summarise

It sometimes seems as if revolutionaries are compelled to constitute themselves on the same model as what they’re fighting. Thus, as a member of the International Workingmen's Association summarised in 1871, the bosses being organised worldwide around their interests as a class, the proletariat must likewise organise itself worldwide, as a working class and around its interests. As a member of the young Bolshevik Party explained it, the tsarist regime was organised into a disciplined and hierarchical politico-military machine, so the Party must also organise itself into a disciplined and hierarchical politico-military machine. One can multiply the historical cases, all equally tragic, of this curse of symmetry. Take the Algerian FLN, which in its methods came to closely resemble the colonial occupiers well before its victory. Or the Red Brigades, who imagined that by taking out the fifty men who were thought to constitute the “core of the State” they would be able to appropriate the whole machine. Today, the most wrongheaded expression of this tragedy of symmetry comes out of the doddering mouths of the new left. What they say is that set against the diffuse Empire, which is structured into a network, but endowed with command centres all the same, there are the multitudes, just as diffuse, structured into a network, but endowed nonetheless with a bureaucracy capable of occupying the command centres when the day comes.


Marked by this kind of symmetry, revolt is bound to fail - not only because it presents an easy target, a recognisable face, but above all because it eventually takes on the features of its adversary.

—  To Our Friends - The Invisible Committee

So I really like the fact that Alexander introduces himself politely to Jefferson in What’d I Miss, presumably when he arrives for the meeting that is Cabinet Battle 1.

Basically, it means that Alexander has gone from “Nice to meet you sir” to “I will literally shove my entire foot up your ass” in the space of less than ten minutes.

How to take notes from a textbook

Knowing what to and what not to write down from a textbook is a often an issue when studying. Should I include this or is that completely necessary? Hopefully these few tips will help anyone struggle to use their textbook!

  • Read the textbook prior to taking notes - This helps give you a solid understanding of the material so you can summarise and shorten your notes. Have a good understanding is great to help shorten your notes, since you can avoid copying the menial information.
  • Highlight some key points, terms and concepts before taking notes - Remember not to over-highlight, keep it brief and minimal; key words, facts, and statistics!
  • Have a colour coding system - This helps to visualise your notes when trying to memorise information and also makes your notes more effective material to learn from. Making sure you’re using the same colours for highlighting your textbook and writing your notes. My colour coding system can be found here.
  • Use the layout of the textbook to organise your notes - I found copying the headings and subheadings really helped simplify and ensure I was learning each section. It’s much easy to find information when you’re skimming through notes. This also ensures that you can remember what topic areas relate to others, meaning you can add more into your essays under exam conditions!
  • Include different ways to show the information - Use mindmaps, bullet points, graphs, flow chats, and post-it notes to help visualise the content. Breaking up your notes with graphics is a good way to avoid full pages of writing and great for memorising statistics or key elements of a topic.
  • Supplement your notes - Use other textbooks and your own research to expand the depth of your notes. This is highly important for subjects that can require evidence, statistics and evaluations. Making sure this information is embedded into your notes is great for writing essays.
  • Add your own personal touch - Add doodles, acronyms, and abbreviations to help your study. Little things that make important information unique and standout will help you recall it later!
  • Summarise each chapter - Make a final summary of each chapter using sticky notes or flash cards. Once you’ve read your textbook, you’ll have a collection of chapter summaries ready to study from.

Each of these tips have helped me recreate notes that are well-rounded and full of brief but useful information. I hope this information helps. Let me know if it does! 

Exam period tips: Revision methods

1) Flashcards : electronical or handwritten

2) Blank sheet method : 1 piece of paper 15 minutes.

3) Timeline: make a line and put in the different stages of development or plot development of a story. Be creative with this, it doesn’t just work in history class.

4) Mind maps: Start with the title, and build around it. 

5) Illustrations: I always use illustrations or flowcharts to better remember the text. Maybe you can summarise the chapter in a drawing?

6) Post-it wall: this is great especially for memorisation. I like to put the post-its on the back of my door, and they kinda work like flashcards. Each morning look at the wall, explain every post it once, if your not sure, look at the back where I put the explanation. When you are certain you know the phrase, store the post-it on the side as a reminder of how much you know, and so that you can revise it at the end of the week. 

7) Audio: listen to audiobooks about your subject, or just download the sound to that youtube video that explains it all. 

