sulfurous

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Popcorn: [SCREEEECH] Hi! 💕[SCREEEEECH] wha

humans are mammals, so we have a sucking reflex at birth (infants suck on whatever touches the roof of the mouth), to help with breastfeeding. obviously, we lose the reflex past infancy, but we still have the ability. we can drink things through straws.

and non-mammalian aliens have no such capability. 

“I can’t believe you’ve never had bubble tea before,”

“Human-style drinks are rare on my planet, Evelyn,”

“Fair enough. Well, go on, take a sip…what are you doing?”

“Opening the cup?”

“Thats not how you drink it, don’t peel the plastic, here, poke a straw through it,”

“Like this?”

“Yeah, but careful, or you’ll spill it. Uhh, nope, you’re good,”

“What now?”

“You drink it?”

“How? The plastic’s still in the way?”

“Do you not have straws on Dagbusvar? Huh, weird. You just kinda..

“So the liquid just goes up the straw? Like, capillary action?”

“No, its uhh, I only learned this in English, wait a bit….You create a partial vacuum in your mouth, drawing liquid in, and then you swallow it normally,”

“Like the air pressure cleaner we have on base,”

“Yeah! But on a smaller scale,”

“Thats weird. Is it common on your planet?”

“I don’t know? Well, I know mammals can do it, and some insects can, but like, their mouthparts are like straws already, and maybe some fish can?”

“…”

“I wonder if they have spoons; I want you to try the tapioca. They’re kinda like the the Afakiv eggs you like so much, but like, sweeter.”

Dr Maru’s notes, translated

As an Assyriologist-in-training, I was pretty excited about cuneiform’s little cameo in Wonder Woman- there are no films at all about Mesopotamia, so even three seconds of flipping through a notebook of the languages I study was pretty exciting to see on the big screen. Now, I assumed at first that the writing in Dr Maru’s notebook, would simply be gibberish, but one thing about it stuck with me: how well copied the letters were. Now, Cuneiform writing was designed for clay and stylus, and it is BRUTALLY hard to write cuneiform symbols with pen and paper. You’d think you could just draw a bunch of triangles, but nope; the system was so clearly designed to use nuances only possible with stylus and clay, they’re nigh on impossible to accurately reproduce using pen. And whoever wrote that piece of paper did a damn good job of it. So, I remained convinced the text might actually have some meaning, and when I got home I started tinkering with it.

First things first: though the notes were described in the film as “Sumerian and Ottoman”, they’re not Sumerian. Dr Maru’s notes are very clearly written in the quite distinctive script of Neo-Assyrian Cuneiform, which was used on official inscriptions of the Assyrian Empire from around 1000- 700 BC. Sumerian died out as a spoken language in around 2000 BC and though it continued to be used in writing long after that in the same way Latin was in Europe, it was probably never written in the formal Assyrian script.

I’m going to safely assume the man who mistakenly called the page “Sumerian and Ottoman” got it wrong, but the fact that Diana doesn’t correct this, despite her vastly superior knowledge of ancient languages is interesting. Consider this though: historians estimate the destruction of the site of Hissarlik, which is thought MIGHT be the inspiration for the Troy legends to around 1300 BC, around the time of the Bronze Age collapse and dawn of the Greek Dark Ages. If we take this as the end of the Greek Mythic age and the hiding of Themiscyra in the DC Universe, Diana would only have been able to study Cuneiform scripts written before this period so she would know only Old Babylonian Cursive, or possibly even only Old Babylonian Lapidary. Neo-Assyrian script would be just legible with effort, but difficult for her to read.

Now, the way cuneiform works is that any one cuneiform symbol can represent one or more alphabetic sounds, OR syllables, OR entire words. Most stand for a number of those things, but some represent only one. The symbols that represent entire words are called Logograms, and they remained largely consistent through all the changes of the cuneiform writing system. If Dr Maru’s notes were primarily written in Logograms (which they turned out to be), it would make sense for Diana to still be able to read them despite the considerable changes between Old Babylonian Lapidary and Neo-Assyrian script, and also that she wouldn’t have to know Assyrian-era Akkadian to understand the logographic signs (because they represent whole words at once rather than spell them out alphabetically, they can be understood by speakers of multiple languages who know the signs).

