symbiodinium

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Dr Warhol’s Periodic Table of Microbes, The Small Guide to Small Things

93.  Np. Neptunomonas

You can’t look at Neptunomonas and not think about King Neptune, SpongeBob SquarePants, and the great voicing done by John O’Hurley and Jeffrey Tambor. Well, maybe you can, but I can’t. From the name, you can tell that Neptunomonas is a marine organism, and at the moment there are 7 recognized species.

As you know by now, recurring themes in this Periodic Table are that 1) Microbes are tougher than you; 2) Microbes can live anywhere. Neptunomonas is no exception, as it was first discovered in a highly toxic superfund site in Puget Sound happily munching away amid creosote and coal tar contaminated soil and sediment. Creosote is a tarry preservative that gives old-fashioned fishing piers their characteristic scent, in addition to cut bait. More essential trivia is that the general manager of the creosote company went down on the Titanic, and that their treated timbers were used in building the Panama Canal.

The type species (Neptunomonas napthovorans) was first noted to consume naphthalene, the white crystalline solid better known as the stinky stuff in moth balls. Think about that, these microbes eat moth balls. Other species have been isolated in Antarctica (Neptunomonas antarctica), a dead ark clam in South Korea (Neptunomonas concharum) (OK, ark clams are cool because one species has hemoglobin and red blood, unlike other clams), and as a symbiotic microbe (Neptunomonas japonicus) of the tube worm Osedax japonicus that was living on or near the carcass of a dead sperm whale, all of which were unknown until 2006. The symbiotic microbes enable the worms to eat whale bones. And if that’s not strange enough, yet another species (Neptunomonas phycophila) is a triple symbiont, as it is a symbiont of an algal symbiont (Symbiodinium) of the sea anemone (Aiptasia tagetes).

Neptunomonas cells are Gram negative rods typically measuring around 0.7 to 0.9 microns wide by 2 to 3 microns long.

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anonymous asked:

elle we miss you. what have you been up to? what big events do you have coming up? have you received any "downloads" about the current state of our society and what is to come (good or bad) that you'd be willing to share? also, what can you tell us about the United States basically being in the brink of a world war 3? sorry for all the questions!

I love you all too! <3 <3 <3 

Lately I have been all over the place! Chris and I went down to Mexico to dig around in the Mayan ruins with an archaeology group (and hit the beach!)…  then we went back up to California to help engineer new solutions for ocean cleanup, and up to Washington to talk to some fellow Sea Shepherds! Some of us may be speaking in Australia at the end of the year for a world leadership conference of sorts. My favorite part is that a friend and I are working on a biohack that increases the thermal tolerance and pH range of Symbiodinium. =D If we do it right for zooxanthellae (clade D) and deploy it on a mass scale, it could save 80% of the GBR… and of course all the life that depends on it. We’ll start experimenting on our own, but if we go to Australia we can talk to some of the top researchers there face-to-face and see what we all come up with. Other than that, I’m living the life of a Sedonian and aligning with the New Earth! Preparing for my once-a-year Sedona retreat in May where I lead a small group through all of the vortices and sacred sites of Sedona for a week. <3 <3 <3 There are many other exciting plans manifesting- which I’ll share soon.  While I was in Washington I was able to help deliver a lovely family’s beautiful star baby! I use the world “help” very loosely, because the mama totally trusted her body and I didn’t do much of anything besides hand her water and help her in and out of the birth pool. =) Women are so amazing! <3 This is a time of huge shifting… Sedona itself is upgrading. Everything is changing! I am fully appreciating my existence here and honoring this beautiful moment! <3

 There are a lot of highs and lows right now in the mainstream world as problems in society are brought forward. When issues are ready to be dealt with, society tends to “vomit them up”… and not always in the *prettiest* fashion! This is all part of the process of releasing and addressing the things we have swept under the rug for the past few thousand years. The last themes have to be played out. The best thing we can all do right now is IMMERSE. Immerse in whatever it is you want to experience! It isn’t enough to hashtag what we want anymore. It is time to live it all out as fully and excitedly as we can until we can take it no further. =) There can be some bumps along the way depending on your chosen experience, but if you can maintain your preferred state of being with mastery and vision, then these nexus points will actually accelerate you even further into the reality you prefer. Disorientation is common right now because everyone is being dis- oriented from the old reality! “Circumstances don’t matter. Only state of being matters.” Trump is so comfortable in his presidency that he feels safe being who he is… allowing us to see who he is and for us to fully be aware of who we are. Regardless of our preferences toward his behavior(s), we are actually in a great vibratory place. Trump and all those like him will decide on the reality they prefer, while each of us also decides on ours. The shock wave we are riding has the capability of propelling us toward what we prefer if we choose to experience it in that way. So what sort of permission slip is this for you? You have the power to look for opportunities that not everyone sees and view the symbols and paradoxes that take great intuition to notice. Negative outlooks are totally unnecessary now. World war 3 is on a lot of people’s minds, but if just 2 or 3 arise with purity and peace of mind previously unfelt by mankind, war will be no more and only Love will endure. Some are reacting with fear right now, but at the same time, many have chosen to be relaxed and idealistic. We perceive what we are the vibration of. Are you holding the vibration of the big picture? Are you holding the vibration of opportunity? Our civilization is about to have open contact with our galactic family, but first we have to be sprung free of everything we thought was normal. This time is so fertile and free! ANYTHING can happen now and we must be in this state of being in order to create a favorable vibration for contact. The splitting of the 2 major realities (the old reality and the new reality) will be more and more visible as the demarcation “point” of the year 2025 draws closer.

