What is the Stratospheric
Observatory for Infrared Astronomy, or SOFIA, up to?
Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy, as our flying telescope is called, is a Boeing 747SP aircraft
that carries a 2.5-meter telescope to altitudes as high as 45,000 feet.
Researchers use SOFIA to study the solar system and beyond using infrared
light. This type of light does not reach the ground, but does reach the
altitudes where SOFIA flies.
Recently, we used SOFIA to study water on Venus, hoping to
learn more about how
that planet lost its oceans. Our researchers used a powerful instrument on
SOFIA, called a spectrograph,
to detect water in its normal form and “heavy water,” which has an extra
neutron. The heavy water takes longer to evaporate and builds up over time. By
measuring how much heavy water is on Venus’ surface now, our team will be able
to estimate how much water Venus had when the planet formed.
We are also using SOFIA to create a detailed map of the Whirlpool
Galaxy by making multiple observations of the galaxy. This map will help us
understand how stars form from clouds in that galaxy. In particular, it will
help us to know if the spiral arms in the galaxy trigger clouds to collapse
into stars, or if the arms just show up where stars have already formed.
We can also use SOFIA to study methane on Mars. The Curiosity rover
has detected methane
on the surface of Mars. But the total amount of methane on Mars is unknown and
evidence so far indicates that its levels change significantly over time and
location. We are using SOFIA to search for evidence of this gas by mapping the Red
Planet with an instrument specially tuned to sniff out methane.
Next our team will use SOFIA to study Jupiter’s icy moon Europa, searching for evidence of possible water plumes detected by the Hubble Space Telescope. The plumes, illustrated in the artist’s concept above, were previously seen in images as extensions from the edge of the moon. Using SOFIA, we will search for water and determine if the plumes are eruptions of water from the surface. If the plumes are coming from the surface, they may be erupting through cracks in the ice that covers Europa’s oceans. Members of our SOFIA team recently discussed studying Europa on the NASA in Silicon Valley Podcast.
This is the view of Jupiter and its moons taken with SOFIA’s
light guide camera that is used to position the telescope.
Transits got me thinking about love again, so here you go, a master post on transits that involve love, meeting people, etc etc (Probably only going to include positive ones). Hopefully I don’t miss any. (keep in mind that these are like, unafflicted aspects so don’t be like “this isnt happening for me” because chances are something is afflicting it or you are literally not taking advantage of the power it’s providing you with)
Mercury Retrograde Increases likelihood of reconnecting with people from your past (can either be a good or bad thing). Especially effective in houses that deal with relationships (3rd, 5th, 7th, and 11th), but really it can happen in any house, like for example, in the 9th house it might be due to traveling that you meet someone from your past.
Venus Retrograde Increases likelihood of reconnecting with a past lover. Again like the Mercury Retrograde, it can be bad or good, depends if you wanna see your ex again.
Venus Transiting Specific Houses
Venus transiting your Third House
A good time for confessing love/reassuring your loved one’s that you love them.
Venus transiting your Fifth House
Increases likelihood of finding a love interest while working in your area of creativity. Finding a love interest during this transit without having to surrender who you are means you can be yourself around this person.
Venus transiting your Seventh House
Helps all relationships, whether it be friends, a lover, or enemies. Expressing love is easier during this time. Increases likelihood of meeting a new love interest as well.
Venus transiting your Eighth House
Relationships that begin in this transit leave big impacts on your life whether they be good or bad. Gives existing relationships closer intimacy and intensity. During this time, you are able to see the whole ocean your relationship represents versus just its surface.
Venus transiting your Ninth House
Attraction for people who are strange or different increases during this time.
Venus transiting your Tenth House
The likelihood of falling in love with someone who’s older or above you increases during this time.
Venus transiting your Eleventh House
Likelihood of falling in love with a friend increases. Existing love relationships may bring in new friendships.
Venus transiting your Twelfth House
Denial of being in love.