8) The teacher: act like a teacher, and explain it to your study group, parents, friends, cat or just the wall. Talking out loud about a subject might expose your weak points and help you strengthen them. 

9) Memory roads : MEMO, this is a concept I my grandmother loved to use, and introduced me to. Have a look at it : http://www.oby.no/whats-memo/?lang=en

3

MY 3 STEPS IN STUDYING

Understanding the Topic
This is the most important part. You have to understand what you’re reading and the concept behind your topic. If you don’t understand what the topic is about, how are you supposed to ace your test? With that being said, read over everything and if you don’t understand something, go over it again until you do. What I like doing is using a dictionary or thesaurus to help me understand words I’m not too sure about. This definitely helps me a lot and it also increases your vocabulary.

Making Notes
This step connects with the previous one, as it allows you to show what you’ve just read and understood. It can also assist in further understanding, and help you out with preparing for essays etc. This is where I basically summarise the important points and have definitions of the key terms. Summarising is extremely useful because you’re writing it in your own words and it helps you with the structure of your sentences for your essays. You can also make sub headings and have a few dot points if it makes it easier for you to memorise. Flashcards are good too!!  Remember, highlighters, sticky notes and tabs are your best friends!! Don’t neglect them!

Revise
Revise, revise, revise!! By now, you should understand pretty much everything, and all you need to do is memorise! Read over your notes and do practice questions! Don’t slack off after writing your notes by reading over them just once after you write them! Read over it a few times a day whenever you can. On the way to school, on your way home, while ads are playing on your tv or if you’re bored! Never sit down complaining about how bored you are but not wanting to do work, because trust me, I’ve been through this countless times and it ain’t helpful!! If you want, you can also ask a friend or family member to quiz you using your flashcards you made!

Good luck studying! But remember, health before study!!

ur faves in season 3

Clarke: ಠ╭╮ಠ

Lexa: ♥‿♥

Bellamy: (ʘ‿ʘ)︻デ═一

Raven: ◕︵◕

Octavia: (ง'̀-‘́)ง

Lincoln: \ (•◡•) /

Jasper: ¯\_(ツ)_/¯

Monty: ʕ•ᴥ•ʔ

Miller: (☞゚∀゚)☞

Murphy: ╭∩╮(︶︿︶)╭∩╮

Kane: (✿◠‿◠)

Abby:  (◡‿◡✿)

Jaha: ¯\(©¿©) /¯

Pike: ( •_•)_†

Nia: ⓧ_ⓧ

Roan: ┬─┬ノ( º _ ºノ)

Titus: (•ˋ _ ˊ•)

Indra: ( ͠° ͟ʖ ͡°) 

"hamilton" summarised

act 1

alexander hamilton: HELLO YES HI THIS MUSICAL IS ALL ABOUT ME I AM THE STAR I AM WONDERFUL LOOK AT ALL THE COOL STUFF I DID WOW GO ME

aaron burr, sir: you’re an orphan? nice lets go mURDER THE GOVERNMENT (ft. drunk squad™)

my shot: im PAst patiently waitin im PASSionately SMAshin every expecTATion every ACTion’s an ACT of crEATion

the story of tonight: more drunk cuties

the schuyler sisters: FEMINISM GIRL POWER F U C K THE PATRIARCHY (ft. peggy bein a lil bitch)

farmer refuted: Sassy Ham™ (ft. dONT MODULATE THE KEY THEN NOT DEBATE WITH M E)

you’ll be back: king george iii is a psycho

right hand man: I HAVE THREE FRIENDS PICK ME

a winter’s ball: salty + creepy burr (ft. LAAAAaaaAaAaaaADIES)

helpless: ELIZA IS A PRECIOUS PURE CINNAMON ROLL D O N ’ T T O U C H H E R

satisfied: did somebody say bitter (ft. goosebumps)

the story of tonight (reprise): drunk and gay (reprise)

wait for it: burr has secrets™

stay alive: FUCK OFF CHARLES LEE

ten duel commandments: oKAY so we’re doing this

meet me inside: ham fucks up™

that would be enough: THE CINNAMON ROLL IS BACK AND SHE’S PREGNANT HAM COULD U N O T

guns and ships: lAFAYETTE

history has its eyes on you: gwash has Feelings™

yorktown (the world turned upside down): that one line @ trump tbh, HERCULES MULLIGAN

