symbolism is capital

Listen to autistic people.

Don’t support Autism Speaks. Don’t ‘Light it Up Blue’ this April. Go red instead and support autistic people and our voices.

[ Image Description: A picture with a red background and a rainbow coloured neurodiversity ‘infinity’ symbol in the middle. In front of the neurodiversity symbol is a drawing of an autistic person stimming. 

They are wearing red headphones, a red pendant chew necklace, and a grey hoodie. A red tangle is poking out of the hoodie pocket. They are smiling with their eyes closed and stimming by flapping their hands. 

On the top of the picture, above the symbol, it says in capital letters “Listen to autistic people”. Below the symbol, at the bottom of the picture, it says “#REDinstead for Autism Acceptance”.

This is version 2. Version 1 of this picture with just the symbol and no person can be found here: version 1 link

I wanted to make a picture for Autism Acceptance and anti “autism awareness” this April so here it is.

anonymous asked:

so i dont know if this opinion is valid or w/e but like, i feel like tumblr really dismisses the fact that anne boleyn ordered for mary to be abused. she was only seventeen when anne became queen, and was beaten and sworn at by the others at hatfield on orders from anne. i just think anne isn't as lovely as people make her out to be, and although i find her v interesting, i just think she is romanticized and made out to be some sort of angel? it seems as though the abuse mary got affected her.

i agree and acknowledge that the abuse mary endured at hatfield affected her; but i’m not certain it was at anne boleyn’s behest. i haven’t been able to find any primary sources that attest to that. from what i’ve read, what seems more likely is that it was at the behest of henry viii.

understandably, at first glance it seems logical that lady shelton, given that she was anne boleyn’s paternal aunt, may have been acting at her command. however, i find this less likely given that the two didn’t seem to like each other very much. if anne truly did encourage madge shelton (the lady anne boleyn-shelton’s daughter) to be the mistress of henry viii, as is speculated, her mother may not have taken too kindly to that! later, shelton is one of the ladies that attends on anne in the tower of london, and it was reported that anne said it was “a great unkindness in the king to set such about me as i have never loved” (the cited source for this is cavendish, and other than wikipedia i’ve been unable to find a more direct quote)

when henry visited the household of hatfield in january 1534, mary was ordered to stay in her chamber. thomas cromwell and the captain of the guard instead went to mary to urge her to renounce her title; which she refused. she asked to see him again; and was denied. instead she went out to the terrace at the top of the house as he prepared to leave. he bowed and touched his cap in response. however, he didn’t see her again for over two and a half years and it’s important to remember that he is the one that made that decision; not anne.

it was henry that ordered mary to serve elizabeth at hatfield as a punishment for refusing to publicly accept the acts of appeal and succession. it was henry who deprived mary of her personal staff, henry who denied mary permission to attend the funeral of katherine of aragon and refused to let her have a few objects of value from her mother.

lady shelton was, in fact, ordered to deliver this message to mary by henry viii, according to chapuys:

“The King, for his pains, told him he was not loyal to him, and that all he said was in behalf of the Princess’s desire to go to her mother; but he would take good care not to send her thither, for, the Queen being so haughty in spirit, she might, by favor of the Princess, raise a number of men, and make war, as boldly as did queen Elizabeth (Isabella) her mother. There was no thought of the King seeing the said Princess or sending her a word of consolation. On the contrary, word was sent by her gouvernante that he had no worse enemy in the world than her, and that she was the cause of mischief to the greater number of Christian princes, and the King declared publicly that her conduct was calculated to encourage conspiracy against him.

according to chapuys, anne even wrote to lady shelton herself asking to cease any ill treatment that might have occurred (or basically, at least not to push her further) and relates a copy of anne boleyn’s words:

Mrs. Shelton, my pleasure is that you do not further move the lady Mary to be towards the King’s Grace otherwise than it pleases herself. What I have done has been more for charity than for anything the King or I care what road she takes, or whether she will change her purpose, for if I have a son, as I hope shortly, I know what will happen to her; and therefore, considering the Word of God, to do good to one’s enemy, I wished to warn her before hand, because I have daily experience that the King’s wisdom is such as not to esteem her repentance of her rudeness and unnatural obstinacy when she has no choice. 

