ALMA Catches Stellar Cocoon with Curious Chemistry
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ALMA - Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array logo.

29 September 2016

The first of its kind to be found outside the Milky Way

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Artist’s impression of the hot molecular core discovered in the Large Magellanic Cloud
A hot and dense mass of complex molecules, cocooning a newborn star, has been discovered by a Japanese team of astronomers using ALMA. This unique hot molecular core is the first of its kind to have been detected outside the Milky Way galaxy. It has a very different molecular composition from similar objects in our own galaxy — a tantalising hint that the chemistry taking place across the Universe could be much more diverse than expected.

A team of Japanese researchers have used the power of the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA) to observe a massive star known as ST11 [1] in our neighbouring dwarf galaxy, the Large Magellanic Cloud (LMC). Emission from a number of molecular gases was detected. These indicated that the team had discovered a concentrated region of comparatively hot and dense molecular gas around the newly ignited star ST11. This was evidence that they had found something never before seen outside of the Milky Way — a hot molecular core [2].

Takashi Shimonishi, an astronomer at Tohoku University, Japan, and the paper’s lead author enthused: “This is the first detection of an extragalactic hot molecular core, and it demonstrates the great capability of new generation telescopes to study astrochemical phenomena beyond the Milky Way.”

The ALMA observations revealed that this newly discovered core in the LMC has a very different composition to similar objects found in the Milky Way. The most prominent chemical signatures in the LMC core include familiar molecules such as sulfur dioxide, nitric oxide, and formaldehyde — alongside the ubiquitous dust. But several organic compounds, including methanol (the simplest alcohol molecule), had remarkably low abundance in the newly detected hot molecular core. In contrast, cores in the Milky Way have been observed to contain a wide assortment of complex organic molecules, including methanol and ethanol.

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ALMA results and the region seen in infrared light
Takashi Shimonishi explains: “The observations suggest that the molecular compositions of materials that form stars and planets are much more diverse than we expected.”

The LMC has a low abundance of elements other than hydrogen or helium [3]. The research team suggests that this very different galactic environment has affected the molecule-forming processes taking place surrounding the newborn star ST11. This could account for the observed differences in chemical compositions.

It is not yet clear if the large, complex molecules detected in the Milky Way exist in hot molecular cores in other galaxies. Complex organic molecules are of very special interest because some are connected to prebiotic molecules formed in space. This newly discovered object in one of our nearest galactic neighbours is an excellent target to help astronomers address this issue. It also raises another question: how could the chemical diversity of galaxies affect the development of extragalactic life?


[1] ST11’s full name is 2MASS J05264658-6848469. This catchily-named young massive star is defined as a Young Stellar Object. Although it currently appears to be a single star, it is possible that it will prove to be a tight cluster of stars, or possibly a multiple star system. It was the target of the science team’s observations and their results led them to realise that ST11 is enveloped by a hot molecular core.

[2] Hot molecular cores must be: (relatively) small, with a diameter of less than 0.3 light-years; have a density over a thousand billion (1012) molecules per cubic metre (far lower than the Earth’s atmosphere, but high for an interstellar environment); warm in temperature, at over –173 degrees Celsius. This makes them at least 80 degrees Celsius warmer than a standard molecular cloud, despite being of similar density. These hot cores form early on in the evolution of massive stars and they play a key role in the formation of complex chemicals in space.

[3] The nuclear fusion reactions that take place when a star has stopped fusing hydrogen to helium generate heavier elements. These heavier elements get blasted into space when massive dying stars explode as supernovae. Therefore, as our Universe has aged, the abundance of heavier elements has increased. Thanks to its low abundance of heavier elements, the LMC provides insight into the chemical processes that were taking place in the earlier Universe.

More information:

This research was presented in a paper published in the Astrophysical Journal on August 9, 2016, entitled The Detection of a Hot Molecular Core in the Large Magellanic Cloud with ALMA: http://dx.doi.org/10.3847/0004-637X/827/1/72

The team is composed of Takashi Shimonishi (Frontier Research Institute for Interdisciplinary Sciences & Astronomical Institute, Tohoku University, Japan), Takashi Onaka (Department of Astronomy, The University of Tokyo, Japan), Akiko Kawamura (National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, Japan) and Yuri Aikawa (Center for Computational Sciences, The University of Tsukuba, Japan)

The Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA), an international astronomy facility, is a partnership of the European Organisation for Astronomical Research in the Southern Hemisphere (ESO), the U.S. National Science Foundation (NSF) and the National Institutes of Natural Sciences (NINS) of Japan in cooperation with the Republic of Chile. ALMA is funded by ESO on behalf of its Member States, by NSF in cooperation with the National Research Council of Canada (NRC) and the National Science Council of Taiwan (NSC) and by NINS in cooperation with the Academia Sinica (AS) in Taiwan and the Korea Astronomy and Space Science Institute (KASI).