what comes next: oh no king george is just hella salty

dear theodosia: AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA

non-stop: HISTORY HAS ITSwhy do you assume you’re the smartest in the room why do you assume you’re the smartest in theNON-STOPhe will never be satisfiedISN’T THIS ENOUGHsatisfiedWHAT WOULD BE ENOUGH

act 2

what’d i miss: tjeffs is back from being a hoe in paris and he’s getting down to Business™ 😎

cabinet battle #1: FUCKN FIGHT ME ILL TAKE ANYONE — alexander hamilton, probably

take a break: spoiler! he doesn’t take a break (ft. UN DEUX TROIS QUATRE CINQQQQQQQQ)

say no to this: oh jesus what is that two letter word starting with n, ending with o, it has escaped my vocabulary completely

the room where it happens: so apparently aaron burr is Salt Personified™

schuyler defeated: bros don’t take other bros’ father in law’s senate seat wtf

cabinet battle #2: if u tie ur hair into a ponytail, u are a completely different person: confirmed

washington on your side: salty burr, jeffersalt, madisalt: the salthern motherfucking democratic republicans™

one last time: washington’s gone, thanks a lot jefferson

i know him: no it turns out that king george iii is actually a fCKN PSYCHOPATH

the adams admininistration: Great Googly Moogly, It’s All Gone To Shit™ (ft. sIT DOWN JOHN YOU FAT MOTHERFUCKER)

we know: so burr’s shady as fuck

hurricane: hoe don’t do it (spoiler! he does it)

the reynolds pamphlet: how to fuck up your own life for no good reason — by alexander hamilton

burn: CINNAMON ROLL IS UPSET AND IT BREA K S Y O U

blow us all away: HE DIDNT MEAN LITERALLY ??¿ (ft. philip organising a threesome)

stay alive (reprise): count to ten in french after this without crying, i dare you

it’s quiet uptown: YOU KILLED YOUR S O N WHAT THE FUCK ALEXANDER CHILL

the election of 1800: alex likes causing drama. what a surprise(!)

your obedient servant: i have never talked shit about you. BUT IF I EVER DID here is a list of everything i said about you and when, it’s 30 years long, take your pick (ft. S A L T )

best of wives and best of women: he doesn’t go back to sleep

the world was wide enough: you done fucked up a-a-ron

who lives, who dies, who tells your story: eliza schuyler hamilton is an angelic cinnamon roll and the world does not deserve her, she singlehandedly made sure her idiot husband made history and she deserves more credit than she is given honestly (ft. your ugly crying)

my tips

  • PRACTICE!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! this is literally THE most important thing you can do to get good grades!!!! w/ enough practice, you can attempt any sort of question they throw at you bc you get acquainted with formulas + how to apply them. you can practice through questions in your textbook, the net, doing your homework, or past papers (my ultimate fav) which you can get from the internet or library 
  • know the formulas and symbols and terminology!!! an easy way to do this is by making summary flashcards ↓
  • summarise each chapter onto flashcards like these or mind maps or sheets or w/e suits you. write the important formulas, diagrams, graphs, examples, etc of each chapter in them. this is helpful if you’ve forgotten a formula or an old chapter, or need to revise the day before (or the morning of) your exam + its def faster than going through your textbook which can have a LOT of unnecessary info.
  • understand your mistakes and find out the correct way to solve the qpay attention in class pls it will help you understand + solve problems faster which means more time to relax yay
  • if you can’t solve a problem, see if there are any examples in your book which can help you. otherwise, use one of the sites/apps linked under ‘tools’  ↓ to solve it and view the steps. if you still don’t understand, ask your teacher or someone who knows maths.
  • try to develop a mindset that you have to find the answer to a difficult q no matter what! this helps me bc i always end up finding the answer so i know how to solve such questions, which is better than giving up and having a similar q come in the exam and not knowing the answer.
  • on tests: pls recheck every q, esp if you’re like me and write 12-5=6 (lol rip)
  • don’t stress!!! maths is difficult and its totally okay if you don’t understand a q! just skip it and come back to it later.

resources

tools

cute af notes

cool stuff to help you understand some things

tips + masterposts by others

Although we want to be able to study as much as possible, sometimes we find ourselves in situations (such as family dinners, at a relative’s house, on public transport, etc) where we can’t bring a whole bag of books to sit down and have a good study session. So I’ve decided to put together 8 tips for keeping your brain active and studying on the go!

1. If you have your novel or textbook
If you’re in a place where what you’re doing is not too watched or important, having your textbook, one pen and maybe a small pack of sticky notes/tabs can be a worthwhile choice. It won’t appear like an intense study session, just summarise each chapter and key points and when you’re done, collect all those sticky notes together and refer to them later on.

