We love Lucy—our spacecraft that will visit the ancient Trojan asteroids near Jupiter, that is. This week, let us count the ways this 2021 mission could revolutionize what we know about the origins of Earth and ourselves.
1. Lucky Lucy
Earlier this year, we selected the Lucy mission to make the first-ever visit to a group of asteroids known as the Trojans. This swarm of asteroids orbits in two loose groups around the Sun, with one group always ahead of Jupiter in its path, and the other always behind. The bodies are stabilized by the Sun and Jupiter in a gravitational balancing act, gathering in locations known as Lagrange points.
2. Old. Really, Really Old
Jupiter’s swarms of Trojan asteroids may be remnants of the material that formed our outer planets more than 4 billion years ago—so these fossils may help reveal our most distant origins. “They hold vital clues to deciphering the history of the solar system,” said Dr. Harold F. Levison, Lucy principal investigator from Southwest Research Institute (SwRI) in Boulder, Colorado.
3. A Link to The Beatles
Lucy takes its name from the fossilized human ancestor, called “Lucy” by her discoverers, whose skeleton provided unique insight into humanity’s evolution. On the night it was discovered in 1974, the team’s celebration included dancing and singing to The Beatles’ song “Lucy In The Sky With Diamonds.” At some point during that evening, expedition member Pamela Alderman named the skeleton “Lucy,” and the name stuck. Jump ahead to 2013 and the mission’s principal investigator, Dr. Levison, was inspired by that link to our beginnings to name the spacecraft after Lucy the fossil. The connection to The Beatles’ song was just icing on the cake.
4. Travel Itinerary
One of two missions selected in a highly competitive process, Lucy will launch in October 2021. With boosts from Earth’s gravity, it will complete a 12-year journey to seven different asteroids: a Main Belt asteroid and six Trojans.
5. Making History
No other space mission in history has been launched to as many different destinations in independent orbits around the Sun. Lucy will show us, for the first time, the diversity of the primordial bodies that built the planets.
6. What Lies Beneath
Lucy’s complex path will take it to both clusters of Trojans and give us our first close-up view of all three major types of bodies in the swarms (so-called C-, P- and D-types). The dark-red P- and D-type Trojans resemble those found in the Kuiper Belt of icy bodies that extends beyond the orbit of Neptune. The C-types are found mostly in the outer parts of the Main Belt of asteroids, between the orbits of Mars and Jupiter. All of the Trojans are thought to be abundant in dark carbon compounds. Below an insulating blanket of dust, they are probably rich in water and other volatile substances.
This time-lapsed animation shows the movements of the inner planets (Mercury, brown; Venus, white; Earth, blue; Mars, red), Jupiter (orange), and the two Trojan swarms (green) during the course of the Lucy mission.
9. Long To-Do List
Lucy and its impressive suite of remote-sensing instruments will study the geology, surface composition, and physical properties of the Trojans at close range. The payload includes three imaging and mapping instruments, including a color imaging and infrared mapping spectrometer and a thermal infrared spectrometer. Lucy also will perform radio science investigations using its telecommunications system to determine the masses and densities of the Trojan targets.
10. Dream Team
Several institutions will come together to successfully pull off this mission. The Southwest Research Institute in Boulder, Colorado, is the principal investigator institution. Our Goddard Space Flight Center will provide overall mission management, systems engineering, and safety and mission assurance. Lockheed Martin Space Systems in Denver will build the spacecraft. Instruments will be provided by Goddard, the Johns Hopkins Applied Physics Laboratory and Arizona State University. Discovery missions are overseen by the Planetary Missions Program Office at our Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Alabama, for our Planetary Science Division.
Motivation is an important element of the language learning process.
In this busy world it’s hard to keep a consistent level of excitement in learning a new language. Certain parts of every language can be a stumbling block,
If you feel like giving up, it doesn’t mean that it’s time to quit. It might just mean that it’s time to take a closer look at what motivates you. I will try and give you some tips on how to stay motivated when learning a foreign language. Hope you’ll find them useful!
Remember why you started. What made you start learning in the first place? Friendship? Love? Family? Self-improvement? Travel? Work? The reasons for learning a language are varied and often personal. Remember your reason. Use it to motivate you to keep going, keep learning and keep improving.
Be clear about your goals. Defining your language learning goals is another important element of staying motivated and focused on whatever it is you’re trying to achieve. What does success look like for you? Try to visualize it. Write it down and come back to it regularly to keep the mental image of success fresh in your head. Every time your motivation decreases slightly, remind yourself of what achieving your goals looks and feels like.