ALMA construction and operations are led by ESO on behalf of its Member States; by the National Radio Astronomy Observatory (NRAO), managed by Associated Universities, Inc. (AUI), on behalf of North America; and by the National Astronomical Observatory of Japan (NAOJ) on behalf of East Asia. The Joint ALMA Observatory (JAO) provides the unified leadership and management of the construction, commissioning and operation of ALMA.

ESO is the foremost intergovernmental astronomy organisation in Europe and the world’s most productive ground-based astronomical observatory by far. It is supported by 16 countries: Austria, Belgium, Brazil, the Czech Republic, Denmark, France, Finland, Germany, Italy, the Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and the United Kingdom, along with the host state of Chile. ESO carries out an ambitious programme focused on the design, construction and operation of powerful ground-based observing facilities enabling astronomers to make important scientific discoveries. ESO also plays a leading role in promoting and organising cooperation in astronomical research. ESO operates three unique world-class observing sites in Chile: La Silla, Paranal and Chajnantor. At Paranal, ESO operates the Very Large Telescope, the world’s most advanced visible-light astronomical observatory and two survey telescopes. VISTA works in the infrared and is the world’s largest survey telescope and the VLT Survey Telescope is the largest telescope designed to exclusively survey the skies in visible light. ESO is a major partner in ALMA, the largest astronomical project in existence. And on Cerro Armazones, close to Paranal, ESO is building the 39-metre European Extremely Large Telescope, the E-ELT, which will become “the world’s biggest eye on the sky”.


Research paper: http://www.eso.org/public/archives/releases/sciencepapers/eso1634/eso1634a.pdf

Photos of ALMA: http://www.eso.org/public/images/archive/category/alma/

Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA): http://www.eso.org/public/teles-instr/alma/

Images, Text, Credits: ESO/M. Kornmesser; NASA, ESA, and S. Beckwith (STScI) and the HUDF Team; NASA/ESA and the Hubble Heritage Team (AURA/STScI)/HEI/FRIS/Tohoku University/T. Shimonishi/Tohoku University, ALMA (ESO/NAOJ/NRAO).

Best regards, Orbiter.ch
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Three, ‘Ta’s’, in THoB (and one in TBB)

When someone on the show says something repeatedly, even something seemingly trivial or minor, we must pay attention to a possible message.  The Woman says she knows what people like three times in ASiB and that’s how we know this is a very significant part of the story.  It stands to reason that she could have said that once but no, she says it three times.

In THoB, John says, ‘Ta’, instead of, ‘thank you’, three times.  I have so far only seen it as having relevance as a mirroring of the inn keeper, Gary, who is a foil for John.  This man assumes that John and Sherlock are together and he not only does not deny this but also begins to immediately speak like him.  We don’t see this type of mirroring on the show, from John, like this with anyone.

So, I was thinking that Sherlock is a graduate chemist.  He has a periodic table on the wall in his bedroom.  Sherlock will use Stapleton’s lab to do some work later on in hounds and we’ve seen him do lab work in ASiP, TGG, ASiB, TRF.  Elements of the periodic table specifically being shown visually in TGG and THoB.

So…  Let’s say that, ‘Ta’, is an element on the periodic table.  Why, yes, it is, it’s called Tantalum.  And it is named after an unfortunate hero named Tantalus.  Now, Tantalus was punished for his wrong doings by being sentenced to forever stand in a lake of water under a fruit tree with a giant rock overhead.  If he gets thirsty and he bends down to drink water, the water recedes and he is unable to do so.  If he is hungry and he reaches up to the fruit on the tree, the branches, likewise, recede.  If he tries to escape the massive boulder will fall on him.

Tantalus’ story is where the word, ‘tantalise’, comes from.  ‘To torment with… the sight of something desired but out of reach.  To provoke, taunt, tempt, frustrate’,

(Couldn’t find the source of the first illustration.  Second image comes from here).