2. If you have note cards
Being small and discrete, having handwritten note cards are really great for testing vocabulary and definitions of course, but if you have extra time on your hands, they can act as a quick firing test for yourself if you write questions on one side and detailed answers on the other side, where keywords  are highlighted. Also, they work quite well as quick summary notes to whip out on the train home or wherever.

3. If you have a phone
Continuing on with the theme of flashcards/note cards, you can do the above even if you don’t have notecards on you, with the help of apps. Two apps I would highly recommend downloading (they both require you to make a free account and they both have computer versions):
- Quizlet: has the option of languages, so they can test your listening of vocab in other languages, as well as different modes including learning (where you guess terms in small chunks and they repeat the ones that you tend to forget), matching games to make things fun, and of course your classic cue card mode. It’s not limited to just these though! You can also join classes, download other people’s cards to save time, and much more.
- Brainscape: a more simple app, it’s in the mode of flashcards but once you have attempted to guess the term, you rate how well you did from 1-5 and based on that, the app will repeat the terms until you know them all very well. Quite a nice system.

4. If you have headphones
If it isn’t rude to use them, you can use headphones to listen to recordings of the language you are studying, so that it can help with your listening recognition and allow you to get used to listening to that language. Also, downloading audiobooks can suit people who prefer to listen to rather than read information. I know for biology, you can download podcasts from Douchy and apparently they’re pretty good!

5. If you have only a pen and paper
Being stuck somewhere without your phone can be quite a pain, but if you have access to a writing utensil and a piece of paper, even if its just a scrap piece of paper, and you’re really itching to study, pick a subject and topic you want to study and write out absolutely anything and everything you remember about it. Even the things you’re not sure about. By doing this you can have a draft of your notes and also it gives you a clear indication of what you need to study because it can be used to compare with your textbook or other notes. Write in colour and fill in the gaps for the information you missed out on.

6. If you only have a family member or friend with you
If they’re looking as bored as you are and they don’t mind helping you out, ask them nicely if you can teach them about the topic you want to revise. Teaching someone else is the best way to study and re-learn for yourself. Alternatively, you can also ask them to test you on questions if they know the topic well or speak to you in another language so that you can practice conversation in the language you are studying.

7. If you literally have nothing but a pet with you
Teach them, like you did with the person above, but pets make great listeners so they’ll be more patient with you!

8. If you have time to grab a couple of things before you go out
And if you only have a small bag, only take the essentials:
- a maximum of 5 pens/highlighters/pencils (you really don’t need as many as you think you do)
- small stack of note cards
- phone/headphones (and charger oh my goodness)
- your novel, if it fits.

Hopefully this helps you guys out! Remember, it’s not about the amount you bring, it’s about how you use your resources. Feel free to add your own tips since this is a tips post!

Kate xx

These tips are not my own: I was perusing the web a few days ago and found these rather helpful tips for note taking, nothing groundbreaking but they’re from Cambridge University sooo. I hope they provides some insight. 

Note-taking

Notes taken during lectures, seminars and research will form the basis of your work, helping you to prepare essays and dissertations and revise for exams. Effective note-taking is a very useful skill which can help you to:

  • focus and concentrate
  • organise and record key details
  • gain a fuller understanding of the information and improve your recall
  • save time and energy by working more efficiently.

Tips for effective note-taking

  • be critical about the material - assess its importance to the subject matter, and its credibility
  • don’t copy large amounts of text verbatim
  • always keep detailed notes of any resources used so that you can reference properly later
  • review and summarise your notes afterwards
  • organise and store your notes so that they are easy to retrieve            

The following are examples of note-taking techniques:

  • mind maps (e.g. spider diagram) - help you to visualise key points and the connections and overlaps between them
  • tabular notes - help with making comparisons between points
  • flow charts - help to visualise steps in a process
  • index cards
  • highlighting and annotating.

To get the most out of your lectures, you may find it useful to:

  • find out the subject of the lecture beforehand and read up, so that you’ll be prepared for the key themes and ideas
  • don’t try to write down everything - keep to main points
  • create a wide margin on each page so that there’s room to expand on your notes later.

When note-taking from written material it is helpful to:

  • take reference details down before you start reading
  • reading the introduction and conclusion is useful for ascertaining the main arguments and context
  • read critically.