So having sorted all that out, I began to translate. Virtually all the symbols were logograms standing for words like mountain, woman, king, builder etc, but a limited few stood for single syllables like “ru” or “ti”. This made no sense, because the signs used were consistent enough with the actual context in the film to make some sense and logically repetitive. Whoever wrote this knew what they were doing. Why intersperse them with random letters? I finally realised: Dr Maru is a chemist. The way her code works is that she uses mostly logograms, but uses signs for syllables when those syllables are our modern symbols for chemical elements. Every sign where a syllable-only translation was my only option, that syllable matched up with the abbreviation for a chemical element in the periodic table.

So, working with the assumption that Dr Poison’s code technique is using Logograms to represent whole words, and the symbols for sole syllables like ka, ga, la etc in their standard transcriptions from cuneiform to represent chemical elements, here it is at last, the first page of Dr Maru’s notebook:


 

To divide the town, one unit of the weapon to the throne of the builder: to please the builder, in the company of the god: lithium, 1 grain/seed of europium. 1 daughter of gold woman -  yours. Country [given?] to god and then [to] lord/god/king. Ruthenium possibility, carbon disulfide*, and then rhenium. May it be pleasing to the country. Animal shoulder** Uunhexium*** . Lord/god and then gallium, and then radium. Weapon, iodine, administrator.


*This sign can mean “tree, wood” or, just stand for the sound “s”. So, i was left with a choice between carbon and sulfur, and settled on the compound

**I have no fricking idea why that’s in there, but it’s definitely that sign. Maybe she wants to make a pot roast and scribbled it down? Someone draw me happy dr maru and her pot roast pls

***This sign was VERY hard to identify, but i finally settled on the Old Babylonian Lapidary sign for “uuh”. Uuh also happens to be the chemical symbol for Ununhexium or Livermorium, a rare earth element not identified until the year 2000. This is strange, because this sign is CLEARLY Lapidary, while all the others are in the Neo-Assyrian script. So my conclusion is that Dr Poison isolated Uunhexium 92 years ahead of the game, it’s her big secret, and decided it needed a unique Logogram of its own, for which she adopted the sign for Uuh.

Waters

Hello darlings! Today I really want to talk about magical waters. I’ll start with simple waters, then one ingredient waters, and then composite waters. Waters is pretty much anything like water that is used magically, so it ranges from storm water to tobacco and damiana tincture, and other stuff. Any of these can be collected whenever is convenient, but I added the time to collect them to make them more potent.


Natural Waters

Rain Water:

Rain water can be used for any spell to make it more potent, but it is a useful tool in peace magic, to quell anger, to relax, and for dream magic. Collect whenever you want.

Storm Water:

Storm water can be either protective or offensive. Use it to wash down your doors to protect you from hexes, and wash your tools with it to amplify their power. You can use it in any hexes or curses you want. To amplify it, add rusty nails to it and let turn rusty. Collect on a waxing gibbous moon.

Swamp Water:

Can be used in works for binding, hexing, or cloaking. Use when wanting to cause illness. Annoint yourself with swamp water to make yourself unnoticeable to others. Colelct on the dark moon (second new moon of the month) or on the new moon.

Marsh Water:

Marsh water is almost the same as swamp water, but it is more suitable for cloaking than other things. It can also be used for cleansing negative energies. Colelct on waning crescent moon.

Hail Water:

Hail water is melted hailstones. Use it for protection or hexing. Similar to storm water, but more aggressive. Use when you want to break sojmeone, or when you wish to cause physical harm. Collect during a full moon for best results.

Salt Water:

Salt water can be used for cleansing and protection from negativity. Simply add salt to water.

Sea Water:

Use sea water in works involving the psyche, or in hexing. It can also be used for cleansing. I use it to work with demonic forces as well. Collect on a new moon.

Lake Water:

Lake water is amazing in works concerning emotions, love, memories, or past life regressions. Boil it and drink it to enhance attempts for past life regressions. Collect on waxing moon.

Pond Water:

Use when wanting to bind someone, or to limit their horizons. Keep a flower vase with pond water in it on a table to silence a conversation to those not sitting at it. Collect on a dark moon.

