temple-architecture

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Untitled by mizuk@

Ancient Hindu Temple Resurfaces After Water Level Dips

The Director of Archaeology and Museums in the South Indian state of Telangana has announced plans to dismantle and move the ruins of Sri Shambulingeshwara Swamy Temple to another location.

The temple was built in the 11th-12th centuries CE by the Kunduru Cholas and was dedicated to the Hindu deity, Shiva. The temple is located in the present day town of Panagal, and was submerged in a local reservoir over a decade ago. The remains resurfaced as the water level went down in the reservoir.

The Temple has remained intact and will be moved to a new location that has yet to be determined. Archaeologists excavating at the site have also found statues of the Hindu figures Nandi and Vinayaka (also known as Ganesha). All artifacts found during the dismantling of the temple will be taken to the local museum at Panagal.

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海蔵寺の菖蒲 (Iris at Kaizoji Temple) by Yasunobu Ikeda

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Images in niches of Darasuram:

(1) The goddess Brahmi–one of the “Seven Mothers”–or Saraswati–goddess of wisdom, consort of Brahma. (2) Minor goddess with a fan of tail-hairs of the yak oxen (Chamaradharini), attendant of the Great God or of his consort in their sovereign aspects. 

Scanned from Mamallapuram (1970) by Hermann and Jaenicke, Anselm Goetz.

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寒行托鉢-2 by Nobuhiro Suhara

Temple Bracket with a Devata Standing on a Hermit Sage

Nepal (Kathmandu Valley)

13th century or later 

“South Asian temples were often conceived as the cosmic mountain abode of a god, and their exterior frequently inhabited by a profusion of auxiliary deities, including nature spirits. The lofty, multitiered wooden temples of the Kathmandu valley are of this type. Their roots are supported by cantilevered roof struts typically carved with figures of beautiful celestial maidens standing on the backs of male dwarf figures. These figure types hark back to yakshas and yakshis, ancient Indian incarnations of abundance. The female figures (yakshis) were often associated with trees, and their touch was believed to bring them into flower.

This temple strut is carved with a devata standing on a hermit sage. The hermit sage is seated on a stylized rock from which grows a flowering tree. The devata stands in an unusual pose, with left foot held at mid-hip level aided by a strap held in her right hand. The use of a strap seems to indicate that she is practicing a yogic posture.”

(Collection of the Metropolitan Museum of Art)

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浄智寺 by Atsushi Tsuchiya