading the Bible and allowing it to interpret itself. The Fourth Commandment makes no sense whatsoever apart from an understanding that the days of God’s creative work parallel a normal human work week.

MacArthur adds:

If the Lord wanted to teach us that creation took place in six literal days, how could He have stated it more plainly than Genesis does? The length of the days is defined by periods of day and night that are governed after day four by the sun and moon. The week itself defines the pattern of human labor and rest. The days are marked by the passage of morning and evening. How could these not signify the chronological progression of God’s creative work?

There are only two ways to deny a six-day creation: ignore the text or reject the text. Scholars ignore the actual text by blinding themselves to the genre, grammar, and layout in order to insert their own. Skeptics simply reject the text as erroneous. Either way, the result is the same—a clear text becomes a confused text.

Why It Matters

Some people like to dismiss this debate as a secondary issue, not directly related to the gospel. But it is clearly an issue that goes to the authority of Scripture. And furthermore, as MacArthur rightly points out, it has massive repercussions for the gospel:

If Adam was not the literal ancestor of the entire human race, then the Bible’s explanation of how sin entered the world makes no sense. Moreover, if we didn’t fall in Adam, we cannot be redeemed in Christ, because Christ’s position as the Head of the redeemed race exactly parallels Adam’s position as the head of the fallen race: “For as in Adam all die, even so in Christ all shall be made alive” (1 Corinthians 15:22). “Therefore, as through one man’s offense judgment came to all men, resulting in condemnation, even so through one Man’s righteous act the free gift came to all men, resulting in justification of life. For as by one man’s disobedience many were made sinners, so also by one Man’s obedience many will be made righteous” (Romans 5:18–19). “And so it is written, ‘The first man Adam became a living being.’ The last Adam became a life–giving spirit” (1 Corinthians 15:45; cf. 1 Timothy 2:13–14; Jude 14).

So in an important sense, everything Scripture says about our salvation through Jesus Christ hinges on the literal truth of what Genesis 1–3 teaches about Adam’s creation and fall. There is no more pivotal passage of Scripture.

The opening chapters of Genesis are not up for debate, nor are they negotiable. The academic credibility of our faith is meaningless if we’re so quick to sacrifice the meaning of Scripture at the altar of public opinion. Better to be counted a fool for the sake of God’s Word than to be embraced for our willingness to compromise it.

In Defense of the C (in TJLC)

I never used to think it was important, and on the textual analysis level where I like to reside, it isn’t: canon Johnlock isn’t a secret, it’s just a (mostly) subtle part of the text. We’re talking about the textual romance, not who really killed JFK. The whole term was a joke to start with. And at this point, it’s true that TJLC has connotations more about who your friends (and enemies) are, what jokes you do or don’t get, what Tumblr blogs you follow/follow you back and how much you’re fond of the term ‘curly dad’ (by which measure I’m definitely a TJLCer). But the truth is, there’s some relevance to the Conspiracy part of the program. Most notably, the relevance has to do with one’s relationship to TPTB.

The C reminds us that they’re lying liars who lie, always trolling us in order to avoid spoilers that have to do with the fact that canon Johnlock is a plot development as much as an always-present aspect of the characterization. We have to remember that, just in case we’re tempted to believe them without first checking whether anything Mofftiss say makes sense or is consistent with their previous beliefs and feelings. Of course, we ideally shouldn’t need the term 'conspiracy’ to remind us that people can’t be trusted if it means spoiling their own show, but sometimes (often) that reminder really is useful. I think that reminder is clearly necessary for many people, who may forget the way the game works even with that constant clue, which is (after all) in the name.

