sun disc

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Egyptian Gold Amulet of Sobek-Re, Late Period, 664-332 BC

The crocodile god Sobek was worshiped in the region of Thebes and particularly in the Fayum. Bronze figures of Sobek-Re, wearing the sun disc and uraeus, were offered in the sanctuaries of the region. Crocodile amulets were also offered in funerary ceremonies for protection from water-borne perils. The lack of suspension loop or piercing suggests this amulet was placed within the mummy wrappings. 2 cm long

Celtic Goddesses and Gods Part 5

Gabba (Also Gabis of the Abyss)- She is a crone aspect of the Dark All Mother and one of the dark queens. She is the Goddess of the 13th Moon. Her name means “Crystal.” No one knows or remembers what she looks like because to look at her face kills you. Her symbol is the Celtic endless weave and quartz crystals. 

Gwalchmei (Also Gwalchmai)- He is the nephew of King Arthur, son of the Goddess Mei, and is called the Hawk or Falcon of May. He portrays a God of love and music. His symbols are hawks and the fields at hunting times. 

Gwyn ap Nudd- A God of the Wild Hunt, he is a God of the death chase and the Otherworld. He is the hunter of souls and lord of the unmanifested. He has a white hound with red ears named Dormarth. 

Hellith- A God of the setting sun (Fire and Air), and of the sying. When invoked, he brings peace to those near death. After death, souls are in his protection until they reach their destination. His symbols are the setting sun disc and a flute that brings peace and tranquility to those who hear it.

Hertha (Also Herdda)- She is an Earth Goddess, representing the greening of Spring. A Goddess of rebirth and healing, her symbols are the cow and calf and milk pail. 

Letha- A harvest Goddess associated with Midsummer, her magickal symbols are swan and apples. 

Luchta (Also Lucta, Luchtaine)- A God of smiths, wrights, and craftsmen who is associated with Gobannon, he is the carpenter God and shieldmaker for the Tuatha.  

(Source: Exploring Celtic Druidism Ancient Magick and Rituals for Personal Empowerment by Sirona Knight)

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Scarab pectoral from the burial of Shoshenq II

The central motif is of a scarab beetle supporting the sun disc, It is flanked by two rearing cobras crowned with the “Hedjet” the white crown of Upper Egypt.

3rd Intermediate Period, 22nd Dynasty, ca. 885 BC, gold, lapis lazuli, green and red faience. height: 7 cm, from Tanis. Now in the Egyptian Museum Cairo.

Recently Introduced Lore Tidbits

Demacia

  • Using lime, ash and the fossilized bark of ancient trees, Demacians create petricite; magic absorbing stone with which they built their walls.
  • Sometimes known as silver steel or rune steel, Demacian steel is coveted for its durability, light weight and its unique interactions with magic. 
  • Garen and Lux are siblings of the Crownguard family, who traditionally serve as the royal protectors. 
  • Fiora serves as the head of House Laurent in Demacia, a position she claimed upon killing her father in a duel.
  • Native to the rocky crags of northern Demacia are the rare, ferocious Raptors. Only a few individuals have been known to befriend and ride these beasts.
  • Galio was created over a period of two years by a legendary Demacian sculptor named Durand.
  • Demacia’s army is often outnumbered, but is arguably the most elite, well-trained army in Runeterra.
  • Garen left home to join the Dauntless Vanguard, one of Demacia’s most elite military forces, when he was only twelve years old.
  • Quinn and her twin brother Caleb were born in the rural Demacian town of Uwendale.

Noxus

  • The capital city of the Noxian Empire was founded around the Immortal Bastion; the citadel of a dreaded revenant who terrorized Valoran for centuries. 
  • Basilisks of the Kumungu are sometimes raised from eggs as Noxian war beasts. 
  • Drakehounds, a distant relative of dragons, are kept by some rich, and perhaps foolish, Noxians as pets. 
  • Warmasons are tasked by Noxus not only to plot and plan infrastructure, but also to scout out enemy territory for future invasions. 
  • The sisters Katarina and Cassiopeia are a part of the Du Couteau family; one of the most prestigious noble houses in Noxus. 
  • With his dying breath, Sion killed Jarvan I. The King’s crown now serves as Sion’s jaw. 
  • Gateways of dark stone known as Noxtoraa are raised over roads in territories conquered by Noxus. 

