such things are cyclical

Joseph is not a bad person

Yeah, I said it, the thing that so many people in this fandom are not happy to admit. Joseph is not a bad person, not by a long shot. Hell, there are far more issues with Robert than there are with Joseph - the only real moral difference between the two is that Robert gets a happy ending, and Joseph does not. That is literally it.

“But Joseph cheated-” Yes, yes he did. Joseph cheated on Mary with Robert, and he cheats on Mary with the MC. However, there is clearly a lot more to the Joseph/Robert story than we know, so there’s nothing that we can glean from it other than speculation. Somehow, a lot of people like to speculate that Joseph is the bad person because…Robert said so? Why on Earth would we believe one person? Even Mary doesn’t say her husband is a bad man, and she has every right to do so as his wife. Robert is not reliable. Then, when Joseph cheats on Mary with the MC, the two of them are actively about to get a divorce.

That’s it. Those three things, the two instances of cheating and Robert saying that Joseph isn’t a good person is literally all we have to say that Joseph is a bad person. That is it. The cult ending is still not in the game, and literally everything else is entirely speculation. There is no other evidence saying Joseph is a bad person.

“He lost track of his kids-” At a park, in the morning, in a safe neighborhood. Yeah sure it’s a little squiffy, but if we’re going to get on Joseph’s case for that then we should also be yelling at Mary for not only losing track of Crish, but completely disregarding her husband’s concern for the toddler.

Joseph actively gets upset if you lie on his route, Joseph actively tries his best to make sure that his youth party goes well, that his children are happy. He encourages his children’s weird behaviors and appears to have a good understanding of his autistic son as well. He spends time to create a man cave for him and the MC to relax and joke in, he supports Damien and all the other dads despite their gender and sexual alignment. He actively tries to help Hugo with Ernest and doesn’t lose his temper at the clearly troubled kid. There is so much good to this man, and this fandom is reducing him to an abusive manipulator based on no evidence other than “Robert said so”. The devs themselves have said before that you can’t take everything in this game at face value, and Robert is friends with Mary. I go into this more on another one of my posts, but Robert only ever sees Mary upset, so he only ever hears that Joseph is at fault. Is it so hard to imagine that maybe Robert is over reacting because he’s being over defensive of his friend? Is it really?

And as for Mary - again, Mary never says her husband is a bad man and, honestly, she’s more at fault for the shitty place their marriage is in than Joseph. That might be a touchy subject for some, but I’m serious. Mary goes out drinking most nights, she flirts with almost every man she meets, staying out until God knows when having ‘fun’ with Robert. Neil and Robert may insist that she isn’t cheating, but uh, flirting is still cheating. It is still 100% cheating on your partner to go out and flirt endlessly with another person. It is not okay, and will never be okay. She also lowkey makes fun of his religion, is obviously super flippant about caring for her children (she let her kids watch an R rated movie, and didn’t seem to care one lick about Crish), and is incredibly passive aggressive. Hell, at some points in the game, she is just aggressive towards the MC and Robert has to tell her to back off.

Mary is not a bad person, nor is Robert, but that’s kind of my point. None of these people are bad people, but somehow this fandom has turned Mary and Robert into pure cinnamon rolls and Joseph into a literal demon because…I don’t know. I really don’t know. There’s even a comic going around that keeps getting reblogged with tags like “yeah, fuck Joseph!” “Joseph is so cruel to Mary” “I wish Robert and Mary would get together and leave Joseph”. These tags are incredibly upsetting because of how short minded these people are. The comic has Mary coming home late at night with Robert practically shouting a song at the top of their lungs. People somehow see this as harmless fun and Joseph is totally just ruining it by being a bad husband…But seriously?

First of all, walking around incredibly drunk and screaming songs in the middle of the night is public indecency and you could have the cops called on you for disturbing the peace. Would you be happy if your drunk neighbor woke you up at night? What if you had a baby, like Craig?

And, secondly…How on Earth is Joseph the bad one in the situation for ‘stopping their fun’? Humor me for just a second if you’re having trouble understanding me. For just one second, imagine Mary is a man. We’ll say his name is Marty. Marty has a wife named Josephine. Marty goes out most nights to get incredibly drunk with his female friend, Robin. Josephine knows and has seen how Marty gets when he’s drunk, she knows how Marty flirts with the girls at the bar, sitting next to them, wrapping his arm around them, getting them to buy him drinks with a wink and a smile. Josephine has to put the four kids to bed each night - the autistic one, the hyper ones, and the toddler. Josephine waits up for her husband to come home, nervous for her safety, and nervous that…What if tonight was the night she brought another woman home? Or, came back in the morning smelling of another woman’s perfume? Then, she hears the tell tale singing of Marty and Robin on the way home, followed shortly after by the Crish’s cry and a light across the street turning on…

Does any of that sound even remotely okay? Could you imagine if the situation where truly reversed like that, with a husband getting hopelessly drunk most nights, flirting with women, and coming home late? Do you still think that he is totally at fault for being angry that his wife came home drunk? Honestly, there is no difference between the people telling Joseph to go fuck himself for ruining his wife’s ‘fun’ and the men I’ve seen my father hang around with joking about how my own mother was his ‘ball and chain’ for the exact same reason. There is a good reason my mom and dad are not together anymore.