By the law of God and of the King, she ought clearly to acknowledge her error and evil conscience if her blind affection had not so blinded her eyes that she will see nothing but what pleases herself. Mrs. Shelton, I beg you not to think to do me any pleasure by turning her from any of her wilful courses, because she could not do me [good] or evil; and do your duty about her according to the King’s command, as I am assured you do.

the only source i’ve been able to find that’s said mary’s placement in hatfield at all was anne’s choice is alison weir’s the lady in the tower, saying anne ‘vindictively insisted she wait on her’…unfortunately, like a lot of weir’s nonfiction work, it provides no citation or source for this passage.

what makes me think that the mistreatment stemmed from henry is that it didn’t lessen after the execution of anne boleyn, but in fact worsened

“On 15th June 1536, King Henry VIII sent members of his council, led by Thomas Howard, 3rd Duke of Norfolk, to visit Mary at Hunsdon. The aim of the visit was to persuade Mary into accepting her father as supreme head of the Church in England, and acknowledging that she was not the legitimate heir to the throne. However, their idea of persuasion amounted to bullying. Eustace Chapuys, the imperial ambassador, recorded the visit of the council members in a letter to Emperor Charles V:

‘To induce her to obey his commands and accede to his wishes, the King sent to her a deputation composed of the duke of Norfolk, the earl of Sussex (Robert Radcliffe), the bishop of Chester (Roland Lee), and several others, whom she literally confounded by her very wise and prudent answers to their intimation. Upon which, finding that they could not persuade her, one of them said that since she was such an unnatural daughter as to disobey completely the King’s injunctions, he could hardly believe (said the interlocutor) that she was the King’s own bastard daughter. Were she his or any other man’s daughter, he would beat her to death, or strike her head against the wall until he made it as soft as a boiled apple; in short that she was a traitress, and would be punished as such. Many other threats of the same sort did the said deputies utter on the occasion, assisted in their task by the Princess’ governess, who happens to be the same as before, having then and there received orders not to allow the Princess to speak a word to any one, and to watch over her so that she should never be left alone by night or day.’”


the opinion is certainly valid, mine can mainly be summed up here. 

it’s rumored that instructions were given to lady shelton to ‘box mary’s ears’ if she refused to obey, and chapuys accredited the words to anne. but otherwise; i’ve read nothing to confirm it. 

because i’m aware of ives’ potential for bias (he greatly admires anne boleyn), i even looked for opinions from historians that seem to dislike her. g.w. bernard, who theorizes that anne was actually guilty of adultery, still says:

“all these accounts of humiliations and pressures that Mary was subjected to are readily believable, but whether Anne’s part in the them was quite as independent and as decisive as Chapuys suggested is open to some doubt: Henry may have been as responsible as Anne, perhaps more so.

i certainly don’t think anne is a saint; i know she had a lot of flaws. and it’s okay to find find her interesting but not necessarily like her– there are plenty of figures i, personally find interesting without necessarily liking…

anyways! i am curious about the sources from which you read mary ‘was beaten and sworn at by the others at hatfield on orders from anne’. if you’d like to come off anon, i swear i don’t bite– and i’d be interested to read them if you’re interested in sharing!  ❤️

Someone do me a favor and juxtapose how Paul died with how MK died.  Because these writers do know how to write a death scene.  They absolutely do, when they think it matters.  They had an idea, and it was a terrible idea. And they went with it.  You made a mistake, guys.  Amidst so many great choices, I might add.  Other shows have also tried to tell the story of the tragedy of how men do violence to women by graphically depicting it.  And guess what?  That’s not how symbolic capital works.  Another highly charged image of a man with incomprehensible physical power compared with an incomprehensibly frail woman subjugating her to psychological and physical violence and killing her to satisfy his warped ego isn’t a feminist masterpiece.  We have seen ourselves die thousands of times.  You’re just cashing in on the market.  Sorry.  

Nevsky Prospect, Saint Petersburg. Невский проспект, Санкт-Петербург

Pentax ME Super; SMC Pentax M 50mm 1:2; Fujifilm Superia X-tra 400 ISO

Listen to autistic people. 

Don’t support Autism Speaks. Don’t ‘Light it Up Blue’ this April. Go red instead and support autistic people and our voices. 

