survival programs

If high school kids are even lucky enough to hear about the Black Panthers, they definitely aren’t hearing about this part of their mission.

In the mid-1960s, the Black Panther Party developed several social programs that provided assistance to not only African Americans, but also poor whites. These were called “Survival Programs.” The above photo is of people receiving food thanks to the Community Pantry / Free Food Program, operated by party members. Other programs included Free Breakfast for Children, community health classes, free clothing, free dental work, free pest control, legal clinics / workshops, tutoring programs, and youth training.

If anyone ever says that the Black Panther Party was solely focused on violence and intimidation, they are lying.

For those who are saying that “iKON had it easy”

WELL, READ THIS AND THINK AGAIN.

In 2013, B.I, Bobby, Jinhwan, Junhoe, Donghyuk, and Yunhyeong competed as Team B on the Mnet reality survival show WIN: Who Is Next, competing against other trainees in “Team A” for the chance to debut as a group. 

Despite lacking public recognition and being younger than Team A, they still did their best putting every bit of effort in each performances and sacrificing any thing possible.

 But they unfortunately lost.

They left us with good songs, good memories, and a favor asking us to wait for them cause they’ll be back soon. iKONICS, remember when team B made us cry during their Climax performance?

Originally posted by hanbeanss

In order to debut, Hanbin, as a leader did this:

And he really did.. YG released one of their songs. It’s entitled ‘Wait for me’.. a song from Team B to us, iKONICS. 

‘Wait for me’ video link:

https://youtu.be/sEJi_Bltlq0

In June 2014, Team B appeared in the reality survival program Mix & Match, a follow-up to WIN: Who Is Next. The aim of the show was to determine the final lineup of iKon. While Bobby, B.I, and Jinhwan were confirmed members, the remaining members of Team B competed against three new trainees; Jung Jin-hyeong, and Yang Hong-seok, and Jung Chan-woo.

And everyone was like “PLEASE JUST LET THEM DEBUT” or “WE WANT TEAM B”… even Bobby agrees.

Their friendship was even at stake at one point. After YG announced that Junhoe, Donghyuk and Yunhyeong should still fight for their place in iKON, they just couldn’t handle their emotions.

While these dramas are happening, Bobby and B.I fight for their titles as idol rappers in SMTM3.

After being dissed and looked down by some of the underground rappers, Bobby eventually won breaking prejudices among idol rappers.

But when we talk about Mix & Match, we can’t forget about this episode when:

1. Due to a lot of pressure by doing Mix & Match and SMTM at the same time, B.I almost broke down. He was incommunicado for almost 6 hours and was found at a park writing lyrics. He said he just cleared his mind. Our precious leader was having such a hard time at the age of 18/19. :(

2. Or when Yunhyeong almost failed to make it in the group. Yunhyeong smiling amidst going through this pain plus Junhoe crying is just….. </3

And after performing their final stages, waiting was our enemy, but eventually, Yunhyeong, Junhoe, Donghyuk + Chanwoo made it.

The painful part about this is saying goodbye to the other 2 members. As the program continued, we witnessed how close they got with each other. It must’ve been hard for Team B. :(

Following several postponements, iKon’s official debut was announced on YG Entertainment’s website for 15 September 2015. That means iKON and iKONICS waited for a year again just to see them on stage again.

I know it’s all in the past now, but whenever you see haters say that iKON had it easy, or iKON is just famous because they’re in YG then you should definitely show this. They definitely don’t know how much iKON worked hard and how much iKONICs waited for them. 

10 Rookie K-Pop Groups To Look Out For In 2017

This year has brought us an incredible amount of new music, new groups, and all around incredible talent. But with the new year right around the corner, it’s time to get ready to usher in even more. Here are ten rookie groups — including the ones who will soon be making their official debut — you can expect to see a lot more of in 2017.

1. K.A.R.D
Making the most unexpected debut of the year, DSP Media’s new group K.A.R.D is a co-ed one already turning a lot of heads with their extremely catchy debut, “Oh NaNa.” The group, consisting of both male and female members, is a venture not often seen in K-pop. And the change of pace is not just refreshing. It’s impressive. In less than three weeks since their debut, K.A.R.D has already garnered three million views (and counting) for their first single. We can’t wait to see what other milestones they’ll reach in 2017.

2. Pledis Girlz
The first girl group from Pledis Entertainment in four years, Pledis Girlz is set to make their official debut in 2017. But the girl group hasn’t been sitting around idly until then. Members Lim Nayoung and Zhou Jieqiong have spent the year promoting as members of project group I.O.I., while the remaining members have dropped countless practice videos showcasing their vocal and dance talents.

