surah al ma'idah

وَتَعَاوَنُوا عَلَى الْبِرِّ وَالتَّقْوَىٰ ۖ وَلَا تَعَاوَنُوا عَلَى الْإِثْمِ وَالْعُدْوَانِ ۚ وَاتَّقُوا اللَّـهَ ۖ إِنَّ اللَّـهَ شَدِيدُ الْعِقَابِ

“And help you one another in righteousness and piety, but do not help one another in sin and transgression.”

(Surah Al Maa’idah, 5:2)

(يأيها الذين امنو عليكم انفسكم)

“Take care of your souls.”

— Surah al Ma'idah  5:105 

(“وَقُولُوا لِلنَّاسِ حُسْنًا)

“And speak to people kindly.

— Surah al-Baqarah 2:83

( وبالوالدين إحسانا )

“And to parents do good.”

— Surah al-’Isra’  17:23 

Seven Qualities that Allah Loves...

Seven Qualities that Allah Loves…

1. Tawbah (Repentance)… “For Allah loves those who turn to Him constantly (in repentance)” [Surah Al Baqarah 2:222]

2. Taharah (Purification)… “Allah loves those who keep themselves pure and clean.” [Surah Al Baqarah 2:222]

3. Taqwa (Piety)… “For Allah loves the righteous (the pious).” [Surah Al Tawbah 9:4]

4. Ihsan (Goodness & Perfection)… “For Allah loves those who do good” [Surah Ali ‘Imran 3:134]

5. Tawakkul (Trust in Allah)… “For Allah loves those who put their trust (in Him).” [Surah Ali 'Imran 3:159]

6. Adl (Justice)… “For Allah loves those who judge in equity.” [Surah Al Ma'idah 5:42] “For Allah loves those who are fair (and just).” [Surah Al Hujurat 49:9]

7. Sabr (Patience)… “And Allah Loves those who are firm and steadfast (As-Sabirin (the patient)).” [Surah Ale Imran 3:146]

Arafat

The above picture shows Jabal-ur-Rehmah (Mountain of Mercy) on the plain of Arafat. Standing at Arafat is the fundamental requirement of Hajj and pilgrims come here on the 9th Dhul Hijjah (second day of Hajj).

The common meaning of the word Arafat is ‘to know’. After being taken out of Jannah and placed on Earth, it was here that Adam (upon him be peace) and Hawa (upon him be peace) met up.

Standing on Arafat is an essential part of the Hajj; whoever misses the standing on Arafat has missed Hajj, because the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be on him) said: “Hajj is Arafat.” [al-Hakim]

The day of Arafah has many virtues, as was narrated in many Ahadith. Aisha (may Allah be pleased with her)  narrated that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be on him) said: “There is no day in which Allah sets free more souls from the fire of hell than on the day of Arafat. And on that day Allah draws near to the earth and by way of exhibiting His Pride remarks to the angels, ‘What is the desire of these (servants of mine)?’” [Muslim]

In another Hadith the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be on him) said: “Apart from the day of the Battle of Badr there is no day on which the Shaitan is seen to be more humiliated, more rejected, more depressed and more infuriated, than on the day of Arafat, and indeed all this is only because of beholding the abundance of descending mercy (on the day) and Allah’s forgiveness of the great sins of the servants.“ [Mishkat]

A man from among the Jews came to Umar (may Allah be pleased with him) and said:“O Amirul-Muminin, there is a verse in your Book which, if it had been revealed to us Jews, we would have taken that day as a festival.” Umar (may Allah be pleased with him) asked, “Which verse?” to which the Jew replied,“This day, I have perfected your religion for you, completed My Favour upon you, and have chosen for you Islam as your religion.” [Surah Al-Ma'idah : Ayah 3]. Umar (may Allah be pleased with him) said: “We know the day and the place in which that was revealed to the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be on him); it was when he was standing on Arafat, on a Friday.” 

There once existed a masjid on the right slope of Jabal-ur-Rehmah called Masid Sakhrah. It signified the spot where the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be on him), after leading the Zuhr and Asr salahs faced towards the Qibla and engaged in dua till sunset. It was at this spot where the above verse of the Quran was revealed. Note that it is stated in a Hadith that no further verses were revealed after this one with regards to halal and haram.