Honestly, I don’t think we need to interact with TPTB in the first place, but that bird has flown the coop, and part of being a fan nowadays is indeed interacting with people who’re in a huge power imbalance with you and are motivated to hurt your feelings in the short term in order to preserve something like the normal conditions we had before we could ask the author about inconvenient things we’d noticed about the plot. That stilted, awkward conversation is a part of what it means be to be fannish in the age of Twitter and Tumblr, and it’s going to take awhile to establish more ground rules and social expectations and experience. We’ll need to learn to gain some emotional distance from people and celebrities we don’t know but can’t ignore, somehow. BNFs used to be huge in fandom but aren’t as much of a center of gravity anymore, so there’s hope. And certainly, there are things Mofftiss or Ben C can and do say that are informative and helpful (and I have often commented on their better quotes myself), and these are a great contribution to the fandom. I think that there’s a potential increased role that the creators can play and do already, and it’s just a matter of working out how we as a fandom process the inevitably mixed bag of contributions.

Still, in this particular case, there’s an even bigger emotional volatility and investment in some fans than usual when it comes to either pairings or plot spoilers. We’ve already figured out so much, and the media has enough of a clue that Mofftiss have to do ever-more hurtful damage control. It’s not just our hopes and needs but also our rational judgment and even our dignity as queer people and (primarily) women that’s on the line with canon Johnlock, in a way it wouldn’t be with most shows (where creator wank is still prevalent). I realize this. There’s a reason to take it personally, because for many of the fans who see canon Johnlock happening, it’s very much personal rather than simply an intuitive interpretation of the text.

That’s why it’s important to keep the C in TJLC, after all. It’s not just an interpretation of the text, whether deeply felt and personal or almost entirely rational (as it actually was for a few fans). The C reminds us that this is also about an experiment in media, of a sort: a way of presenting a queer narrative that’s never been tried before, to my knowledge– softly, gently. Unspoken, gradual, incidental. Inevitably, there’s a social aspect to this reveal; the show requires its oblivious, slowly realizing audience as much as the true-believer fans to work as intended. There really is a secret, for those fans, and it has to be kept ever less secret until it’s finally, gradually, time for it to become obvious to everyone. In the age of the Internet 2.0, this does invite a sort of open conspiracy… and in a way, all of us are part of it.

I say 'open conspiracy’ because there’s certainly plenty of 'wink wink nudge nudge’ to go around for those in the know, as we saw in SDCC. They know, they know we know, and they’re expecting us to keep up our side and not be too loud or disruptive out there in the audience, just as if this back and forth was another performance, aside from the show (which it is). Certain things can’t be done or said while the performance is going on, just like you don’t text in the theater. They will put down anything too obviously primed to break the illusion, and in fact they have to. It’s the nature of the show they’re devoted to putting on. Anything more subtle, they’re happy to encourage (as Mofftiss and Ben C repeatedly demonstrated at SDCC). We have a secret code, of sorts, just like true conspirators would. They refer to us ('softly, gently’), they say we’re smart, they even essentially include fictional avatars for us as valued revolutionaries that deserve to win in TAB. We’re in on it. We’re plotting this with them, and we’re bound to win.

The C is important. It means we’re part of something big. We’re part of a history-making story more than a hundred years in the making, and it’s going to be magic.

anonymous asked:

Hello! I'm hoping you can help me with a story I'm writing about a girl who's really badass that can fight very well, with guns, knives, etc. but wears many skirts. What are the advantages (if any) and disadvantages of fighting in a skirt?

Skirts are hardly a deal breaker. They get in around the same range as pants, for women. Tight skirts like tight pants? Yeah, that’s going to restrict your body’s movement. Loose skirts? Those are fine. The high heels and sandals that usually come with them? That’s where it’ll fall apart.

You need proper ankle support, proper foot support, and proper knee support when you fight. This means fighting with a fully enclosed foot on a flat sole like a sneaker or not at all. (Trust me, you don’t want to be fighting barefoot anywhere other than on a mat unless you absolutely have to.)

The other problem with skirts is the same one you’ll get with shorts and short sleeve tops: lack of leg protection and skin protection. This equates to more injuries when falling (even on grass, but especially on asphalt), more friction burns, more bloody scrapes, and showing more scars.

