Because of a reforestation program which started in 1998, forests make up 30.6 percent of Cuba’s land area, and the country has been able to maintain sustained forest growth. Cuba has the highest proportion of its forest designated for protective functions in Latin America and the Caribbean, according to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. When Fidel claimed victory in the Cuban Revolution in 1959, only 14 percent of Cuba was thought to be covered in forest. Spanish colonization and foreign-owned timber and sugarcane industries played significant roles destroying significant amount of forest, which was estimated at around 90 percent before the Spanish landed on the island.
— ‘Fidel Castro’s Enduring Environmental Legacy’, teleSUR