In addition to this, the group also released the pre-debut track “We” written and composed by the members. Pledis Girlz is overflowing with talent, and their official debut will definitely be one to keep on your radar.

3. Varsity
Varsity is a 12-member boy group set to debut within the first week of the new year. The group has seven Korean members and five Chinese members, and is aiming for a debut exploding with charisma and power. Coined as a “global idol group,” Varsity also boasts multilingual members such as Seungbo — who will be able to communicate with fans in Arabic, English, Korean, and French. With qualities like that, we can’t wait to ring in the new year with their official debut.

4. Bolbbalgan4
Two years after competing on “Superstar K4,” female duo Bolbbalgan4 made their official debut earlier this year. The duo is already making waves with their single “Galaxy,” which showcases their unique indie style. In addition to the lead single and mini album “Red Ickle,” Bolbbalgan4 has also released a full album titled “Red Planet.”

5. Pentagon
Having dropped two EPs already since their October debut, rookie boy group Pentagon is on no track to slow down. The group is the latest addition to Cube Entertainment’s artist roster, and have already shown their dedication and talent through their survival program “Pentagon Maker.” Through songs like “Gorilla,” “You Are,” and “Can You Feel It,” Pentagon is proving that they can tackle any genre and make a name for themselves in the new year.

6. VICTON
Having debuted only a month ago, VICTON is already separating themselves from the pack with their addictive title track “I’m Fine.” The song feels fresh, yet affectionately familiar with its throwback vibes; it’s also a firm indication of what the group can bring to the K-pop scene in the future. Their first EP “Voice to New World” houses their introduction track “What Time Is It Now,” which makes you anticipate their future concepts and comebacks for the new year even more.

7. Bonus Baby
Definitely one of the more younger groups in K-pop, girl group Bonus Baby will showcase their cheerful image with their debut in the new year. Artists such as NC.A, GP Basic, and NCT Dream have proven that a young age is no reason to overlook true talent, and we can’t wait to see what Bonus Baby will have to offer with their official debut soon.

8. MYTEEN
Seven-member boy group MYTEEN hails from the label Music Works, which notably features Minzy and Baek Ji Young. Former “Superstar K6” contestant and soloist Song Yu Vin is also a member of the rookie group. Although MYTEEN hasn’t made their official debut yet, the group regularly meets fans through “MYTEEN Show” from their official YouTube page and performs in various cities in Korea. 2017 will definitely be the year they make their mark.

9. BULLDOK
Bypassing the usual cute and innocent girl group concept, quintet Bulldok burst onto the scene with a fierce image and an even bolder debut with their single, ” Why Not.” The ladies are ready to claim their spot in the ever-competitive music scene, and with a sound like this, they’re sure to find their true breakout in 2017.

10. VROMANCE
Debuting earlier this year with the funky single “She,” MAMAMOO’s brother group VROMANCE is a fresh vocal quartet worth keeping an eye on. The group features four members with incredible vocals, charisma, and style. In the new year, VROMANCE is set to showcase a different, softer facet of their talent with their upcoming comeback. And if it’s anything like their debut, it’s sure to be breathtaking.

Source

Via @soompi

3

Red Wolf Pups Born in Captivity

Four pups were born this spring in the U.S. at Chehaw Park. Boone and Belle were born on March 29th, and Flint and Faith were born on April 4th. 

These wolves are a part of the Association of Zoos and Aquariums’ Species Survival Plan Program. There is an estimated 100 red wolves in the wild, all within North Carolina in the United States. 200 red wolves, which are in the Red Wolf Recovery Program, live in captivity.

Currently, the program to establish a stable red wolf population is being reviewed for revision or abolition. 