[ Image Description: A picture with a red background and a rainbow coloured neurodiversity ‘infinity’ symbol in the middle. On the top of the picture, above the symbol, it says in capital letters “Listen to autistic people”. Below the symbol, at the bottom of the picture, it says “#REDinstead for Autism Acceptance”.]

I actually have two versions of this picture. This one and one with an autistic person stimming in front of the neurodiversity symbol. Im gonna post that version as well. 

I wanted to make a picture for Autism Acceptance and anti “autism awareness” this April so here it is. 

the video of people pulling down the confederate flag and the video of someone replacing a county flag with an antifa one are both so incredible. i hope one day theres a time when we can tear down every statue of a slave owner and every symbol of oppression and capitalism


The Other Capitals of the Roman Empire,

What’s the capital of the Roman Empire? Why Rome of course! While Rome was the heart of the Roman Republic and Empire for many centuries, there were actually two other capitals that not a lot of people who aren’t well versed in history know about.  To clarify in the context of this post when I say the “Roman Empire” I specifically am focusing on the Western Roman Empire, not the east and Constantinople. That’s a story perhaps for another day.

So for many centuries Rome was the heart of the Republic and Empire.  However by the end of the third century Rome was becoming less important when it came to Roman commerce, politics, and culture. The population of Rome was decreasing, dropping from 1.5- 2 million in in the 1st century to around 500,000 at the end of the 3rd. During the Crisis of the Third Century, there were many emperors who had never even stepped foot in Rome.  In 286 AD the Emperor Diocletian moved the capital from Rome to Mediolanum, known today as the city of Milan.  At this point in Roman history, the empire was beginning to decline as a result of civil war, corruption, and economic factors.  The relocation of the capital was a result of Diocletian’s reforms to stabilize the empire.  Ever since the times of the first emperor, Augustus, the Rhine and Danube border had always been problematic for Rome as trouble making Germans would often raid or invade Roman territory. Thus under the reigns of Trajan and Hadrian, the empire had developed a system of walls and fortifications to secure the border.  The fortifications of the Rhine and Danube border had always been important in defending the empire from barbarian invaders.  Odds were, if something was going to happen, whether invasion, rebellion, or general unrest, it was most likely going to happen there. Over the decades, the Rhine and Danube legions became more and more important, even deciding the political fates of the empire at several points in history.   By the third century, the Germans were causing even more problems and the arrival of the Goths made the situation even more complex.  Thus the capital was moved to Milan as it was closer to the border, making administration and communication easier.  

By the 5th century, the empire was rapidly collapsing and it was apparent that both Milan and the city of Rome itself was becoming vulnerable to invasion.  In 402 AD, Emperor Honorius moved the capital from Milan to Ravenna. This was a wise decision since the Visigoths would sack Rome eight years later, and the Vandals would sack it again in 455.  A small city along the northern coast of the Adriatic Sea, Ravenna was located in the midst of a delta and was surrounded by a system of rivers and swamps.  Only a few passable routes led to the city, and thus Ravenna was relatively easy to defend, even if few loyal troops were available.  The relocation of the capital also serve another purpose. As the empire crumbled the emperor ceased to be important, with limited powers which were easily surpassed by a large abundance of incompetence. More often then not, the emperor was a puppet of Roman generals such as Stilicho or Aetius, or Germanic warlords such as Gundobad or Ricimer.  Ravenna was a good place to stash the emperor where he was out of the way, allowing for real leaders to take up the job of running the empire. After the fall of the empire, Ravenna would remain the capital of the Ostrogothic Kingdom of Italy, and later the the seat of governorship when the Eastern Roman Empire briefly reclaimed Italy in the 6th century.

Why I find this topic interesting is because the location of the capital symbolically reflects the state of the Roman Empire throughout history.  When the capital was in Rome, the empire was strong, in the midst of its golden age, and it was inconceivable that Rome would ever fall victim to barbarian invaders. After all, the legions were doing a good job of defending the borders and it had been hundreds of years since the Gauls had sacked Rome, way back in the days of the early Republic.  When the capital was moved to Milan in the late 3rd century, cracks were beginning to form in the Imperial system, and the empire was becoming less and less able to fend off barbarian invaders at the border.  However the empire was still strong enough to do something about it, with the emperor commanding his troops and resources from a heavily defended alpine fortress close to the front lines. By the time the capital was moved to Ravenna, the empire was crumbling to pieces, the emperor was typically an incompetent idiot or spoiled asshole, and perhaps it would be best to just stash him away in the middle of a swamp somewhere.