Shurima

  • The Brackern, a race of enormous, crystal-bodied scorpions, slumber in the sands beneath a hidden valley in Shurima. o Sai Kahleek is one of Shurima’s most feared deserts, as it is populated by the ravenous Xer'Sai.
  • Many Voidborn have names originating from the ancient Shuriman language. 
  • Above the city of Nashramae stands a replica Sun Disc, built long ago to honor the lost legacy of ancient Shurima. 
  • In the Shuriman city of Nashramae, a festival is held celebrating Rammus. Thousands gather to roll and somersault around the city in his honor. o Within the bowels of Shurima’s capital lies the “Oasis of the Dawn,” from which almost all rivers in the land flow from. 
  • Some Shuriman nomads have created entire towns upon the backs of the Dormun; enormous, armor-plated beasts that wander the wastes. 
  • The Shuriman city of Zuretta is ruled by Hierophant Hadiya Nejem, who believes herself to be a descendant of the Ascended warrior Setaka. 
  • In Shurima, those who survived a failed Ascension ritual are known as the Baccai, who often are twisted and malformed. 
  • Rengar is one of the Kiilash, a vastayan tribe from Shurima. o Jax’s favorite food is eggs, particularly those from a certain caravansary in the Shuriman city of Uzeris. 
  • Sivir’s crossblade, the Chalicar, once belonged to Setaka, an Ascended Warrior Queen of Shurima. 
  • Those Ascended by the Sun Disc of Shurima can live for thousands of years. 

Piltover & Zaun

  • The Incognium Runeterra in Piltover was designed to locate anyone in Runeterra, yet its creator mysteriously died before revealing the formula that powers it, leaving it inoperable.
  • When Zaun’s plans to create a waterway between east and west Valoran went awry, Janna prevented thousands of deaths and is now revered by many as a goddess. 
  • Zaun’s wealthiest can often be found on the Promenade level of Zaun, which intersects with Piltover’s lowest regions. 
  • The Entresol level of Zaun is where most of the city’s trade and business occurs.
  • The Sump comprises Zaun’s lower levels. Most of the working class live here, showcasing their vibrant culture. 
  • Ekko is one of the “Lost Children of Zaun,” a band of Zaunite youths known for their mischief across the city. 
  • Thanks to her hextech heart, Camille has managed to retain some of her youthful looks despite her age. 
  • The Ecliptic Vaults were once considered to be Piltover’s most secure bank, before Jinx breached its heavily reinforced walls. 
  • Caitlyn’s hextech rifle was crafted by her parents for her twenty-first birthday. 
  • Jayce’s transforming hammer is powered by a shard from a Brackern crystal from the depths of the Shuriman sands. 
  • When the human girl Orianna succumbed to poisonous fumes, her father Corin replaced her failing body parts with mechanical augments, transforming her into a lady of clockwork. 
  • Before becoming a member of the Wardens, Vi wielded a pair of gauntlets taken from a chem-powered mining golem. 
  • Hextech is the fusion of magic and technology, harnessing the power contained within extremely rare crystals. 
  • Piltover is the center of mercantile trade in Valoran.
  • Zaun’s powerful Chem-Barons keep a loose alliance that prevents the city from descending into chaos. 
  • The Zaun Gray is the thick, chemical atmosphere of Zaun that can be fatal to breathe where densely settled. 

Freljord

  • Artifacts of True Ice hold incredible power, but only the Iceborn can wield them.
  • Before becoming an Ice Witch, Lissandra was permanently blinded by an Ursine’s claws.
  • Legends speak of how Avarosa, ancient queen of the Freljord, was killed by her own sister. 
  • Tribes in the Freljord are generally ruled by a Warmother. Under them are their bloodkin, steelskins, clawleaders, sisters, icewalkers, thralls, champions and other ranks. Champions are usually husbands to the warmother, and are the biggest bastards in the tribe. 