It doesn’t matter how badass your character is. If she fights, she’ll get hurt. Training doesn’t make you super-humanly resistant to injuries, even if the injuries aren’t serious, she’ll be walking away with fights and training exercises full of little bumps and bruises. In terms of long term preservation, the skirts are impractical in the same way wearing skinny jeans is impractical. They don’t help you and serious combatants aren’t going to pick them as combat wear. Avoiding injury is important and that includes wearing clothes that help safeguard your body from injury. If your character is picking skirts as her preferred choice to fight in then you’ve got a problem.

If she’s in a situation where she could be in combat at any time, you might want to step back and think it through. “Badassery” isn’t really about how well your character wields a gun or a knife, or how “kickass” they are. It’s how well they can sell that they know what they’re doing. A character who chooses to ignore the reality of their situation, who fails to come with the appropriate mindset, and dressed for their job isn’t a badass. You wouldn’t go fight a fire in a skirt, you wouldn’t muck out a stall in high heels, you wouldn’t go wading through a sewer in your sandals, so why insist on fighting in skirt? Are you feeling insecure about this character’s feminity? Do you feel like you need to remind your audience that she’s female? If so, then in the words of Henry Jones: “Indiana, let it go.” Come to terms with the idea that women dressing appropriately for their job isn’t “dressing like a man”. Men don’t dress the way they do for combat because it looks cool, they dress that way because it makes sense.

If it’s casual wear or “civvies”, it really doesn’t matter.

So, what it really comes down to is a question of vanity.

Does this character mind other people seeing her bruises? Her injuries? Her wounds? Her scrapes? Her scars? Preferentially wearing skirts into a fight is a fast track to getting more of those than she might normally. Is it a problem for her? Is her appearance, in a conventional femininity way, something that matters to her? Do the opinions of others on the subject matter? Are her “looks” (again, in a conventional femininity way) something she wants to preserve?

For the record, it can go both ways. Some women are very proud of their bruises, proud of their scrapes, proud of their cuts and their scars because they can point to them and say “Hey! Look at this! This is mine! I earned this!” in the manner of “you should see the other guy!”. They love showing them off, even wearing clothes that expose them (and sometimes make other people feel uncomfortable just from looking at it). Other women? They don’t like it, they don’t want other people to see their injuries. It’s not a part of themselves they want to draw attention to. Whether it’s because they’re embarrassed or just don’t want to deal with the invasive questions, the stares, or the assumptions that someone is abusing them is up to them.

Both approaches, and all the myriad in between, are valid. Whether your character is perfectly happy to put on a miniskirt and tube top and go dancing with a body that’s black and blue, or moans, complains, and tries to conceal each new unnoticed scrape and bruise, it’s all water under the bridge.

What you should think about is how she deals with it and how she feels about it. In the end, whether you’re male or female, dealing with the physical fallout is part of combat. It’s actually part of all physical activities. It’s also what makes her human.



Words: 8,327
Chapter: 1 of 3 
Notes: This was my gift to qiulann for the Valentine’s Day exchange. All of the prompts I was given were great, and I changed my mind several times, but the one I ultimately chose went as follows – “Modern AU where Kylo is dared by his super-duper shithead friend, Snoke, to ask the new girl Rey out but gets rejected harshly because he’s an emo loser and if he wants to get to know her then he better do it on his and her own terms.”

I wanted to preserve some of the canon dynamic between Kylo/Ben and Snoke, mostly to justify why he’d be hanging out with such a manipulative shithead in the first place, and this got completely away from me as a result. I’m sorry it’s so long, and that I had to break it up into parts to meet the deadline, but swear there’ll be some pay-off at the end. I hope slow-burn is your thing.

Thank you for reading.

Ben has changed the locks to this apartment three times in about as many weeks, from chain to dead-bolt to flat wafer, but apparently those charges of breaking and entering weren’t quite so trumped-up as Snoke has led him to believe.

“Think of me as Schrodinger’s cat,” Snoke says, his boots propped up on an empty kitchen chair. Chunks of ice and rock salt fall off his heels onto the peeling laminate floor. “I’m always here, even when I’m not – you never know which one it’s going to be.”