MBTI as Art Majors

ESFJ- Art Education. “Alright, everyone grab some paper and a cupcake! Don’t cry over the broken crayon love, I know you need peach, but you’ll just have to share. Say hi to the school board rep! Wait- TIMMY- PUT THAT PAINT BACK WHERE IT CAME FROM OR SO HELP ME-”
ISTJ- Art History. “If only we could go back to the masters of the Baroque. Do you remember Rembrandt? I do. The Hierarchy of Genres should really be reinstated. Art had standards before Duchamp. It used to make sense.”
ENTJ- Cinema. “Okay, someone hand me the megaphone and clapperboard. We’re going to finish this movie before the deadline and under budget and still win the Oscar for best picture AND give Macaulay Culkin a comeback.”
INFJ- Communication Arts (Illustration). “We’re too commercial for the fine artists, not commercial enough for the designers… *existential crisis* Help. pls.”
ISTP- Craft and Material. “There’s nothing as satisfying as making a simple, well-built table with your own hands. Form follows function, beauty in utility. Also, that wood stain smell is the shit.”
ENFJ- Fashion Design. “Now don’t take this wrong hon, but an Empire waist would flatter you more. But you’re always stunning, even as a hot mess, doll.”
INTJ- Graphic Design. “I wanted to art, but more than that I wanted an income. Wtf! A client requested Comic Sans? Why don’t they ever listen in consulting…”
ISFJ- Interior Design. “Is this space well-suited to the daily needs of my client’s lifestyle? Is it comfortable? How much kitsch can I get away with in this decor?”
ESTP- Kinetic Imaging (Animation). “Dude, I could totally GoPro this action sequence and rotoscope it! Hah! I made the hotdog wink at the little boy.”
INTP- Music. “The perfect synthesis of art and mathematics, beauty and rationale, and harmony and discord. *listens to Mahler 6 on repeat* Genius.”
INFP- Painting and Printmaking. “And this singular green stroke of oil isolated on canvas is symbolic of capitalism and the tragedy of the commons. *begins moaning in contemplative sadness as performance art component*”
ENFP- Photography and Film. “I really tried to capture the personal identities of the subjects in this portrait series. I took like 500 of each, I just couldn’t decide on exposure. Ha, how do you manipulate a photo? Pretend it’s your friend.”
ENTP- Sculpture and Extended Media. “So I’m just going to wing this next piece. Maybe some plaster casts and wire and pipes and lights and mirrors, throw in a readymade. Professor will love it, then I’ll be entitled to debating the shit out of the merits of the other pieces, for fun. Can’t wait for crit tomorrow.”
ESFP- Theatre Performance. “Jeeze, I completely BSed that whole scene, I wasn’t even off book. I was so good when I starred in West Side Story. Looking forward to the afterparty for tonight’s performance- I heard there’ll be karaoke! So hype to kill it with my Hamilton.” 

TRC Goes to NYC!

•DON’T LET RONAN DRIVE IN NYC. Yes, he’d be able to handle the weaving between taxis and has the courage to honk at any slowpokes, but that boy will whip around corners and probably hit multiple pedestrians- and the rOAD RAGE OF NYC WILL GET TO HIM Q U I C K.

•The gangsey walk everywhere and only use the Subway occasionally. Adam and Blue don’t want to spend money on cabs, and quite honestly Gansey would rather walk and explore the city up close anyways.

•Blue LOVES Central Park. It’s vast, beautiful, and has musicians every mile and biking and carousels and castles and lakes and fountains (fun fact: it’s actually designed to get people lost in it). She loves it. It’s full of life and vibrancy, and there’s so much to do! It’s like a vacation within a vacation!

•Blue also loves the Charging Bull and Girl statues on Wall Street, which symbolize capitalism and resistance. You bet she takes a dozen photos there, posing like the girl and mocking the bull.

•They all go to the Metropolitan Museum of Art willingly except for Ronan, who is dragged there and forced to “appreciate the remarkable creations of mankind,” as explained by Gansey

•Gansey, of course, loves the European and Medeival paintings, American Wing, and the Armory- especially the armory.

