Remains of a Jewish cemetery in Berezhany, western Ukraine; 2008. x

Before World War II, several thousand Jewish people lived in Berezhany and the city had a rich Jewish life consisting of numerous synagogues and Hebrew schools. In 1941, the massacres by the Gestapo began with 500 Jewish people murdered outside of the city following the Yom Kippur morning service.  These massacres would continue through the war with the last one occurring on 1943, when the Berezhany Ghetto was liquidated by German soldiers.  Up to 2,000 Jewish men, women, and children were killed. Only one, Menachem Katz, survived.  He currently lives in Haifa, Israel and his survival is why we know the story of Berezhany.

I swore never to be silent whenever and wherever human beings endure suffering and humiliation. We must always take sides. Neutrality helps the oppressor, never the victim. Silence encourages the tormentor, never the tormented.
—  Holocaust survivor Elie Wiesel (about the impact of bystanders. This is something we need to act on today)