Ben remains standing. The kitchen is cold, as are his fingers, but there’s sweat down his sides beneath the threadbare sweater he wears. In one hand he holds a half-empty cup of thick black coffee, which happens to be the second thing he’s consumed all day. The first was a can of peaches in light syrup at around 2:45 AM.

“That’s not how the quantum superposition principle works,” he says.

“There, now, you see? I don’t understand why you’re always in such a holier-than-thou hurry to send me packing these days.” Snoke grins. It pulls at the long scar across his face, made by either a switchblade or a piece of glass depending who he tells the story to. “What other person in this sinkhole of a city would willingly sit here and listen to you spout that pointy-headed bullshit?”

Ben glances away. 

Dirty plates are piled in the sink, while a stack of mail sits unopened on the counter. A red light blinks on his phone, as usual, and there is a large dent in the wall beside it. The cast-iron radiator gives off a smell like paraffin wax.

“That’s true.”

“You know it is.” Snoke pockets the roll of dollar bills Ben has permanently loaned him. “While we’re on the subject of quality companionship, though – who was that delicious little morsel I met out in the stairwell earlier?”

Keep reading

Wuxia and Superheroes

This is going to sound weird since I’ve been in the Cap fandom for the last year, but: I have a hard time identifying with superheroes.  I blame wuxia novels for spoiling me.

I’ve been thinking about this as I watch Daredevil: “Wow, I just don’t care about the central story at all.”  The same way that I often find it hard to care about Batman’s manpain.

It’s curious, though, because I love the theme of people pushing themselves to act beyond themselves for the greater good in the face of hardship and fear.  And I grew up on Wuxia (Chinese martial arts) novels, which seem to have some very similar themes/tropes: vigilante justice, individuals putting their lives on the line for what they believe in, and when push comes to shove, fighting/physical violence can solve all conflicts.  So by all rights, I should *love* the superhero genre, right?

But there are subtle differences.  And Daredevil is a very *well done* superhero show – it presents its themes clearly and follows through over the course of the 13 episodes.  Clearly enough that I can use it to attempt to think through Wuxia vs. Superheroes.

Cut because it got LONG.  (Also: blanket spoiler warning for Daredevil and Jinyong’s novels)

Keep reading

The Top 5 Ways In transit to EASILY Lose 20 Pounds Newfashioned A Lunar year (Outside Regaining 1 Toss Back!)