•Blue loves the variety between the Asian Wing, the NativeAmerican/African/Oceania Wing, etc bc the art is so vastly different?? The abstractness of the interpretation of people really catches her eye, and it’s like traveling the globe all in one building

•Ronan touches everything and is a general Pest and Bother to the security and other guests, much to his smug delight and Gansey’s utter embarrassment

•Ronan secretly loves the sculptures. They’re elegant (like Adam) and have such strong emotions (like Adam). It’s all the opposite of his sharp edges, and Ronan’s fascinated by the perfection of it all, and those marble hands-

•The statues also remind Ronan of dream things asleep

•Adam loves the Egyptian Wing b/c the artwork and hieroglyphs have more of a direct message, kind of like reading tarot cards

•And the lil nerd totally read up on art history the night before they went to the museum, and the amount of facts he spits out during the hour or two they spend there rivals the amount of random facts Gansey spouts every day

“Teocalli Mexicana.”

This is an image inspired by the Teocalli, the throne of Moctecuzoma, carved in stone and today housed in the Anthropologymuseum of Mexico City. At the center appears an eagle seated upon a cactus, the sacred symbol of Tenochtitlan, capital of the Mexica empire. The cactus emerges from the heart of Copil, an ancient magician, which itself is within the body of the earth. This is an image of modern Mexico; as such, this is an image of the modern state, for the eagle on the cactus is today depicted on the flag of Mexico. Thus, below appear the members of the modern state; men and women who are Native American, white, and black, all of whom bend over and sustain the state upon their backs. 

Key to the various ways Lang presented his designs was an evident distraction from commercial elements, which led to an accumulation of symbolic capital to his label. This makes Lang part of a long line of fashion designers who were – and are – involved in sponsorship of the arts and engage with art through their marketing and retail channels … Lang kept the art world close by with various creative collaborations with stylists, photographers, architects, and contemporary artists, such as Louise Bourgeois and Jenny Holzer. The label’s New York flagship store functioned as the built embodiment of this minimalist aesthetic, lined with LED installations by Holzer and sculpture by Bourgeois, forming a crucial part of the architecture … As a branding strategy, this enables a luxury brand to construct an artistic identity that contributes to an obfuscation of commercial operations. Although the stories about his New York shop have taken on mythical proportions, when it is placed into context it was not in fact a rarity as the minimalist spaces of contemporary art galleries had a major influence on store design during that period. Rem Koolhaas argued that minimalism even became ‘the “single signifier” of luxury, aimed at minimising “the shame of consumption”’.

“Helmut Lang: From Fashion to Art and Back Again” by Elisa De Wyngaert

nsda quotes

“this is my sad attempt at drawing a panther”
“that looks like a whale”

“there’s a china shaped hole in my heart that only a nuke can satisfy”

“i say i love you with food”

“why do they have a single eagle in a cage?” “the cage is symbolic of capitalism. the eagle is there because we truly could be free but we are held back by capitalism.”

“i forgot obama was black”

“oh tony got mea blanke- OH ITS AMERICA!”

“my parents might be white but at least they season their chicken”

“im always amazed at how fast the cows can grow their hair”

“trump will no longer think this ideology because he will be dead. negraboru 17”

“id like to beat the dead horses”

“so how are you going to collect these carbon emissions? like, are you going to tie plastic bags to the ends of trucks?”

“i can feel the judges judging me”

“im being sexually assaulted by a chicken utensil!”

“it adds to the effect if you call them mama first.”
“thank you mama tony”

“do you have some porn?”

“if i find a trump on me you will see me doing a dance”

“sorry i threw a spoon at you”

“he actually is a dad and he has a dad our age”

“you are a great point”

“by all memes necessary”

“i mean, even if our plan doesnt work, at least we can pass it and say we tried!”

“i could not care less janice you cretin”

(DISCLAIMER: This is not a Blacksun hate post and should not be treated as one. The arguments made here have nothing to do with Blake and Sun as a romantic couple but are actually a criticism towards the writing of Sun’s character in Volume 4. Ship hate will not be tolerated on this post and will be met with ruthless exposure, scathing retort, and a swift and rotundly abrupt block.)

Honestly, I was heavily disappointed in the way Sun was handled in Volume 4. He was made to be this bumbling, incompetent, clumsy, and clueless fool instead of the confident, capable, blunt, and likeable teenager we had been treated to in previous Volumes.