Full article and more images 

Photos by: Chehaw Park

Black people already know they’re poor and powerless. They just don’t understand the nature of their oppression. They haven’t drawn the line from their condition to the system of capitalism. The Survival Programs begin to do that. The people will undoubtedly start asking themselves why the party can do so much with so little, and the capitalists so little with so much. They’ll motivate them to start making some demands - not begging - for shit. And the Man will be forced to make little concessions. The more concessions, the more demands…In other words, the programs are another tactic for revolution.
—  Elaine Brown, A Taste of Power

SCHOOL RAPPER / 고등래퍼

Here’s what we know about the upcoming MNET hiphop survival program SCHOOL RAPPER:

  • 2000+ high school aged contestants tried out for the program
  • Includes MC GREE (Brand New Music), MARK (of NCT), Young B (SMTM), and Luda (SMTM)
  • Qualifying rounds are judged by the program “mentors”
  • Mentors (7):
    • GIRIBOY - SEO CHOOLGOO Team
    • Deepflow
    • Mad Clown
    • Swings
    • YDG
    • Jessi
  • Program emcees (2):
    • Jeong Joon-Ha
    • HaHa
  • Tiger JK will be leading as the music producer for the winner of ‘SCHOOL RAPPER’
  • First episode will air mid-February.
[RUMOURED/UPDATED] Produce 101 season 2 trainee list

So I made a list of Produce 101 Season 2 trainees, including their backgrounds (not all trainees)

*sorry for the mistakes I may had made because I gathered it from a few sources, explains why my heading is *RUMOURED*. Hence, this list is not 100% confirmed (in fact nothing is confirmed). Please tell me if there are mistakes and I would correct it immediately to avoid misunderstanding. Thank u! ✌

✌ = confirmed joining; otherwise, everything else is almost rumored.


BIG 3 (JYP, SM, YG) and notable company’s ex-trainees

Jung Jinhyeong: Ex-YG trainee, participant of Mix and Match, the survival show that created iKON, and quitted the show at last due to the termination of contract with YG entertainment.

✌ Lee Daehwi: Ex-JYP trainee, representing Brand New Music now, 2001 liner

Park Youngju: Ex-SM trainee under smrookies, participant of Super Idol (unsure)

Seoh Daehwan: Ex-SM trainee

Ex-Idol participants

Shin Dongjin: Ex-pledis trainee (prepared to debut with SVT), 2000 liner

Lee Insoo (stage name Jaguar): Ex-member of A6P, participant of BOYS24, 1996 liner

Jung Wonchul: Ex-member of A6P, currently Happy Face Entertainment trainee, 1996 liner

Samuel (stage name Punch): Ex-1punch member, currently Brave Entertainment trainee, 2002 liner

Kim Yongjin: Ex-Underdog member, currently Wings Entertainment trainee, 1997 liner

*some of them may not have left their groups, I’m not very sure. 

Idol participants

Im Joonhyuk: Ex-Day6 member, Member of Be-blossomed, 1993 liner

Kim Sanggyun (stage name A-tom): Member of ToppDogg, 1995 liner.

Lee Woojin: Maknae and vocal of TheEastLight, child actor, 2003 liner

Chan Yul (stage name Yul): Former member of A.T.O, Current member of JJCC, 1992 liner

Choi Hadon (stage name Sangchung): Member of JJCC, 1993 liner

✌ Son Dongmyung: Member of M.A.S.0094, 2000 liner

Seokyu: Member of Pure Boy (IT Entertainment), 1998 liner

Choi Minki (stage name Ren): Member of NU’EST, 1995 liner

Kim Jonghyun (stage name JR): Member of NU’EST 1995 liner

Kang Dongho (stage name Baekho): Member of NU’EST, 1995 liner

Hwang Minhyun: Member of NU’EST, 1995 liner

No Taehyun (stage name Kid Monster): Member of Hotshot, 1993 liner

Ha Sungwoon: Member of Hotshot, 1994 liner

Joo En: Member of AFOS (The Rebel Entertainment), 1996 liner

Jung Dongsoo: Member of Offroad (Kairos Entertainment), 1991 liner        

Kim Namhyung: Member of Offroad (Kairos Entertainment), 1994 liner

Well-known participants

✌ Lee Gwanghyun: Boys24 participant Unit White, eliminated from the show, 1998 liner

Kim Taedong: Boys24 participant Unit Blue, eliminated from the show, 1997 liner

Yoon Yongbin: Could potentially made his debut with EXO but rejected SM, participant of I Can See Your Voice, representing Banana Culture Entertainment (EXID’s label), 1995 liner.

Kwon Hyunbin: YG model, 1997 liner

Lee Hoo Lim: YG model and trainee

✌ Jung Sewon: Kpop Star contestant, Starship trainee, 1997 liner

✌ Jang Moonbok: Superstar K contestant, ONO entertainment trainee, 1995 liner

Jung Shihyun: EXO next door actor, GNI Entertainment trainee

✌ Park Jihoon: AKA the boy who winked in the Pick Me video, Maroo Entertainment trainee, 1999 liner

Kim Donghan: Former member of D.O.B (not the FNC survival program, it’s a dance cover group), 1998 liner.

