surah an nisa

وَاعْبُدُوا اللَّـهَ وَلَا تُشْرِكُوا بِهِ شَيْئًا ۖ وَبِالْوَالِدَيْنِ إِحْسَانًا وَبِذِي الْقُرْبَىٰ وَالْيَتَامَىٰ وَالْمَسَاكِينِ وَالْجَارِ ذِي الْقُرْبَىٰ وَالْجَارِ الْجُنُبِ وَالصَّاحِبِ بِالْجَنبِ وَابْنِ السَّبِيلِ وَمَا مَلَكَتْ أَيْمَانُكُمْ ۗ إِنَّ اللَّـهَ لَا يُحِبُّ مَن كَانَ مُخْتَالًا فَخُورًا

“Worship Allah and join none with Him in worship, and do good to parents, kinsfolk, orphans, Al-Masakin (the poor), the neighbour who is near of kin, the neighbour who is a stranger, the companion by your side, the wayfarer (you meet), and those (slaves) whom your right hands possess. Verily, Allah does not like such as are proud and boastful;”

(Sūrah an-Nisa, 4:36)

O Mankind, the Messenger has come to you with the truth from your Lord, so believe; it is better for you. But if you disbelieve - then indeed, to Allah belongs whatever is in the heavens and earth. And ever is Allah Knowing and Wise.

-Surah An-Nisa | 4:170.

hifsahmahmood  asked:

I'm not against the idea of many wives, but was just wondering why men get married so many times and why it's allowed just to increase my knowledge and tell my friends it's okay to marry again ! -.-

Salam Elikum

Does Islam encourage polygamy? The answer is No. Islam merely allows it, but does not encourage it.

Firstly, most Muslim men do not get married so many times. Some people incorrectly assume that most Muslim men would have four wives. However, as Huston Smith points out, “multiple wives are seldom found in Islam today” (The World’s Religions, p. 252). Ira Zep p, Jr. says that “less than 2% of Muslim marriages are polygamous” (A Muslim Primer, p.180).

Secondly, Islam isn’t the only religion to allow polygamy. In the words of non-Muslim writers:

‘Although it is found in many religious and cultural traditions, polygamy is most often identified with Islam in the minds of Westerners. The Qur'an and Islamic Law sought to control and regulate the number of spouses rather than give free license. The Qur'an permits a man to marry up to four wives, provided he can support and treat them all equally. Muslims regard this Qur'anic command as strengthening the status of women and the family for it sought to ensure the welfare of single women and widows in a society whose male population was diminished by warfare, and to curb unrestricted polygamy’ 

(John Esposito: Islam the Straight Path, p.97).

‘We have to see the ruling about polygamy in context. In seventh-century Arabia, when a man could have as many wives as he chose, to prescribe only four was a limitation, not a license to new oppression. Popular films like Harem give an absurd and inflated picture of the sexual life of the Muslim sheikh which reveals more about Western fantasy than it does about the reality’

(Karen Armstrong, Muhammad: A Western Attempt to Understand Islam, Victor Gollancz Ltd., 1991, p.190-191).

Thirdly, yes our Prophet Muhammad (SAW) did follow this practice. There were reasons for this. This was a practice used to strengthen ties with people of other tribes. By getting married to a woman of a certain tribe or family, the Prophet not only improved but also strengthened his relationships with the various tribes of Arabia (in the era of the Prophet, Arabia was a land where people strongly identified with their tribe and good relationships between tribes often meant military support and peace between 2 tribes – the identification with a certain tribe in the past can be likened to ‘nationality’ in the present day, where ones passport often dictates their chances for success/failure in their life!). Secondly, the Prophet re-married widows to support them and give them the financial protection and safety that a women in that day and age required.  

Fourthly, the Qur'an stipulates that a man is responsible for the maintenance of his wife or wives. If a man has more than one wife, he has to provide separate living accommodation for each of his wives. Multiple marriages are a heavy responsibility on the male. It is not a pleasure trip as some people may assume. Some even imagine all kinds of sexual exploits involving a man and his wives altogether. However, such activity is not permissible in Islam. A man must divide his time equally among his wives. If a man cannot maintain absolute justice in the treatment of his wives, the Qur'an stipulates that he is to have no more than one wife.