Mary is clearly an alcoholic. Even if she’s not an angry drunk, I’ve known plenty of people and read plenty of stories of children who were raised with drunk parents. You usually only hear about the father, so again if you’re having trouble understanding why Mary’s alcoholism is an issue then imagine she’s Marty. Imagine Marty as a father who is constantly drunk or with a drink in hand, a father who accidentally lets you watch movies that you know you shouldn’t watch, a father who just waves you away and ignores you, a father who disappears every night…Why is mommy the only one home at night? Why are they fighting? Is it your fault?

That got a little heavy, but at this point I just want this to stop. I am so tired of going into the Joseph tag and finding nothing but hate post after hate post after hate post. I am so tired of seeing posts blaming Joseph for Mary’s alcoholism and Robert’s…Issues when we all know damn well that can’t possibly be the reason. Robert was a terrible person in his past and he’s upset about it, and we really don’t know what’s going on with Mary. We don’t, sans speculation. End of story. There is no way we can reliably blame Joseph for everything, and it’s even getting to the point where the anti-Joseph posts are actually becoming abusive to Joseph using Mary AND Robert as the assailants.

tl;dr: Joseph is not a bad man, Mary and Robert are not flawless, the way Mary acts is seriously problematic, and some of stuff you guys are posting is actually kinda hurtful. Can we reel a back a little?

It’s a nice day for Week in Review

Rising high

(Television) All other shows bend the knee to Game of Thrones, the new No. 1.
(Anime & Manga) Little Witch Academia casts a spell and floats six spots up to No. 10.
(Movies) Spider-Man: Homecoming swings into No. 3.
(Celebrities) Matthew Daddario steals our hearts and the No. 3 spot.
(Music) Taylor Sssswift is up to sssssomething, and it puts her at No. 2.

Originally posted by alexander-l1ghtwood-bane

Sinking low

(K-Pop) DAY6 is having a bunch of bad days, falling eight spots to No. 18.
(Music) Even when Rihanna falls eight, she’s still at No. 10. Moo-la-lah.
(Celebs) As Life of Kylie’s ratings are dropping, Kylie Jenner’s (No. 15) Fando position is too.
(Movies) These things can be cyclical. Last week The Last Jedi was doing well, this week it dropped eight to No. 14.
(Television) Out of season, nearly out of mind. Doctor Who is barely hanging in at No. 20.

Originally posted by 6ungjin

The Wheel of the Year

The Wheel of the Year is an annual cycle of seasonal festivals, observed by many modern Pagans. It consists of either four or eight festivals: either the solstices and equinoxes, known as the “quarter days”, or the four midpoints between, known as the “cross quarter days”.

The festivals celebrated by differing sects of modern Paganism can vary considerably in name and date. Observing the cycle of the seasons has been important to many people, both ancient and modern, and many contemporary Pagan festivals are based to varying degrees on folk traditions.

In many traditions of modern Pagan cosmology, all things are considered to be cyclical, with time as a perpetual cycle of growth and retreat tied to the Sun’s annual death and rebirth.

Yule/Winter Solstice: a festival observed by the historical Germanic peoples, later undergoing Christian reformulation resulting in the now better-known Christmastide. A celebration the beginning of longer days, as this is the shortest day of the year in terms of sunlight. 

Imbolc: the first cross-quarter day following Midwinter this day falls on the first of February and traditionally marks the first stirrings of spring. It is time for purification and spring cleaning in anticipation of the year’s new life. 

For Celtic pagans, the festival is dedicated to the goddess Brigid, daughter of The Dagda and one of the Tuatha Dé Danann.

Among witches reclaiming tradition, this is the  time for pledges and dedications for the coming year.

Ostara/Spring Equinox: from this point on, days are longer than the nights. Many mythologies, regard this as the time of rebirth or return for vegetation gods and celebrate the spring equinox as a time of great fertility.

Germanic pagans dedicate the holiday to their fertility goddess, Ostara. She is notably associated with the symbols of the hare and egg. Her Teutonic name may be etymological ancestor of the words east and Easter.

Beltrane: traditionally the first day of summer in Ireland, in Rome the earliest celebrations appeared in pre-Christian times with the festival of Flora, the Roman goddess of flowers, and the Walpurgis Night celebrations of the Germanic countries. 

Since the Christianization of Europe, a more secular version of the festival has continued in Europe and America. In this form, it is well known for maypole dancing and the crowning of the Queen of the May.

Litha/Summer Solstice: one of the four solar holidays, and is considered the turning point at which summer reaches its height and the sun shines longest.

Luchnassad/Lammas: It is marked the holiday by baking a figure of the god in bread and eating it, to symbolize the sanctity and importance of the harvest. Celebrations vary, as not all Pagans are Wiccans.  

The name Lammas (contraction of loaf mass) implies it is an agrarian-based festival and feast of thanksgiving for grain and bread, which symbolizes the first fruits of the harvest. Christian festivals may incorporate elements from the Pagan Ritual.

Mabon/Autumn Equinox: a Pagan ritual of thanksgiving for the fruits of the earth and a recognition of the need to share them to secure the blessings of the Goddess and the God during the coming winter months. The name Mabon was coined by Aidan Kelly around 1970 as a reference to Mabon ap Modron, a character from Welsh mythology. Among the sabbats, it is the second of the three Pagan harvest festivals, preceded by Lammas / Lughnasadh and followed by Samhain.

