sunnah

Hijab in Islam

What is Hijab?

  • Hijab is not a literal veil or scarf worn, but the complete action of maintaining modesty
  • Hijab is governed by parts of the body that must be covered and shielded; for women this is everything besides the face and hands
    • Muslims are required to adhere to these rules starting at puberty
  • The hijab is a means of elevating a women’s status beyond her beauty so that people will judge her according to her thoughts and actions rather than her appearance
    • In a society where women are highly judged by their appearance, hijab stands as a defiance for objectifying women
    • The majority of women who wear hijab consider it a constant reminder that they do not adorn their bodies for men
  • The hijab is also a means of religious observance for a Muslim women and God.
    • Therefore, no one can force someone to wear hijab (Islamically)
    • The hijab is solely a choice between God and a woman
  •  In Islam, the responsibility falls on each gender to protect their own modesty and to control their own desires. Whether a woman dresses modestly or not, it is the obligation of each man to guard his own chastity. While many people may think that hijab is worn primarily to restrain men’s illicit desires, this is another misconception. Indeed, it is not women’s duty to regulate the behavior of men. Men are accountable for their own conduct; they are equally required to be modest and to handle themselves responsibly in every sphere of their lives

Hijab Testimonials

Muslim women identify themselves with Mary who is commemorated for her piety and modesty. Aminah Assilmi, who converted to Islam in 1977, was once asked about going out in public without her hijab and she responded, “I cannot help but wonder if they would have ordered Mary, the mother of Jesus, to uncover her hair.”

 “Outer manifestation of an inner commitment to worship God” – Saulat Pervez

 “Many people make the error of thinking that the hijab is a definitive statement of a woman’s religiosity, as if it is a clear indicator of her spiritual commitment. While veiling is a reflection of one’s beliefs, the hijab simultaneously becomes a tangible reminder to the woman herself: to embody the modesty and dignity it represents and to carry one’s self in a way that pleases God. In that sense, the hijab symbolizes a journey of devotion rather than the end-result of piety.” – Katherine Bullock

“Before I started covering, my self-perception was rooted in other people’s perceptions of me. I dressed to elicit compliments, keep up with the latest trend, wear the most desired brand name … very little of it had to do with me, and more importantly, what God thought of me. Pre-hijab, I was in bondage to the surrounding society; post-hijab, I became attached to God. With that connection to God came an enormous amount of freedom. Confidence and self-respect were just some of the benefits.”- Saba Baig

Verses & Hadith

And tell the believing women to lower their gaze and guard their private parts and not expose their adornment except that which [necessarily] appears thereof and to wrap [a portion of] their headcovers over their chests and not expose their adornment except to their husbands, their fathers, their husbands’ fathers, their sons, their husbands’ sons, their brothers, their brothers’ sons, their sisters’ sons, their women, that which their right hands possess, or elderly having no physical desire, or children who are not yet aware of the private aspects of women. And let them not stamp their feet to make known what they conceal of their adornment. And turn to Allah in repentance, all of you, O believers, that you might succeed.
[Quran al-Noor 24:31]

“O Prophet! Tell your wives and your daughters and the women of the believers to draw their cloaks (veils) all over their bodies (i.e. screen themselves completely except the eyes or one eye to see the way). That will be better, that they should be known (as free respectable women) so as not to be annoyed. And Allaah is Ever Oft Forgiving, Most Merciful”
[Quran al-Ahzaab 33:59]

The Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) said: “Modesty is a part of faith and faith resides in paradise”
{Narrated by Sunan Ibn Majah, 4184}

I cannot get over this hadith 😍

Narrated Abu Huraira:

Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) (p.b.u.h) said, “Our Lord, the Blessed, the Superior, comes every night down on the nearest Heaven to us when the last third of the night remains, saying: “Is there anyone to invoke Me, so that I may respond to invocation? Is there anyone to ask Me, so that I may grant him his request? Is there anyone seeking My forgiveness, so that I may forgive him?”

(Bukhari 1145)

❝Everything in life is a gift, a test, and a blessing, all at the same time.

— Nadir Keval

Al-Fadl ibn Sahl said: 

There is a blessing in calamity that the wise man should not ignore, for it erases sins, gives one the opportunity to attain the reward for patience, dispels negligence, reminds one of blessings at the time of health, calls one to repent and encourages one to give charity.”

Through calamity the believer seeks reward, and there is no way to attain it but patience, and there is no way to be patient except with resolute faith and strong will.

Remember the words of the Messenger ﷺ:

How wonderful is the affair of the believer, for his affairs are all good, and this applies to no one but the believer. If something good happens to him, he is thankful for it and that is good for him. If something bad happens to him, he bears it with patience and that is good for him.” 