Spring Water:

Spring water is super versatile. Use it instead of tap water.

Dew:

Dew can allow the witch to cast powerful glamours for beauty and youth. It is an important ingredient in love potions. Collect at sunrise during a waxing or full moon.

Self Water:

Fancy word for spit or urine. This one is a little nasty, but it is to be used whenever a spell needs to be tied to the caster.

Simples

Sun Water:

Bask any sort of water in the sun for a full day. Use it for cleansing, to bring positivity into a space, or for glamours of youth.

Moon Water:

Used to power up any spell. Let water sit in the light of a full moon for a full night.

Tobacco Water:

Steep tobacco into water for a week in the fridge. When strained, mix with 100 proof vodka, about 1.5 parts water for 1 part vodka. Use it to cleanse or to offer to spirits when working with them. Can be used to cause addiction in a person.

Saffron Water:

Steep saffron into water and mix 1 part water with 1 part vodka. Use to raise winds by sprinkling it in the air, or rub on your lips before whistling and raising storms.

Rose Water:

Use for love, glamours, and beauty. Steep fresh rose petals in vodka for a period of 4 weeks, and then extract all the liquid from the petals by pressing them until they have lost their color. Cut with 0.5 part water.

Orange Blossom Water:

Use for joy, beauty, cleansing, and sunshine. Prepare in the same way as the rose water.

Lilac Water:

Use lilac water for sleep, dream magic, spirit work, and cleansing. Prepare in the same way you would prepare the other flower waters.

Apple Blossom Water:

Create this by the same manner as the three flower waters above. Use for protection, love, and beauty.

Holly Water:

Holly water is to be used to protect your family. It will prick at intruders, or unwelcomed guests. It will also allow you to always have knoledge of the safety of your family. Simply steep holly leaves in water and mix with vodka. Do not ingest this, as it is poisonous.

Composites

All Bite no Bark Water:

A powerful water used for protection of a space. Mix together storm water, hair of a black dog, dirt of a grave, the ashes of psalm 7, rose thorns, teeth of a canidae, and three holly berries. Pour around a room which you wish to protect, or water protective plants to give their produce an aggressive kick. This water will protect a space with the ferocity of a rabid dog, and will not warn before attacking.

Fiery Wall of Protection Water:

Mix together sun water with three hot peppers, red brick dust, pottasium nitrate (saltpeter), sulfur, and blackthorn pricks. Another like the above, but more passive. Attacker might suffer a rash after encountering it.

Pitch Water:

Use pitch water to stop someone from making any progress. Mix together water from a swamp, gum arabic or acacia, charcoal dust, and chapparal. It can also be used to dissorient. Fair warning, this water is hella sticky.

Fuck Off Water:

Mix together sumac, apple seeds, thorns of a blackberry, cloves and storm water. Use it to repel unwanted people.

Goodbye Lover Water:

Mix together sea water, sumac, cloves, poppy seeds, thorns of a cactus, petals of a hibiscus flower, and saltpeter. Use it to get rid of unwanted courters or lovers, or to make two people break up.


I hope you guys find this useful! Make sure to be careful with any of the potentially dangerous ingredients listed, and put these to good use! Good luck my darlings.

Curiosity Rover: Five Years on Mars

The evening of August 5, 2012…five years ago…our Mars Curiosity rover landed on the Red Planet. 

Arriving at Mars at 10:32 p.m. PDT (morning of Aug 6 EDT), this rover would prove to be the most technologically advanced rover ever built.

Curiosity used a series of complicated landing maneuvers never before attempted. 

The specialized landing sequence, which employed a giant parachute, a jet-controlled descent vehicle and a daring “sky crane” maneuver similar to rappelling was devised because testing and landing techniques used during previous rover missions could not safely accommodate the much larger and heavier rover.

Curiosity’s mission: To determine whether the Red Planet ever was, or is, habitable to microbial life.

The car-size rover is equipped with 17 cameras, a robotic arm, specialized instruments and an on-board laboratory.

Let’s explore Curiosity’s top 5 discoveries since she landed on Mars five years ago…

1. Gale Crater had conditions suitable for life about 3.5 billion years ago

In 2013, Curiosity’s analysis of a rock sample showed that ancient Mars could have supported living microbes. Scientists identified sulfur, nitrogen, hydrogen, oxygen, phosphorus and carbon – some of the key chemical ingredients for life – in the powder Curiosity drilled out of a sedimentary rock near an ancient stream bed in Gale Crater.

