The architecture of #Palestine during the British Mandate
New ‘Social Construction’ exhibit at the Israel Museum explores the European influence on the evolution of Israel’s modernist visual heritage.
“Social Construction,” a new exhibit at the #Israel Museum in #Jerusalem running through December 31, 2016, puts a spotlight on the “white architecture” that early 20th century European modernists imported to pre-state Palestine – and the social values this style reflects.
Curator Oren Sagiv gathered roughly 40 analytical and interpretive drawings together with more than 60 archival photographs of some of the iconic architectural projects built between 1930 and 1940 during the time of the British Mandate.
The Bialik School in Tel Aviv was built in the 1930s by Yaacov Shiffman (Ben Sira). Photo from the Kalter Collection
Of course, Tel Aviv is nicknamed the White City for its unrivalled abundance of these simple white, rounded buildings designed in what is known as the Bauhaus or International style. But they’re found in large numbers also in Jerusalem and #Haifa.
This classic #Bauhaus building at 65 Hovavei Tzion Street in Tel Aviv was built in 1935 by Pinchas Hit (Philip Huett). Photo from the Kalter Collection
The 1930 May Cinema in #Haifa was done by Yehuda Lilienfeld. Photo from the Kalter #Collection
“Social Construction” shows how the development of these urban centers “emerged from the influence of international modernism while forming a unique architectural language inspired by the ambitions to establish a new state and to create a new social order,” according to the museum.
A peek into “Social Construction” at the Israel Museum. Photo: courtesy
“The influx of immigration to Palestine following the Russian Revolution of 1905 and the concurrent political upheavals in eastern Europe brought a generation of architects who embraced modernism as a new beginning.”
Architectural plans for The Casino, a landmark building on the Bat Galim promenade of Haifa built in 1934 by Alfred Goldberg. Photo courtesy of the #Israel #Museum
Located in the museum’s new Palevsky Design Pavilion, “Social Construction” draws on the research of Israeli architects Ada Karmi-Melamede and Dan Price, co-authors of Architecture in Palestine During the British mandate, 1917-1948. An English translation of the book was published as a companion to the exhibition.
Tel Aviv (“The White City”) Bauhaus Architecure (Vintage Photos). Not all of it looks Bauhaus, but you can see how the city looked during the 1930’s/1940’s, when many German-born Jewish architects (trained in Bauhaus) were settling into the city and making their impression on the city’s architecture.