Other Planets Transiting the 5th and 7th House
Sun transiting your Seventh House Likelihood of meeting a new love interest during this time is increased. You will also take relationships some what lightly during this time.
Sun transiting your Seventh House A time to discuss with your partner about the importance of the relationship, examine your roles in each others lives.
Moon transiting your Fifth house Emotional experiences with love are brought out during this time. You may also be very protective of your lover during this time.
Moon transiting your Seventh House Relationships and marriage will be important to you during this time.
Mercury transiting your Seventh House A good time to discuss any issues in a relationship.
Mars transiting your Fifth House You’ll be thirsty af. No other way of putting it. Mars transiting the 8th house has this same affect.
Jupiter transiting your Fifth House Expansion and growth in relationships. New relationships started under this transit may be with a person who is dramatically different from you so you can learn and experience new things from them.
Jupiter transiting your Seventh House The topic of marriage runs smoothly during this transit. New relationships started under this transit is likely to be with someone who is older (physically or spiritually) and more experienced in life. They may also come from a different background or country than you.
Saturn transiting your Fifth House A love affair with someone who is either older or younger than you may begin under this transit.
Transiting Venus Aspects
Transiting Venus Conjuncts Natal Sun Makes you appear more attractive to males.
Transiting Venus Trines Natal Sun
Little to no difficulty showing affection towards people. You are comfortable being yourself around love interests during this time.
Transiting Venus Conjuncts Natal Moon
Dreamy romantic moods. You view romance on an emotional plane today.
Transiting Venus Opposition Natal Moon
Desires between you and your loved one to take care of each other.
Transiting Venus Conjuncts Natal Mercury
Increases chances of making good first impressions, especially towards potential love interests.
Transiting Venus Trines Natal Mercury A good time to confess love to someone.
Transiting Venus Opposites Natal Mercury A good time for discussion about the relationship. Communication is important and it will happen during this time.
Transiting Venus Conjuncts Natal Venus Increases likelihood of meeting a new love interest and making new friends. Also a good time to confess love for someone.
Transiting Venus Sextiles Natal Venus New relationships made under this transit are beneficial for the future and most of the time very successful.
Transiting Venus Trines Natal Venus Attraction for considerably beautiful people increases during this time. Lots of unusually romantic encounters during this transit as well.
Transiting Venus Conjuncts Natal Mars People with lots of masculine energy will be likely more attracted to people with a lot of feminine energy and vice versa during this transit. Symbolizes actually seeking out a love interest. Indicates the likelihood of meeting a new love interest. Relationships are very passionate during this time.
Transiting Venus Sextiles Natal Mars Attracts the people you actually want to attract into your life.
Transiting Venus Squares Natal Mars Desires for a more physical relationship is indicated at this time. Not the best for starting a relationship during this time as you will be more attracted to looks than personality.
Transiting Venus Trines Natal Mars Relationships started under this transit will likely last a long time and be satisfying. During this time it is easier to charm people.
Transiting Venus Opposites Natal Mars Likelihood of seeking for casual/sexual relationships
Transiting Venus Conjuncts Natal Jupiter REALLY good for weddings. Love is a celebration when Jupiter is involved.
Transiting Venus Sextiles Natal Jupiter New relationships started under this transit bring out the best qualities in you. Attraction towards people with a very vast mind is indicated.
Transiting Venus Trine Natal Jupiter May attract a new love interest, but might not lead onto anything significant
Transiting Venus Conjunct Natal Saturn Relationships started under this transit are loyal and long lasting.
Transiting Venus Sextile Natal Saturn If you have an existing relationship, you may want it to become more serious during this time. Seeking out new relationships during this transit may make you consider deeply about what exactly you are looking for.
Transiting Venus Trines Natal Saturn Indicates taking relationships seriously at this time. You may seek out someone who is very stable during this time.
Transiting Venus Conjuncts Natal Uranus Unexpected relationships occur under this transit.
Transiting Venus Sextiles or Trine Natal Uranus Attracts casual and unconventional relationships.
