When it comes to U-Boat warfare, most people think of U-Boats sinking Allied ships in the North Atlantic. However, U-Boat prowled everywhere, including places like the Caribbean and South Atlantic. One far off area of operations was the Indian Ocean and Pacific Ocean around the waters of Indonesia, the Straits of Malacca, and the South Pacific. Called Monsune Gruppe, the U-Boat force was founded in 1943 when a first wave of a dozen U-Boats sailed to Asia. Submarine bases were founded Penang in Malaysia, Kobe in Japan, and a handful of small repair and supply bases throughout Indonesia. A few Italian submarines also sailed east to join the group, but Italy surrendered halfway through the journey, and the submarines surrendered at South African ports. One Italian submarine that was to be a part of the force, the Cappellini, attempted to surrender but was captured by the Japanese, then turned over to the Germans. Since it operated so far away from Germany, Monsun Gruppe was often dependent on Japanese supplies. In addition, six Japanese submarines joined the group, one of the few instances of direct cooperation between German and Japanese forces.
By 1943, Allied forces had developed tactics and technology to counter submarines. Among them was the use of naval aircraft patrols. Considering that the Pacific Theater was chalk full of carrier based aircraft, the environment for Monsun Gruppe was in many ways more dangerous for the U-Boats than the North Atlantic. As a result of these factors, Monsun Gruppe’s success was modest compared to other theaters of operation. From 1943 to 1945, Monsun Gruppe sank 66 Allied freighters. In addition, the unit delivered small amounts of strategic materials to Japan from Germany. Out of the 44 U-Boats, six Japanese submarines, and one Italian submarine that took part in Monsun Gruppe, 28 were sunk, most by US Navy aircraft. When the war ended, most surviving U-Boats were scuttled, their crew surrendering to the Allies. Six U-Boats were either turned over to or salvaged by the Japanese Navy, all of which were scrapped or scuttled after the war. The Italian submarine Cappellini, then operated by a mixed German and Italian crew, was returned to the Japanese Navy and manned with a mixed German, Italian, and Japanese crew. When Japan surrendered, it was seized by the US Navy, and later scrapped in 1946.
Pairing: Joe Liebgott/’Reader Rating: Teen+ Author: GinaBaker1666 Summary: Easy Company’s field nurse meets her match when Joe Liebgott walks into the aid station, and she realizes there’s always one soldier who’s too sarcastic for their own good. But then again, so is she.
If you asked me the exact date and time I met Joe Liebgott, chances
are I couldn’t tell you. If you asked me where I met him; the aid station in
Holland, D-Day plus 64. It was far from glamorous, and he was covered in dirt
and blood. His own blood. But truthfully, it might be the only part of the war
I don’t want to forget.
We knew all about Operation Market
Garden, that the boys would be jumping into Holland, and we would be right
behind them for support. What a lousy word to use; support. Ever since we made
the jump on D-Day we had done so much more than just support, each of us, just
as much a part of their company as the men.
August 15th (8월 15일) is one of the most significant dates in Korean history. On this day over 70 years ago, Japan surrendered to the Allied forces marking an end to World War II, and the end of 35 years of harsh Japanese imperial colonization and occupation over Korea. During the period of colonization, many Koreans faced vast limitations on their culture, language, and history imposed by Japanese provincial governments that destroyed/removed artifacts, banned Korean culture and customs, and imposed laws that rendered Koreans as second class citizens in their own nation. “Gwang Bok Jeol”, or “The Day the Light Returned” is a national Korean holiday that commemorates Korea’s emancipation from foreign rule, the reestablishment of cultural and linguistic independence, and the recovery of freedom.
[Customs and Traditions]~
Today, August 15th is a holiday where families get together for a nice meal and an evening watching fireworks. Tae Guk Kis are flown from many homes and buildings, and there is a lot of festivity and fanfare. In effect, Korea’s August 15th is very much similar to July 4th celebrated in the United States.
[Korea and Japan Today]~
Despite the passage of many decades since the end of World War II and Japanese occupation, political tension remains high between the two nations (as well as by other Asian nations affected by Imperial Japan). Political/Governmental fumbles revive old wounds and continue to create new ones, but there is hope that the two nations will one day be more at peace with one another and come to a settlement that satisfies both parties.