✌ Byun Hyunmin: Popular online dance cover group K-tigers member, 1999 liner

✌ Kim Donghyun: Brand New Music trainee, Son of South Korean MC Kim Gura

Others (trainees)

✌ Lee Eui Woong: Jellyfish trainee, 2000 liner

✌ Lai Guan Lin: Cube Entertainment trainee, Taiwanese, 2001 liner.

✌ Kang Daniel: MMO Entertainment trainee, 1996 liner

✌ Joo Jinwoo: MMO Entertainment trainee, –

✌ Choi Taewoong: MMO Entertainment trainee, 1992 liner

Yoon Jisung: B2M Entertainment trainee, 1993 liner

Im Woohyuk: Blessings Entertainment trainee, 1994 liner

Yoo Jinwoo: Blessings Entertainment trainee, 1997 liner

✌ Yeo Hwanwoong: RBW Entertainment trainee, 1998 liner

✌ Choi Jaewoo: RBW Entertainment trainee, –

Kim Taewoo: Narda Entertainment trainee, 1993 liner

Choi Seunghyuk: Yuehua Entertainment trainee, 1999 liner

✌ Jungjung: Yuehua Entertainment trainee, 1995 liner (?)

✌ Ahn Hyungseob: Yuehua Entertainment trainee, 1998 liner (?)

Park Sungwoo: HIM Entertainment trainee, 1988 liner

✌ Park Woojin: Brand New Music trainee, 1999 liner

✌ Im Youngmin: Brand New Music trainee, 1995 liner (?)

Kim Taemin: Hanahreum Company trainee, 1995 liner

Hong Eunki: Makestar Entertainment trainee, 1997 liner

✌ Han Jongyeon: Maroo Entertainment trainee, 1998 liner (?)

✌ Kwon Hyub: Maroo Entertainment trainee, 1996 liner (?)

✌ Bae Jinyoung: Jellyfish trainee, 2000 liner (?)

Takada Kenta: Not much known, 1995 liner.

✌ Joo Hak Nyeon: Cre.ker Entertainment trainee, 1999 liner

Ong Sungwoo: Fantagio trainee

Lee Yoojin: Namoo Actors trainee

✌ Justin: Yuehua Entertainment trainee, Chinese

Zhu Zheng Tian: Not much known, but reported from Fujian, China.

WINNER Discusses Comeback Album “Fate Number For” And The Meaning Behind Its Title

WINNER is back with new album “Fate Number For,” and they’ve waited a long time for this moment.

At an interview, they revealed their thoughts on the departure of Nam Tae Hyun, saying, “We can feel his absence, and so can our fans. To make up for that, we tried to raise the quality of our songs. We felt insecure, but we all worked hard to become better artists. We’re confident now. Rather than feeling pressured about how well we do on the charts, we want to enjoy our promotions this time.”

Their comeback track “Really Really” is different from what people are used to seeing from WINNER. While their previous songs like “Empty” mostly gave off a gloomy vibe, “Really Really” is an upbeat track with elements of tropical house.

“We weren’t able to show our bright sides yet, so we wanted to let people feel our youthful energy while we’re young,” they explained, and continued, “We made two songs while preparing for this album. ‘Really Really’ was the first one we made, and then we wrote ‘Fool.’ Both got really good reviews from both our members and our agency (YG Entertainment). Everything happened at lightning speed.”

WINNER’s new track also provides us with the chance to see their dance moves. Before their debut, they had proven their dance skills through survival program “WIN,” but after their debut, they had no opportunity to showcase those moves. They revealed, “Through ‘Really Really,’ you’ll be able to see us dance freely. At the end, there’s a fully synchronized choreography as well, so look forward to it.”

The name of their new album is “Fate Number For,” and “For” is a homophone for the number four. They explained, “It’s a play on words. You could say four is a fated number because we are four members now. You can also take the word ‘for’ at face value and have it mean things like ‘for us,’ ‘for the fans,’ and ‘for the four-member structure.’ You can interpret it in many ways.”

via Soompi

mecherabbit  asked:

Any advice for surviving a PhD program as a young black feminist? Especially when people argue the academy is out of touch with the communities it should strive to serve?

Keep your head down, make sure you have some kind of life outside of your program, find mentors you can trust, whether they are at your institution or not, and remember the end goal.