Don’t aim for mastery. They say that the perfect is the enemy of the good. This is doubly true when it comes to language learning. The language learner who progresses the most is usually the one who takes the most risks, makes the most mistakes, fails the most often - but doesn’t give up. Communicating is messy, creative work, and you’ll hold yourself back if you strive for perfection. There’s no need to drill yourself until you’re exhausted. Do your best and move on. Give yourself permission to be “good enough”.
Talk to people. While it can be scary talking to people in a foreign language, it can also be exhilarating to put what you’ve learned into practice! Languages exist because humans are driven to communicate. What better way to apply what you’re learning than by talking to an actual human being? No matter your level, you’ll progress more quickly - and be more motivated to keep learning - if you find a patient conversation partner, either in person or online. You’ll find that most native speakers are thrilled to speak their language with you.
Don’t compare yourself to other people. Instead of comparing yourself to other language learners, compare your current level to your level in the past, for example last month or last year. That way, you will be able to see the extent of progress you’ve made and boost your motivation. Always comparing yourself to other people can have the opposite effect.
Make language learning part of your routine. You don’t want learning a language to become a chore. There’s nothing less motivating than learning something just because you feel you have to. The key is to transform your thinking about learning so that you don’t see it as an addition to your day but as an intrinsic part of your day. There are various things that you can do to help make language learning part of your routine:
Read for 20 minutes on the train/bus to school or work.
Listen to a podcast or anything in your target language for 5-10 minutes you are walking.
Work in your textbook when you find yourself free at random times of the day
Write a page in you notebook just before going to bed.
Chat with a family member or a friend (it better be a native speaker) in your target language whenever you get the chance to do so.
Don’t Give Up. There is a Japanese proverb which neatly reflects another major component of language-learning success “Fall down seven times, get up eight”. The proverb reminds us to have a holistic and realistic view of the learning process. see this Learning language and time management .
Always remember that without a real desire to learn, you’re going to be fighting an uphill battle.
Characters: reader, Bucky, Natasha, Clint, unnamed Male Target, OFC Jeff.
Summary: When a mission requires close proximity with your least favorite teammate, you try to make the best of it, but a change in plans adds new challenges and possibly a new opportunity. ( basically Bed Sharing Trope meets Enemies to Lovers Trope. Kinda. :D )
Warnings: sexual situations? pretty vague.
Word Count: 2.8k
Tags are at the bottom
A/N: Hey, ya’ll !! I’m back from vacation and the idea for this fic was sparked by my sleeping accommodations. heh. I kinda fell in love with it and even made time to write in the evenings after being super tired from traveling. I hope you enjoy this and any feedback is appreciated! Love you guys!! :)
“Alright! So here are the keys, the WiFi password is posted on the fridge and let me know if there’s anything you need, anything at all. Okay?” said the overly enthusiastic young man before you.
You accepted the keys with a smile, “Absolutely! Thank you so much, Jeff. It’s even better than the pictures.”
“I’m so glad,” he grinned. “Well, I’ll leave you to it. It was so nice to meet you both.”
Your eyes flickered to the man beside you, tight smile upon his face. “You, too, man,” he coolly responded.
Resisting the urge to roll your eyes, you clasped the hand of the heavy left arm draped over your shoulders. Technology allowed the metal plates to be shielded with a holographic flesh arm, but it still weighed a ton.
He nodded before stepping out into the hall. The moment the front door lock engaged, you shoved the arm off and put as much space between you two as possible.
“This plan is stupid,” Bucky said with contempt as he collapsed heavily onto the couch.
like many of the other members of 101, you had gotten involved in 101 business due to your father’s involvement before you
your dad, who had passed away, had been one of the main managers of the drug flow through 101, but since you were fairly inexperienced, you entered the 101 as a runner (someone who delivers small amounts of drugs to people and collects the money)
the guy who replaced your dad, kim jonghyun, was apparently kind and forgiving, but you had yet to ever meet him for yourself
one time, the person you were delivering to got violent, insisting that you were asking for the wrong place
he’d shoved you and slapped you a couple times, but you’d managed to break free and run off, unable to complete the deal
not being able to collect the money/drop off the product was a big deal, and you were scared about what kim jonghyun might do
you returned back to the 101 hq, informing the correct person about what happened, and he sent you up to jonghyun’s office
you waited outside uncomfortably, pacing back and forth
finally, the person inside shouted “come in!”