Transiting Venus Conjuncts Natal Neptune Sensitive and romantic energy is presented by this transit. Daydreaming or having fantasies about potential relationships in your life. During this time you are willing to sacrifice for your lover.
Transiting Venus Sextiles Natal Neptune Similar to the conjunction, only more subtle.
Transiting Venus Trines Natal Neptune Like the sextile, it carries sensitive and romantic energy in subtle, pleasant ways. New relationships started under this transit feel very spiritual. May make you feel as if you’ve found your soul-mate (whether that be true or if it’s Neptune tricking you). If you are in an existing relationship, it may be time to evaluate whether or not you guys are soul-mates.
Transiting Venus Conjuncts Natal Pluto May make you seek out intense relationships. Meeting new love interests under this transit makes you infatuated and obsessed with them.
Transiting Venus Squares Natal Pluto Emotional transformations generally happen during a transit like this. Could be for better or for worse.
Transiting Venus Sextiles/Trines Natal Pluto Brings intensity to existing relationships; overwhelming feelings for your partner. New relationships started under this transit seem to have some sort of magnetism to them. They are intense and magical.
Transiting Venus Conjuncts Midheaven Good transit for marriage and a good day to confess love to someone.
Transiting Venus Trines Midheaven A good transit for sorting out difficulties and mending a relationship. Time to put everything out in the open and allow love to heal it.
Transiting Venus Conjuncts Ascendant The likelihood of meeting a new love interest during this time is great. It is also a good time to mend broken relationships.
Transiting Venus Trines/Sextiles Ascendant Like the conjunction, increases your chances in meeting a new love interest, but in order to do so, you will need to put yourself out there. Go out with friends, have a good time and then you will be able to seek a new love interest.
Transiting Venus Opposites Ascendant A good day to introduce yourself to potential love interests. Indicates the beginning of new love relationships. Very good time to be going out and meeting people.
Other Transiting Planets Aspects
Transiting Sun Conjuncts Natal Venus You will crave attention during this time and you will do a great effort to get the attention you think you deserve. You may also find a new love interest.
Transiting Sun Sextiles/Trines Natal Venus During this time you are more open to meeting new people and spending time with friends.
Transiting Sun Opposites Natal Venus Brings awareness to how much you need your lover in your life.
Transiting Moon Conjuncts/Trines/Sextiles Natal Mercury A good time to talk about your feelings.
Transiting Mercury Conjuncts/Trines/Sextiles Natal Venus You or someone will confess their love. Also a good time to talk about your relationship with your lover.
Transiting Mars Trines/Sextiles Natal Moon Emotions are intense during this time. Indicates love-hate relationships and tension. You can’t decide if you wanna punch a person in the face or kiss them.
Transiting Mars Conjuncts/Trines/Sextiles Natal Venus Indicates new love interests and physical relationships. Sexual desires run high.
Transiting Jupiter Conjuncts Natal Venus On the rare occasion that a relationship starts under this transit, it is extremely favourable and successful. Also beneficial to existing relationships.
Transiting Jupiter Trines/Sextiles Natal Venus You may feel like flirting with and impressing a potential love interest during this time. New relationships started under this transit are often very significant. The sextile symbolizes a longer lasting relationship than the trine, but you should check other transits to see the success in that.
Transiting Saturn Conjuncts Natal Venus Relationships started under this transit are likely due to fate and bring great significance to your life.
Transiting Saturn Trines/Sextiles Natal Venus Symbolizes a lover with an age difference (physically or spiritually). Relationships will be looked at more practically and seriously with this transit.
Despite its proximity, Venus remains largely mysterious, thanks to its cloudy atmosphere and incredible harsh conditions. A recent study using data from the Japanese satellite Akatsuki revealed an enormous bow-shaped wave in the Venusian atmosphere. The wave appeared at an altitude of about 65 km and stretched more than 10,000 km long, across both the northern and southern hemispheres. Although surface winds on Venus are believed to be small due to its incredibly slow rotation, winds higher in the atmosphere are much faster – so it was strange to observe this wave sitting essentially stationary for five days of observation.
