superfluids

read of the day: Have We Been Interpreting Quantum Mechanics Wrong This Whole Time?
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For nearly a century, “reality” has been a murky concept. The laws of quantum physics seem to suggest that particles spend much of their time in a ghostly state, lacking even basic properties such as a definite location and instead existing everywhere and nowhere at once. Only when a particle is measured does it suddenly materialize, appearing to pick its position as if by a roll of the dice.This idea that nature is inherently probabilistic — that particles have no hard properties, only likelihoods, until they are observed — is directly implied by the standard equations of quantum mechanics. But now a set of surprising experiments with fluids has revived old skepticism about that worldview. The bizarre results are fueling interest in an almost forgotten version of quantum mechanics, one that never gave up the idea of a single, concrete reality. The experiments involve an oil droplet that bounces along the surface of a liquid. The droplet gently sloshes the liquid with every bounce. At the same time, ripples from past bounces affect its course. The droplet’s interaction with its own ripples, which form what’s known as a pilot wave, causes it to exhibit behaviors previously thought to be peculiar to elementary particles — including behaviors seen as evidence that these particles are spread through space like waves, without any specific location, until they are measured. Particles at the quantum scale seem to do things that human-scale objects do not do. They can tunnel through barriers, spontaneously arise or annihilate, and occupy discrete energy levels. This new body of research reveals that oil droplets, when guided by pilot waves, also exhibit these quantum-like features.

go read this..

(via Have We Been Interpreting Quantum Mechanics Wrong This Whole Time? | Science | WIRED)

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An old Black and white film about superfluids and thier strange properties, such as it’s frictionless fountains, abilitie to flow upwards and pass through solid objects. A fascinating look at how the truth can definitly be stranger than fiction.

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Superfluidity

 

Superfluidity is a state of matter in which viscosity of a fluid vanishes, while thermal conductivity becomes infinite. These unusual effects are observed when liquids, typically of helium-4 or helium-3, overcome friction in surface interaction at a stage (known as the “lambda point”, which is temperature and pressure, for helium-4) at which the liquid's viscosity becomes zero.

Superfluids, such as supercooled helium-4, exhibit many unusual properties. (See Helium#Helium II state). Superfluid acts as if it were a mixture of a normal component, with all the properties associated with normal fluid, and a superfluid component. The superfluid component has zero viscosity, zero entropy, and infinite thermal conductivity. (It is thus impossible to set up a temperature gradient in a superfluid, much as it is impossible to set up a voltage difference in a superconductor.) Application of heat to a spot in superfluid helium results in a wave of heat conduction at the relatively high velocity of 20 m/s, called second sound.

One of the most spectacular results of these properties is known as the thermomechanical or “fountain effect”. If a capillary tube is placed into a bath of superfluid helium and then heated, even by shining a light on it, the superfluid helium will flow up through the tube and out the top as a result of the Clausius-Clapeyron relation. A second unusual effect is that superfluid helium can form a layer, 30 nm thick, up the sides of any container in which it is placed. See Rollin film.

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FRACTAL DIMENSION

At super low temperatures, liquid helium keeps MRI machines and particle accelerators cooled and running. Just a few degrees above absolute zero, superfluid helium getz bizarre. A superfluid liquid is one that flows without friction. Because superfluid helium has zero viscosity, it can drip out through molecule-thin cracks in solid containers and climb out over the sides of a dish.

Click the image above to learn more!

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On the 20th of January in 1931, “Nobel laureate David Lee was born in Rye, New York. After earning his doctorate in physics from Yale in low-temperature physics, he became a professor at Cornell where he established the school’s Laboratory of Atomic and Solid State Physics. Working with Robert C. Richardson and Doug Osheroff in the 1970s, Lee cooled helium-3 to within a few thousandths of a degree of absolute zero, converting it to a superfluid—a fluid with zero viscosity. The discovery of superfluidity in helium-3, which normally behaves as a fermion particle, was rewarded with the 1996 Nobel Prize in Physics.” - Physics Today 

Superfluidity:

Kundalini awakenings are associated with a tumescence of the “blueprint” of the bodymind. Within this amplified morphogenic field the cells set about reorganizing themselves to convey the upsurge of consciousness or Spirit. During this period of increased spiritual field there is greater vibration, rhythm, correspondence and communication between atoms, cells and organs. This is tacitly undeniable to anyone going through a kundalini awakening. In fact it is this intensification of sensation and function coupled with the abrupt breakthrough into expanded states of awareness that is most disturbing about the experience of kundalini, for we are so used to living in the half-death of collective conditioning. This higher integration is concurrent with increased psychic, extrasensory abilities, such that as we integrate our internal organism, we delve more deeply into the collective interiors of the human race and the globe. Through the elevation of the personal we access the transpersonal and tune into the Global Brain.