Pectoral of King Shoshenq II 

At its top, this pectoral displays two falcons, each wearing the double crown of Upper and Lower Egypt. They are sitting upon the hieroglyphic symbol for sky, which is adorned with stars. Below, resting upon a boat, can be seen a lapis lazuli sun-disc, with an image of the enthroned god Amun-Ra-Horakhety before the goddess Ma’at at its center. To either side is a goddess, each stretching her wings out in protection: to the left is Hathor, while to the right is Ma’at. Plants, symbolizing Upper and Lower Egypt, stand behind each. Water can be seen below the boat, represented by inlaid wavy lines. At the bottom are alternating open and closed lotuses, although the final lotus to the left is missing. 

Egyptian Museum, Cairo. Photo: Christoph Gerigk © Franck Goddio/Hilti Foundation.

Celtic Goddesses and Gods Part 2

Babd (Also Badhbh, Badb Catha)- A Gaelic Goddess of war, wisdom, death, and inspiration, she is the wife and sometimes granddaughter of Net, a war God. As an aspect of Morrigan, she is the Battle Raven, and her name means Scald-crow. She fills warriors with fury and helped defeat the Formorians in Ireland. Her father is Ernmas and her sisters are Macha, the Morrigu, and Anu. Her symbols are the cauldron, ravens, and crows.

Balor- He is a Sun God and king of the Formors, who were early giants, originally occupying Ireland. Son of Net and grandfather to Lugh, he has a baleful eye that, when opened, lays waste to his enemies. At the second Battle of Mag Tuired, Lugh puts out Balor’s evil eye with a sling-stone and kills him. 

Banba- An Irish Earth Goddess representing the sacred land, she is part of the triad of the three Goddesses of sovereignty that also includes Folta and Eriu. She is wife of MacCruill, and thought to be the first settler in Ireland. One of Ireland’s ancient names is “the island of Banba of the Women”. 

Belinus (Also Bel, Belanos, Belenus)- A God of life, truth, war, inspiration, and music. His mother is Corwenna and his brother Brennius. He represents fire of fire, and is said to have been buried in a golden urn in London. An active healing (dry heat) God, he drives away diseases. His symbols are the roadways, sun disc, a golden harp, and a golden curved sword and spear. 

Belisama- The Goddess of Fire and an aspect of Bridget, she is known as the “young Sun” and the “Sun maiden”. Her name means like unto flame or bright and shinning one. Her symbol is the rising Sun. 

Belisana- An aspect of Belisama with a similar appearance, but more earthly, she is a solar Goddess of healing, laughter and the forests. 

Blodenwedd (Also Blodewedd, Blodeuedd)- A sun and moon Goddess associated with the dawn and the May Queen, she is called “Flowerface” or “White Flower”. Created by Math and Gwydion from flowers, blossom, and nine elements, she is the most beautiful and the most treacherous Goddess and is associated with the Arthurian Guenevere. She is turned into a white owl by Gwydion. Her magickal symbols are he white owl, meadowsweet, oak, broom, primrose and cockle.

Borvo (Also Bormo, Bormanus)- A Celtic Apollo and a God of healing, he is also associated with wet heat, such as hot springs and mineral waters. He represents the elements of fire and water, and is God of unseen or concealed truth and inspiration through dreams. His symbols are a flute, a golden harp, a golden sword or spear, hot springs, and the sun disc. 

Brigantia- A powerful Celtic Briton nature Goddess of water and pastoral activities with distinct similarities to the Irish Sun Goddess Bridgit, her name is an ancient name for the rivers and the curves of the countryside. She us a titular Goddess of the Brigantes in Yorkshire.  

(Source: Exploring Celtic Druidism Ancient Magick and Rituals for Personal Empowerment by Sirona Knight)

King Silko’s Silver Crown, 5th Century AD

This silver crown comes from the necropolis of Ballana situated south of Abu Simbel, the site is today submerged by the waters of Lake Nasser. The tomb in which the crown was found, without doubt, is that of a local potentate judging by the abundance and quality of the material uncovered in the 1930s by W.B. Emery. It falls within the category of culture called X-Group (or Ballana Culture) which developed after the breakup of the Empire of Meroë into small kingdoms or principalities. This period is between the end of the 4th century and the beginning of the 6th century AD.