When the scientists mapped the location of wave relative to the surface, they found it was sitting over the Aphrodite Terra highlands, suggesting that this structure is a gravity wave generated by winds interacting with the topography. Similar, albeit smaller, gravity waves are often observed on Earth near mountains. The finding raises questions about our understanding of Venusian atmospheric dynamics and exactly how disturbances from surface winds could create enormous structures so high in the atmosphere. (Image credit: T. Fukuhara et al.; h/t to SciShow Space)
I’ve finally got round to continuing with my series of photos about the planets of the solar system! Next on my list is Venus. Venus is the second closest planet to our home star and notable for many strange oddities. For example, it has a rotational period of 243 days, whilst a year takes just 225 days. It has a diameter of ~12100km, making it very similar in size to Earth. It is often compared to Earth as its so-called twin planet, which may be true for aspects such as mass, size and proximity to the sun, but for almost everything else, they are vastly different.
Report from under the table: Zarathustra the cat have delicious meat on a glass surface under Botticelli’s Ginger Venus #FatCatArt 😻 Healthy treats is essential for beauty even if you are on diet! #zarathustralive #foodporn #venus
Venus Williams did not break the law in fatal car crash - report
A video has surfaced exonerating Venus Williams of being at fault in a fatal car accident last month (Jun17).
The tennis ace, who was involved in a car crash in Florida on 9 June, may now have charges quashed due to a video that has emerged of her driving on the night of the accident.
According to initial reports, Venus, who was driving her 2010 Toyota Sequoia, was struck by Linda Barson’s Hyundai, as the lights changed. The woman’s 78-year-old husband, Jerome suffered severe injuries and later died in hospital.
Venus has since received a court order from the Barson family suing her for wrongful death.
Police originally said Venus was “at fault for violating the right of way,” however, in the new video Williams is seen entering the intersection, under a green light. She paused briefly in the middle of the intersection, when she was cut off partway by another driver turning left, before continuing to drive.
A police statement obtained by ET Online appeared to exonerate the tennis champion. It read, “the vehicle driven by Venus Williams lawfully entered the intersection on a circular green traffic signal, and attempted to travel north through the intersection to Ballenisles Drive.
"The update from the Palm Beach Gardens Police Department and video released today show that Venus lawfully entered the intersection on a green light and was impeded in her progress through the intersection.”
The police explained that a car had cut across the intersection in front of the Wimbledon star and made a left turn, forcing her to stop at the intersection to avoid a collision. The crash happened when she legally began to continue her journey.
Venus’ attorney, Malcolm Cunningham responded to the police statement saying that she was “grateful for the continued diligence and efforts of the Palm Beach Gardens Police Department in its investigation” and added that she was “deeply saddened” by the loss suffered by the Barson family and she continued to keep them in her “thoughts and prayers”.
The libra glyph ♎ can look like a sunset over the horizon, like it rises in the first house ruled by Aries (rising sign) and sets in Llibra’s seventh house (descending sign) It’s by no mistake that the Libra symbol that illustrates the scales also portrays a mirror resting on a vanity table. This is the Libra/7th house reflective surface. ♎. The Venus glyph also reveals a handheld mirror ♀, and this symbolism demonstrates the illusive and tricky seventh house as the bewitching reflective surface, clear as the crystal air that flows through Libra. The seventh house is how we become aware of ourselves.
So @saisai-chan and I were talking about awesome space stuff and it bled into talking about BNHA, which led to this - BNHA characters as symbolic celestial *SPACE* objects. We’re just… Really enthusiastic about space…..