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Johnston -Felton - Hay House by LT
Via Flickr:
Johnston-Felton-Hay House, often abbreviated Hay House, is a historic residence in Macon, Georgia. Built between 1855 and 1859 by William Butler Johnston and his wife Anne Tracy Johnston in the Italian Renaissance Revival style, the house has been called the “Palace of the South.” The mansion sits atop Coleman Hill on Georgia Avenue in downtown Macon, near the Walter F. George School of Law, part of Mercer University. The 18,000-square-foot (1,700 m2), 24-room home designed by the New York architect T. Thomas and Son has four levels and is crowned by a three-story cupola. Commissioned by imaginative owners and constructed by the most skillful workers of the time, its technological amenities were unsurpassed in the mid-nineteenth century: hot and cold running water, central heat, a speaker-tube system connecting 15 rooms, a French lift equivalent to today’s elevator, in-house kitchen, and an elaborate ventilation system. House history Two families lived in Hay House, the first over four generations. Most of the home’s present-day furnishings date from the Hay family’s occupancy (1926-1962). A few pieces are from the Johnston family (1860-1896), most notably the Eastlake-style dining room suite. The most notable piece in the collection may be the 1857 marble statue, “Ruth Gleaning,” by American expatriate sculptor Randolph Rogers. The home was a place of comfort for the Johnston family and their daughters until the late 1800s. In 1896 after the death of Mrs. Johnston, their daughter Mary Ellen Felton and her husband lived in the home. The Feltons updated the plumbing and electricity and stayed in the home until the time of their deaths in 1926. The Johnstons The Hay House living room William Butler Johnston obtained his substantial wealth through investments in banking, railroads and public utilities rather than from the agrarian cotton economy. In 1851, he married Anne Clark Tracy, 20 years his junior, and the couple embarked on an extended honeymoon in Europe from 1852 to 1855. During their trip, the Johnstons visited hundreds of museums, historic sites and art studios. They collected fine porcelains, sculptures and paintings as mementos during their grand tour. Inspired by the Italian architecture they observed, the Johnstons constructed the monumental Italian Renaissance Revival mansion in Macon upon their return to America.[1] Only two of the Johnstons’ six children survived to adulthood. Caroline and Mary Ellen Johnston were born in 1862 and 1864, respectively, and grew up in the house on Georgia Avenue. The Feltons After the death of Mrs. Johnston in 1896, daughter Mary Ellen and her husband, Judge William H. Felton, lived in the house. They remodeled and redecorated parts of the house, updated the plumbing and added electricity.[2] Their only child, William Hamilton Felton, Jr., was born in 1889. He married Luisa Macgill Gibson in 1915, and the newlywed couple soon moved in with the Feltons. They and their two sons, William Hamilton Felton III and George Gibson Felton, lived in the house until 1926. The Hays After the deaths of William Sr. and Mary Ellen Felton, the house was sold to Parks Lee Hay and his wife, Maude. After purchasing, the Hays redecorated the entire home, updating it to fit the new twentieth-century décor. The home was seen as a local landmark to all in middle Georgia. Mr. Hay died in 1957; when Mrs. Hay died in 1962, the home was turned into a house museum. In 1977, the Georgia Trust for Historic Preservation took over ownership of the home and it is now a National Historic Landmark. [3] Present day Following Mrs. Hay’s death, her heirs established the P.L. Hay Foundation and operated the house as a private house museum. By virtue of its national significance, Hay House was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1974. In 1977, the ownership and operation of the house was formally transferred to The Georgia Trust for Historic Preservation to ensure its long-term preservation. In 2000, the White House Millennium Council designated Hay House an Official Project of Save America’s Treasures in 2000.[5] Today, Hay House is one of Macon’s most popular tourist attractions with 20,000 visitors each year.[5] The House is also a prominent rental venue for special events.

lalalaspacinginpandaland  asked:

For the headcannon thing: Merlin au with winterhawk

send me an au and i’ll give you 5+ headcanons about it

This is very much a “just for shits and giggles” situation…

  • Clint as Merlin! He’s a bumbling apprentice sorcerer who’d rather still be sleeping, but instead, he’s picking up His Royal Ass-ness’s dirty clothes. Apparently, it’s his destiny to keep Prince James alive long enough to fulfill his destiny. He feels ever so special.
  • Bucky as Arthur! He’s a bit of spoiled brat, it’s true, but he’s so charming that it’s usually overlooked. When it comes down to it, he’s got a heart of gold, and he’ll do whatever it takes to protect Camelot. His manservant isn’t a very good manservant, but he makes Bucky laugh. Usually by tripping on something in the hall and falling on his face, but still.
  • As a special twist, Kate as Gaius! Clint’s mentor in all things *whispers* magic. She’s a renowned healer in Camelot, and spends the majority of her days rolling her eyes in exasperation at Clint and trying to keep him from slipping food he steals from the kitchen to the one-eyed mutt he’s adopted; the food designated for the king’s table is much too complex for a stray dog’s stomach to handle, but Clint never seems to learn.
  • Skinny!Steve as Gwen! Clint’s fellow servant and bestie! He’s been around long enough to know all the ends and outs of the castle, and like Clint, he’s not one to take any of Prince James’ bratty shit. He’s the best friend anyone could wish to have, and he’s much more clever and resourceful than people give him credit for.
  • Tony as Lancelot! Mostly because he’s having a not-so-secret affair with Steve. He’s a knight through and through, and incredibly loyal. He may not always make the best decisions in terms of self-preservation when it comes to protecting Camelot and it’s people, but no one can say his heart isn’t in the right place.
  • Natasha as Gwaine! A rogue with a Past, she and Clint fall in together easily and form a friendship that can withstand anything. She’s deadly in battle and constantly underestimated.
  • Fury as Kilgharrah! Grr-arg! Such a ferocious dragon! Honestly though, he’s had it with these motherfucking humans on this motherfucking planet.
  • Clint and the prince very much have a hate-to-love relationship. Even once they get to the “love” part, there’s still a lot of days where they wish they could quit each other. But they’re two sides of the same coin apparently, so they’re pretty much stuck together.