One of the virtues of the day of Arafat is that fasting this day expiates for the sins of the past and coming year. It was reported from Abu Qatadah that a man said: “O Messenger of Allah, what do you think of fasting on the day of Arafat?” He said: “It expiates for the sins of the previous year and of the coming year” [Muslim]

This (fasting) is mustahab (desirable) for those who are not on Hajj. In the case of the one who is on Hajj, it is not Sunnah for him to fast on the Day of Arafat, because the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be on him) did not fast on this day when he was in Arafat.

References:  The History of Makkah Mukarramah – Dr. Muhammad Ilyas Abdul Ghani, Holy Makkah – Shaikh Safiur-Rahman Mubarakpuri, Virtues of Hajj – Sheikh Zakariyya Kandhalvi

“This day I have perfected your religion for you, completed My favour upon you, and I have chosen for you Islam as your religion.”
Surah Al-Ma'idah : Ayah 3

“If anyone desires a religion other than Islam (submission to Allah), never will it be accepted of him.”
Surah Al-Imran : Ayah 85

anonymous asked:

sA, what are some things we can do that makes Allah love us more? Which acts does Allah swt love? I know charity is one and prayer but what else. What brings us closer to him and how can we keep on pleasing him.

Wa Alaykum as-Salaam,

Thank you for asking this question. It made me really reflect and crosscheck my relationship with Allah. Lets identify from the Qur'an and Sunnah of Prophet (saw) Qualities That Allah Loves and Qualities That Allah Hates/Dislikes

First thing first:

Say, [O Muhammad], “If you should love Allah , then follow me [so] Allah will love
(al-i Imran 31)

In order for us to live Islam in a way that Allah wants us is by following our Prophet (saw). Every quality we will talk about here has to be understood by how Prophet (saw) thought us. This is a very important point in Islam. Prophet (saw) is the living Qur'an. So when Allah describes the qualities He likes and dislikes is actually shown in the sunnah to us by our Prophet (saw)

Qualities that Allah Loves:

1) Patience:

“And Allah loves as-Sâbirun (the patient).” (Surah Imran 3:146)

2) Justice and Dealing with Equity:

“O ye who believe! Be steadfast witnesses for Allah in equity, and let not hatred of any people seduce you that ye deal not justly. Deal justly, that is nearer to your duty. Observe your duty to Allah. Lo! Allah is informed of what ye do.” (Surah Maeda 5:8)

3) Putting Trust in Allah:

“Certainly, Allah loves those who put their trust (in Him).” (Surah Imran 3:159)

4) Kindness:

Ayesha (RA) narrated: The Messenger of Allah (SAW ) said: “Allah loves kindness in all matters.” (Bukhari)

5) Repentance:

“Truly, Allah loves those who turn unto him in repentance.” (Surah Baqarah 2:222)

6) Piety:

“Verily, then Allah loves those who are al-Muttaqun (the pious).” (Surah Imran 3:76)

7) Good-doing:


“Truly, Allah loves Al-Muhsinun (the good-doers).” (Surah Baqarah 2:195)

8) Purification:

“And Allah loves those who make themselves clean and pure.” (Surah Tawbah 9:108)

9) Humility of the Rich:

Sa’d Ibn Abi Waqqas (RA) said: Allah’s Messenger (SAW ) said: “Allah loves the believer who is pious and rich, but does not show off.” (Muslim)

10) Belief and Work:

Al-Tabarâni narrated: Allah’s Messenger (SAW ) said: “Allah loves the slave who believes and acquires a career (or work).”

11) A sense of Honour:

Al-Tirmidhi narrated: Allah’s Messenger (SAW ) said: “Allah loves from amongst his slaves, the one who has a sense of zeal or honour.”

12) Magnanimity:

Al-Hakim narrated: The Messenger of Allah (SAW ) said: “ Allah is All-Generous and He loves generosity in sale, purchase and judgment.”

13) Virtuosity:

The Messenger of Allah (SAW)said: “Allah loves the believer who is poor but virtuous enough to refrain from begging though he has many children.”(Muslim and Ahmed)

14) Strength:

Allah’s Messenger (SAW ) said: “The strong believer is better and more loved by Allah than the weak one, but they are both good.” (Muslim)

15) Love for the Sake of Allah:

Al-Tabarâni, Ibn Ya’lâ, Ibn Hibban and Al-Hakim narrated: Allah’s Messenger
(SAW ) said: “If two individuals love each other for the sake of Allah, the stronger in love to his brother will be more loved by Allah.”