All Might - Sun. Center of everything, provides life/energy to the solar system, largest celestial body in solar system. (All Might’s influence.) Also protects the solar system from objects from outside the system. (Again, his influence, symbol of peace, number one hero)
Midoriya Izuku - Earth. Has life on the planet, the only planet bestowed with life thanks to the sun. (KINDA LIKE… ONE FOR ALL)
Bakugou Katsuki - Venus. Zero chill, greenhouse effect, VOLCANOES EVERYWHERE (which contributes to erosion and therefore makes the surface very “new” - lowkey nod to Mama Bakugou’s quirk glycerin, making her eternally youthful), atmosphere that burns up pretty much everything before it can actually hit Venus’ surface (kinda like how Bakugou doesn’t really get close to people that much; they are often repelled/intimidated by his attitude). Secondary Atmosphere is almost entirely CO2 - because its temperatures are so high, water could never condense and bring CO2 to the crust. Venus never underwent the change that Earth and Mars had, remaining as it did with greenhouse effect => high temperatures; it never cooled off. (Bakugou is stubborn, change is very slow, still hot-headed with zero-chill af)
Uraraka Ochako - Saturn. Lots of gravity, really pretty to look at, can float on water (average density is less than water).
Todoroki Shouto - Mars. Cold and Red, Mars had a secondary atmosphere like Earth’s at one point - lost Primary Atmosphere like all the terrestrials, gained a secondary like Earth’s (caused by water condensing and falling to the crust, bringing CO2 with it). Suspected to have been substantially warmer earlier on in its life. As its core continues to cool, the planet itself cools.
Kaminari Denki - Uranus. Only planet that’s tilted on its side (he’s a dork), looks plain and boring but actually isn’t. (Kaminari seems like a joke character at first but hey! He has a personality too, has friends, cares about them, will defend them. He’s more complex than he looks, even though it isn’t much) Also, storm planet. (Electricity, lightning. Fire + wind, Bakugou and Kaminari)
Kirishima Eijirou - Neptune. Water planet, a pair with Uranus. (Kinda like a complimentary opposite of venus - water + lava (from venus) makes land, land = life (Bakugou, Kirishima, and Kaminari), goes from Raging Inferno to HOPE.)
Tokoyami Fumikage - Pluto probably. Because it’s the edgiest celestial body in our solar system, furthest from the sun (darkness aesthetic). Has a giant heart-shaped mark on its surface. (He’s a dork and not nearly as cool and edgy as he thinks.)
Todoroki Enji - Jupiter. Second largest object in the solar system, right behind mars, separated by asteroid belt. Extreme pressure (expectations on others/daunting presence) and multiple natural satellites (his own following, influence in the world). Big Red Spot. Jupiter’s coriolis effect/numerous wind cells (this guy has some inner conflicts and issues, man). Protects the Earth and inner planets but also kinda directs some asteroids towards us.
Todoroki’s Mom - Frost Line. (FROST. ICE QUIRK.) Located in the Asteroid Belt, not an actual object (we’ve only seen her, like, twice? She is Elusive), but a distance from the sun, separation between the terrestrials and Jovians. SEPARATES MARS FROM JUPITER. (she tried to protect Todoroki from Enji before)
Midoriya Inko - Ceres. Dwarf Planet, named after goddess of fertility and motherhood. (kind of out there away from the focal point; a little forgotten sometimes but also not)
Izumi Kouta - Moon. Created literally after a celestial object collided with earth. (“sorry I punched you in the dick”) Controls the tides (Kouta controls water)
Shigaraki Tomura - Mercury. Fully-formed planet before, but as it died, it’s liquid core shrank - causing wrinkles on its surface as the crust collapsed on itself. Dead, metal, and flakey. (His wrinkles. He could have had a bright future, but it died.) BUT ALSO NOT AS DEAD AS WE THOUGHT. Literally a recent finding. (Still has surprises for us, he is still a Mystery)
AfO - Black Hole. (Maybe his brother = a smaller star that turned into a white dwarf, while he = a black hole.) Giant black hole at the center of the Milky Way. (headcanon, but AfO is integrated in society in various ways without the government/hero associations knowing. He is old and influential, is a massive force. Like a black hole at the center of the galaxy)
Villains/League of Villains - Oort Cloud. Cluster of debris that surrounds the solar system; is kept at the far reaches of it. (Villains are the rejects of society, they try to stay as far away from All Might as possible)
Other students in Yuuei - Asteroid Belt.