Fifthly, polygamy provides a solution to problems faced by women in a war-stricken land. When there is a shortage of men, for example after a devastating war, many women will lose their husbands and become widows. Most women in that situation, given the option, would rather be a co-wife than no wife. Many may argue against the idea of polygamy but go ask a widow sitting in a tent set up for refugees whether she would prefer being a second wife to a man (so that she has the physical and financial protection she and her children need to survive in a dangerous, life threatening environment) or if she would prefer being handed leaflet stating her ‘rights’.

It is strange how today’s society has no problem accepting sex without marriage; homosexuality; same sex marriages; sex without responsibility; children without fathers; and divorces are more common place than the measles or chicken pox. Yet, there is no tolerance for marriage between a man and a woman if it is not on their terms. In many societies it is common for a man to have mistresses and/or multiple extra-marital affairs, in which case, the woman leads a disgraceful, unprotected life. According to some recent researchers, up to 70% of men cheat on their partners. The same societies, however, cannot accept a man having more than one wife, in which women retain their honourable, dignified position in society and lead a protected life.

I hope I was able to answer your question. This answer has been obtained from multiple sources. This is by no means a comprehensive answer so feel free to continue researching and dig deeper on this topic. You may not agree with some of the content in this answer and that’s ok. It’s probably because I am personally not very educated on this subject and the answer above is a result of limited research. Also, if someone asks you about polygamy, a non-muslim for example, its ok to say ‘I don’t know the answer to that’ if you genuinely do not know the answer. It’s ok to not know everything all the time.  

‘And if you fear that you will not deal justly with the orphan girls, then marry those that please you of [other] women, two or three or four. But if you fear that you will not be just, then [marry only] one or those your right hand possesses. That is more suitable that you may not incline [to injustice].’ (Surah An-Nisa : 2-3)

Sources:

audimus-vox-populi  asked:

Hello there! I am a kafir, but I have a strong theological interest in learning about Islam and particularly sharia law. I was wondering what your opinion on sharia law is, in terms of what role it has to play in the modern world and in democratic nations. As a set of laws that is reportedly misogynistic, homophobic and more violent than secular law in most western countries, how can Muslims who wish to follow sharia be accounted for in the west? Should sharia be changed or reformed? Thank you!

Hello there. Firstly thank you for messaging. It’s always nice hearing from people who have questions and seek more understanding in general. I think the first thing to note is that there is no changing or adaption of the rules of shariah law as it is set and founded by God and the Prophet Muhammed’s example.

Sharia law is derived from The Quran and the Authentic Narrations of the Prophet Muhammed. I think Sharia law is the ultimate justice system, contrary to what people who lack understanding in that system may say.  It gives rights to all people. Even the US Supreme court honoured Prophet Muhammad as one of the greatest impacts on law in the world in 1935. The law he propagated: equality before the law; Innocent until proven guilty; The right to counsel etc was why they honoured him as one of the 18 greatest lawgivers in human history.

Islam is also recognized in the Library of Congress as being one of the 11 or 12 most influential and important contributors to civilization.

Harvard Law School posted a verse of the Holy Quran at the entrance of its faculty library, describing the verse as one of the greatest expressions of justice in history.

Verse 135 of Surah Al Nisa (The Women) has been posted at a wall facing the faculty’s main entrance, dedicated to the best phrases articulating justice:

“O you who have believed, be persistently standing firm in justice, witnesses for Allah , even if it be against yourselves or parents and relatives. Whether one is rich or poor, Allah is more worthy of both. So follow not [personal] inclination, lest you not be just. And if you distort [your testimony] or refuse [to give it], then indeed Allah is ever well acquainted with what you do.”

Under Islam in 841 CE, Fatima al Fihri under the Caliphate built the first university. She opened the al-Qarawiyin in Fez, Morocco. Many subjects including the sciences were taught there.

In the West the fight for women’s rights and education saw the emergence of the first university in the US in 1821 and in 1841 women were formally allowed to teach at universities.

The wrongs and mistakes people fall in to are judged based on how they enact them and how they affect the society around them. What people do in the privacy of their own homes is their business. If they start to spread and propagate vice etc. that is where it becomes problematic for society and that is judged accordingly.

