taiwan history

2

December 10th 1979: Kaohsiung Incident

On this day in 1979, the Kaohsiung Incident occurred in Taiwan (officially called the Republic of China), marking an important moment in the country’s democratic revolution. Throughout the 1970s, opposition had been growing to the one-party state, and President Chiang Ching-kuo of the Chinese Nationalist Party agreed to hold elections in 1979. The elections were, however, cancelled, and dissidents were arrested. Activists thus chose December 10th (Human Rights Day) to take to the streets of Kaohsiung in protest against the repression of democracy. Police were summoned to break up the peaceful crowds, which resulted in sporadic violence and mass arrests; it was later revealed that the police and army were in position before the planned protest began. The following year, prominent members of the unoffiical opposition - the ‘Kaohsiung Eight’ - were tried for sedition and jailed. The case generated a great deal of sympathy for the political dissidents, both in Taiwan and from Taiwanese people living abroad, who lobbied their host governments, boosting the democratic movement in Taiwan. In 1986, the Democratic Progressive Party was founded, with many of its leaders coming from the defendants and defense lawyers of the Kaohsiung trial. The founding of an official opposition was a decisive moment in Taiwan’s transition to democracy and universal suffrage in the late 1980s. Taiwan remains a thriving and successful democracy, though mainland China still bars Taiwan from membership in international organisations like the United Nations.

HIStory

Taiwan // 2017 // 12 episodes

This series is a compilation of three BL stories with 4 episodes each.

Story 1: My Hero

Mai Ying Xiong’s girlfriend dies and is reborn in the body of his friend Gu Si Ren.
Episode 1 | Episode 2 | Episode 3 | Episode 4 | FULL

Story 2: Stay Away From Me

The famous idol Cheng Qing moves in with his new stepbrother Feng He.
Episodes 1 & 2 | Episodes 3 & 4 | FULL

Story 3: Obsessed

Shao Yi Chen is reborn and sent 9 years into the past where he must resist the love of Jiang Jing Teng.
Episode 1 | Episode 2 | Episode 3 | Episode 4 | FULL

The Years of Rice and Salt 

An alternative history where Europeans become instinct in the 14th century during the Black Plague, where Muslim and Chinese civilizations through the span of over 700 years become super powers.

Though it’s a great concept, a lot of the history isn’t quite accurate.

The Siamese-Burmese War

For example, XV claims to be the “Burmese League”. Before European colonization of South Asia and Burma, Burma and Siam were in a constant neighboring war. The Burmese invade, the Siamese fight back, it was a tug of war over Thailand.

However during the 1800′s, Cambodia, Laos and South Vietnam were under the rule of Siam, and often offered military troops to fight against the Burmese. But in the history where the French never colonized Indochina and the British never colonized Burma, there may be a possibility that Burma could have been successful. For Burma to take over the rest of Indochina? It depends.

Geographically, all borders of Burma is mountainous, excluding the eastern borders that remained relatively flat. There was a possibility that they could have conquered Northern Thailand, and the rest of Central, Eastern and South Thailand, Cambodia, South Vietnam, Malaysian peninsular and Laos became part of “Siam”.

The Rise & Fall the South Vietnamese Empire

Before French colonization, the Vietnamese survives a civil war in the North, with thousands fleeing to Khmer Krom (Now known as South Vietnam), and successfully overthrows the Champa Kingdom to become Central Vietnam and the capital changed to Hue. The weakened Khmer Empire eventually succumbs to the Vietnamese and became South Vietnam.

Siam and the Cambodians go through a short war against the Viets in the Mekong Delta, before establishing a peace treaty and co-own South Vietnam.

Vietnam could essentially exist as North & Central Vietnam.

The Chinese West

It was said that China was the first Old World member to explore the New World in 1421, by a great Naval Admiral named Zheng He. Upon his return, the Chinese Dynasty changed from an open and public nation of discovery, to a closed and isolated nation.

During the 19th century, the Qing Empire was rather very destructive and expansive empire, crushed and opposed Muslim and Chinese Ethnic rebellions in Southern China. To the North was nothing but cold frozen plains, the west was desserts, to the south were large mountainous ranges. There was nowhere else that China could go, but East.

Without the British, Dutch, Portuguese and French colonizing the Pacific, the Chinese would have done it, to even possibly retaking over Northern Vietnam and Southern Vietnam, depending on the relations the Siamese and Qing Dynasty’s relations, which were actually pretty good in trade, and not only in the fact that China went to war against Burma.