The individual whose corpse was adorned with this crown was probably one of the kings of these small principalities who succeeded the domination of the kings of Meroë. It could be identified as Silko, dating back to the 5th century, who was proclaimed in a Greek inscription within the temple of Kalabsha, “King of Nobatae and all of Ethiopians”. The crown still includes a set of representations from a repertoire directly inspired from ancient Egyptian iconography; however, its symbol and its form are no longer Egyptian.

The crown is composed of two parts, a diadem and a crest. The diadem is decorated with a frieze of Horus falcons between two rows of small squares and circles….

Keep reading

anonymous asked:

I dreamt that Return to Theros was accidentally revealed to come after Dominaria. Was this a vision or wishful thinking?

Wishful thinking, Core 2018 comes after Dominaria. /pedantry

Fall 2018′s set could be Theros. But to bring up The Hand That Moves again, I think the next three settings were laid out already. 

She saw a young man, his face erased, stumbling among a garden of statues. High above the man a growing cloud of dusk attacked the sun. From somewhere outside the garden there was a mighty roar. 

I’ve speculated as this being Theros, but as I mentioned in Ixalan: A First Look, Ixalan fits this perfectly. Jace with his mind wiped is the young man with his face erased. The garden of statues could be either Vraska’s stone gaze or Orazca and Ixalan. A cloud of dusk attacking the sun: The Dusk Legion and Sun Empire. And the mighty roar? Dinosaurs and or a certain spirit dragon. Could even be Ajani.

Nissa saw a world, then tens of worlds, hundreds of worlds. Thousands. She saw this world, the world of Amonkhet, and wrapped around it was a dark sinewy line. That line stretched back through all the worlds, all the thousands of worlds, and she saw an unbroken line of darkness from Amonkhet all the way back to the beginning of the line.

The lines between worlds stretch around so many worlds makes me think of Dominaria as the Nexus of the Multiverse. We also know Dominaria follows Ixalan block. As for what the darkness represents, it could mean a lot of things. Bolas’ influence spreading. The Mending. Whatever is going to happen with the Chain Veil.

A large golden disc, shaped and stylized like a sun, descending from the sky. The sun disc approached a large circular stone tablet covered with strange sigils, and the two discs merged, becoming a single golden disc. Cracks appeared in the golden disc, small at first, then widening, growing. The disc crumbled away into nothingness.

I’ve said from pretty early on this seems a lot like Ravnica’s tablet of the guilds. With the Orzhov subplots we’ve been getting since Return to Ravnica, the Orzhov signet being referenced makes sense. For reference, this is the long-simmering side plot: Teysa Karlov, Family Values, and Pride of the Kraul. Given it’s Magic’s 25th, it would make sense if we saw the return of one of Magic’s most popular settings. I had originally thought Ravnica would be saved for later, but if Vraska accomplishes her goals on Ixalan, we might see movement on that front a lot soon. Given that the MacGuffin on Ixalan is the Immortal Sun, the sun imagery here makes double sense.

I wouldn’t count Theros out, though. It would be my second choice for an upcoming set that is both overdue for a return and it has by far the most unresolved story potential between Elspeth, Ashiok, Dack Fayden, and Gideon.

I was trying my hand at interpreting Dave’s intro page on page 2344.

Dave broods on his oppressive environment, his high-rise hell. There are hints of violent tension in his words – the sun “threatens” to set and “is staring [Dave] down”. The image of the sun as a burning red eye links the heat to Bro’s constant observation (2470, 2493, 2505), both inescapable and stifling. He calls for relief in the form of rain that will “set the record straight”, which is to say, he wants to cool down the searing turntable that is his life.

On the day John’s letter arrived, it was raining. This tells us a bit of what the letter meant to Dave before he even says a word.

His motif of fire and rain is reflected in the initial crowsprite design as well.

On a more speculative note, I think the phrase “Drop It Like It’s Hot” is used loosely to refer to raindrops – or crying, even. Emotional release from the sun’s heat. On a even MORE speculative note, I think the misattribution to Keats is meant to draw attention to his unfinished work, Hyperion (Homestuck like making reference to bad or incomplete media). The poem is about the sun god Hyperion being surpassed by the new sun god Apollo – a seeming parallel to Dave’s efforts to surpass his brother. Given Dave’s association of the sun with a record disc, even the name “turntechGodhead” could be simplified as “sun god.”