I hope that this helps towards your understanding and please feel free to message my any time. May Allah guide you to this beautiful religion which only ever improves a sincere person.


يُرِيدُ اللَّهُ أَنْ يُخَفِّفَ عَنْكُمْ ۚ وَخُلِقَ الْإِنْسَانُ ضَعِيفًا

And Allah wants to lighten for you [your difficulties]; and mankind was created weak

Surah 4. An-Nisaa, Ayah 28

DAILY DUA

Dua of the sick person who is close to death #1

اللَّهُمَّ اغْفِرْ لِي وَارْحَمْنِي وَأَلْحِقْنِي بِالرَّفِيقِ الأَعْلَى

Translation

O Allah, forgive me, have mercy upon me and unite me with the [highest] companions.

Notes:
*“the highest” in the dua, is mentioned in other sources such as Sahih Ibn Hibban No# 6618.

*The “highest companions” refer to those revealed in the Quran in Surah Nisa

“And whoso obeys Allâh and the Messenger (Muhammad SAW), then they will be in the company of those on whom Allâh has bestowed His Grace, of the Prophets, the Siddiqûn (those followers of the Prophets who were first and foremost to believe in them, like Abu Bakr As¬Siddiq radhiallahu'anhu), the martyrs, and the righteous. And how excellent these companions are!” (69)

Transliteration

allaahumm-aghfir lee war-ḥamnee wa alḥiqnee bir-rafeeqil-a‛laa

Sources: Bukhari No# 4440, 5674; Muslim No# 2444; At-Tirmidhi No# 3496

O you who have believed, it is not lawful for you to inherit women by compulsion. And do not make difficulties for them in order to take [back] part of what you gave them unless they commit a clear immorality. And live with them in kindness. For if you dislike them - perhaps you dislike a thing and Allah makes therein much good.
—  Surah An-Nisa’ 4:19

Have you not seen those who claim to have believed in what was revealed to you, [O Muhammad], and what was revealed before you? They wish to refer legislation to Taghut, while they were commanded to reject it; and Satan wishes to lead them far astray.

Surah An-Nisa [4:60]

Toh cuma titipan, toh cuma mampir

Kebiasaan unik yang mungkin sering gw lakuin pas lagi naik motor sendirian itu … bengong! Hahaha, bukan dalam arti sebenarnya tapi lebih dalam arti merenung. Pagi tadi gw ikut kajian tafsir Quran di masjid deket kosan yang ngebahas soal ayat 32 surah An Nisa, yang poinnya adalah larangan dalam hasad dan iri hati. Sejenak ingat ama beberapa temen yang bisa dibilang “wah” dalam urusan karir, gede pendapatannya, gampang nemu jodohnya (uhhuk), lalu sadar kalau hati ini kadang ngerasa iri ama apa yang mereka punya.

Sepanjang jalan sewaktu naik motor sore ini, gw coba buat ngeinget inget lagi perasaan iri yang pernah muncul di hati gw terhadap karunia yang Allah kasih buat temen-temen gw. Gw ngerasa bahwa apa yang gw punya masih kurang, masih jauh dari mereka, terutama urusan dunia. Kerja di perusahaan yang udah stabil, gaji gede, eh udah ketemu calon pulak. Sejenak gw lupa ama diri gw sendiri karena terlalu fokus ama orang lain. Gw lupa buat bercermin ngelihat apa yang udah Allah kasih, tapi belom tentu dimiliki ama temen-temen gw tadi. Karena karunia Allah bukan hanya berupa materi, jabatan, karir yang bagus, atau bahkan sekedar ketemu jodoh. Lu bisa pindah dari “bising” nya Jakarta, ke kota yang tenang ini (Jogja) juga sebuah nikmat. Dapet kantor dan kosan yang deket dengan masjid yang sering ngadain kajian itu juga sebuah nikmat. Bisa bangun di pagi buta, lalu sejenak jalan ke masjid untuk shalat subuh itu juga nikmat. Padahal sebaik baiknya nikmat adalah nikmat iman, nikmat ditempatkan di tempat yang baik buat beribadah, urusan dunia itu nomor kesekian. 