A good word to describe this amplified of being during metamorphosis is superfluid. We can assume that cell membranes become more permeable, including the blood brain barrier. Polarities become more pronounced, increasing the ion exchange and current flow between them. The fields of the organs, plexuses, brain and the body must be greatly expanded and magnified. There must be increased nutrient and waste product exchange coupled with greatly increased enzymatic action and oxygen usage. ATP and glucose metabolism must be at an all time high, as on every level we become more “alive and awake.”
The cavity within the center of the spinal column itself both makes and contains cerebrospinal fluid. The super-charged body and expanded heart-field must act like a cyclotron on the spine. The cerebrospinal fluid probably becomes supercharged with ions and laden with neuropeptides, during awakening, accumulating to crescendo point with the inner-conjunctions. At the height of the awakening I imagine that all the cerebrospinal fluid becomes Amrita, or nectar of the Gods as it is saturated with ions, endorphins, glutamate, NO and various neurotransmitters.
Along with circulation of this fluid up the spine and around the brain cavities, the increased permeability between the cerebrospinal fluid and the blood following histamine release, could allow the elixir to flow within the bloodstream as well. After it bathes the brain and spine CSF is reabsorbed into venus sinus blood via arachnoid villi projecting into the superior sagittal sinus.
The amrita in the blood then would hyper-relax the entire bodymind and thereby energy is conserved and accumulated for the inner-conjunction. Supplanting the normal laborious flow of energy through nervous tissue this “spark,” reminiscent of lightning, zaps many volts through the organism. Like lightning the spark could comprise of wave pulses of energy between the positive and negative poles, but moving so fast as to be perceived as one ongoing current.
Changing the voltage across a neuron membrane can open channels that allow various kinds of ions (including calcium ions) to enter and leave the neuron. The membrane’s conductivity to ions is voltage dependent. The movement of ions (which constitutes an electric current) cause further changes in the membrane and so on–thus perpetuating a superfluid, supercharged state. There are references in the texts, especially those on Tantric Kriya Yoga on the magnetizing and ionizing of the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). This ionized fluid then awakens and transforms the brain and broadens the range of conscious and sensory prehension.
Apparently breathing itself ionizes the CSF. According to Ipsalu Tantric Kriya Yoga a technique called the Cobra Breath pulls magnetic energy into the spine, ionizing the spinal fluid and allowing the kundalini to rise, bathing the brain in magnetized fluid and transforming consciousness. Most breathing techniques will aid in elevating and integrating consciousness.
Besides changes in the cell receptors other changes in the cell membranes would fuel the conflagration of superfluidity. Changes in the physio-chemical and EMF environment of the cell, along with increased temperature, hydrostatic pressure and osmotic pressure would lead to changes in the lipid composition of the cell membrane. This change in the cell membrane would in turn contribute to an upsurge in the rate/activity of cellular energy generation and metabolism. Thus creating a feedback relationship that would maintain hyperactivation until the resources necessary to perpetuate this contagion are depleted. If however lifestyle is such to maintain high cellular energy levels without damage to the cells themselves, then the alchemy of transmutation could proceed at a quickened pace indefinitely. By feeding the life harmonic - we feed our spiritual attainment.

Source:
Biology of Kundalini
Exploring the Fire of Life
Bok 1; Pg 285, Pg 286
Author: Jana Dixon

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#Handmade #SuperFluid §EEGA #Caper @DoggedWaterCo @EasternForagers #TRI215 #SewWeFloat (at Joe The Grower)

10 stories to read this weekend - Edition 109 - February 5, 2016

Welcome to “10 stories to read this weekend,” a weekly feature that links to some interesting stories.

Indian Women Seeking Jobs Confront Taboos and Threats 

The Indian Constitution guarantees equality under the law. But for women facing a patriarchal social order, strict caste rules and centuries of traditions, that guarantee means little.

The Hidden Romance in Black Hole Collisions 

The universe’s greatest sinkholes have no trouble swallowing anything—except themselves. The question, known as the “final parsec problem,” isn’t just a matter of curiosity. The answer could change our understanding of how the universe built up its elaborate structure, and of the nature of gravity itself. Which is why, as physicists tinker with their simulations, astronomers are searching the skies for clues to how black holes solve the final parsec problem in the wild—if they do at all.

The superfluid Universe 

Quantum effects are not just subatomic: they can be expressed across galaxies, and solve the puzzle of dark matter.

Meet the most massive dinosaur to ever stomp the Earth 

The biggest dinosaur discovered to date was longer than an Olympic swimming pool, taller than a five-storey building and heavier than a jumbo jet. 

What is even more incredible is the fact that the scientist studying this skeletal specimen says the dinosaur was not fully grown when it died.