you pushed the door, heart in your throat, and when you saw kim jonghyun for the first time, your heart beat even harder, but for an entirely different reason
you’d been expecting some crotchety old man to have replaced your father, but kim jonghyun was a young, extremely handsome 20-something, sitting at his desk in the crisp suit required of all 101 higher-ups, suit jacket slung over the back of his seat casually
stacks of papers surrounded him, and he pushed a file of papers aside to focus on you
you then noticed that he was frowning
“come in, sit down,” he said gently, gesturing to the seat across the table from him
you took the seat gingerly, watching the man in partial fear
“how did you get hurt?” he asked in concern, leaning on his elbows to get a closer look at you
your hand darted up to your face, wincing as your fingers touched slightly puffy, raw skin. apparently, the slap had left bruises
“did the pickup do that?” jonghyun asked again, this time a bit more sternly
“y-yeah,” you said quietly, unsure of what was to happen
“and you had no way of defending yourself?” he continued, frown growing deeper. “no gun, no weapon, no training?”
you shook your head and he cursed under his breath, reaching over to pick up the phone on his desk
“yah, kang dongho,” he snapped, running a hand through his inky black hair, “when you get new recruits, make sure you actually teach them how to fire a fucking gun before sending them my way.”
he hung up the phone and turned back to you
“are you alright?” he asked, “the guy didn’t try anything else, right? you don’t need a visit to the hospital?”
“no, no,” you replied, shaking your head, “he just shoved me around a bit, it’s no big deal.”
“well, we won’t be dealing to him again,” jonghyun informed you, “we don’t deal with pickups who think it’s okay to rough up our runners. but you,” jonghyun looked up at you, as though contemplating something, “you need to learn how to shoot a gun.”
you looked up at jonghyun in alarm, “i really don’t think that’s necessary,” you replied, “i’ll be fine.”
“well, you have the tattoo, right?” jonghyun raised his eyebrows as your fingers reached up, brushing over the 101 tattoo located right under your collarbone, “any true member of 101 should have a gun, i’m not sure why you weren’t taught.”
when dongho had brought you through the 101 initiation, he’d told you that he’d promised your father he’d do whatever it took to keep you from harming other people, which was why you were assigned as a runner instead of on a different team
but, jonghyun was your boss, and so you opted for not saying anything
“i’ll drive you up to the shooting range tomorrow,” jonghyun said, returning to the files he’d been working on, “get a good night’s rest
“thank you.” you replied, hurrying out of the room
the next day, jonghyun picks you up from your apartment
despite his high ranking in 101, he’s definitely kind, but a bit quiet
most of the car ride was spent listening to the radio, and you were unsure how to make conversation
he pulled into the parking lot, showing you inside the small store that accompanied the range
after picking up the proper gear– glasses, earplugs and ear coverings, he disappeared into a back room, reappearing with two small, compact black handguns
first, he taught you how to load the gun, watching carefully as you followed his directions
then he took you over to one of the targets, instructing you on how to stand, where to hold the gun, hand placement and such
finally, he decided that it was time to actually fire
he shot a few rounds first, making sure that you understood exactly what to do before stepping aside
he took off the hat that he was hearing, handing it to you– it was important to wear a hat so that the ejected brass wouldn’t hit you in the face
after tugging the hat on, you positioned yourself, doing your best to listen to jonghyun’s advice
the kickback was intense, making you stumble a bit
jonghyun caught you by the shoulders, making sure you were okay
the first shot had completely missed, but as you spent more and more time shooting, you were able to consistently hit the target
“i think this is okay,” jonghyun said, once you were able to hit at least some part of the target 9/10 times. “i’m not looking for you to be able to kill people, just defend yourself.”
once you were done at the range, you drove back to the city, and jonghyun said that he’d buy some lunch quickly, feeling bad that he’d kept you for so long
the meal was nice, and you could tell that jonghyun was forcing himself to make conversation with you, despite him not being a super outspoken person
as with any conversation with another 101 member, the subject of how you got involved came up
you explained to him about your father and how you’d gotten dragged in due to your involvement
“you’re deuce’s kid?” jonghyun was surprised that nobody had bothered to tell him that his former boss’s daughter was now working under him
you shrugged, eating another french fry, “it never came up, i guess.”
you returned to your usual jobs with a handgun tucked into your waistband
jonghyun would periodically check in with you to make sure you were safe and okay
and every time, your heart would explode out of your chest
one night, you’re returning from a job when you get called up to the main office
kang daniel is lounging in his usual chair, ha sungwoon was investigating what books daniel had on his shelves, and jonghyun was pacing back and forth
“ah, (y/n)!” daniel smiled, gesturing for you to take a seat
he explained that there was a yakuza boss who had specifically requested to meet with 101, wanting to form a trade deal/pact
“why am i involved in this?” you frowned, crossing your arms
“yeah daniel, why is (y/n) involved in this?” jonghyun snapped, clearly upset at what was happening
daniel glared sharply at jonghyun
“you know the drug trade better than anyone at 101,” daniel said bluntly, “better than jonghyun. you grew up around the trade– you understand rates, you know the different traders in asia. you need to be present at this meeting.”
you sighed, pushing your hair back, “when is this meeting?”