Selain itu, sadarkah bahwa jabatan, gaji, atau jodoh sekalipun itu semua cuma titipan yang Allah kasih saat kita mampir di dunia. Saat kita mati, gak ada satupun yang akan kita bawa atau mau menemani kita di dalam kubur yang gelap. Karena cuma titipan, yang setiap saat bisa diminta kembali ama Allah, lalu untuk apa kita terlalu membanggakannya? untuk apa kita terlalu mencintainnya? Toh semua ini milik Allah.

- Renungan sore
Jogja, 6 Mei 2017

Hey I want to ask you guys, why in surah - Al nisa (4) there is “But those [wives] from whom you fear arrogance - [first] advise them; [then if they persist], forsake them in bed; and [finally], beat them”
I mean: Islam allows to beat woman?

وَاللَّهُ أَعْلَمُ بِأَعْدَائِكُمْ ۚ وَكَفَىٰ بِاللَّهِ وَلِيًّا وَكَفَىٰ بِاللَّهِ نَصِيرًا

Allah knows your enemies very well. Sufficient is Allah to protect you, and Sufficient is Allah to help you.

Surah 4. An-Nisaa, Ayah 45

Allah will judge between ALL OF US

Those who wait [and watch] you. Then if you gain a victory from Allah, they say, Were we not with you? But if the disbelievers have a success, they say [to them], Did we not gain the advantage over you, but we protected you from the believers? Allah will judge between [ALL OF] you on the Day of Resurrection, and never will Allah give the disbelievers over the believers a way [to overcome them].

Surah An-Nisa [4:141]

When a Woman is Forced To Remove her Hijab

Question:
In some countries a Muslim woman may be forced to remove her hijab, particular, her head covering. Is it permissible for her to acquiesce to this, bearing in mind that if a woman refuses, a punishment will be inflicted on her, such as being discharged from work or expelled from school?

Answer:
This affliction, which is being imposed in some countries, is one of the trials to which a slave is subjected, and Allah, the Most High, says,

“Alif, Lam, Meem. (These letters are one of the miracles of the Qur'an, and none but Allah (Alone) knows their meanings.) Do people think that they will be left alone because they say, "We believe,” and will not be tested? And We indeed tested those before those who were before them. And Allah will certainly make (it) known (the truth of) those who are liars, (although Allah knows all that before putting them to test).“

(Surah Al ‘Ankaboot 29:1-3)

In my opinion, Muslim women in these countries must refuse to obey this detestable order made by the authorities, because obedience to such a detestable order by those in authority is rejected. Allah, Most High says,

"O, you who believe! Obey Allah and obey the Messenger (Muhammad ), and those of you (Muslims) who are in authority.”

(Surah An-Nisa’ 4:59)

If you consider the verse, you will observe that He says.

“Obey Allah and obey the Messenger (Muhammad ) and those of you (Muslims) who are in authority.”

(Surah An-Nisa’ 4:59)

and you will see that He does not say"… and obey those of you (Muslims) who are in authority.“ This proves that obedience to those in authority is subject to obedience to Allah and obedience to His Messenger (sallAllaahu 'alayhi wa sallam), so is their order conflicts with obedience to Allah and His Messenger (sallAllaahu 'alayhi wa sallam), then such orders, which conflict with the obedience to Allah and His Messenger (sallAllaahu 'alayhi wa sallam) should not be heeded or obeyed, for

"There can be no obedience to any creature in disobedience to the Creator.”

[Narrated by Al-Bukhari and Muslim]

Any harm which afflicts a woman as a result of disobedience to the rulers in this matter is something, which necessitates that she patiently perseveres and seeks help from Allah in exercising such fortitude. We ask Allah to guide those in authority to the Truth. But, I do not think that this coercion is forced on a woman, except when she goes out of her house. But, if she is in her house, she will not be subjected to this coercion. So, it is possible for her to remain in her house, so she can escape this order.

As for her studying which entails disobedience (to Allah and His Messenger (sallAllaahu 'alayhi wa sallam), it is not possible. It is only incumbent on her to learn what she needs to know to practice her religion and to carry out her role in this life. This is sufficient for her and in most cases, she can learn this in her house.

— Shaykh Saalih ibn Uthaymeen (rahimahullaah)

[Taken from the Book, The Treatise on Hijab by Shaykh Uthaymeen (p. 89). Transcribed By Sister Umm Hamam As Salafiyyah (may Allaah preserve her)]