Samhain: considered by some as a time to celebrate the lives of those who have passed on, and it often involves paying respect to ancestors, family members, elders of the faith, friends, pets, and other loved ones who have died. In some rituals the spirits of the departed are invited to attend the festivities. It is seen as a festival of darkness, which is balanced at the opposite point of the wheel by the festival of Beltane, which is celebrated as a festival of light and fertility.

!! Spoilers for Julian’s route in Book VI & paid scenes !!

After the update, I wanted to try touching a little bit on Jules’s predilections. ;D It’s not nsfw or anything, so don’t get too excited lol.  And it’s not too spoiler-y, but just in case.

1300 words, Julian/Apprentice, teen by AO3


“Julian,” Xan hissed.

His closed eyelids scrunched up, and he made an unhappy sound.  Leaning on her elbow over him, she reached out to squeeze his shoulder.  ‘Leaning over him’ was a bit of a misnomer, though; the little twin bed had her practically sprawled over his chest.  This had had its benefits and its detriments in the couple of hours she’d drifted asleep, and if he weren’t so exhausted from the vampire eel bite she’d suspect the ‘benefits and detriments’ would have increased tenfold.


“I’m– I’m up, I’m up,” he squinted at her, at the dark still pressing against the cottage’s little window. “What is it?”

Keep reading

So many things in life are cyclical… they travel their circular path, always returning eventually to any given point.
Time is no exception to this… every 24 hrs the world has spun a full circle and every 365 days it has completed a full circle around the sun. And though the way we experience time is subjective at best, I still believe there is a certain phenomenon that many people share…
There are times in our lives we experience a trauma; we are deeply hurt in a way that can never fully heal or we lose someone we love deeply from our lives… and when that happens, something in the way we experience time is forever changed. It is as though the world has always spun its circles on a perfectly polished surface but as of that moment, the glossy exterior is damaged in that exact spot forever and the circle will always have difficulty when it gets back to that point.
And from then on it ‘catches’… snags… like a damaged record, or a hangnail on a woolen sweater or a hiccup with a broken rib… and it hurts… in a very real, literal sense.
I lost somebody once on this date… and the way I experience time has forever been altered because of it. Every year this day ‘catches’… and it hurts. Each time the world has spun another circle, it seems to return to this point and stop momentarily, almost as though it were giving me a moments stillness to acknowledge the emptiness and the loss… before it begins its turning once more…
insomniac!yuuri hcs

this is pretty random for this blog, but i’m bored so here:

  • i definitely hc yuuri as an insomniac
    • his anxiety is too much like mine for him not to be tbh
  • i know from experience that insomnia can be “contagious” to certain people
    • people like phichit, who are very sensitive to the emotional states of those around them and are very empathetic
    • especially when they live with an insomniac
    • so now phichit has insomnia, too, though not as bad as yuuri’s, and it doesn’t really phase him, probably because he likes taking naps during the day (a note for non-insomniacs: some insomniacs are really good at taking naps; others aren’t; for others, it varies from day to day)
    • he likes that it allows him to be there for his friend when yuuri is anxious and there’s nobody else awake for him to talk to
  • insomnia is not contagious for all people
    • so it never rubs off on viktor, who seems to be a pro at sleeping and doesn’t intuitively understand yuuri
  • when they first start sleeping together, viktor tries to ignore yuuri’s struggle and just sleep because he hopes it will help yuuri if he sets a good example
  • but he soon learns that just makes yuuri more anxious
    • because then yuuri’s afraid to move since he doesn’t want to wake his bf
  • so now viktor forces himself to stay up late with yuuri when he knows yuuri is anxious
    • he can tell because he knows there’s something going on that yuuri is worrying about, but also because he learns to read the patterns of yuuri’s body language even when viktor doesn’t understand what’s causing the anxiety
  • viktor happily stays up late even when he’s super exhausted for yuuri because he loves him that much
  • he never let’s on that he’s tired or losing sleep because of yuuri, because he knows that would just make him feel bad and stress more
  • at first he comes up with excuses for why he isn’t going to sleep as early as he used to (caffeine, eating too late at night, didn’t get enough exercise during the day and has too much energy, slept too much the night before or took a nap during the day, etc.), but eventually yuuri stops questioning it
  • then something unexpected happens
  • yuuri starts sleeping earlier— not early or at a normal time, but now he’s getting a solid 5.5 hours of sleep a night instead of 4
  • because he’s no longer scared of not being able to sleep (if you’re not an insomniac, you may not understand this, but trust me, it’s a thing.  insomnia is a very cyclical anxiety, which is part of what makes it so hard to get rid of.  it’s basically the fear of your anxiety attacking you as soon as you try to speak, which causes more anxiety)
  • so over time the two of them get more and more sleep
    • viktor is secretly very proud of himself for having helped yuuri
    • yuuri doesn’t realize how much thought viktor put into this, but he knows it’s thanks to viktor that he sleeps better, and it makes him love and trust him that much more, which leads to him reaching out and snuggling/cuddling with viktor more at night
    • which of course thrills viktor and is basically the best thank you he could ever receive

like I know it’s a longshot and probably not going to happen because I think there are too many variables that maybe contradict it (?) but Griffin’s repeatedly described Phandalin as a “perfect circle of black glass” which, on a larger scale, is similar to what the planar mirrors in Lucas’ lab were, and now all I can think about is how fucking insanely badass it would be if they used Phandalin - arguably their biggest failure/regret - as a way to banish/ultimately defeat the Hunger LIKE THAT WOULD BE SO AMAZING AND A TOTAL ‘COME FULL CIRCLE’ MOMENT (GET IT see it’s even a pun it’s perfect) dude I want it so bad I don’t care how many hoops he’d have to jump through to make it work I want it so bad