Later, in 2014, Curiosity discovered that these conditions lasted for millions of years, perhaps much longer. This interpretation of Curiosity’s findings in Gale Crater suggests ancient Mars maintained a climate that could have produced long-lasting lakes at many locations on the Red Planet.

2. Organic molecules detected at several locations

In 2014, our Curiosity rover drilled into the Martian surface and detected different organic chemicals in the rock powder. This was the first definitive detection of organics in surface materials of Mars. These Martian organics could either have formed on Mars or been delivered to Mars by meteorites. 

Curiosity’s findings from analyzing samples of atmosphere and rock powder do not reveal whether Mars has ever harbored living microbes, but the findings do shed light on a chemically active modern Mars and on favorable conditions for life on ancient Mars.

3. Present and active methane in Mars’ atmosphere

Also in 2014, our Curiosity rover measured a tenfold spike in methane, an organic chemical, in the atmosphere around the planet. This temporary increase in methane tells us there must be some relatively localized source.

Researchers used Curiosity’s onboard Sample Analysis at Mars (SAM) laboratory a dozen times in a 20-month period to sniff methane in the atmosphere. During two of those months, in late 2013 and early 2014, four measurements averaged seven parts per billion.

4. Radiation could pose health risks for humans

Measurements taken by our Curiosity rover since launch have provided us with the information needed to design systems to protect human explorers from radiation exposure on deep-space expeditions in the future. Curiosity’s Radiation Assessment Detector (RAD) was the first instrument to measure the radiation environment during a Mars cruise mission from inside a spacecraft that is similar to potential human exploration spacecraft.

The findings indicate radiation exposure for human explorers could exceed our career limit for astronauts if current propulsion systems are used. These measurements are being used to better understand how radiation travels through deep space and how it is affected and changed by the spacecraft structure itself. This, along with research on the International Space Station are helping us develop countermeasures to the impacts of radiation on the human body.

5. A thicker atmosphere and more water in Mars past

In 2015, Curiosity discovered evidence that has led scientists to conclude that ancient Mars was once a warmer, wetter place than it is today. 

To produce this more temperate climate, several researchers have suggested that the planet was once shrouded in a much thicker carbon dioxide atmosphere. You may be asking…Where did all the carbon go?

The solar wind stripped away much of Mars’ ancient atmosphere and is still removing tons of it every day. That said, 3.8 billion years ago, Mars might have had a moderately dense atmosphere, with a surface pressure equal to or less than that found on Earth.

Our Curiosity rover continues to explore the Red Planet today. On average, the rover travels about 30 meters per hour and is currently on the lower slope of Mount Sharp.

Get regular updates on the Curiosity mission by following @MarsCuriosity on Twitter.

Make sure to follow us on Tumblr for your regular dose of space: http://nasa.tumblr.com

ok first: this realization fucked me up a year or so ago

everything we are taught about light and color, from art classes and physics classes, computing, whatever, is mostly bullshit. Its all based entirely on how the human eye functions.

primary colors? arbitrary. based entirely on human vision (which is why partially why primary colors differ in paint and RGB) Thats the main thing.

so the divisions of color into wavelength are so uneven (correct me if i’m wrong, but green is disproportionately large) (on that note, humans are better at distinguishing shades of green than of other colors) because its based on how we see things and no real mathematical or physical differences in the light.

other organisms with different eye structures have completely different colors and light. Our eyes have three types of cells to process color (corresponding to Red Green and Blue) butterflies have five types. What the fuck are they seeing? If we could ever know, how could we process that image into something we can sense? 

humans made the world to conform to them (RGB screens deliberately use the eyes RGB structure to make a coherent image) and its weird to realize the ways in which we are limited by our senses, especially since sight is probably out main sense.


in that vein, any alien coming to earth would be highly unlikely to be able to use our technology because its surprisingly specific to our eye structure. 

 they’d have to have fairly good vision to start with, so if they survive mainly on smell or sound on their home planet, earth tech’s not for them (which reveals so flaws in out world in helping disabled people)

their eyes would need to have RGB cells, at least two of those? or something similar enough that its not a big deal. because for some fucking reason our eyes signal red+green as yellow. also, will alien vision even be in out visible range? what if they only see IR or UV light what then

itd be like, “good evening victoria, what is that device in your hand? technology from earth?”