[Korean Independence Day Vocabulary!]~
독립 (dok rib) independence
자유 (ja yoo) freedom
해방 (hae bang) emancipation
유리 (yoo ri) liberation
태국기 (tae guk gi) South Korea’s flag
(gwang bok jeol)
Korean Independence Day
Hope this helps and happy studying! Stay safe everyone!~
Filipino Bataan Death March survivors mark 75th anniversary
Filipino Bataan Death March survivors mark 75th anniversary
Ramon Regalado was starving and sick with malaria when he slipped away from his Japanese captors during the infamous 1942 Bataan Death March in the Philippines, escaping a brutal trudge through steamy jungle that killed hundreds of Americans and thousands of Filipinos who fought for the U.S. during World War II.On Saturday, the former wartime machine-gun operator will join a dwindling band of veterans of the war in San Francisco’s Presidio to honor the soldiers who died on the march and those who made it to a prisoner of war camp only to die there.They’ll also commemorate the mostly Filipino soldiers who held off Japanese forces in the Philippines for three months without supplies of food or ammunition before a U.S. army major surrendered 75,000 troops to Japan on April 9, 1942.
And he said he was starting to write his farewell letter, because a lot of men did that, and I asked him, ‘Well, were you going to take your own life?
U.S.Tens of thousands of Filipino and U.S. troops
She successfully lobbied California last year to mandate teaching details of the battle and march in high schools.She also collects march veterans’ stories before they die, including the memories of 99-year-old Regalado, who lives in the San Francisco suburb of El Cerrito.When the war broke out, Regalado was a member of the Philippine Scouts, a military branch of the U.S. Army for Filipino soldiers.He and two other soldiers were assigned to feed horses during the march and slipped away when guards were not watching them, Regalado said.A farmer took in the three, even though the penalty for doing so was death. All were sick with malaria.
Despite fighting without any air support and without any reinforcement, they disrupted the timetable of the Imperial Japanese army.
World War II.On Saturday, the former wartime machine-gun operator
Gregory “Pappy” Boyington (December 4, 1912 – January 11, 1988)
Gregory “Pappy” Boyington was an American combat pilot who was a United States Marine Corps fighter ace during World War II. He received both the Medal of Honor and the Navy Cross.
Boyington was initially a P-40 Warhawk fighter pilot with the legendary “Flying Tigers” (1st American Volunteer Group) in the Republic of China Air Force in Burma at the end of 1941 and part of 1942, during the military conflict between China and Japan, and the beginning of World War II.
In September 1942, he rejoined the Marine Corps (had been an aviator before the war). In early 1943, he deployed to the South Pacific and began flying combat missions as a Marine F4U Corsair fighter pilot. In September 1943, he took command of U.S. Marine Corps fighter squadron VMF-214 (“Black Sheep”). In January 1944, Boyington, outnumbered by Japanese “Zero” planes, was shot down into the Pacific Ocean after downing one of the enemy planes. He was captured by a Japanese submarine crew and was held as a prisoner of war for more than a year and a half. He was released shortly after the surrender of Japan, and a few days before the official surrender documents were signed.
U.S. and Japanese photographers taking pictures of U.S. troops landing at Tateyama, Japan (top); vehicles landing at Wakayama Beach, Honshu (bottom).
Following the defeat of Japan, Allied troops landed on the Japanese islands to begin their occupational duties. The invasion of Japan had been planned but the surrender of the enemy made assault landings unnecessary. However, many troops and much of the equipment landed over the beaches.
At the end of World War 2 when Japan surrendered to the U.S., when the emperor of Japan came on the radio to make his announcement, it was the 1 st time the general public of Japan had ever heard his voice. factsource
The Ki-200, Japan’s secret rocket propelled interceptor. Had it’s first test flight in August 1945, and full-scale production was just about to begin before Japan surrendered to Allied command in the pacific. This is an amazing, high-tech aircraft that might have been able to change the fate of Hiroshima and Nagasaki if production had begun just a couple months earlier. Many dozen partially assembled Ki-200 were found in hangers hidden in mountain caves, in the aftermath of the war.