All this fruit imagery makes me think of one of my more obscure visual metas.  It’s about the stag night and the chair covered in grapes in the Baker Street foyer.  Also, this puts the various apples we see on the show in a whole new context: John’s apple in ASiP and Moriarty’s apple in TRF.

Anyway, let’s say that having John say, ‘ta’, in THoB is a meant to be a clue of some kind.  It stands to reason that in a show with as much chemistry as Sherlock this might be a chemical element.  And if so, it’s one named after a man who is in the exact same situation as John.

THoB is the one episode where John tells Sherlock to not pop his collar and try to look cool with his cheekbones and all that.  John is flat out saying, ‘please, don’t look this attractive, it’s torture’.  This is exactly the predicament faced by Tantalus.  

@becumsh has just pointed out that John has previously said, ‘ta’, one time near the end of TBB.  If we go with this idea that Ta = Tantalum = Tantalus then we can see that John was beginning to repress his desires for the first time in TBB (in contrast to lip-licking, ready-to-go John at Angelo’s).  This is how he stays strong dating Sarah despite Sherlock’s seeming reversal on his no-dating policy.  This is the episode where John is tied up and panting in front of raging fires before Sherlock saves him looking as debonair as James Bond.  

We can see at the beginning of THoB that John seems incredibly in control of his impulses as Sherlock falls apart with the desire for, ‘a smoke’.  Then we see that in fact John can’t even stay quiet about Sherlock putting up his coat collar any more.  He’s had enough of the sexual frustration: he’s trying so hard to keep it together and it seems almost as if Sherlock’s purposefully trying to sabotage this.  It seems almost as if Sherlock may have called the inn and tried to get a room with only one bed.  And later, at the lab, Sherlock will try to, ‘stimulate a response’, in John just to see if it’s possible.

All of this goes to the idea that John is trying incredibly hard to be a good platonic friend and Sherlock is doing everything to have him lose his calm.

Now, let’s think of the three things that Tantalus has to deal with, forever: food, drink and a rock.  We can see in TBB that John gets food with Sherlock and has to leave it behind as soon as he puts it to his lips.  We can see him trying to get some food to eat with Sarah and get kidnapped before his takeaway even comes.  We see him try to drink red wine and ditto, he gets interrupted,

In THoB John artfully dodges a question about Sherlock’s snoring with, ‘got any crisps?’.  And then we see him leave the pub with just a beer: he’s totally crispless.  He just have a drink that says, ‘me and that hot guy are just bros’, according to the drink code,

…and speaking of giant rocks overhead, 

THoB has plenty of this particular visual and it’s even got the source of his frustration, Sherlock, right on top of it.  ¯\_(ツ)_/¯  If, ‘ta’, and tantalus really are a clue to us this would be another good explanation for Sherlock being atop this rock in this dramatic way.  I’ve always seen this as Sherlock’s, ‘Heathcliff’, moment and I think that fits with this post really well, actually.  In, ‘Wuthering Heights’, Catherine did nothing if not pine for her true love, someone with whom she was never going to be.

We see John fail to get information from Mortimer because Frankland gives him away: he’s investigating for Sherlock.  But, in the not too subtle subtext John is trying to get in Mortimer’s pants and is on the verge of a breakthrough when Frankland basically outs him as going out with Sherlock.  Sherlock’s influence, even via Frankland, manages to cock-block him that night.  They’re drinking white wine which shows things were not getting romantic, anyway.  When she leaves she suggests he go drink with Frankland who, ‘likes’, him, according to her,

Then quite fantastically we cut to,

Sherlock, on the rock.  Again.  In case we didn’t get that John struck out with Mortimer because of Sherlock we literally cut to him, the reason for John’s failure to score with a woman, yet again.  But, bonus: he’s on the giant rock above Tantalus’ head.  

After solving the case, John finally gets to eat: breakfast, he gets to break his fast.  Even though Sherlock brings two coffees of straightness, one for him and one for himself, another Sherlock, Billy, brings him a plate of food including sausage,

I guess we can see this as a bit of progress for Tantalus, he gets to eat but Sherlock will only give him a coffee, again.  Reinforcing their de facto contract to keep things platonic, despite how much it causes them to suffer.

T E E N A G E  G I R L S  +  M Y T H O L O G Y: Echo

She falls in love with a man almost twice her age, the ring on his finger ignored and the picture in his wallet forgotten about. Her tears fall freely when the wife finds out and she vows that it is all her fault, that she will never love again. Each word that leaves trembling lips becomes a constant apology, I’m sorry, I’m sorry, I’m sorry. But the tantalising temptation of revenge sparks in the back of her skull, and soon she is seen on the arm of another man, then another, and then another, echoing the same misfortune she once found herself spiralling into whilst pocketing gifts and credit card numbers. The zeros in her bank account begin to rise.

