system history

The most common ego identifications have to do with possessions, the work you do, social status and recognition, knowledge and education, physical appearance, special abilities, relationships, person and family history, belief systems, and often nationalistic, racial, religious, and other collective identifications. None of these is you.

Eckhart Tolle

All The Topics to Know for the APUSH Exam (as told by my APUSH teacher)
  • Revolutionary War/Constitution/Articles of Confederation
  • The First Party System: Federalists and Republicans
  • Revolution of 1800
  • Jacksonian Democracy (1824-1840)
    • the Bank War
    • the spoils system
    • Indian Removal Act
  • Antebellum reform movements and the Second Great Awakening
  • Causes of the Civil War and sectional differences
    • political parties (Democrats vs. New Republicans)
    • economics
    • social differences
  • Reconstruction (1863-1877)
    • successes/failures
    • 13th - 15th amendments
      • connections to the civil rights movement of the 1950s and 1960s
  • Industrialization and Big Business/The Gilded Age (1860-1910)
    • vertical and horizontal integration
    • trusts
    • steel, oil, and railroads
    • Andrew Carnegie, John D. Rockefeller, J.P. Morgan
    • growth of cities
    • immigration
    • changes in politics and political machines
  • The Populist Movement and agrarian discontent
  • The Progressive Era (1890-1920)
    • an effort to deal with the adverse effects of industrial capitalism
    • the Progressive Presidents
  • The Indian Plains Wars (through 1890)
  • Spanish-American War (1898)
  • IMPERIALISM: Philippines, Hawaii, Panama, Cuba, etc.
  • World War I
    • causes/effects
    • the home front
  • The Red Scare
  • The 1920s
    • sources of conflict (economic, political, and social)
    • effects on women, African Americans, and immigrants
  • The 1930s, the Great Depression, and the New Deal
    • Hoover vs. FDR
    • economic, social, and political reforms
  • World War II
    • results, the home front
    • effects on women, African Americans, Native Americans (Navajo codetalkers, etc), Japanese Americans, and Mexican Americans
  • The Cold War
    • foreign policy
      • where and when
    • 1950s
      • conformity, suburbs, Baby Boom, domestication of women, challenges to conformity, expanding economy, consumer culture
      • similarities to the 1920s
    • 1960s
      • civil rights movement (who, what, when, where, why, successes and failures)
      • Lyndon B. Johnson and the Great Society (1963-1968)
        • domestic and foreign issues
    • 1970s
      • Richard Nixon (1968-1973)
        • foreign and domestic policies
        • detente and Vietnam
        • the Southern Strategy and Watergate
    • 1980s
      • Ronald Reagan (1981-1989)
        • foreign and domestic policies
        • tax cuts
        • military spending
        • shrinking of the government
        • the new right
      • George H.W. Bush and the end of the Cold War
  • Bill Clinton and Barack Obama

tough-teddy-deactivated20170303  asked:

Hi, I'm creating a comic where troubled, low income teens are given the option to go to a boarding school, in North California, to train to become monster hunters. The school is mostly populated by minorities mostly African American, Native Americans, South East Asians, and Latinx. A friend of mine said it might be seen as problematic to have Native Americans be in a government own boarding school. This worries me since my main character is a Native American boy whom loves the school.

Native Character in Monster-Hunter Boarding School; Poor implications? 

So, yes, it could be a very tricky thing to have Native Americans in the school. But it all boils down to two questions:

  1. Is it consensual in the most genuine sense of the term?
  2. Do they become part of a new culture, or do they keep their old one and add to it?

The residential school system was not consensual even when there weren’t laws in place forcing kids to go. Parents could and did send their children there because they thought it was for the best, because they were coerced into it, or because they had developed the type of fondness you develop for your abuser where you try to replicate the pattern because you haven’t healed from it yet.
If the kids are told in very informed ways what happens to their lives— who they have contact with, whether or not their culture has to change (a big red flag would be no room to carry on cultural beliefs or, in the case of Natives, reconnect with their cultural beliefs), how their lives would get better and worse.

If, however, the kids are caught in moments of desperation, where it’s basically “come with us or else”, then there would be major problems with the validity of that consent. If the kids are doing okay but looking for a way out, that’s one thing, but if the school reps dive in at a bad point when all hope seems lost, I would feel very uncomfortable.

Next, you have to give him options to practice and explore his culture. The pain of the residential school system was because it was an active attempt at destroying our culture. So if you have it that your character is still Native, keeps what traditions he can, and is allowed to go back into his community/family without problem, then you’ve mollified the forced assimilation undertones to the school.

you should have minimal problems with the government run boarding school. If you want a general list of what to avoid in the school to make it not be a residential school, Canada published the Truth and Reconciliation Commission describing the country’s use of the system and the abuse that happened within. The possibility exists you’ll trigger people regardless (it is a very fresh trauma in our communities), but by making it consensual and having connections to his culture, you’ll at least minimize the negative impact. Check out [Braving Native American Diversity] and [Researching Native American Cultures] for tips on how to make him have a culture.

~ Mod Lesya

19.07.2015 || So recently I’ve been asked a lot about my colour coding system, in response to flavaflavs question I thought  I’d share it with you all! 