While red and blue states popped up on our map during the presidential election… a tiny red streak made its way down to Arizona! When I saw it, I didn’t feel an ounce of apprehension- only excitement! This situation is great because all of the red states now have a connective link to the Sedona vortex and the e.t. races pumping high frequency energy into this location. This does increase the probability of “sooner” disclosure. Think of yourself as a vortex like Sedona. At certain times you may feel like you’re being bombarded with fear, negative people, and choices out of alignment with what you say you prefer, but you can choose to understand that those things are making loose energy links to you in order to absorb upgraded thoughts and beliefs from you. If you hold the proper vibrational state, you can upgrade everything around you. This is why circumstances do not matter and why state of being does. <3 Allow the new things to come in without creating resistance. It doesn’t matter what things look like right now. All that matters is what you are Being. <3 We are unleashed and our potential is limitless if we choose to live in alignment with this Truth! =D

“Giant Green Anemone” (Anthopleura xanthogrammica)

Also known as the Green Surf Anemone, Green Anemone, Solitary Anemone, Rough Anemone, and the Giant Tidepool Anemone, Anthopleura xanthogrammica is a species of Actiniid sea anemone that inhabits low to mid intertidal zones in the Pacific Ocean, ranging from Alaska to Southern California and rarely down to Panama. Like other sea anemones A. xanthogrammica sports several nemoatocyst lined tentacles which are used to paralyze and capture prey that wanders too close. Phoyosynthetic algae of the genus Zoochlorella and dinoflagellates of the genus Symbiodinium live in the tissue and gut of A. xanthogrammica, in this symbiotic relationship they will provide nutrients to the anemone via photosynthesis (partly giving the anemone its green coloration) and in turn they get a safe place to reside. 

Classification

Animalia-Cnidaria-Anthozoa-Hexacorallia-Actinaria-Nyantheae-Thenaria-Actiniidae-Anthopleura-A. xanthogrammica

Image: Stan Shebs

SKETCHY SUNDAY: Symbiodinium spp.

Corals have developed an important symbiotic relationship with photoautotrophic dinoflagellates, i.e. zooxanthellae, which live inside coral tissue for protection and inorganic nutrients. In return, the algae produce a photosynthate that provides the coral with energy to complete growth, reproduction, and calcification processes.

This is a drawing of an individual Symbiodinium, which populate a coral along the lines of hundreds of thousands per square centimeter.

Drawing by Stacy Peltier, 2013

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The Pink-tipped Anemone or Aggregating Anemone - Anthopleura elegantissima

This anemone is commonly found in the intertidal zone in coastal regions of the Eastern Pacific. The tips of the tentacles in this anemone are often bright pink, but the rest of the body is actually colourless. The green and brown colours are due to microscopic algae living inside its tissues called zooxanthellae and zoochlorellae.

Brown hues are due to the zooxanthellae Symbiodinium californium and S. muscatinei, while green hues are due to the zoochlorella Elliptochloris marina. When the anemone grows in dark places, the algae in its tissues cannot survive, and the anemone remains white.

Pteraeolidia ianthina

…a strikingly marked species of of Facelinid nudibranch which is known to occur among shallow coral reefs throughout the Western Pacific Ocean, from Hawaii to the Philippines, to the waters of northeast Australia and parts of New Zealand. It is also known from the Red Sea. P. iathina is known to feed almost exclusively on hydroids, generally those which contain Symbiodinium spp. These dinoflagellates are “farmed” in the digestive diverticula of P. iathina allowing the sugars they photosynthesize to be used. 

Classification

Animalia-Mollusca-Gastropoda-Heterobranchia-Euthynerua-Nudipleura-Nudibranchia-Dexiarchia-Cladobranchia-Aeolidida-Aeolidioidea-Facelinidae-Pteraeolidia-P. ianthina 

Image: Richard Ling