“yeah, i’m just reading something on my phone,” and seeing the screen its a horrible mess of colored dots that burns into your retinas and nothing like human writing on paper. 

we’d need to abandon RGB all together and use the lights that genuinely change wavelength. 

instagram

Hi!!💕✨

ok, so we have ingrained expectations for how big any certain thing should be. like, a tree should be taller than me, insects should be smaller than this (holds hands a few inches apart). so finding a bonsai, an unusually small tree, or a tarantula, shakes those expectations. this picture kinda shows it. most people wouldn’t really expect a bird’s foot to be so large, and its jarring to see it is.

so imagine this ‘jarring’ feeling taken over to an alien world, or an alien to our world. oh! i’ve never seen invertebrates so small! is this their normal size? are they babies? and then the human explains, that nope, most bugs don’t get much bigger.

and maybe even us humans also. our furniture is built to scale for our bodies, their analogous furniture is to scale for their bodies; communicating through video, no one thought anything of it. then we show up and we’re like, 3 times their height and its like, whoa, thought you were taller. a lot of things imagine aliens as being conveniently human-sized and like, what if you’ve got a 3-meter tall Captain which limits what ships you can be assigned to. your coworker is 10 inches tall, so you have to install auxiliary steps and ladders everywhere so they can navigate independently. or or! huge aliens going with the ’humans are cute’ idea build shelves or tunnels along the walls so we can walk around like cats, and they kinda coo over us climbing so high up and back down and thats how we get around their ships

Crystals: Color and Use

The best way to work with crystals magickally, is to simply carry them in your pocket or touch them. You can also wear them as jewelry as a single crystal or combined with other complimentary crystals on places such as: over your heart or at your wrists, etc, to disburse the energies throughout the body. 


Cleansing Crystals

Many people often handle the crystals before they are bought by you, so aligning and cleansing them is recommended for purest energy. 

Crystal Alignment Meditation

  1. Stand before your crystals and close your eyes and focus on the moment
  2. Take three slow breaths: inhale to the count of four, hold for count of four, and exhale for count of four, and then hold for another four counts
  3. State firmly in your mind “My spirit vibrates in harmony with (insert crystal type here)” (Robbins & Bedell, 2017). 
  4. Continue to mentally recite the chant until you feel an energetic shift in yourself 
  5. Open your eyes and start to feel the crystals before you
  6. Hold them, touch them
  7. The crystal that is right for you will feel like its humming in your hand–the sensation of your energy and the crystal energy aligning 

Boosting Crystal Power with a Simple Cleansing Ritual

  • Materials:
    • Your crystals
    • Bowl of soapy water
    • Sea salt (in small bowl)
    • Bowl of cold water
  • Ritual:
    • Take all the crystals and put them in the bowl of soapy water. Use your hands to rub them clean
    • Chant as you wash clean: “Water, cleanse and clean. Remove the negative unseen” (Robbins & Bedell, 2017).
    • When the crystals feel lighter, individually place them in the bowl of salt. The salt will ground them in your energy and their energy, and remove any remaining energy
    • Next, dip them in the bowl of cold water to rinse off the salt, but keep the energetic process. As you remove them from the cold water, say “By the water, no more negativity. By the water, blessed be” (Robbins & Bedell, 2017)
    • Your crystals are now blessed and cleansed and ready for use



Color Associations

  • White: Pure spirit, innocence, blank slate (any purpose)
  • Red: Love, life, sex, romance, power, element of fire
  • Orange: Success, memory, gaining energy 
  • Green: Money, fertility, success, growth, life-earth element
  • Blue: Healing, peace, dream work 
  • Gold: Money, success, Sun God
  • Yellow: Success, luck, element of air
  • Silver: Intuition, money, psychic ability, Moon Goddess
  • Purple: Intuition, psychic energy, mental focus, spirituality 
  • Black: Protection, grounding, strength 