A have a pack of STABILO Boss Original Highlighter Pens (Pack of 8), and I’ve labelled each one to mean something: 

  • Argument (Dark Pink)
  • Issue (Light Pink)
  • Historiography (This is the arguments other historians have made)(Pink)
  • Statistic (Orange)
  • Quote (Yellow)
  • Figure (as in a person) (Green)
  • Structure (Dark Green)
  • Date (Blue)

This is the system I use when going through my reading/essays to make it clear whats what, and I then incorporate this into my revision sheets/flashcards when I do them for exams


I write all my classwork (where I engage with a lecturer/tutor) down in separate notebooks for different topics. I write my general notes for the set reading on a plain pukka pad jotta.

As part of my revision and organisation, I then rewrite all of the messy notes up neatly, using pukka pad “Comfort in Colour” Collection. I then write different types of information down on different colours:

  • Blue - Tutorial/Class Notes
  • Green - Lecture Notes
  • Purple- Essay Feedback


As I can’t highlight in all of the books I use, I tend to use post-it notes when I’m doing reading for my essays, and these mini(ish) post-its are good for that, as I can write little bits of information from the text, whilst still having them where I got the information from. This allows me to note where I got the information from and forces me to condense the amount of notes I take from a single page.

Orange: “My Thoughts”: Any ideas about the essay/ thoughts about what is being said that I consider whilst reading

Pink: “Argument”: Anything that makes it clear what the author is arguing/supports their argument

Blue: “Quotes”: Any quotes, either referring to another text or that I will take from the reading

Green: “Dates/Stats”: Any dates or statistics that can be used for my understanding of the period/I can use in my essay


The first time I make notes I don’t do much colour coding, other than writing quotes and key bits of information in a different colour, using a different colour for each book I’m making notes on for that essay (I typically read and make notes for 7 books per essay). This makes it easier to find the information I need AND if in my essay writing frenzy I mix up my notes, the colure help me sort them back into order before I file them.

Bare in mind that I’m doing a BA in History, so they are very history orientated, but this system would work well with other essay based/reading subjects :)

As long as the egoic mind is running your life, you cannot truly be at ease; you cannot be at peace or fulfilled except for brief intervals when you obtained what you wanted, when a craving has just been fulfilled. Since the ego is a derived sense of self, it needs to identify with external things. It needs to be both defended and fed constantly. The most common ego identifications have to do with possessions, the work you do, social status and recognition, knowledge and education, physical appearance, special abilities, relationships, personal and family history, belief systems, and often also political, nationalistic, racial, religious, and other collective identifications. None of these is you.
—  Eckhart Tolle
Growing up in internet fandom in the 00s, remembering:

1. banned NC-17 fics

2. The moment you signed a disclaimer for reading fics that you’re 18 years old when you’re actually 18

3. Trying to keep up with the threads on Yahoo mailing lists

4. Exploring fanfic archives through “Web rings” of fic sites

5. Livejournal: drabbles, ficlets, vignetts, comment fics, lj communities, when OkCupid was funny personality quizzes

6. Learning about society (and social psychology) through Fandom_wank

7. Discovering ships via ship_manifestos: also, words like “plotbunny”, “squee”,” guh”, “squick”, “plotsheep”

8. Yuletide fics is Happy Holidays for EVERYONE- fic recs everywhere

9. Wanting fanfic Awards in the form of icons you can put on your fic site and respecting the fics that had those icons

10. The joy of browsing fics via (TAG SYSTEMS RULE)

“By this invention every live part of Mother Earth’s body would be brought into action. Energy will be collected all over the globe in amounts small or large, as it may exist, ranging from a fraction of one to a few horse power or more. Every waterfall can be utilized, every coal field made to produce energy to be transmitted to vast distances, and every place on earth can have power at small cost. One of the minor uses might be the illumination of isolated homes. We could light houses all over the country by means of vacuum tubes operated by high frequency currents. We could keep the clocks of the United States going and give every one exact time; we could turn factories, machine shops and mills, small or large, anywhere, and I believe could also navigate the air.

“One of the most important features of this invention will be the transmission of intelligence. It will convert the entire earth into a huge brain, capable of responding in every one of its parts. By the employment of a number of plants, each of which can transmit signals to all parts of the world, the news of the globe will be flashed to all points. A cheap and simple receiving device, which might be carried in one’s pocket, can be set up anywhere on sea or land, and it will record the world’s news as it occurs, or take such special messages as are intended for it. If you are in the heart of the Sahara your wife can telegraph you from Washington, and if the instrument is properly made you alone will get the message. A single plant of a few horse power could operate hundreds of such instruments, so that the invention has an infinite working capacity and will cheapen the transmission of all kinds of intelligence.”

–Nikola Tesla

“A Talk With Nikola Tesla.” By Frank G. Carpenter. The State, December 18, 1904.

The most common ego identifications have to do with possessions, the work you do, social status and recognition, knowledge and education, physical appearance, special abilities, relationships, person and family history, belief systems, and often nationalistic, racial, religious, and other collective identifications. None of these is you.

Joseph Wright of Derby (1734-1797)
“A Philosopher Lecturing on the Orrey”
Oil on canvas
Located in the Derby Museum and Art Gallery, Derby, England

An orrery is a mechanical model of the solar system that illustrates or predicts the relative positions and motions of the planets and moons.

Close observation of the adult faces in the picture reveals that each one of them demonstrates one of the main phases of the moon – new moon, half moon, gibbous moon and full moon.