Summer Winds spell for Patience

The Summer Solstice is coming up, and that means that it’s time to kick back and enjoy a day in the sun. For some, the solstice is about community, or love, and all the warmth that summer can bring. For me, it’s about relaxation and waiting. You’ve sown the seeds, and soon the time will come to reap them. In the meantime, it’s time to relax. 

Life is hectic, but summer is a time for freedom and patience combined; for people like me, though, waiting is one of the hardest things you can do. Here’s a spell to help. This doesn’t need to be a solstice/midsummer spell, but I’m certainly using it as one! 

What You’ll Need: 

  • The sun (through a window, by going outside, w/e)
  • Gold yarn/string
  • Dandelion (fluffy)

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The Elements

A lot of the time, astrology writers talk about the elements so much that they just presume we all understand what they are, what they actually mean concerning the signs. I’m guilty of this too, so I wanted to make a post explaining what energy the elements actually represent.

Fire- Fire is the rumble in the belly, that impulsive need to satisfy whatever it is you desire. Often, fiery folk can be combative, yet passionate, someone that has trouble fitting into a box but rather wishes to break the box completely, to live by whatever their heart tells them to do. Fire is desire, will and action. In other words, they get things done.

Earth- Earth is the ability of sensation, to tap into the cyclic rhythms of the world, to live in a grounded and practical reality. Earth folk can find themselves wondering about what is “appropriate,” what a tangible reality is, yet there is also a creativity here, an appreciation of anything that excites the five senses. Earth is often associated with physical goods also.

Air- Air is the whirring energy of thought, of conception, of ideas that whizz and fizz in the mind. There is an eccentricity of air, a mindful genius. Air is also the talent of words, communication and expression, even though airy folk tend to have a kind of detached aura to them, a cerebral quality, but often friendly none the less. Air can think up wondrous ideas, even if they aren’t always the most practical.

Water-  Water is receptive intuition, creating personalities that could often be described as empaths. Water is sensitivity, creativity and where the lines all merge into one, nothing ever black and white. Water is subjective, taking in the instinct of pure “feeling” over anything cerebral, creating a rainbow stream of conflicting emotions and ideas. 

Good evening, folks! Songwriting is all about balance - when crafting lyrics, you want to give your audience something that, through repetition, is memorable and easy to sing along with. Overdo the repeated lyrics, however, and you find yourself with a song that is memorable for the wrong reasons, from having annoyed the listener. 

Terms like “lyrically dense” and “repetitive” are thrown around a lot by reviewers, but there is an objective way to measure lyrical repetitiveness, by dividing the number of unique words by the total number of words in a song: the lower the percentage of unique words, the more words (and often whole phrases) have been repeated. When it comes to English, at least, even very wordy and unrepetitive songs seldom get over 50-55% unique words - not just because of repeated choruses and bridges, but because of the common words, especially articles, basic verbs, conjunctions and prepositions which are difficult to avoid. Songs with 30% original words or less, on the other hand, are notably repetitive. 

Just like the overall number of words in a song, how repetitive or not a years’ songs are is a strangely cyclical thing. In 2015, the average song had a quite considerable average of 39.41% unique words, with about half the field sending songs that had 40% or more unique words. However, the winner and five of the top 10 sent songs well under the average number of unique words - and in 2016, consequently, the average dropped to 34% unique words, with the number of songs that had 40% unique words or more falling by almost half

Whilst in 2015, 6 of the 10 most repetitive songs did not qualify - and out of those that did, only Australia really made a mark at the top of the table - in 2016, 7 of the 10 most repetitive songs qualified, and nearly all of them got in the top 15. So, one would expect an even more repetitive year this year - but instead, the average song’s original word count has increased a little to 35.7%, perhaps because last year’s winner, as well as big hitters like Russia and Sweden, were all less repetitive than the average.

The 5 least repetitive songs this year all have a specific reason for this status. Malta’s song has few words and is delivered slowly with little repetition; Portugal makes use of long instrumental breaks and keeps the lyrics poetically sparse; Croatia boosts its unique word tally by singing in two languages, whilst Belarus and Hungary owe their status, to some degree, to their languages. Belarusian lacks articles (like a and the) and in most instances a copula (I am a teacher is  Я настаўнік, I teacher) - two things commonly repeated in English language songs. Hungarian has both copulæ and a definite article, but can use cases and other inflections where most European languages would use prepositions and possessive pronouns (house is ház, but my house is a házam and in my house is a házamban - you can see how this agglutinative structure makes for a high number of unique words.)

The 5 most repetitive songs are mostly ones that you may well have predicted thanks to how often a phrase is repeated in them: Latvia (where we baby, where we draw the line), Moldova (hey mamma, hey mamma, hey mamma), Cyprus (let me be your gravity) and the most notorious of all, Spain, where “do it for your lover” is repeated 26 times and “just do it” 17 times, meaning that we hear one of these implorations every four seconds on average. Making up the five is Belgium, whose multiple lyrical repetitions owe themselves to the fact that musically the song is built like a hymn, repeating two phases and without a prechorus or bridge.