With Sun visiting Menagerie, there was a golden opportunity for Sun to learn more about his identity and social standing as a Faunus outside of Vacuo. One of the main purposes of Sun’s character (other than being a love interest for her) was for Blake to have someone to talk to about being Faunus. This is evident in three separate occasions.

In Volume 1, we have Blake running away with Sun after her argument with Weiss. During this time, Sun and Blake discuss her identity and motivations, revealing her thoughts and worries about the White Fang. This is an obvious display of the White Fang’s fundamental emotional tie to Blake. 

Later on, we witness Sun and Blake’s differing opinions on the nature of the White Fang. The way Sun calls the White Fang a “cult” that considers itself “holier-than-thou” and Blake’s stares of disapproval are quite telling of the experiences both have had regarding anti-Faunus racism and also reveal much more about how important the White Fang is to Blake. 

The other example of this is in 4x05, when Blake and Sun arrive in Menagerie. Here, they argue about the contrasting symbolic nature of the Faunus capital. Blake asserts that Menagerie is proof the Faunus will never be seen as equal, since they were segregated into an isolated island that is mostly a hazardous desert. In contrast, Sun assures Blake that Menagerie is not a failure and that it is, in fact, a milestone of equality and an achievement of inclusion and Faunus perserverance, reasoning that despite everything, the Faunus have succeeded in raising a land that welcomes anyone and everyone. 

When taking these events into consideration, it is quite clear Sun is meant to be a significant influence in Blake’s life and the viewer’s need for context and exposition to discern the sociopolitical nuances of Remnant. Both of these things are good and compelling aspects of the narrative surrounding Blake and Sun’s dynamic and relationship.

However, it is here where my praises end, and my complaint resumes. 

We don’t get to see Sun learn more about the struggles of the Faunus and the inevitable and natural necessity for the White Fang and grow from his efforts to understand how different it is to be a Faunus in Vacuo from being a Faunus in every other place. Sun does not feel relevant to the Volume at all, and the only thing giving the audience the illusion that his presence is important is having him share screentime with Blake. 

Sun only finally feels genuinely relevant when he prompts Blake into action in a convoluted and uncharacteristic manner; that is being stabbed and shocked by Ilia after awkwardly being caught eavesdropping on a conversation, the latter making Sun seem like a selfish and creepy idiot more concerned with invading Blake’s personal space than actually being helpful. This effectively retcons his established character as a brash individual with good intentions.

In Volume 4, there was the perfect occasion for Sun to learn about the group that advocates for his rights and the rights of his entire race and the kind of social reality they face from two former leaders of the White Fang, Ghira and Kali. Sun’s situation in Volume 4 is essentially yet another rehash of the same old generic trope present in every other dull heterosexual romantic comedy: ”teenage girl brings teenage boy home. Mom likes teenage boy. Dad doesn’t like teenage boy. (Un)hilarity ensues.” His interactions with Kali and Ghira are superficial and stereotypical at best. His interactions with Kali are kept off-screen and his feelings towards the events of Beacon are largely unaddressed. Sun doesn’t seem helpful, and in fact feels like an immutable dead weight.

There is no profound, if any, development for Sun throughout the entire Volume. Much like in Volume 3, Sun is gradually and increasingly reduced into a comic-relief character, straying from his primary purpose as a complement to Blake until the narrative needs him for contrived drama. 

In writing, there are plenty of questions one can ask to determine whether or not a character has been developed fully, coherently, and appropriately. We can use the following to see if character development is a device that can be applied to Sun in this Volume, where his relevance is meant to be essential: 

Is there anything that challenges Sun intellectually, physically, and spiritually, provoking change within him? Does he react to this challenge accordingly? What does Sun learn? How does Sun evolve? How is his agency as a character enforced and respected? Is he any different than how he started? What beliefs does he possess now that he did not have before? Has anything about him changed fundamentally and does he behave in ways that reflect this transition and growth?

In the face of all this evidence, the answer is most likely “no”. 

This isn’t fault of any kind from Sun, but rather the way Miles and Kerry chose to characterize him throughout the Volume. It is here where the problem lies, in a grave writing misstep that cost his, and by extension Blake’s, story arc the gravity it needed and deserved. 

Portraying Sun inconsistently has proved ultimately damaging to both his character and the relationship the audience has with him.