anonymous asked:

What does Foodieverse Rhodey do?

Rhodey is still in the military! He and Tony met at MIT and bonded over their love of fancy weird cooking, and then Rhodey went into the Air Force and became a high-up procurement officer. 

I don’t know 100% how the military works in terms of food purchasing/procurement, but basically Rhodey runs the way the Air Force eats, from special-ops protein bars to fast food on-base. He worked with Tony at Big Star for a number of years to get Big Star Pizza on base and also to see if their techniques for long-term food preservation and fast prep would work in MREs. There’s a special pizza MRE flying around out there that Tony and Rhodey basically invented together. 

He’s one of the only people who backed Tony when he left Big Star, and he went in on TOBRU as an investor. :D

The Five Mindfulness Trainings

‘The First Mindfulness Training: Reverence for Life

Aware of the suffering caused by the destruction of life, I vow to cultivate compassion and learn ways to protect the lives of people, animals, plants and minerals. I am determined not to kill, not to let others kill, and not to condone any act of killing in the world, in my thinking, or in my way of life.

The Second Mindfulness Training: Generosity

Aware of the suffering caused by exploitation, social injustice, stealing and oppression, I vow to cultivate loving-kindness and learn ways to work for the well-being of people, animals, plants, and minerals. I vow to practice generosity by sharing my time, energy, and material resources with those who are in real need. I am determined not to steal and not to possess anything that should belong to others. I will respect the property of others, but I will prevent others from profiting from human suffering or the suffering of other species on earth.

The Third Mindfulness Training: Sexual Responsibility

Aware of the suffering caused by sexual misconduct, I vow to cultivate responsibility and learn ways to protect the safety and integrity of individuals, couples, families, and society. I am determined not to engage in sexual relations without love and a long-term commitment. To preserve the happiness of others, and myself, I am determined to respect my commitments and the commitments of others. I will do everything in my power to protect children from sexual abuse and to protect couples and families from being broken by sexual misconduct.

The Fourth Mindfulness Training: Deep Listening and Loving Speech

Aware of the suffering caused by the inability to listen to others and unmindful speech, I vow to cultivate deep listening and loving speech in order to bring joy and happiness to others and relieve others of their suffering. I vow to learn to speak truthfully with words that inspire self-confidence, joy, and hope. I am determined not to spread news that I do not know for certain, and not to criticize or condemn things of which I am not sure. I will refrain from uttering words that can cause division or discord, or that can cause the family or the community to break. I will make all efforts to reconcile and resolve all conflicts, however small.

The Fifth Mindfulness Training: Mindful Consumption

Aware of the suffering caused by unmindful consumption. I vow to cultivate good health, both physical and mental, for myself, my family, and my society by practicing mindful eating, drinking, and consumption. I vow to ingest only items that preserve peace, well-being, and joy in my body, in my consciousness, and in the collective body and consciousness of my family and society. I understand that a proper diet is crucial for self-transformation and for the transformation of society. I am determined not to use alcohol or any other intoxicant, or to ingest food or other items that contain toxins, such as certain TV programs, magazines, books, films, and conversations. I am aware that to damage my body or my consciousness with these poisons is to betray my ancestors, my parents, my society, and future generations. I will work to transform violence, fear, anger, and confusion in myself and in society by practicing mindful eating for myself and for society.’

- Thich Nhat Hanh, Creating True Peace: Ending Conflict in Yourself, Your Family, Your Community and The World.