How wonderful are those moments in which a person turns to his Lord and knows that He alone is the One Who grants relief from distress. How great is the relief when it comes after hardship. Everything that we live, good or bad, is for a beautiful reason. 


14 Pathways to Jannah

Please note the edits about authenticity

Here are 14 voluntary acts from the Sunnah of Allah’s Beloved (peace be upon him) that are jewels left behind for those who truly desire the fragrance of Paradise and the Pleasure of Allah, Most High.

1] Fasting the White Days: Messenger of Allah said, “Fasting three days every month is equivalent to fasting continuously.” [Bukhari & Muslim]

  • Refers to the 13th, 14th and 15th day of every month
  • Ibn ‘Abbas said, “The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, did not fail to fast the white days either when at home or on a journey.” [Nasai]

2] Tahhiyat al Wudu: The Prophet said, “There is no Muslim who performs ablution properly, than gets up and offers two rak’at turning to them wholeheartedly, except that Paradise becomes necessary for him.” (Muslim) / “Oh Bilal, tell me about a work that you are most hopeful about (being rewarded for) from the works you have done in Islam, for I heard the thumping of your sandals in front of me in Jannah.” He said, “I did not do a work more hopeful to me, except that I never performed ablution in an hour of night or day without praying with that ablution what was written for me to pray.” [Bukhari & Muslim]

  • The Messenger of Allah said, “Whoever of you performs Wudu’ carefully and then affirms: ‘Ash-hadu an la ilaha illallahu Wahdahu la sharika Lahu, wa ash-hadu anna Muhammadan ‘abduhu wa Rasuluhu the eight gates of Jannah are opened for him. He may enter through whichever of these gates he desires to enter.” [Muslim]

3] Salat al Duha: The Prophet said 12 rakats of salatul Duha are rewarded by a castle of gold build for him in Jannah by Allah [Mishkat al Masabih] and 2 rakats of salatul duha results in all his sins being forgiven even if they are as much as the foam of the sea [ibid].

  • Duha is performed when ¼ of the day has passed from Fajr and the sun has risen quite high such that the camels hooves begin to burn [Halabi in Sharh Kabeer, pg. 390].
  • Be careful not to hit zawal time which is roughly 5 – 10 minutes before dhuhr.

4] Ishraq: The Prophet said, “Whoever performs fajr in jama’ and remains seated in worship until shurooq time and then performs 2 rakat nawafil prayer, then he will receive the reward of hajj and umrah.” [Tirmidhi]

  • Minimum amount is 2 rakat and the recommended amount is 4. [Bahisti zewar, pg. 30]
  • If you cant pray fajr in congregation due to a valid excuse, you may pray alone and be entitled to the same reward.

6] 6 Rakats after Maghrib: The Prophet said, “Whoever prays, after the Maghrib, 6 rakat without talking of anything indecent in between them, it would be equivalent to 12 years of worship for him.” [Tirmidhi]

EDIT

Shaykh al-Albani رحمه الله classified it da'eef jiddan (very weak) in Da’eef al-Targheeb wal-Tarheeb (332, 333, 334, 335). 

See: https://islamqa.info/en/97456 

7] 12 Rakat Nawafil During the Day: The Prophet said, “A house will be built in Paradise for every Muslim who offers twelve units of Prayers other than the obligatory ones in day and night, to seek pleasure of Allah.” [Muslim]

  • Typically refer to the sunnan before the Fara’id, but include general nawafil too such as Tahajjud, tahiyatain and Ishraaq etc.
  • The Prophet said, “Has Allah not rendered for you the ‘Isha’ prayer in congregation equal to Hajj, and the Fajr prayer in congregation equal to Umrah?” [Muslim]

8] Dhikr after Fard Salat: The Prophet said, “O Messenger of Allah! The rich took the reward of akhirah, they do Hajj and we do not; they engage in jihaad, and we do not. So the Prophet, said, ” Shall I not tell you a thing upon which if you acted you would catch up with those who have surpassed you? Nobody would overtake you and you would be better than the people amongst whom you live except those who would do the same. Say Subhan Allah, Alhamdulillah and Allahuakbar 33 times each after every Fard Salat.” [Bukhari]

  • This is a Bukhari narration, different narrations have different wording and instructions.
  • Pray the sunnan prayers after the fard and then do these adkhar (plural of Dhikr). [Imdad al Fattah, pg. 328]

9] Ayat al Kursi: The Prophet said, “The one who recites ayat al kursi after every obligatory prayer, then death will be the only thing preventing him from entering pradadise.” [Ibn Hibban]

10] Repeating the Adhan: The Prophet said, “Whoever repeats the words of the muadhin with conviction will enter Paradise.”  [Muslim]

