tamerlane

Tile work, Gür-i Amir, Samarkand, Uzbekistan.

First evening in Samarkand, when I was hours away from coming down with a case of Tamerlane’s Revenge, we walked around the corner from our hotel to the mausoleum of the great and powerful Amir Temür, the west’s Tamurlane. 

I won’t lie. As mausoleums go … it’s pretty awesome.

Photo by Christopher Rose.

Timurun Kabri ve Laneti: Timur, öldükten sonra diğer hükümdarlar gibi mezarını saklamamıştır. Vasiyetinde, “Kim ki benim mezarımda tahribat yapmaya kalkarsa, Allah benden on kat daha acımasız bir düsman musallat etsin, yüzü gülmesin, yurdundan şer eksik olmasın” diyerek beddua etmiştir. O günden sonra bir defa mezar taşı ile oynanmaya kalkılmış, fakat sebebi belirlenmeyen bir nedenle torunlarından biri ölmüştür. Daha sonra bölgede yaşayanlar tarafından mezara hiç dokunulmamıştır. Bu inanç asırlardır böyle korunurken, 1941 yılında Sovyet Rusya`dan gelen profesörler, Timur`un mezarını açmaya karar vermişlerdir. Bölge halkı özellikle Özbekler buna şiddetle karşı çıkarak, Mezarı açarsanız Timur`un beddusasının tutacağını anlatmaya çalışmış fakat kale alınmamışlardır. Mezar açılır. Ve 12 saat sonra Nazi Almanyası lideri Hitler, büyük taarruz ile Rusya`ya girer. 2. Dünya savaşı başlamıştır. Profesörler incelemek üzere Rusya`ya götürdükleri Timur`un kemiklerini, 1945 de tekrar yerine koyduktan kısa süre sonra savaş bitmiştir. Bilanço olarak milyonlarca insanını kaybeden Rusya, Timur`un lanetini kabul etmiştir.

Spectacular blue and turquoise tiles make up the magnificent Shah-i-Zinda, or Way of Kings, in Samarkand, Uzbekstan. The Shah-i-Zinda is a complex of mausoleums where many of Amir Timur’s close relatives are entombed, and it is one of Central Asia’s most beautiful sites.

Photo by Chingiz Hobbes

7

Noratus cemetery  Նորատուսի գերեզմանատուն’

Medieval Armenian cemetary with a great amount of early Khachkars in the Noratus village, Located in Gegharkunik province of Armenia. 

The cemetary became the largest historical Armenian cemetary after the vile destruction of the ten thousand khachkar cemetary in Julfa, Nakhichevan by Azeris. 

The oldest  khackhars date to ninth century and they are spread over a seven hectare field with over a thousand medieval khachkars, all with unique ornamentations depicting farm life, weddings, royalty and religious depictions. The cemetary is named after the nearby village of Noratus which has evidence of a settlement form the Bronze Age and also the ninth century Holy Virgin Church. Many believe Noratus is named after the medieval fortress founded by Prince Gegham.

A popular folktale speaks about when the massive monstrous army of Timur the Lame was invading, The defenceless villagers dressed the khachkars up as soldiers by placing helmets on the top and leanind swords towards them. From a distance in the foggy Armenian mountains it looked like armed soldiers standing strong, this resulted in Tamerlanes army retreating.

Imad al-Din Mahmud al-Kashi. The book of the birth of Iskandar.

Horoscope of Prince Iskandar, grandson of Tamerlane, the Turkman Mongol conqueror. This horoscope shows the positions of the heavens at the moment of Iskandar’s birth on 25th April 1384.

This is a fly leaf from the personal horoscope of Iskandar Sultan (died 1415), grandson of Timur, who ruled the province of Farsin, Iran. He is best known for his early military career and his patronage of the arts and sciences.

The legend of Timur

Timur was a Turko-Mongol ruler of Barlas lineage. He conquered West, South and Central Asia and founded the Timurid dynasty. 

By the end of his reign Timur had also gained complete control over all the remnants of the Chagatai Khanate, Ilkhanate, Golden Horde and even attempted to restore the Yuan dynasty.

The legend of Timur (Temir) is the most ancient and well-known. Timur found a strange stone that fell from the sky (an iron ore meteorite), making the first iron sword from it. Today, the word “demir” means “iron”.

Յոթ Վերք Մատուռ
Yot Verk Matur


A small monument erected in the 14th century in honour of the seven lords of the seven villages.

Local folklore tells that when the Turko-Mongol conqueror Timur the Lame invaded Armenia, The Seven lords stood togheter against Timur, and as a result all the seven lords were killed and the seven villages were destroyed.

The name Yot Verk Matur translates to “Seven Wounds Chapel”
to “Seven Wounds Chapel”  Seven khachkars are lined upon a low rock wall.