Most winners of Eurovision have a percentage of unique words that sits firmly in the sweet spot of 35-45%, which is where we find the bookmakers’ top tipped songs, Italy and Bulgaria. Other hotly backed songs, like Belgium and Sweden, fall well below this average. Will we see a more or less repetitive song take the trophy this year? We’re inching ever closer to finding out. Check out the full data table below!

Keep reading


Philanthropist. Bibliophile. True friend to the Library of Metropolis… 

Mr. Lex Luthor.

anonymous asked:

Hey! Not sure if you spoke about this already... After watching 712, do you think the Ferris wheel on the wall in 610 was supposed to foreshadow (if that's the correct word) a shift in their relationship? Almost like going from BF/GF to husband and wife. I ask because you're so good at putting things into words.

Oh wow, thank you. ☺ So I think the ferris wheel is definitely a constant on this show, in the Grimes home, and certainly for Michonne. I think we first see it featured in final scene of season 5, where she attempts to put her sword back up, but she decides to keep it instead, and it’s prominent in the background. (I’m sure we get a glimpse of it before this, but it seems quite deliberate here.)

So I like to think the purpose of them showing it all the way back then was to speak to her upcoming arc in season 6. The wheel representing the circle of life, and the completeness that she’s looking for in the next season. Her journey has been a slow but continuous road to recovering what she lost. She essentially died when her family did, emotionally at least, and every season she’s come a little bit more back to life. So I think showing this as a prelude to season 6 represents that evolution for her. We see her become open to the prospect of love again, where she takes on Carl and Judith as her children, and starts this new relationship with Rick. So I’d say the Ferris wheel in their home represents the wholeness of their lives, and specifically Michonne’s, finally.

And as it relates to 7x12, I think the Ferris wheel (and the carnival in general) became a great way to denote the lightness of this episode and the happiness in these two characters at that moment. It reinforced the idea that they were having fun, that this getaway was a respite from all the heavier things they were dealing with. But what comes with that is a reminder that this can’t last forever. Because the nature of a Ferris wheel is that you’re on top of the world one minute, and back on the ground the next. And that’s precisely what happens to them when Michonne thinks that Rick has died. Real life comes and knocks them down, as it so often does. So in that vein, I think the wheel also represents the inevitable cyclical nature of life.

Wheels represent tons of things, of course (even in the way that wheels = circles = rings = marriage), but I’ve noticed that they seem closely tied to Michonne, especially, so that’s where my head went. Thank you for the awesome question!

We all work so hard to produce the things we consume, putting hours and hours into making art, producing movies and tv shows and music, preparing food and sewing the clothes we wear on our backs. And the pay off for the time we put in is meant to be money. It’s meant to be wealth, but there’s not enough appreciation given to the time we put in. That doesn’t have to be a monetary value, it can and should be actually thinking about how much effort went into holding a cd in your hands or how long it took to grow the fruit and vegetables in your fridge. We are all so hyped up on the instantaneous giving that machinery allows that we forget about the humans behind them. We view the items in our lives as completed objects, rather than a process which does not finish once we buy it off shelves. The process continues after us, to waste, and recycles back into use in some cases. This can be translated to other areas in life too. We always seem to value the ‘finished’ product, the whole, perfect state, regardless of how it came to be and what will happen to the remains once we’re done with it. We really need to recognise how much effort goes into creations or else we’ll continue down the path of mindlessness in terms of letting poverty exacerbate, letting environments degrade faster because we want more more more. And I think it also leads to degradation of mental health, because there’s this uneven give/take relationship so deeply imbedded in society which is accepted because making money off what you make is meant to make it all worthwhile. And that’s just not the case especially when you’re not getting the value to your work. I don’t think it’s actually possible when the competitive nature of capitalism is designed to push down prices. It affects people on all levels of how commodities came to be and we really need to recognise and appreciate the process as a cyclical thing if we want to move away from capitalism.

No storm lasts forever no matter what it is. Nature builds calmness within its storms. That’s true in our own lives as well. When you reach the zenith of where you are going in your life, or in a relationship; the only place you can go is down or up. That’s the nature of this universe; a cyclical thing. The seasons, the moon; everything has a cycle to it.

Wayne Dyer

also i’m annoyed that the makers of la la land spent the entire awards season setting up this rhetoric of being the underdog, of being a hard movie to make, of being a risk. it’s so easy to fall back on that excuse now when in reality moonlight was the obvious risk and pulled off an intergalactic upset. 

it’s just this weird cyclic thing that wealthy white americans always do. they want to feel like they’re put upon, and they want to feel like david, so whenever the tiniest inconvenience crosses their path, it’s suddenly, oh, goliath wins again!

it’s exhausting, and it’s impossible to argue with them because they’re so convinced that the system is working against them; as soon as you argue with them, they make you out to be part of the system. 

anyway i’m glad moonlight won.

Wicca 101: The Wheel of the Year

Hello all! Hope everyone has had a wonderful week.

So I was enjoying my lunch the other day going over a few ideas for some posts when I realized…I hadn’t done a Wheel of the Year post. Sure I’ve covered a few holidays in detail as they’ve come upon us…but I haven’t done an actual Wheel post.