[ARTICLE] BLACKPINK Treats “K-Pop Star 6” Contestants With Surprise Appearance

Girl group BLACKPINK made a surprise appearance on the sixth season of “K-Pop Star”!

During a recent recording of the SBS survival program, “K-Pop Star” hopefuls Go Ah Ra, Kriesha Tiu, and Kim Hye Rim visit the YG Entertainment headquarters to practice for their battle audition.

When Lisa, Rosé, Jisoo, and Jennie of BLACKPINK suddenly enter the practice room, the three trainees are stunned. Go Ah Ra shares, “I really like BLACKPINK. I’m a fan who watches all their videos and even saves all their photos, so I’m very happy to meet them in real life.”

The BLACKPINK ladies remark, “It’s like seeing ourselves during our trainee days,” and give each contestant a message of advice and support.

Member Rosé, who hails from Australia, also expresses her feelings of empathy with Kriesha Tiu, who has been training in Korea away from her family in the United States.

The episode of “K-Pop Star” with BLACKPINK’s surprise appearance airs on February 12, at 9:15 p.m. KST.

© Soompi

anonymous asked:

who are all the members of just music? i'm new to khh and in that picture you put up about them announcing a new member, i didn't recognize a few of them. sorry to bother you

It’s no problem at all! And I took the liberty of adding names to the photo and under I’ll have a description/fun facts of each one :3

Cjamm. Rapper. Youngest member of JM, joined in 2014. He’s from Jeju and he competed in SMTM3 as well as came in second place on SMTM5. He’s best friends with Bewhy, and taught him how to rap. He’s probably the one of the most popular members of JM since SMTM. Leader of the Crew Sexy Street.

Wook. Just Music stylist. He’s not a musician for them, but just a part of the Just Music Crew as a stylist. Just Music is considered a crew as much as it is a label so he fits right along with them. He’s also Monsta X’s stylist (Just Music and Starship Ent. Artist are really close and their studios are close to one another)

Genius Nochang- Producer. Rap, vocal, album art. Jack of all trades and adds and interesting aesthetic to everything. And was called “The poor man’s Beenzino” because they kinda look similar. Has a song about how perfect CL’s ass is. Speaks English. 

Vasco/Bill Stax- Rap Veteran. He’s been in the underground scene for 16 years. He’s the oldest member of Just Music and he has an adorable little son. He’s recently gone over a revamp of his image and is going by the name Bill Stax. Completed on SMTM3. Speaks English. Was the rap judge for No.Mercy (Monsta X’s survival program) and for Boys24

Blacknut. Rapper. Just Music’s charming but problematic member. He made headlines quite a bit during SMTM4. He’s known as a diss rapper, and he’s made a song literally dissing and cursing out the entire khh scene telling them all to come at him and then he apologized in the song XD it’s honestly one of the greatest moments of khh. Also has a song dedicated to literally loving and wanting to be Beenzino. Despite being walking trouble Swings trusted him to be in charge of JM while he was in the military. 

Yohan. -Producer. Newest member of the JM family. He’s also a guitarist which compliments JM’s style and how they always embrace rock as part of hiphop instead of shying away from it.

Swings. Rapper. Just Music’s CEO. Known as the bulldozer for his hard hitting punchlines and diss tracks. Used to live in the states. Speaks English. Competed in SMTM2, and although he didn’t win was known as the “People’s Choice” Came Back as a judge for SMTM3, and is now a Judge for Rapper School. He was released from military service early because of his mental health.

Giriboy. Producer. Rapper. JM’s little oddball. He’s appeared on a decent amount of variety programs. Does a lot of music for idols. Competed against Cjamm on SMTM3. Was also a judge for No.Mercy, and is currently a judge on Rapper School. Is the only member of Just Music that doesn’t have their Linchpin (logo) tattooed on him. He’s the same age as Blacknut, and Nochang and they’ve all been friends the longest. 

Sail

A/N: This fic just kinda poked at me one night while listening to some tropical tunes. I got to thinking how funny it would be if Inuyasha unluckily found himself in charge of navigating Kagome on the open sea in search for her pod of whales. 2300 words. (Unedited, but will edit soon!)


“You’ll never get the mast up that way.”

Kagome twisted around with an arched eyebrow, surveying the area for the location of the voice. But there was nothing but the gentle crash of waves on the dock, and the black beady eyes of a seagull staring back at her as he stood in wait for scraps on a stained wooden beam. (Which, joke’s on him because she didn’t have money for any snacks today.)

“Over here.”

