Nicaragua re-affirmed its commitment to its decision to refrain from the Paris Agreement, and has criticized the accord for failing to hold the world’s most major polluters accountable as well as not recognizing Central America is one of the most vulnerable regions in the world to the effects of climate change, facing drought and harm to agricultural systems, threatening food security for many of the region’s poorest. Nicaragua is the 4th most vulnerable country to climate change’s effects in the world, according to the Global Climate Risk Index 2014. It maintains that the deal does not do enough to hold countries like the U.S. accountable. Voluntary commitment on the part of history’s largest polluters, they say, is not enough. Dr. Paul Oquist, Minister-Adviser of Public Policies of the Presidency of the Republic of Nicaragua, asserted that the Paris Agreement should take into consideration historical and financial responsibility for climate change, and be legally binding for the few countries who since the Industrial revolution have contributed more than 70 percent of all greenhouse gas emissions.
— ‘Nicaragua Demands Major Polluters be Held Accountable, Defends Decision to Refrain From Paris Agreement’, teleSUR