The Japanese Isolation

In the 19th Century, Japan closed itself off from the rest of the world. No one was allowed to enter or step foot on the island of Japan at all. In fact, it was because of American aggression, that forced Japan to open itself up again, but not before they opened up to Western ideals and technology, that made them politically and militarily strong enough to fight off European colonizers.

In the event that if the West had cease to exist, there is a possibility that Japan would remain Japan itself, and plus some Northern Islands. The Qing Dynasty during that time was in control of the Korean Peninsula.

However, let’s just do say that Japan does become militarily advanced either way, they would have secured Korea, Manchuria and parts of Siberia quickly without having to fight Russian forces, and the Qing Dynasty’s stubborn passions for non-Chinese advancements.

[BREAKING] TWICE BARRED from CHINA because TZUYU says she is TAIWANESE

TWICE seriously need to get a security team & a fortune-teller now.

The girls were already troubled yesterday at Gimpo Airport, where leader Jihyo was hit by a “fan” but things just seemed to have taken a more drastic turn.

Keep reading

Brief summary of the 228 Incident /Massacre for those who care

In 1945, the 50 years of Japanese rule of Taiwan ended with WWII. The local Taiwanese (hereafter referred to as “Islanders“ for convenience), tired of being a colony, were very excited to have Mainland China, ruled by the KMT party at the time, take them back. However, the officers sent from the mainland (hereafter referred as ”Mainlanders”) were very corrupted and uneducated in the eyes of the Islanders comparing to the Japanese (Japan was more advanced after all). They treated the Islanders as second-class citizens, and would bully and rob them as they please. The Mainlanders thought that they were heroes who freed them, hence the right to take what they want as thank yous. This led to the Islanders comparing them to and favouring the previous Japanese rule, who provided them with decent living standards, which led to the Mainlanders thinking that the Islanders are just dogs of the Japanese. Basically, there was a massive misunderstanding, and hence hate, between the local Taiwanese and the Mainland Chinese. Because of a series of things that the Mainlanders had done, the Islanders became very poor, and constantly lived in fear.

Feb. 27, 1947, there was a conflict between an officer and a citizen, which led to the death of a bystander. This, and all the anger the Islanders stored up, sparked an island-wide anti-government protest the next day. The islanders beat up anyone they thought were Mainlanders. The Mainlanders dispatched the military in return, killing thousands of people. Troops were sent in from Mainland China. By the end of March, the Government-General ordered to imprison and execute the protest organizers, which led to the troops killing another couple thousand, most innocent. Most targeted people were elites and students. A quote from one of the officers (rough translation):

“It’s okay if we kill 99 innocents, as long as we find the real one.”

It does not end here. The 228 Incident, plus the discovery of communist infiltrators, led to the White Terror, a period of martial law which lasted from 1949 to 1987. During the 57 years, many many Islanders and even Mainlanders were labeled as communists and were imprisoned or executed without proper trials, and no one was allowed to talk about the 228 Incident or the White Terror itself. Dec. 10, 1979, the Formosa Incident, the biggest citizen-government conflict after 228, occurred, leading to the imprisonment and execution of many reporters and human rights groups. 

I mentioned yesterday that my grandpa was kidnapped and tortured during the 228 Incident. He did not do anything. His family was rich, and the police wanted money, that’s all. His family gave up a large amount of fortune to get my grandpa and his brother back. In fact, this is where a chunk of KMT’s money came from. They robbed people in the name of justice.

Eventually KMT apologized in 1995, and made Feb. 28 Peace Memorial Day. To this day, the scar has yet to heal. Part of the never ending argument of unification or independence within Taiwan is a result of this. There are also people who think these victims’ family just want attention and money. My grandpa never filed for compensation. We don’t want money; we want sincere apology and truth. 

———
Do I hate the KMT? Yes for what they’ve done back then, and no for the people currently running it are not directly responsible for it. Their corruption right now is another story. This is how I think the Chinese should treat the Japanese too. Yes, what they had done during the war was outrageous, but there’s no reason to hate on the current generation of Japanese.
Government ≠ people.

irony-ruined-my-life  asked:

Hi so I saw your post about being Taiwanese and man that really sucks I'm so sorry wow, could you do me a huge favour and fill me in? I had no idea this was going on and I'd like to be aware of it if it's not too intrusive or something you don't wanna talk about, sorry again for bothering this is a really dumb question

It’s really really complicated because it’s not only politics, but I’ll give a simplified version. I did not learn any of this in Taiwan, nor from my parents or school, so hopefully I am as neutral as I can be. But please, if you have the chance it’s best to study it from different perspectives and make your own decision on what you think it’s true!