Shame on me…for shame!

So I’m gonna go ahead and rectify that right here. This does mean that my year and a day study post is gonna get pushed back a bit. I’m sorry; I will get to it.

As you continue your journey into Wicca (or whatever branch of pagansim you might practice) you will notice a theme of circles/cycles. Our Faith is a very cyclic in nature….possibly because nature itself is cyclic. The world spins, the seasons chance, things are born and things die. The interconnectedness of the world and the things on it (and in it) go through the cycles of life. Don’t believe me?

  • When we cast a circle it’s done in a specific way as to summoning the spirits of the elements.

  • When we watch the moon it’s to better understand her cycle.

  • The God and Goddess go through stages of life in turn and return to the world to do it all over again.

I could keep going…but I’m pretty sure you all get the point.

What it comes down to is Wicca is a religion with a focus on interconnectedness…our holidays are no different.

So it goes like this:

When I refer to ‘Wheel’ of the Year; I mean it. In paganism in general, and Wicca specifically, this is the cycle of holidays as we practice them. However, every branch of paganism practices the holidays a little differently. In this post I am going to give a very brief overview of each holiday for the sake of your knowledge and understanding.


Because one of the first things that people ask when they want to know more is 'when/how/why do you celebrate’ Worse? A lot of people who claim paganism can’t answer them. A year or so ago Fox News did a little chat about a college that had added pagan holidays to a pamphlet that they give to professors (the pamphlet is done so professors don’t schedule test or projects for those days in order to be respectful to students choice of worship. ) Fox decided to say some pretty mean things during their discussion on this…not a surprise really…but the one that stuck out to me was that most pagans can’t name their own holidays.

The worst part? They’re right. A good portion of us did not have a childhood in which these holiday’s were something recognized and practiced by an ENTIRE government. So no, we don’t.

Let’s see if I can fix that; shall we?


  • Samhain

    • Traditionally practiced on or near Halloween this is the holiday that is associated with death and rebirth. In Wicca this is when Mother becomes Crown and the veil between this and the spirit world are thin. It is a time to speak with your ancestors or those recently lost. We place carved pumpkins outside of our house in order to catch or scare away bad spirits. This is the holiday most closely associated with witchcraft by popular culture. It is the last of the harvest festivals.

  • Yule

    • Celebrated on December 21st or the winter solstice. It is a festival of rebirth and a time to say goodby to the Holly King. It is celebrated by the giving of gifts, chocolate, and fire to loved ones. We decorate a tree for the Holly King, and we give gifts for the newly born oak king. The main focus of this holiday is the Yule Log.

  • Imbolc

    • Celebrated on Febuary 1st or 2nd sometimes referred to as Brighid’s Day. It is the return of light. In certain paths it is when the Goddess recovers from giving birth to the new year or the Oak King, in others it is when the god and goddess become youth and maiden and the flirtatious dance begins. This a big day for warmth, new beginnings, and light.

  • Ostara

    • The Spring Equinox; The true arrival of spring. Often celebrated around March 21st. The celebration of Hester and the coloring of eggs in her name. The feast of the rabbit. This holiday is all about light hearts and spring. A celebration of the new plant life. This is the day of 'spring cleaning’ a time to get rid of that which we no longer need to make room for the new life ahead. Also…the Hunt.

  • Beltane

    • Mayday or May 1st. Beltane is the Holiday that gets a lot of pagans into trouble with the abrahamic regions as sex is part of the holiday. In this holiday the God and Goddess come together to create life between them. While this is a part of the holiday…it is not the only part. The Earth, Motherhood, Fertility, Agriculture, and others are all themes to this day.

  • Litha/Midsummer

    • The Longest Day of the Year this holiday is held around June 21st on the summer solstice; usually . This is BBQ day as far as pagans are concerned. The world is hot, food is plentiful, and this is the time for the Sun and all the power that he possesses. Your crops are ripening and anything you wanted to get done…get it done.Today is for getting back to nature and enjoying all that the heat has to offer.

  • Lammas/Lughnassadh

    • Warm reflection and reaping rewards; this is the first of three harvest festivals. We celebrate by offering part of what we have accomplished to the world, the universe, or/and the God and Goddess. Thank them for what they’ve given and keep up the hard work. The god Lugh is a central/standard theme here. Also bread…lots and lots of bread.

  • Mabon

    • Harvest Home, Mabon, the Feast of the Ingathering, Meán Fómhair or Alban Elfed. Mabon is celebrated on the autum equinox, around september 20th – 22nd. Mabon is a sort of thanksgiving of our holidays. We gather, we eat, we know the cold is coming. It’s a time of reflection and reconnection with ourselves and eachother. It is the time when we know that warmth is fading, at that which needs to be tended…should be.

Hope this has been helpful. If you have any questions, concerns, or adendums…inbox me to let me know!


anonymous asked:

From Sonic Adventure to Forces, how would you rank the games stories?

Sonic Forces - 6.6/10 I will elaborate upon my reasons upon release due to spoilers.