Magickal Associations

  • Amethyst: Dreams, healing, psychic ability, peace, love, protection against thieves, courage, happiness
  • Aventurine: Mental focus and psychic ability, eyesight, gambling and general luck, money, peace, healing
  • Bloodstone: Healing, victory, courage, success in legal matters and business, wealth
  • Carnelian: Peace, relief from depression
  • Citrine: Success, protection, anti-nightmare, psychic ability
  • Clear Quartz: Boosts any other crystals or herbs, spirituality, protection, healing, psychic ability, power
  • Diamond: Spirituality, reconciliation, help with sexual dysfunction, protection, courage, peace, love, healing, strength 
  • Emerald: Love, money, mental focus and psychic ability, protection, exorcism, eyesight
  • Fluorite: Mental focus and psychic ability
  • Garnet: Healing, protection, strength 
  • Hematite: Grounding, healing, divination
  • Iron Pyrite (Fool’s Gold): Money, divination, luck
  • Jadeite: Love, healing, longevity, wisdom, protection, prosperity, money
  • Jet: Protection, anti-nightmare, luck, divination, health
  • Labradorite: Peace of mind, peace, happiness, tranquility, relaxation
  • Lapis Lazuli: Healing, joy, love, fidelity, psychic ability, protection, courage
  • Malachite: Power, protection, love, peace, business success
  • Moonstone: Love, divination, psychic ability, gardening, youth, protection, dieting, Moon Goddess
  • Moss Agate: Gardening, riches, happiness, long life, fertility
  • Red Jasper: Protection against poison and negativity, curing fevers, healing, beauty, grace
  • Rose Quartz: Love, open-heart chakra, peace, happiness
  • Ruby: Wealth, protection, power, joy, anti-nightmare
  • Smoky Quartz: Grounding, relief from depression
  • Sunstone: Protection, energy, health, sexual energy, Sun God
  • Tigereye: Money, prosperity, courage, energy, luck, divination 

Medical Associations

  • Amethyst: Relieves arthritis, asthma, anxiety, fatigue, insomnia, and stress; improves circulation 
  • Amber: Relieves asthma, constipation, and headaches; boosts energy
  • Aventurine: Relieves anxiety and fatigue, boosts immunity
  • Bloodstone: Improves circulation, relieves fatigue, boosts immunity
  • Carnelian: Relives arthritis and fatigue, improves circulation, aids concentration, aids fertility, boosts energy 
  • Citrine: Relieves constipation, improves digestion 
  • Clear Quartz: Aids concentration, boosts energy, immunity, and the properties and strength of all other crystals
  • Diamond: Relieves anxiety and depression, purifies, cleanses, regulates hormones
  • Emerald: Relieves asthma, detoxifies, cleanses, boosts immunity, relieves headaches
  • Fluorite: Relieves arthritis, aids concentration (note: do not use in an elixir or crystal water) 
  • Garnet: Relieves arthritis and depression, improves circulation, aids fertility 
  • Hematite: Relieves anxiety, arthritis, headaches, and insomnia; improves circulation; aids sleep
  • Iron Pyrite (Fool’s Gold): Relieves asthma, improves digestion
  • Jadeite: Relieves depression, balances the nervous system
  • Jet: Relieves headaches and depression
  • Labradorite: Improves digestion, relieves stress
  • Lapis Lazuli: Relieves depression, headaches, insomnia, and stress; boosts immunity
  • Malachite: Relieves asthma, boosts immunity (note: do not use in an elixir or crystal water)
  • Moonstone: Relieves anxiety, aids fertility
  • Moss Agate: Relieves depression, boosts immunity
  • Red Jasper: Improves circulation, aids concentration, relieves constipation
  • Rose Quartz: Relieves anxiety, headaches, and stress: aids fertility 
  • Ruby: Improves circulation, relieves constipation 
  • Smoky Quartz: Relieves anxiety, stress, and headaches
  • Sunstone: Relieves depression and fatigue 
  • Tigereye: Relieves anxiety, asthma, and depression

Crystal Water

This is an energetic healing-water prepared in a glass or jar, with the correct combination of crystals. To make your water:

  • Place the crystals in the bottom of the glass or jar
  • Set outside in the sun, or by a sunny window
  • Let sit for 2-8 hours
  • Once done, strain the water into a clean glass and store
  • Dosage is 2-3 drops in a glass of water or juice 3-4 times daily 

Note: Some crystals have metallic components and may contain iron or other substances that you should not drink or touch. These minerals include malachite, azurite, fluorite, jet, sulfur, serpentine, tigereye, tiger iron, and turquoise. To still obtain the crystal water energies from these crystals, you should use the No-Touch Method.