I personally think wikipedia is a great place to learn about this: [history of Taiwan] [cross-strait relations] [political status of Taiwan]

Terms:

  • Republic of China (ROC): Current government of Taiwan. Governed China during 1912-1949.
  • People’s Republic of China (PRC): Current government of Mainland China.
  • KMT: One of two major parties in Taiwan. Founded ROC. Pro-unification (sort of).
  • DPP: The other major party. Pro-independence.
  • When I use the word Taiwan or Mainland, I mean the geographic location without any political context.
  • Note that governments and the people should never be viewed as one.

Timeline:

  • Before 1662, Taiwan (and its Aboriginals) was colonized by various powers (Dutch, Spainish…). Zheng of the Ming Dynasty drove the Dutch out and establish his own government on the Island.
  • 1683, Zheng surrenders to Qing Dynasty. Taiwan becomes part of Qing China as a result.
  • 1895 Qing lost to Japan and gives Taiwan away. Japan rules Taiwan for about 50 years.
  • Meanwhile KMT overthrows Qing and establishes ROC in Mainland.
  • After WW2, Taiwan was returned to ROC (there is actually a loophole here; documents only said Japan was to give up Taiwan, but didn’t specify that China gets to take it back).
  • Civil war between KMT and the communist party. KMT escapes to Taiwan, communists establishes PRC in Mainland. Both sides claim they are the only China.
  • 1949-1987 Taiwan was under martial law (more on this later)
  • 1970s, ROC is replaced by PRC in the United Nation and therefore is no longer recognized. USA breaks off diplomatic relations with ROC to establish relations with PRC. Most other countries follow.
  • 1996 first presidential election in the history of ROC.

Current situation of Taiwanese people:

  • ROC flags are not allowed to be shown in any official events, conferences, competitions etc outside Taiwan (such as the London Olympics flag incident). We usually have another flag specifically designed for the event.
  • The national anthem is replaced by the flag anthem in events.
  • We have to use “Chinese Taipei” for the name (the “Chinese” here meaning the ethnicity). Some countries force Taiwanese to put down “Taiwan, China” on documents. 
  • The above absolutely cannot appear in Mainland. Singers get banned and attacked all the time if they’re not careful (Tzuyu is only one out of many cases). Chinese TV news covered the flag pin on our president’s shirt just before the “historic” first meeting ever of the two leader last November lmao
  • We can travel with our ROC passport, but a while ago the UN offices stop accepting it as a valid ID (but we can use driver licences issued by ROC lol). To travel to Mainland we have to get a “Taiwan compatriot permit”.
  • Basically whenever something can be interpreted as “Taiwan independence”, PRC jumps in and pressures the country or committee to stop it.

Some important events that changed many Taiwanese’s view on their identity:

  • Qiandao Lake Incident (1994): Mysterious murder of 32 Taiwanese tourists and local guides on a boat in Mainland. Lots of censorship, unprofessional investigation, reports not matching, officials disrespecting the victim’s families, hurried execution of the “suspects”. After the incident, for the first time there were more people identifying as Taiwanese than Chinese in Taiwan, and supporters of Taiwan independence went up by 10%.
  • Third Taiwan Strait Crisis (1995-96): A series of missile tests in the waters between Taiwan and Mainland in response to Taiwan’s first presidential election.
  • 921 Earthquake (1999): China asked that others ask for approval before sending help, Chinese oversea units opened accounts for donation under “Province of Taiwan, China”, delayed Russian plane, and “helped” Taiwan thank the world.
  • SARS Outbreak (2003): Lots of censorship, which was really dangerous for Taiwan because we are not in the World Health Organization. Chinese newspaper also lied about providing Taiwan vaccines.
  • World Health Assembly (2003): After SARS, Taiwan asked again to be included in WHO. USA, Japan and the EU supported the idea, but China said “to invite Taiwan to WHO is 於法不符, 於理不容, 於情不合” (sorry I have no idea how to translate this; basically “nonsense”). When a reporter asked “did you hear need of the 23 million Taiwanese?”, the Chinese diplomat replied “we already refused. Didn’t you hear the committee’s decision? Who cares about you guys.”
  • Sunflower Student Movement (2014): A protest against the undemocratic processes of KMT signing the Cross-Strait Service Trade Agreement between Taiwan and Mainland, organized by mostly young students and activists. Inspired many young people to get involved in politics, and lead to the creation of many new parties and the rise of the “third power” in this year’s (2016) election. From what I see, this was also a huge spark for the current conflicts between the older and younger generations.*
  • China still has thousands of missiles pointed at us, and if we are to say we want to be independent, they won’t hesitate to use it… is what they say.
  • Some people argue that they don’t want to be Chinese because the “bad image” of the current China. I will not talk about this because it’s an uncomfortable topic to discuss.