Ship found in Arctic 168 years after doomed Northwest Passage attempt

The long-lost ship of British polar explorer Sir John Franklin, HMS Terror, has been found in pristine condition at the bottom of an Arctic bay, researchers have said, in a discovery that challenges the accepted history behind one of polar exploration’s deepest mysteries.

HMS Terror and Franklin’s flagship, HMS Erebus, were abandoned in heavy sea ice far to the north of the eventual wreck site in 1848, during the Royal Navy explorer’s doomed attempt to complete the Northwest Passage.

All 129 men on the Franklin expedition died, in the worst disaster to hit Britain’s Royal Navy in its long history of polar exploration. Search parties continued to look for the ships for 11 years after they disappeared, but found no trace, and the fate of the missing men remained an enigma that tantalised generations of historians, archaeologists and adventurers. Read more.

Ultraviolet light reveals erased poetry in 13th century Black Book of Carmarthen

Dating from 1250, the Black Book of Carmarthen is the earliest surviving medieval manuscript written solely in Welsh, and contains some of the earliest references to Arthur and Merlin. The book is a collection of 9th-12th century poetry along both religious and secular lines, and draws on the traditions of the Welsh folk-heroes and legends of the Dark Ages.

However, despite its importance (the manuscript is designated ‘MS Peniarth 1’ in the National Library of Wales) and decades of scholarly research, the work of a PhD student from the University of Cambridge has illuminated tantalising new glimpses of verse from the 750-year-old book.

Myriah Williams and Professor Paul Russell from Cambridge’s Department of Anglo-Saxon, Norse and Celtic (ASNC), believe that a 16th century owner of the book, probably a man named Jaspar Gryffyth, summarily erased centuries’ worth of additional verse, doodles and marginalia which had been added to the manuscript as it changed hands throughout the years. Read more.

Rey & Luke’s Costumes in Episode VIII, or the Hair Awakens!

If you listen to one Star Wars podcast, make it Now This Is Podcasting! It’s highly entertaining, and it’s a particularly exciting listen because the people running it (the Making Star Wars team) essentially have the keys to the kingdom in terms of spoilers for the future films. They spoiled the whole plot of Episode VII well in advance, and are now starting to leak tantalising bits of information from VIII. On the latest NTIP (start around 23 minutes in), we have our first descriptions of what Rey and Luke will look like in Episode VIII and there is every reason to believe they are accurate.

While some people might construe the descriptions below as spoiler-y, I don’t think they warrant a cut (I have, however, tagged this with the usual spoiler tags). With that said, read on if you want to learn what Rey and Luke will look like in VIII!

The Rey costume is pretty much the same as what she’s wearing at the end of The Force Awakens, just without the vest. The shirt she has on underneath is like a white tunic, sort of a feminine version of the classic Luke Skywalker shirt from A New Hope. She still has her gun. Her hair is wild and flowing (i.e. she wears it loose).

Luke’s costume is like Count Dooku meets Luke from Return of the Jedi. He almost looks like a “homeless man”, and seems kind of haggard. It’s a darker outfit than we saw him in at the end of The Force Awakens.

They both look as if they have been wherever they are for a little while, and wherever they have been “does not have dry cleaning”.

That’s it for the costume info! This makes me really excited, and I love that Rey will literally be wearing her hair down. As much as I love the buns, I’m excited to see her with a fresh look.

Big archaeological dig to look for hidden mosaics at Chedworth Roman Villa

Archaeologists are spending two weeks at Chedworth Roman Villa to explore for the first time in decades what lies beneath parts of the ancient dwelling.

From Monday (August 15), the team of National Trust archaeologists will be digging in the northern wing of the villa around one of the bath houses and near the spring, or Nymphaeum.

The work hopes to build on discoveries of mosaics in the last three years, including some tantalising pieces of what is thought to be a wall mosaic made of small thin tiles.

The team will also dig deeper into an area where pieces of painted plaster appear to have lain undisturbed for 1600 years. Read more.

986bhp McLaren P1 GTR set for Geneva

New pictures of McLaren’s hardcore track special testing, March launch confirmed.

