Geisha Takeji (竹治) of the Yanagibashi geisha district in Tokyo, dressed in the Genroku style, her hairdo is known as the karawa-mage or “wheel of Tang”, after the Chinese Tang dynasty (618-907). In Japan, this hairstyle was exclusively used by courtesans and actresses of the early women’s Kabuki theatre. One of the many medieval hairstyles revived by geisha in Tokyo, shortly after the end of the Russo-Japanese War (1904-1905).
Fujishima Takeji [藤島武二] (1867-1943): Profile of a Woman, [女の横顔], 1926-7, oil on board, 45.8 x 37.4 cm, Pola Museum of Art, [ポーラ美術館], Hakone, Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan, source: japantimes.co.jp. and polamuseum.or.jp.