Sonic Adventure - 8.2/10 - The stories interestingly intertwine. Dr Eggman is competent, diabolical and malicious whilst exhibiting whimsy as well, getting involved directly in his plan which gives his villainy much more ‘oomph’. Characters are portrayed well and are given great character development. They’re given motivation to do things and have real reason to go to the places that they do. Overall competently-told with no obvious plotholes. Always did question that bit in Knuckles’ story in which Gamma drops out of the sky randomly when Knuckles is wondering where the final pieces of the ME are and then Knux follows it to Final Egg’s entrance in the jungle when nothing like that happens in Gamma’s story.

Sonic Adventure 2 - 7.9/10 - Dark themes that are interestingly balanced-out by the themes of hope, redemption and the hero side character’s mannerisms and attitudes. Dr Eggman is once again portrayed and utilized marvelously but he could’ve done with more whimsy to balance-out his malevolence. Real genuine sense of tension at multiple points. Has moments of intrigue and clever foreshadowing. Cool sense of progression. Characters act believably though Amy’s reliance after she stated that she wanted to be independent at the end of the previous game is a touch annoying. Very touching ending which was in no way undermined by Shadow’s survival.

Sonic Heroes - 5.1/10 - Pretty trite and boring. Not a well developed sense of tension. Eggman factors into the story minimally and his portrayal in the main game is undermined by the fact that it was Metal Sonic masquerading as him. Characters are often Flanderized yet still exhibit some nice interactions between each other in their teams. Still, has an inhibitingly basic story outline that doesn’t facilitate much variety out of the characters. Metal Sonic was given very little attention and aplomb considering this was touted as his return. Disappointing.

Shadow the Hedgehog (Oh God) - 3.7/10 - (Last story taken into account with a neutral path) Very hard to get a precise read-on due to different paths. If I am judging it’s multiple pathways? Very silly. ‘Choosing Shadow’s alignment’ ultimately comes-off as contrived and meritless when you consider that you can make his pathway wildly inconsistent and non-sensical and that none are canon at the end of the day. The story’s tone is very much undermined by how unintentionally funny many of the cutscenes are. Sonic is portrayed stupidly and the other characters ultimately turn into Shadow-shillers.

SONIC 2006 - 2.5/10 - Awful. Sonic gets shunted sideways and becomes less of a character with actual plot impetus and more of a catalyst for a fundamentally-screwed plot point which can never be taken seriously i.e His death. Copious plotholes and idiocy from every single one the characters. Pretentious feel about the ‘seriousness’ and all of it is utterly undermined by it all getting wiped out of canon. Dumbass main villain. Characters are mostly included for the hell of it rather than incorporated with logic and hardly any of them provide plot impetus. Characters are forced quite a lot of the time to go to areas for the obvious sake of making them enter every action stage no matter how illogical it is for them to enter them in the first place.

Sonic and the Secret Rings - 8.8/10 - Excellent. Truly. Very high standard of characterization out of Sonic which was a revelation and particularly eye-opening after Shadow the Hedgehog and ‘06 treated him awfully. Believable character actions bring about highly influential effects on the plot without looking the least bit contrived or forced. Main villain was dimensional, intelligent and diabolical, having a profound level of influence over the two main characters in a believable way. Balances it’s tones very well, having very dark and very lighthearted aspects with neither coming off as forced. Well-established sense of tension from the morton’s fork involving Sonic’s curse and Erazor’s prerequisite for it’s removal which would benefit him no matter what Sonic did, making me wonder how the hell Sonic would get out of that one and therefore keeping my attention. Not a single plothole. Settings are used well. Competently-told throughout with things actually happening. Incredibly satisfying ending that combines badassery with sweetness very well.

Sonic Unleashed - 8.2/10 - Has interesting themes i.e The mutual nature of light and dark and the cyclic nature of all things. Great characterization. Memorable script. Fantastic opening. Characters have motivation and reason to do what they do and go where they go. Cool sense of humor that’s never overblown or obnoxious and is well-spaced. Unfortunately becomes incredibly uninvolved and boring in the middle and also loses points for missed opportunity regarding Werehog form and it’s effects on Sonic and could’ve done with a bit more Tails and Amy. No plotholes. Overall competently-told.

Sonic and the Black Knight - 8.6/10 - Flawless portrayal of Sonic that I’d say is the most triumphant portrayal of the character yet. His attitude to heroism is utilized extremely believably to bring about plot points i.e Saving the kids family compels Nimue to guide Sonic, his refusal to give-in to Merlina’s machinations brings-about his Excalibur form and believably gets him out of a jam. Fantastic script. Well-utilized characters and light is shed on their real priorities, making them characters with real influence on the plot. Sonic is given a highly-endearing foil in the form of Caliburn who contrast him excellently, their relationship developing from mutually disrespectful and clashing to harmonious in a very cool way. Misses points due to the blurriness of Camelot’s future and lack of exposition on Merlina’s foretellings somewhat undermining her aims to some degree but she’s still a deeply interesting quasi-villain who is also sympathetic, her and the conflict is intriguing. Could’ve done with being longer.