Top Gear can exclusively confirm that the new, 986bhp McLaren P1 GTR sounds exactly like a car. A car with an engine, no less.

We jest, of course, but we’ve just seen fresh pictures and a tantalising new video of the P1 GTR under a heavy Batman-esque music score and capped off with a good half-second worth of noise.

Still, you want to see new pictures of the P1 GTR, and we shall oblige. They come courtesy of the GTR’s exhausting test regime currently taking place across Europe and the Middle East, ahead of its debut later this year. That world premiere, McLaren has confirmed, will be the 2015 Geneva Motor Show in March.

“These tests,” say McLaren, “have pushed the performance of the car to its limits, and have been designed to further enhance cooling and aerodynamics over the design concept previewed at the Pebble Beach Concours d'Elegance in the summer of 2014.” [x]

  • Tantalise
  • Jimmy The Hoover
  • Fuck Knows

Holy crap.  Or, if I was Peter Griffin, Holy Crip.  Every time I try to get on here to blog something deep and profound and earth-shaking, Tumblr dies on it’s ass so my amazing words of wisdom simply bugger off.  Or is it fuck off?  I can never remember the correct grammatical structure when it comes to the departure of something wise.  Did Einstein fuck off when he died?  

Anyway, focus, panda, focus.

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Day five in Cairo (Saturday) and it’s time to go onto the Nile in a felucca sail boat thing.  Bobbing gently down the river, talking about such topics as “it’s hot isn’t it?” and “where has the sun gone?” and “wow, it’s quite a big stretch of water”.  Plus the obligatory fact that “this river flows north, you know”.  All life changing shit, I’m sure you’ll agree.

It was pretty cool, all in - it’s so quiet on the stretch of water that you can sit back, eyes closed, contemplate your virtual navel and ponder on life’s complexities.  

How about fate?  Failed O’ Levels lead to certain A’ Levels but, bearing in mind I ended up running businesses, actually PASSING my entrance exams into a grammar school was the wrong path - going to a school obsessed on the classics wasn’t the best grounding for management  consultancy.

Anyway, O’s and A’s aside… how about relationships?  

OK, well if I’d joined the RAF like I wanted (but had shit A’ Levels so didn’t) then I wouldn’t have met the mother of the girls… so it was good that I didn’t join.

And with the relationship drifting into a kind of nothingness after so long together (but three awesome little chicks), I ended up in a new relationship with the Pixie - a brilliant time that introduced me to so many new experiences and ideas but, ultimately, soured.

So I hated the world: hid away and blogged bitterly (oh yeah, it was bitter) but, over time, you grow out of it and you accept that you have no control over the morals / ethics / attitude of others.  

So that’s what happens when you sit on a felucca on the Nile.

And so to day six (Sunday) - a day when my brain recovered from wondering about relationships and fate and a day when I could go see some potential customers, talk about psychology, have a bit of a laugh and a joke, and wondering about the impact of the elections on ex-pats and people looking to set up businesses in the Middle East.  At the moment, neither party sounds particularly friendly to the outsider.  I will wait-and-see but am also considering the options of work in the Gulf or USA.  UK work… hmmmm I miss my girls in UK, but not sure if I really miss the UK.  Austerity, Eurovision and miserable cynical Brits (oh my).  Fuck.  That.

Day seven (today) - more meetings - one with a company that wants to represent my business in Egypt (which may free me up to travel more) and one with an MBA Business School looking for Associate Teachers.  Preparing for the MBA bunch has meant working on slides and content and practice and practice and practice.  I kinda realise after these meetings that I’m pretty good at what I do - I might be all high yellow and a big dreamer but, if you only aim for Wolverhampton, well you’ll get there… but who the fuck wants to get to Wolverhampton?

I wanna aim SO high… so even if I fail, I fall down much higher than others.  Aim for the moon, land amongst the stars, blah blah blah.

It’ll be nice some day to have someone who wants to dream too - quiddity does beckon but it’s gonna be a while off!

Oh, and just cos my average swear-count has dropped lately… fuckitty-bollocks-arse-wank.

There, topped up rather nicely.

Boner Puns - Bucky Barnes x Reader

He doesn’t know when it started exactly, it was probably when you were in the middle of a mission and you had to get changed in the middle of it for a reason he can’t exactly recall. What he does remember is the curve of your waist and the lacy bra and knickers you’d been wearing. At the time it probably wasn’t, but in his memory, the moment was played out in slow motion.