Yuuei/Japan - Solar System. (has all of this stuff)
EXCERPT FROM CHAT (b/c I think it’s funny):
saisai-chan: YE AH i imagine the solar system is like either UA or japan specifically since AFO is the giant black hole at the center of the galaxy
athanatosora: And honestly, AfO at the center - I have seen and have too many headcanons that he is integrated in society in various ways without the heroes knowing. He is too old and influential to not be
The seventh house is where two become one, in marriage, friendship, or relationship. It’s being active socially, dating, romance, equality, and forming long lasting bonds with other people. Libra rules the seventh house and the music of Venus plays through the seventh house hall of mirrors. And it can be easy to lose your sense of self under the guise of Libra. In the 6th house we realise that other people have needs and we can accommodate them. In the 7th house we realise that we need other people, because they fill the empty spaces in us, they cast a light in the shadow, they give us the semblance of completion. Planets in the seventh house are at risk of losing their intrinsic
essence, their archetypal power, because they get lost in projection,
they get lost in the swirls of other people’s identity, opinions, and
values. It’s all about reflections with the 7th house. Mercury in the seventh can parrot the thoughts and opinions of their partner, while the Moon in the seventh can reflect their partners emotions, and not even be conscious of the fact. It’s by no mistake that the Libra symbol that illustrates the scales also portrays a mirror resting on a vanity table. This is the Libra/7th house reflective surface. ♎. The Venus glyph also reveals a handheld mirror ♀, and this symbolism demonstrates the illusive and tricky seventh house as the bewitching reflective surface, clear as the crystal air that flows through Libra. The seventh house is how we become aware of ourselves.
The seventh house can also be deceptive because it lures us into love before we understand on deep, intrinsic Plutonian levels who we really are inside. We may project our needs onto others and expect prospective partners or friends to remedy them. The Sun in the seventh may project her tremendous need for approval onto her loved ones and become demanding. With the seventh house projection individuals see pieces of themselves everywhere, and they also sense holes in their lives that people used to fill. It’s for this reason the seventh house can also represent the qualities in others that we attract. So that 7th house Sun person may be drawn to somebody who is very confident and affirms their importance in the world. We want to integrate these qualities, but can also mean that we embody these traits completely, and so lose the radiance of the sun all together. Bill Herbst also talks about the risk of idealising, and creating an image of the partner in our mind that is clouded by Libra delusion. Some people have a planet in the seventh house. Everybody has a sign in Venus and a sign on the 7th house cusp.
Venus is a hostile world, with average temperatures of 870 degrees fahrenheit (or 465 degrees celsius) and the mostly carbon-dioxide atmosphere is 92 times heavier than what we experience here on earth.
The Soviet spacecraft Venera-9 made a successful Venus landing on October 22, 1975 and returned black and white images of the terrain.
Venera-12 landed on Venus on December 21, 1978, and Venera-11 landed on December 25. All of the color panoramic cameras failed, due to atmospheric pressure.
The descent module of Venera-13 landed on Venus on March 1, 1982. Two optical-mechanical cameras repeatedly scanned 180° or 60° through clear and colored filters and at higher resolution than the Venera-9/10 system.
Venera-14 arrived four days after Venera-13, and its descent module landed on March 5. It remained in contact with the flyby module for 57 minutes.
The twin orbiters, Venera-15 and Venera-16, carried out the first high resolution survey of the surface of Venus, using synthetic aperture radar and radar altimetry. Surveying took place from November 11 1983 to July 10 1984, covering the northern cap of the planet down to about 25° latitude.
Images of the Venera-9 lander, which survived only 53 minutes before succumbing to the heat and pressure of Venus’ atmosphere, can be seen »here.