16) Continuous Performance of Righteous Deeds:

Allah’s Messenger (SAW) said: “The best loved deeds to Allah are the ones that are continuous even if they are not very many.” (Bukhari and Muslim)

17) Good Manners and Conduct:

Al-Tirmidhi narrated: Allah’s Messenger (SAW) said:“The best loved by me and the nearest to me on the seats on the Day of Resurrection are those who have the best manners and conduct amongst you, who are intimate, are on good terms with others and are humble, and the most hated by me and who will be on the furthest seats from me are those who are talkative and arrogant.”


Qualities that Allah Hates/Dislikes:

Israaf (extravagance)

“But waste not by excess: for Allah loveth not the wasters (Al-Musrifun (those who waste by extravagance)).” (Surah Al An'am 6:141)

Excessive spending and lavishness in everything is the core of evil and leads to greater evil. It makes one forget the hereafter and preparing for it. Such acts would be a cause of humiliation and disgrace on the Day of Judgment.

That is why Almighty Allah has prescribed zakah (obligatory alms) and sadaqah (voluntary charity) in order to bless the wealth and to curb extravagance in eating, drinking, clothing and in everything we do.

2. Istikbaar (Pride)

“verily He loveth not the arrogant (proud).” (Surah Al Nahl 16:23)

And the Prophet says,

“Pride is to completely disregard the truth and scorn (looking down upon) the people” (Muslim)

Sometimes a person might be deceived by his/ her knowledge, wealth and property, lineage and ancestry, or worship and be arrogant and boastful.

Al-Hasan Al-Basri advised that: “Do not become proud merely because you worship often, for consider what happened to Iblis after he spent a great deal of time worshipping” (Gems and jewels – wise sayings, interesting events & moral lessons from the Islamic history, compiled by Abdul-Malik Mujahid

Pride is among the greatest means of damage to a person’s wealth and circumstances. It distances one away from Allah’s love and “He who has in his heart the weight of a mustard seed of pride shall not enter paradise.” (Sahih Muslim, Book #001, Hadith #0166)

3. Mukhtal fakhoor (Arrogant boaster)

“for Allah loveth not any arrogant boaster.” (Surah Luqman 31:18)

Being arrogant and boastful are a deadly combination – beauty, knowledge, wealth and noble lineage should be taken as gifts from Almighty Allah and one should be humble and grateful for them rather than make them a means of pride and oppression.

Servants of Allah cannot be true to themselves as long as they are flattering themselves, walking in an arrogant manner and looking down on people who are inferior to them and not mix with them. The one who is arrogant in this world will be disgraced on the Day of Judgment.

Prophet Muhammad says, “The arrogant will be gathered on the Day of Judgment in the form of small ants. Humiliation will surround them from everywhere.” (At-Tirmidhi)

4. Udwaan (Transgression)

“for Allah loveth not those given to excess (Transgression).” (Surah Al Ma'idah 5:87)

Human characteristics have limitations, which if surpassed would be transgression and if one falls short of it, it would be a defect – for example, generosity has a limitation, when surpassed, it becomes extravagance, when courage is surpassed, it becomes rashness; when ibadah (worship) is surpassed, one falls into the risk of adopting bid’ah - some of the Companions almost fell into this trap.

Narrated by Anas bin Malik: “A group of three men came to the houses of the wives of the Prophet asking how the Prophet worshipped (Allah), and when they were informed about that, they considered their worship insufficient and said, “Where are we from the Prophet as his past and future sins have been forgiven.” Then one of them said, “I will offer the prayer throughout the night forever.” The other said, “I will fast throughout the year and will not break my fast.” The third said, “I will keep away from the women and will not marry forever.” Allah’s Apostle came to them and said, “Are you the same people who said so-and-so? By Allah, I am more submissive to Allah and more afraid of Him than you; yet I fast and break my fast, I do sleep and I also marry women. So he who does not follow my tradition in religion, is not from me (not one of my followers).”“ (Sahih Bukhari, Book #62, Hadith #1)

Therefore, moderation is the best way to deal with all matters – it is not to exaggerate and make it hard for ourselves by prohibiting the permissible things. And not to transgress the limits by excessively indulging in the permissible matters but rather we should only use what satisfies our need and not fall into extravagance.