  • It is preferred that whoever is listening to the adhan repeat it with the caller, except for the two “hayya ‘alas-salah, hayya ‘alal-falah” phrases, after which he should say “La haula wa la quwatah illa billah.” [Fiqh as-sunnah, vol. 1, pg. 99]

11] 4 Sunnan of Dhuhr: Prophet said, “Whoever performs the four rakaats before and after the Zuhr salat with constancy, Allah Ta’ala makes the fire of Hell haram (forbidden) for him.” [Mishkat, Tirmidhi, Abu Dawood, Nasai & Ibn Majah]

  • The order is as follows: 4 sunnah, Dhuhr, 2 sunnah, 2 nawafil

12] Tahajjud Prayer: The Prophet said, “Oh people, spread the salutations, feed the people, keep the ties of kinship, and pray during the night while the others sleep and you will enter Paradise in peace.” [Al Hakim, Ibn Majah & Tirmidhi]

  • If you miss Tahajjud, you can pray it at Duha time (Shama’il Baab fi Ibada)
  • If you cant wake up for Tahajjud, recite last 2 verses of surah kahf (Tafsir Tha’labi and Maariful Quran)
  • Recite the longest suwar you know and recite surah ikhlaas
  • Pray your Witr after Tahajjud

13] Salatul Tasbih: The Prophet said, “He who performs this prayer will have his past and future sins forgiven & he also said, “O ‘Abbas, O Uncle, shall I not give you, shall I not present to you, shall I not donate to you, shall I not tell you ten things which, if you do, Allah will forgive your first and last sins, past and present sins, intentional and unintentional sins, private and public sins? [Abu Dawood & Tirmidhi]

EDIT

Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyyah رحمه الله said in Majmu‘ al-Fatawa (11/579):  
“…none of the four imams spoke of it; in fact, Ahmad regarded the hadith as da‘eef, and these prayers are not mustahabb (desirable)”
See: https://islamqa.info/en/145112

14] Freedom from Hypocrisy and Hell Fire: The Prophet said, “Whoever pray in congregation for 40 days wherein he makes the first takbeer (takbeer tahriman), freedom from 2 things are written for him: From the hell-fire and from hypocrisy.” [Tirmidhi, declared Hasan by Al Baani]

15] One Years Worship per Step: The Prophet said, “The person who has a bath on Friday and goes early to the mosque on foot, and not by a vehicle, listens to the khutbah and does not do any foolish act while it is being delivered, will get the reward of one year’s worship, one year’s fasting, and one year’s prayer; for every step that he takes. [Tirmidhi]

16] Raised Amongst the Prophets: The Prophet said, “Whoever recites Surah Qadr once after wudu’ will be recorded among the truthful. Whoever recites it twice will be recorded among martyrs. Whoever recites it three times will be resurrected among prophets.” [Daylami]

EDIT

Shaykh Al-Albani رحمه الله mentioned in al-Silsilah al-Da‘eefah (1449) a hadith about this and he said, “It is mawdu’ (fabricated).”

See: https://islamqa.info/en/154028

17] Freedom from the Hell Fire: The Prophet said, “When you finish the Maghrib prayer, say ‘O Allah, save me from the Fire’ (Allahumma ajirni min al-nar) seven times. If you do so and then die that night, you will be granted protection from the Fire. And do the same after the Fajr prayer, and if you die during the day, you will be granted protection from the Fire.” [Abu Dawood]

EDIT

The hadith is not sahih (authentic) in its narration from the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم. See al-Silsilah al-Da’eefah, (1624) by Shaykh al-Albani رحمه الله  
See: https://islamqa.info/en/6544

18] Safety from the Punishment of the Grave: The Prophet said, “Whoever recites surah mulk at night, it will protect him from the punishment of the grave.” [Nasai]

  • Other hadith mention that it will intercede for its reciter until he is forgiven (Ibn Hibban) and “It defended whoever recited it until it put him into paradise.” (Fath al Qadir, 5/257 / Sahih al Jami’a, 1/680, / Tabarani in Al Aswat)
  • It should be recited after ‘isha

By: Muslim Village

عن عائىشة أم المؤمنين رضي الله عنها قالت :”عن النبيِّ صلَّى اللهُ عليه وسلَّمَ ؛ أنه قال ، في شأن الركعتَين عند طلوعِ الفجرِ “ لهما أَحَبُّ إليَّ من الدنيا جميعًا ” . صحيح مسلم

‘A'isha reported that the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said about the two (supererogatory) rak'ahs of the dawn: ”They are dearer to me than the whole world.” Sahih Muslim 725 b In-book reference : Book 6, Hadith 119
USC-MSA web (English) reference : Book 4, Hadith 1574