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Bronze Bust of Sassanid King (Shapur II), Persia, 4th Century AD

The Sassanid King Shapur II is represented by a cast bronze torso which originally belonged to a composite statue that showed him majestically enthroned, his finely articulated hands resting on a sword (cast separately and now lost). He wears a high, crenellated, tripartite crown with ribbons attached at the back and his forehead is encircled by a diadem adorned with two rows of pearl beads. He wears a tight-fitting, long-sleeved tunic marked by sinuous rills; over this, he wears a belt and halter, both double-beaded with pearls and clasped at the waist with a large circular medallion bordered with the same gems. He is richly outfitted in large bead-and-pearl earrings, pearl bracelets, and a heavy pearl necklace with two round jeweled pendants, one intact, the other preserving traces of a sun disc.  

The Sassanids were a Persian dynasty originating in Fars, who established a powerful empire that extended throughout the Iranian plateau between AD 224-226 and AD 651, making their capital at Ctesiphon. In western chronicles, the most celebrated event in Sassanid history was King Shapur I’s victory in AD 260 over the Roman emperor Valerian, who was taken prisoner along with several thousand of his soldiers. Comparison with similar stepped, crenellated crowns on coin portraits supports the identification of this bust as that of Shapur II (reigned AD 309-379) whose glorious seventy year tenure fortunately had a Roman eyewitness, the historian Ammianus Marcellinus, an officer in the army of Emperor Julian the Apostate.

Neferneferuaten Nefertiti (ca. 1370-1330 BC) was an Egyptian queen and the Great Royal Wife of Akhenaten, an Egyptian Pharaoh. She and her husband were known for a religious revolution, in which they worshiped 1 god only, Aten, or the sun disc. They were responsible for the creation of a whole new religion which changed the ways of religion within Egypt. With her husband, she reigned at what was the wealthiest period of Ancient Egyptian history. Some scholars believe that Nefertiti ruled briefly as Neferneferuaten after her husband’s death and before the accession of Tutankhamun, although this identification is a matter of ongoing debate. 

She was made famous by her bust, now in Berlin, Germany’s Neues Museum. It’s one of the most copied works of ancient Egypt. It was attributed to the sculptor Thutmose, and it was found in his workshop. The bust is notable for exemplifying the understanding Ancient Egyptians had regarding realistic facial proportions.

Ancient Chariot of the Sun, Bronze Age, circa 1700 BCE

Trundholm, Denmark

A 4,000-year-old bronze horse seems to pull a golden sun-disc across the heavens. The gilded spirals on the sun may have been a calendar or astronomical model (?)

Discovered buried in a peat bog in Denmark in 1902. 

anonymous asked:

Top 10 sentai suits design.

This one is one I’ve been thinking about for a while since I got it in my inbox. There are a lot of possible answers to this but I wanted to hold off until I caught up on some others and give it a bit of thought. Now that I’ve had the time, here we go!

10. Ryu Commander from Uchuu Sentai Kyuranger

This is going to be the most recent entry on the list and places this low because of that.  That said, I love this look.  I have always been a sucker for the long coat look on tokusatsu heroes going back to at least Shinken Red’s Super Mode and Kamen Rider Wizard, both designs I adore.

When you add violet, which is my favorite recent edition color, to the mix, you have a suit that REALLY hits my sweet spots for awesomeness. Plus, you make it dragon-themed and that just pushes it over the line to being one of the ten best ever.

9. Dragon Ranger from Kyoryu Sentai Zyuranger

Sticking with Dragons and extra Rangers for a moment I can’t let Burai’s hero outfit go by without adding it to the list.  He started the trend of taking the look of the original heroic suits and adding to them (in his case the chest protector and added gold bands) to the design to make the sixth hero’s outfit something really special. His is also just a great take on the general Zyuranger costume theme and his shade of green is particularly appealing to the eyes, vibrant and rich but not pastel or too dark.