* The current generation is said to be “born pro-independent”, because from birth most of us have zero attachment or affection toward Mainland China and PRC, unlike the generations before who are either born in Mainland (or second generation), or taught that they were Chinese since childhood by KMT.

But the “Taiwan problem” is not only because the “two Chinas” wouldn’t recognize each other. There are tons of conflicts within Taiwan itself. Until 1996, KMT basically had dictatorship over the island, and were quite corrupted. During the martial law / white terror period, Lots of people were robbed, imprisoned, tortured, assassinated and executed (see 228 massacreFormosa Magazine incident,  Lin Family Massacre). A huge part of KMT’s money came from this. These lead to the rise of the other parties, the major one being DPP. Depending on whether they were treated better by the Japanese or KMT, Taiwanese divided into two sides (hence the “are we ROC or Taiwan?” argument). 

KMT realized it is no longer possible to take back Mainland, so they started leaning towards PRC. One time a Chinese official came to visit Taiwan, and KMT (elected at the time) pulled down every ROC flag that could be seen and arrested people for holding flags. You’d think people would all support DPP by this time, but because the only time they ever got elected and everyone had hope for a change, the president was discovered to be corrupted. Also the older generation who had been through war just wants a peaceful life, so they hate any change that could take it away. In short, Taiwan is divided into two in everything: KMT— DPP, unification — independence, status quo — change, older — younger generations.

The side that supports KMT generally prefers status quo, because otherwise it means conflict. The extreme ones tend to support unification. The opposing DPP generally leans more toward independence. The extreme ones on this side tends to want absolutely nothing to do with China, therefore wants to abandon the name “ROC” and be independent as “Taiwan”. These are the people the PRC hates the most. 

Basically, if everyone understood and respected each other’s opinions and values, none of these would’ve happened.

Edit: I should mention that up until the Qiandao Lake Incident, most Taiwanese identify themselves as Chinese, because that’s what the KMT had been teaching them.

Edit 2: How did I forget the assassinations of Henry Liu and Chen Wen Chen.

69th anniversary of the February 28 Massacre (228 Incident )- In memory of the fallen elites and victims of 228

台灣二二八事件69週年 - 紀念殞落的228菁英與受害者

5

On February 5, 1940, the Dai Nippon Koku Douglas DC-2 registered J-BBOT and named “Aso” (named after Mount Aso the largest active volcano in Japan) took off at 10:59 from Fukuoka bound for Taipei.

After making a brief stop at Naha, Okinawa arriving at 14:40 and taking off again at 15:09, the crew experienced trouble with the starboard engine 15 minutes before flying over the biggest island of the Senkaku island group, called Uotsuri-shima. The crew consisting of pilot Kuroiwa Toshio, co-pilot Mori Ryoitchi, engineer Soga Haruyuki and radio operator Senda Hideo decided to continue their flight and try to reach their destination.

First they tried to lighten the plane by throwing out some of the luggage but the aircraft kept loosing altitude and out of consideration for the nine passengers they decided to make an emergency landing. After they radioed back their position, the crew announced to the passengers to put on their life jackets. They were all surprised but the crew stayed calm and did not let the situation get out of hand.

 The Uotsuri island does not offer a proper spot for landing, being full of stones but they managed to locate a flat area where they could land. This happened at 17:05 and everybody reached safely and uninjured the island which was (and still is) uninhabited and offered no food or shelter.

While busing themselves putting together a shelter and starting a small fire, at around midnight they heard the sound of a small aircraft flying over them and made the fire bigger to spot them. Of course there was no area for the aircraft to land so it flew away and left them to spend the night there alone.

At 8:30 the next morning, another DC-2, registered J-BBOQ and named “Tsukuba”, flew above them and threw blankets and food. One “Aso” crew member signalled “arigato” (thanks) by flag semaphore and a while later they finally saw two ships “Shonan Maru” and “Keiun Maru” reaching the area.

The crew of “Keiun Maru” dropped a boat which picked everybody up and finally took them to Keelung, Taiwan. 

The photos above are from a vintage publication and were taken by one of the passengers, Kawashima Minoru.