That was the first time you’d given him a boner. And now whenever he saw you, you’d either do something that’d remind him of that one moment and give him another boner or you’d just do something that he found very tantalising and therefore, give him a boner.

One day you and the rest of the Avengers were all in the kitchen, it was ‘family night’ which is something that happened every once in a blue moon when everyone was over and free from doing a mission. You, Cap and Bruce were cooking a meal for everyone and Bucky was trying to help as best he could, though no one made him cook because they’d already learnt from a terrible food poisoning experience that he was most certainly not the best of cooks.

All you were doing was bending over to grab a bag of potatoes out from the fridge, but Bucky’s eyes suddenly became attached to your butt and there it was again, the stir in his pants, the oh-so-pleasurable tingle. He shuffled awkwardly in his seat, pulling down his shirt in hopes to hide it.

Bucky turned away from you, trying to calm himself before anyone saw. But as he turned, his eyes connected with Natasha’s, who was looking at him with a suspicious smirk marked on her lips. His eyes widened and he fell from his seat, thankfully recovering before making a big scene. “I’m going to the bathroom, “the words rushed out of his mouth and he was gone before anyone could even process what he’d just said.

He took care of his little problem and returned to the kitchen, the scenery had changed though. No longer were you all cooking, in fact, you weren’t even in the room anymore. But all the Avengers (Tony, Thor, Steve, Bruce, Nat and Clint) were stood in a line, staring at him wearing suppressed smiles.

“Um,” he was nervous, which wasn’t exactly a new thing to Bucky but it was something very unwelcome, “where’s Y/N?”

“She’s just one to get some more pasta,” Steve explained, “which was really nice of her. She’s so good of a cook, you know, I really hope she keeps it up, kind of like you do.”

The group proceeded to burst into giggles, though Steve sent Bucky an apologetic look, it didn’t stop him from laughing along with the rest of the group.

“Hey Bucky, do you want a stiff drink to go with your meal?” Tony asked, raising his own glass of bourbon, doing nothing to hide his wide grin. Bucky pouted, looking very unamused at their joking, he sent a glare at Nat who was obviously the one that told them about the incident, he was just grateful that they only knew of this one time and not the many, many, other times held got an accidental boner because of you.

“Guys, enough with the joking.”  Clint said, holding up both his hands, managing to calm everyone down into a heavy silence. “Bucky obviously has feelings towards her, and we all think that you should tell her the truth, straight up.” Once again everyone exploded into laughter, and it was at this point you decided to walk in, quite confused by the set up in the kitchen. Everyone was facing Bucky, laughing loudly. Steve was grabbing onto Bruce’s left boob and Nat was leaning against Clint even though even he was struggling to stand up because the laughter was overcoming him.

“D-Did I miss something?” You asked, all of them turning to face you which was a very scary sight at first. Though Bucky looked at you with fear rather than amusement like all the others, who were just staring at you with mere amusement.

  • interviewer:What’s a childhood memory that stands out for you?
  • Sara:We grew up in a really beautiful city, Calgary, and it has four very distinct seasons, so my memories of childhood are having these wonderful idyllic winters we’re we went skiing and tobogganing, there was a lot of happy playful moments in the snow and now, as an adult, I think it’s obscene, as soon as it dips below zero. I’m like, ‘How did our parents stuff us into snowsuits and not murder us!?’ Our outdoor childhood also came in handy when we were teenagers because we did a lot of normal teenage behaviour because maybe it wasn’t as dangerous instead of being in a city and going to bars and clubs, there wasn’t this like tantalising opportunities to be bad, like we…
  • Tegan:Just stood in a field and drank.
  • Sara:Yeah, if you tripped and fell, you didn’t hit cement you mostly just hit a cow.
  • Tegan:You’re perpetuating untrue stereotypes.

As expected from St. Vincent, Teenage Talk is both highly listenable and rich with thoughtful lyrics, but none-the-less veiled; the mystery of who or what Annie Clark is, is further perpetuated by this tantalising glimpse into her past. Indeed, the single artwork is an old photograph of a very young Clark, singing from a tattered piece of paper. To her side is the subject of the song, lying on a bed smiling at the camera. Who she is we don’t know, but when Clark asks “How do you see me now/ Now that I’m a little bit older?” It is apparent that as time has drifted onwards, the “terrible mistakes” they would go on to make would change them both in a myriad of ways.

Read the review of St. Vincent’s new single, Teenage Talk, on Rotary Review.