5. Zulm (Evil, wrongdoing)

"but God loveth not those who do wrong (Zalimun (oppressors, polytheists and wrong doers)).” (Surah Ali ‘Imran 3:57)

This is a reprehensible trait whose existence spoils the Iman and darkens the heart. The wrongdoers are those who have chosen the tempting transient life instead of the hereafter. All acts of wrongdoing such as stealing, breach of trust, embezzlement, usurping the rights of others, and bribery, have serious consequences in the hereafter.

In a Hadith, Abu Dharr reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying that Allah, the Exalted and Glorious, said: “My servants, I have made oppression unlawful for Me and unlawful for you, so do not commit oppression against one another.” (Sahih Muslim, Book #032, Hadith #6246)

6. Khiyaanah (deceitfulness)

“for Allah loveth not the treacherous.” (Surah Al Anfal 8:58)

The treacherous one is two-faced and inconsistent in words and deeds. Acts of treachery lead to betrayal, disloyalty, perfidy, deception and hypocrisy which in turn soil the Iman.

7. Ifsaad (Mischief-making)

“And Allah loveth not those who do mischief.” (Surah Al Ma'idah 5:64)

This is a comprehensive term which includes great crimes, sins, oppression, carrying false tales, hypocrisy, tyranny and all kinds of mischief. All these acts are despicable and stain the Iman.

Hasten today to adopt the qualities that Almighty Allah loves and don’t rest until they become second nature to you; hasten today to abandon all the qualities Allah does not love and don’t relent until you hate them with all your heart. The Prophet said: “Faith wears out in the heart of any one of you just as clothes wear out, so ask Allah to renew the faith in your hearts.” (Al-Haakim in Al-Mustadrak and Al-Haythami in Majma Az-Zawaa'id)

Therefore the key is supplication, resorting to Allah and sincere desire to please Him followed by action, so we say,

“O Allah make Iman beloved to us and beautify it in our hearts.”

8. Publicity of Evil

“Allah does not like that evil should be uttered in public except by him who has been wronged. And Allah is Ever All-Hearer, All-Knower.” (4:148)

This is very commong in our Ummah now, people commit sins openly and also when they do certain sins people dont know about they come and announce it with pride these people call upon Allah’s wrath is a dangerous thing to do.

9. Obscene words and acts

Ahmed narrated: Allah’s Messenger (pbuh) said:“Allah hates obscene words and acts.”

Again one of the most common disease our Ummah is suffering from. They use obscene language and think they are cool or just for fun.

10. Treachery

“Verily, Allah likes not any treacherous ingrate to Allah [those who disobey Allah but obey Satan].” (22:38)

11. Oppression

“Verily, He likes not the Thalimun (oppressors, polytheists, and wrongdoers).” (42:40)

12. Corruption

“And Allah likes not mischief.” (2:205)

13. Betrayal

“Verily, Allah does not like anyone who is a betrayer, a sinner.” (4:107)

14. Exultance for Worldly Desires

“Verily, Allah likes not those who exult (with riches, being ungrateful to Allah).” (28:76)

The remedy for all these diseases is the love of Allah Almighty, His Messenger (pbuh) and the Pleasures of the Hereafter. Allah’s love has many fruits and positive consequences, namely, Allah gives whoever loves contentment and satisfaction and this is one of the graces of Allah in this world. Allah’s Messenger (pbuh) said:


“ If Allah loves someone He calls Gabriel (the angel) and says: I love so-and-so, so you love him. Gabriel loves him, and calls the other angels in Heaven to love that person. They love him, then his love will be made upon earth, and he becomes loved. And if Allah hates someone He calls Gabriel and says: I hate so-and-so and you hate him. Gabriel hates him and calls the angels in Heaven and says: Allah hates so-and-so, so you all hate him. They all hate him, and his hatred is made upon earth and he becomes hated.” (Muslim)

And Allah knows the best

… And Allah said, “I am with you. If you establish prayer and give zakah and believe in My messengers and support them and loan Allah a goodly loan, I will surely remove from you your misdeeds and admit you to gardens beneath which rivers flow. But whoever of you disbelieves after that has certainly strayed from the soundness of the way.”
—  The Noble Quran | Surah Al-Ma'idah [5:12]