No-Touch Method

What you will need

  • Small bowl 
  • Large bowl
  • Crystals
  • Water
  • Bottle or jar
  1. Place the crystals in the small bowl
  2. Place the smaller bowl within the larger bowl
  3. Fill the larger bowl with enough water that the water level is above the height of the crystal(s) in the smaller bowl (BUT DOES NOT OVERFLOW INTO THE SMALL BOWL) 
  4. Place the bowls outside in the sun or on a sunny window for 2-8 hours
  5. Bottle the water from the larger bowl and store
  6. Usage and dosage is the same as above

Recipes 

  • Anxiety Relief: Amethyst, rose quartz, moonstone
  • Arthritis Relief: Carnelian, garnet, hematite
  • Asthma Relief: Amethyst, iron pyrite, tigereye
  • Constipation Relief: Citrine, red jasper
  • Depression Relief: Garnet, jadeite, lapis lazuli, sunstone, moss agate
  • Digestive Relief: Citrine, iron pyrite, labradorite, energy boost, carnelian, clear quartz
  • Fatigue Relief: Aventurine, carnelian, sunstone
  • Fertility: Carnelian, garnet, moonstone, rose quartz
  • Headache Relief: Clear quartz, hematite, lapis lazuli, rose quartz
  • Immunity Boost: Aventurine, bloodstone, clear quartz, lapis lazuli
  • Improve Circulation: Bloodstone, hematite
  • Improve Concentration: Carnelian, clear quartz, red jasper
  • Insomnia Relief: Amethyst, hematite, lapis lazuli
  • Stress Relief: Lapis lazuli, smoky quartz, rose quartz 

Source 

Robbins, Shawn, and Bedell, Charity. The Good Witch’s Guide. New York: Sterling Ethos, 2017. Print.

Alchemy 101

Note: This is about modern, real alchemy, not anything fictional.

What is alchemy?

Alchemy is simply a process of transformation, creation, or combination. During the Middle Ages, it was a very popular endeavor of attempting to transmute common things like iron into pure gold. It combined science and witchcraft, and was the forerunner for modern chemistry.

What this post is about, however, is the more metaphysical form of alchemy: using physical materials or symbols to manipulate energy, like modern witchcraft.

Alchemical Symbols

The three symbols in the top-left are called the Three Principles: sulfur, salt, and mercury. The five symbols in the top-right are the symbols of the elements: fire, air, water, earth, and a symbol that represents them all*.  Medieval alchemists believed that the Three Principles and the Four Elements were what everything is made of. This can also be applied to the astral realm and the different energies that it consists of. 

  • Sulfur energy is hot, fiery, and energetic.
  • Salt energy is cleansing, absorbing, and somewhat neutral.
  • Mercury energy is calm but quick, and is a communication energy.

*When all four element symbols are overlayed, they form what looks like a David’s Star. It represents unity and the astral realm, whereas the plus sign symbol just represents the elements.

The lower symbols represent the planets and metals. (Pluto and Uranus are excluded because it wasn’t known that they even existed at the time) 

The Philosopher’s Stone

(NO, NOT HARRY POTTER) The Philosopher’s Stone was a substance that could allegedly transmute common, base materials into gold. The energetic equivalent is an energy that turns negative energy into positive energy. Use the symbol of the Philosopher's Stone to avoid the effects of curses, or to bless an area.

These symbols and physical things can be used to represent energies for spells. For example, copper could be used to correspond with Venus energy, sulfur can be used for curses, and so on.

Alchemical symbols can be used as/in sigils. The metals they correspond with can be used to correspond with astrological energies.

This post was a little ramble-y, but I hope it was informative! This is what I’ve gleaned and interpreted from lots of research, so if you disagree with anything, that’s fine, but please don’t get salty. Have a lovely day <3