She moved her head to the right and sure enough there was a man; looking at her with a mix of confusion and…disdain? She blinked twice and then righted herself, trying to place if she knew him or not, (trying to not be distracted by the tanned sleeveless arms crossing his chest).

No certainly not, she’d recognize that silvery white hair (and impressive frown) anywhere for sure if that were the case. There’s no way she’d forget him so easily.  

“I’m sorry do I know you from…?” She hedged, waiting for the man to confirm they were strangers. But then his expression evolved quickly into unexpected disappointment and she worried her bottom lip, second guessing herself.

“No, guess not.” He shrugged almost like he had given up on a very daunting task, then pivoted on his foot to start briskly walking towards a tiny slop of a bar at the end of the boardwalk. Kagome tucked a stray strand of hair behind her ear, only to have it fall back into her eyes.  

“Wait, what were you trying to say?”

He stopped and glanced back with pricked ears.

Keep reading

anonymous asked:

Hi! I'm new in Monsta X world, there are many many videos and I'd love to watch them all but I can't right now, I wanted to know if you had a list of the videos I must watch? from their debut to now

this is a more thorough masterlist of mx videos (updated at the end of last year so it’s not completely up to date!) but i mean… if u just want the main shows (meaning these are the shows that have had… actual funding + planning put into them!) that ppl usually watch when they get into mx is

  1. no.mercy (debut survival program – altho some ppl skip out on this bc it’s Painful lol)
  2. deokspatch (variety/reality: 3 seasons – deokspatch was shot at the same time as no.mercy, deokspatch x follows, and then deokspatch x2)
  3. right now (reality tv show)
  4. monsta x-ray [on their v-live channel!] (reality tv show)
  5. no exit broadcast [v-live] (reality tv show, ongoing)

on top of that i think most people have seen their appearances on 

  • weekly idol (1 + 2 [rookies special eps with other groups], 3 [rush era], 4 [fighter era… i can’t find a working link sgjhsf but it’s episode 297!])
  • the famous fan heart attack idol tv episode!
  • also i would recommend watching the monsta x channel videos, (ch.mx), they’re all on v-live and they SHOULD be mostly subbed!
Soon. pt4 | minhyuk

Member: Lee Minhyuk / Reader
Group: Monsta X
Word Count: 4,100+
Genre/Warning(s): angst, romance, fluff, drama, language.
Parts:  one | two | three | four 

Originally posted by sungyeolwoohyun

Soon.

Everything’s been a blur, what with a new weight of confidentiality having been placed on your shoulders to mix with course assignments and demanding work hours. How could one such as yourself sustain a tight reign over it all?

Responsibility has really wedged its way in your life, and not in the most graceful of ways. Perhaps cutting back on your work hours will offer you a small amount of relief, but you’d miss the digits on your paycheck a little too much to risk it. Not to mention that your tuition, rent, groceries and a long list of other necessary expenses wouldn’t appreciate the split from an income that’s barely decent.

“I feel overworked,” you complain, voicing your exhaustion as you hoist the phone to your ear.

There’s weak laughter that still manages to sound endearing.

“That makes two of us,” Minhyuk mumbles on the other line, devoid of enthusiasm.

Keep reading

10

     Take the fastest and highest flying jet of the day, then strap a rocket engine to it. Most trainer aircraft are meant to be docile and forgiving. The NF-104A surely was not. It was a space trainer, meant to zoom climb to the edge of the atmosphere using mixed power, simultaneously burning its jet and rocket engines. Once at an altitude of more than 120,000 ft, it gave future Air Force astronauts an opportunity to emulate a spacecraft, using reaction control system thrusters in a near-vacuum environment.

     Even today, it remains a simple fact: it’s easy to get yourself in trouble in a rocket plane. The first NF’s rocket engine exploded in flight. Chuck Yeager nearly met his end during the loss of NF ship three. NF-104A 56-0760 was the second of three ever built (pictured above). She remains the only surviving example from the program, mounted proudly in front of the USAF Test Pilot School at Edwards Air Force Base. Her reaction control system was loaned to Darryl Greenamyer and installed on his F-104 which was lost on a civilian altitude record setting attempt. Thus, even the surviving NF had some of her parts destroyed in a crash. Thankfully, in all said incidences, no human being was lost.

     The aircraft stands as a reminder to all who walk through the doors of the USAF Test Pilot School of the glorious trials, tribulations and sacrifices of all who have trod before them. These adventures epitomize the golden age of flight test and the pioneering spirit that flies over the High Desert of California.