“tomorrow,” daniel explained, “jonghyun will be acting as a front; there will be a camera placed on jonghyun’s body. you will be in the vehicle with sungwoon, directing jonghyun via in-ear.”
you contemplated the suggestion.
“why can’t i go to the meeting as well?” you asked, “wouldn’t jonghyun going alone be dangerous?”
“you’re not going,” jonghyun said firmly, “you just learned how to shoot a gun, this is going to be dangerous.”
you glared up at jonghyun momentarily before turning back to daniel, rolling your eyes
“fine, i’ll do it.”
soon, you found yourself sitting in the front seat of sungwoon’s car, laptop in between the two of you
one upside to staying in the car was that you were able to wear your sweats– jonghyun had to dress extremely nicely (when you saw him in his expensive suit and gelled hair, you’d almost passed out)
jonghyun walked into the hotel where the meeting was, letting himself be lead to the back room
“okay,” you began, eyes scanning over the scene, “i think they’ve replaced all hotel staff with their own people, but i’m not positive. the guy who just boarded the elevator definitely had a tattoo.”
jonghyun entered the room he’d been guided to, taking a seat across from akio, a prominent yakuza leader
akio began making his offer, smiling sleazily over at jonghyun
you listened closely, trying to pick out what exactly akio’s offer was
jonghyun pulled the contract towards him, scanning it
“wait, jonghyun, go back to the second page,” you said quickly, leaning forward to examine it.
“jonghyun, you need to get out of there, it’s a set-up,” you said urgently, “svt is behind this, they’re trying to get you to switch to akio so that they can take our current deals with other groups from us, since we would have switched allegiance. you need to leave,now,”
you watched worriedly as jonghyun did his best to refuse the offer, citing that he would need to consult with higher-ups
“how did you know?” sungwoon asked as he watched jonghyun quickly walk out of the room
“svt doesn’t have any drugs specialists,” you explained, watching anxiously as jonghyun sped through the halls of the hotel, “they sorted their offers by class, but they listed heroin under pharmaceutical, not as an opiod. the yakuza wouldn’t make a rookie mistake like that, and svt has been trying to corner 101′s hold on the drug market here for years.”
sungwoon whistled, nodding, “you really are deuce’s kid.”
jonghyun was able to make it out and sungwoon quickly pulled up to the hotel, picking him up
“thank you, (y/n),” jonghyun said breathlessly, quickly buckling his seatbelt as sungwoon pealed off, heading towards the 101 hq
after explaining the situation, several of the guys, including jonghyun, decided that they would go out for drinks, but you just decided to head home, feeling exhausted
it wasn’t hard for you to fall asleep, given how much you’d gone through that day, and you quickly drifted off
however, you were woken up by the sound of someone pressing your doorbell, making the loud rings echo through your apartment
groaning, you dragged yourself up, thinking maybe 101 had some kind of emergency
sure enough, jonghyun stood on your doorstep, but when you looked closely, he looked like he was about to fall asleep
“um, jonghyun?” you asked tentatively, staring at him in concern
jonghyun looked up at you, sighing
“you really are an angel,” he said with a small smile, ruffling his already messy hair, “you even answer the door at three in the morning.” you frowned, noticing how slurred his words were
“jonghyun, are you drunk?”
“y-yeah,” jonghyun managed to get out, stumbling a bit
sighing, you helped him into your apartment, sitting him down on your couch
you brought him a piece of toast and some water, watching in concern as he tried to dip the toast in the water– you’d never seen the quiet, closed off jonghyun act like this
“(y/n),” jonghyun began, looking over at you, “you know i really, really like you?” you stared back at the man in shock. “you’re really the perfect one for me, but you never seem to look my way.”