8. Starninger from Shuriken Sentai Ninninger

I am not the biggest fan of the series Shuriken Sentai Ninninger but I am a fan of Starninger, especially his ridiculous outfit.  This may be because I live in Texas and am an American and Starninger’s cowboy rock star outfit is exactly what I expect the rest of the world to think of when they come up with a Texan hero.  Built in cowboy hat?  Check!  Lone Star faceplate? Check! Faux fringe on the faux poncho?  Check and check!  I also love the balance between gold, blue black and red with the gold being primary and everything else used as accent.  It’s a great look and I can’t help but love it!

7. Heart Queen from J.A.K.Q. Dengekitai

One design element of Sentai costumes I don’t think gets used enough are capes.  I love them but more about that later.  Of call the old-school pink heroines, I think Heart Queen has the best costume.  I love the sash across the shoulder to the hip that meets up with her belt, I love the yellow cape that gives a nice color contrast with the rest of her costume, I love the heart-emblem faceplate on the helmet and I really love the four colored triangles on the shoulder.  Each one represents a member of the team and functions as an anchor point for the cape.  Love that design element and I love designs that run diagonally across like that sash/utility harness.

6. Kyoryu Violet 2 from Zyuden Sentai Kyoryuger

Two of my personal favorite design elements come into play here, the across the chest diagonal design and the color violet.  I really like the Kyoryuger costume designs and somehow, I like the new ones from the South Korean/Japanese co-production Power Rangers Dino Force Brave/Zyuden Sentai Kyoryuger Brave even more with their addition of white accents for the helmets and areas on the uniforms.  However, none of those are violet so I ruled them out. This is a nice design and I really like the helmet with the dinosaur teeth and raised areas for eyes plus the little fins on the lower side to suggest the flippers of a plesiosaur.  That little armored shoulder bit suggesting a dinosaur eye just completes the look

5. Vul Eagle from Taiyo Sentai Sun Vulcan

If you can’t have a cape, I saw go with a scarf.  Yes, it’s more well known as a Kamen Rider costume flourish but I think it works for Sentai as well. Vul Eagle makes this list because I love how simple and iconic his costume is. The white and red color balance is great.  His yellow sun disc stands out on his chest and looks great.  But what really does it for me is his helmet.  The design might be kind of simple but I love the look of it with the huge golden eagle in the front and the yellow accents around the visor suggesting wings.  It’s a really great look.

4. Dekared from Tokusou Sentai Dekaranger

This is another costume I like for the helmet design. That’s not the only reason but it’s one of the first.  I like the police lights on the side of the helmet, I like the way the visor narrows in the middle and sweeps up dramatically to the back.  The visor shape reminds me of the headlights on a Nissan 350Z (which came out about the same time). The other thing I really like about this costume is the way the number designation is done with it being integrated into the left side of the costume and leaving one arm red and the other arm black,  I have a thing for asymmetric costume designs and this one is just fantastic.

3. Gokai Green from Kaizoku Sentai Gokaiger

I really, really like the outfits from Gokaiger.  They pirate theme mixed with a Sentai costume really works with the flared boots, hat-like helmets, high collars and colored coat over a black undersuit just creates a unique look that I really, really think is one of the best designs in the last 10 years. So, why Gokai Green?  I like Green. It’s a good color when done right and Doc’s heroic costume is just the right shade of green to strike my fancy.

2. Akaranger from Himitsu Sentai Goranger

This may seem a pretty easy choice and it was for two reasons. 1) It’s the original Red Hero outfit and set the standard for what Sentai heroes look like. 2) It has my favorite design element of all time for a Sentai costume, that short cape. I love the way capes of that length move in battle and how easy they are to flourish dramatically without having them get in the way or drag like a long cape would. I also just love his thigh holster and high collar.  It’s a classy look that’s really passed the test of time.

1. MagiRed from Mahou Sentai Magiranger

Once more with the capes!  I love capes on Sentai outfits as I just said and I think the capes on the Magiranger outfits are just perfect.  I’m going to go with their original, non-powered up forms because I just think the outfits are better before the added on bits and changes.  The lines are clean and sleek, the material is nicer than the simple cloth used on Akaranger above and the helmet design works much better for me.  In short, good costume design is Magic!