The Psychic Energizer!: The Serendipitous Discovery of the First Antidepressant 

A drug designed to kill the bacteria that causes tuberculosis was serendipitously found to improve mood and invoke joy, a discovery that would profoundly impact psychiatry’s approach to the treatment of depression.

What’s wrong with Craig Venter? 

Craig Venter, multi-millionaire maverick, says he can help you live a better, longer life. Roger Highfield asks how.

Roger Goodell’s Unstoppable Football Machine

For all the revelations about its brutality, pro American football is more popular and profitable than ever. How the N.F.L. commissioner and a group of billionaire owners have kept the league on offense.

The Art-World Insider Who Went Too Far 

Yves Bouvier, the art shipper who made a fortune ripping off a Russian oligarch.

The Lives and Lies of a Professional Impostor 

“Jeremy Wilson,” now at Rikers Island (New York City) facing fraud charges, has used dozens of aliases as a professor, a commando, numerous executives and an Irishman, among other cons.

London’s Big Dig Reveals Amazing Layers of History 

Spurred by a building boom, archaeologists are plumbing the deep past of one of Europe’s oldest capitals.

Thank you for reading and have a great weekend.

Note: “10 stories to read this weekend” is a marquee feature of this blog. New editions are published every Friday at 22:00 IST / 16:30 GMT

aeon.co
Is dark matter subatomic particles, a superfluid, or both? — Sabine Hossenfelder — Aeon Essays
Quantum effects are not just subatomic: they can be expressed across galaxies, and solve the puzzle of dark matter

“If dark matter were a Bose-Einstein condensate – one with quantum effects spreading throughout whole galaxies – this state would naturally account for two different behavioural modes of dark matter. Within galaxies themselves, most of the dark matter would be in the superfluid phase. But across galaxy clusters that include much intergalactic space, most of the dark matter would be in the normal phase, giving rise to a different behaviour. “

arxiv.org
[1601.07607] Effects of the tensor couplings on the nucleonic direct URCA processes in neutron star matter

[ Authors ]
Xu Yan, Huang Xiu-Lin, Liu Cheng-Zhi, Liu Guang-Zhou
[ Abstract ]
The relativistic neutrino emissivity of the nucleonic direct URCA processes in neutron star matter are investigated within the relativistic Hartree-Fock approximation. We study particularly the influences of the tensor couplings of vector mesons $\omega$ and $\rho$ on the nucleonic direct URCA processes. It is found that the inclusion of the tensor couplings of vector mesons $\omega$ and $\rho$ can slightly increase the maximum mass of neutron stars. In addition, the results indicate that the tensor couplings of vector mesons $\omega$ and $\rho$ lead to obvious enhancement of the total neutrino emissivity for the nucleonic direct URCA processes, which must accelerate the cooling rate of the non-superfluid neutron star matter. However, when considering only the tensor coupling of vector meson $\rho$, the neutrino emissivity for the nucleonic direct URCA processes slightly declines at low densities and significantly increases at high densities.That is to say that the tensor coupling of vector meson $\rho$ leads to the slow cooling rate of a low-mass neutron star and rapid cooling rate of a massive neutron star.

arxiv.org
[1601.07764] What is a particle-conserving Topological Superfluid?

[ Authors ]
Gerardo Ortiz, Emilio Cobanera
[ Abstract ]
We establish a criterion for characterizing superfluidity in interacting, particle-number conserving systems of fermions as topologically trivial or non-trivial. Because our criterion is based on the concept of many-body fermionic parity switches, it is directly associated to the observation of the fractional Josephson effect and indicates the emergence of zero-energy modes that anticommute with fermionic parity. We tested these ideas on the Richardson-Gaudin-Kitaev chain, a particle-number conserving system that is solvable by way of the algebraic Bethe ansatz, and reduces to a long-range Kitaev chain in the mean-field approximation. Guided by its closed-form solution, we introduce a procedure for constructing many-body Majorana zero-energy modes of gapped topological superfluids in terms of coherent superpositions of states with different number of fermions. We discuss their significance and the physical conditions required to enable quantum control in the light of superselection rules.

Looking For Some Help.

I have recently been reading up on two extremely interesting topics: quantum entanglement and superfluids.  For some reason, there seems to be something linking the two that I just cannot grasp.  The only way I can describe the feeling is like looking at a set of numbers and realizing there are a disproportionate amount of primes in the series, but not being sure why.

To this end, I’m looking for help.  Anyone who sees this, take the time to read through even just the Wikipedia articles about the topics (below) and either message me or reblog this with any ideas you have about why there would be a correlation.

I’m looking for all the help I can get, from anyone who is interested.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Superfluidity

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quantum_entanglement