“just,” you shook your head, a million thoughts swirling, “just eat your bread so that we can sleep, jonghyun.”
jonghyun pouted at you before stuffing the entire slice of bread into his mouth
once he was less wasted, you made sure he was sleeping on his side, so that he wouldn’t vomit, before returning to sleep yourself
the next morning, you awoke to the sound of loud cursing and the faint smell of smoke
getting up, you raced out to the kitchen, where jonghyun was desperately fanning the toaster, billows of smoke coming from it
“um, jonghyun?” you asked carefully, trying to suppress a laugh
“ah, you’re awake,” he said sheepishly, “i wanted to make you breakfast, but i burned the toast, so now there’s only eggs.”
“it’s fine,” you laughed, grabbing the plate that was on the table, “we can just eat this, i don’t mind.”
the two of you ate in relative silence, until jonghyun set down his fork
“(y/n), I’m really sorry,” he sighed, “first i show up to your house drunk, and then I burn your toaster.”
you chuckled, “it’s fine, I’m just a bit unused to seeing you in this light.”
he groaned, ruffling his hair in embarrassment, “I really wasn’t planning on confessing to you drunk at three in the morning, though.”
you wrinkled your nose, glancing over at him, “you meant that?”
he turned a bit red, nodding, “yeah, I did,” he shrugged, “i do really like you, but i wanted to confess properly, not while I was wasted.”
“it was cute,” you replied with a grin, “i’ll accept, as long as you truly meant it.”
“actually?” jonghyun looked up at you happily with a wide smile, “you really are an angel.”
“all people should own big guns with no restrictions” - 0/10 must be said in a southern accent
“we should put potential terrorists on a list and then only restrict their gun access” - 0/10 bipartisan islamophobia
“the 2nd amendment should be revoked and only the military and police should own guns” - 0/10 dumbest take of them all
“there should be no additional gun control so the proles can have weapons for the revolution” - 4/10 cheesy as fuck especially since it’s coming from 18 year old tankies
“better gun control like restricted magazine size and bans on automatic assault weapons is good in theory but has historically followed down a white supremacist path of only targeting PoC.” - 10/10 only good take
Business savvy wizards have taken up the craft of enchanting arrows with elemental magic and other sources of energy. The ability to combine spells and runes with arrows is a trade known only to a small number of Wizards, who have cornered the market and refuse to share their secrets. Further more, the arrows are designed for obsolescence – losing all magical abilities after one use. These arrows are pricey, but there’s nowhere else to get them. If a creature is immune to the damage type of the arrow, they are also immune to all effects.
Fire – On contact the arrow deals an additional 2d8 fire damage. Flammable object hit by this arrow ignites if it isn’t being worn or carried.
Cold – A creature hit by this arrow has its speed reduced to 0, at the end of its turn it regains 10 feet of movement speed, it regains 10 feet to all available movement speeds at the end of every turn until it.
Acid – A creature hit with this arrow has its armour structurally weakened on the point of contact. The creature suffers -1 deduction to AC. If the creatures armour is natural, the effect lasts for 1 minute. If their armour is made of non-magic organic material or metals it is permanent. A creature can only take a cumulative loss of 2 to their AC from these arrows.
Poison – A creature hit with this arrow takes an additional 1d6 poison damage. At the end of each of their turns they must succeed a DC15 CON saving throw or take another 1d6 damage. This effect lasts until the saving throw is successful.
Lightning – A creature hit with this arrow is surrounded with fingers of electricity that arc from them in a bolt of lightning to a creature of the shooters choice within 15 feet of the hit creature. The creature makes a DC15 DEX saving throw taking 2d6 lightning damage on a fail or half as much on a pass. If creature hit with the arrow is wearing metal armour – the saving throw is increased to DC17.
Thunder – When this arrow hits a creature a thunderous roar booms out over 100 ft. Each creature within 5 foot of the target takes 1d6 thunder damage.
Radiant – When a creature is hit with an arrow of this type, the next attack roll made against the target has advantage. Additionally, the target sheds 10 feet of dim light and loses all benefits from invisibility if they are invisible for 1 minute.
Necrotic – When a creature is struck with this arrow, all effects that would heal that creature are negated and the creature has disadvantage on all strength and dexterity saving throws for 1 minute.
Force – A creature hit with this arrow takes an additional 2 force damage from the attack. Also, the target is pushed back 15 feet.
Psychic – A creature hit by this arrow is wracked with crippling voices. Until the end of their turn the creature is frightened of the person who shot the arrow. Additionally, for 1 minute the creature has disadvantage on wisdom saving throws.
I made these arrows a little stronger than most would, in hopes it will give your higher-level players a reason to spend some of their gold. As always feel free to nerf or buff as you see appropriate. I like to make these readily available, but rather expensive.