Sonic Colours - 4.9/10 - Takes the fact that it’s supposed to be telling a story nowhere near into consideration as much as it should do. Plot development is shunted-aside to push ‘humor’ to the forefront, said ‘humor’ being never clever nor particularly funny. It’s light hearted tone is incredibly overbearing. Sonic is hugely flanderized when this was completely unnecessary as previous games showed that his brand of humor and his more awkward tendencies could be acknowledged by other characters and be portrayed without them consuming him. Eggman is delegated to mainly acting behind the scenes and this detracts from his overall villain status. Plot points with huge potential such as Tails’ mind-control are brought-up and quickly abandoned. Wisps are never developed making it next to impossible to truly care about their plight which in turn undermines the main plotline about saving them. Some instances of plotholes. Cutscenes are incredibly samey and lack variety because many focus on shutting down generators/Dumbass interactions with mute robots. Unsatisfying ending. What are highly commendable are the Sonic-Tails interactions and Orbot and Cubot, who are genuinely cool characters. I always wondered why they weren’t introduced sooner…with the exception of Orbot who was still 'not whole’ in Unleashed.

Sonic Generations - 4.4/10 - Plot hardly ever goes anywhere or has ‘bumps’ in it therefore not facilitating interesting character portrayals. Classic Sonic’s muteness is the very epitome of pandering to warped interpretations, shooting a hole in his character. What worsens this is the way he’s never incorporated in any creative way in the narrative anyway. Characters are treated like generic cheerleaders and objects to save rather than dimensional characters with big personalities and potential to contribute to the plot. Time Eater is one of the most boring Monster’s of the week ever with practically no background given for it’s existence. Eggman hardly factors into the story to any large degree. Story is overall a massive missed opportunity made more pitious by the game being a supposed celebration of 20 years of the series. Contains some truly great and memorable lines however and Sonic’s portrayal is a step above Colours.
It (2017) review: a superb movie less about clowns than real-world evil - Vox

This is at least one notch better than the usual “everything in culture is actually about Trump and his eeevil” hogwash.

(“Hogwash” means “shit”. You know, what hogs roll about in, as if to bathe?)

More than that tho, it moves me to put on my kontextgoggles and look at Stephen King in relation to his period of American culture.

King’s work always reflected on the culture around it, if only by the print era pulp-prolific tactic of filling pages by shoehorning every stray thought you have into whatever you’re writing at the time (Colin @spacetwinks reports his latter-day works are full of transparent, charmingly Maine-centric axe-grinding).

But his “golden age”, say, Carrie to Needful Things, was in the 70s-80s period that, if my cyclical understanding of history holds (it does) resembled the one we’re currently going through, so it’s particularly worth considering now.

One significant thing – as the cities were emptying out, to the point of memory-holing that the US had been a predominantly urban country since the 1930s, King’s work focused on rural small town life, often about outsiders moving into said. Pet Sematary, for example, it’s very significant that the narrator moved out to the sticks – long driveway off a truck route, charming local historic ruins, undeveloped enough to still show traces of precolonial life – to raise a family.

(A thing to do would be to contrast King’s use of of rural New England with Hawthorne and Lovecraft’s, but tbh I don’t know them that well)

Similarly, I occasionally hear guffaws that Cujo has a whole subplot about cereal branding, but it just serves to remind that Vic is a yuppie who moved out of NYC to protect his young family only to confront the fact that the countryside is actually uncivilized and bestial too. There is some woo “reincarnated spirit of evil” in there, but all the fundamental threats to his family – unreliable transportation and sparse services, unmanaged wildlife, irresponsible white trash neighbors – are real rural dangers.

There’s a lot of stuff about gender relations and changing expectations of marriage. In Sematary, the narrator’s wife grows alienated, channeling her attentions away to others; before Gage he revives her cat. For fear of abandonment he goes further and further to hold on to a family – embittered wife, bad seed child, evil cat – the last generation’s men might have abandoned themselves. In Cujo, there’s lingering issues with recent infidelity.

(You laugh about how 50s-80s High Literature was so obsessed with adultery, but if not “orienting your life to duty, purpose, order vs. orienting it to animal sensation and personal satisfaction”, I dunno what period art should’ve been concerned with.)

The Shining is very much about a guy born into the old dispensation – that men create and carouse and mount their genius to chase their passion while women tend the home fires – dealing with new expectations that he be an emotional provider to his wife and child, that he act as a supporting character in their life-plots rather than the reverse.

What else? It, and more grounded companion piece The Body (known in adaptation as Stand by Me) honestly strike me most as a exploration of the Boomer-era “generation gap”, how the culture of the previous generation may have brought about the “broad middle class” ‘50s but was unsuited to address the problems encountered there.

“To beat this evil clown, we’ve gotta gangbang our chick friend” seems weird as hell, but “to progress, we’ve got to create a New Adulthood that doesn’t define itself against childhood but instead adds sex” is pretty much the Boomer story.

(Also, people who live in group houses shouldn’t throw stones.)

Carrie is very much about the ‘70s reintegration of a long-isolated religious fundamentalism to a mainstream that had only grown more secularized and libertine (appreciably more so than in the “family values”, “bourgeois bohemian” 80s-90s, which was the synthesis of this opposition) since. Particularly, it layers the discrepancy in mores – showing your dirtypillows vs. not, say – over an even deeper gap in worldviews, between bucket-of-blood materialism and a numinous, supernatural world.

And that’s just the stuff I dignify as serious. Carrie, The Shining, Firestarter, and I guess The Stand all focus on psychic/telekinetic kids, which is a reminder that the 70s were full of woo, ESP was a serious topic, and the idea of the “gifted child” started out a lot closer to today’s “indigo child”.

(I like to think that Bill Murray’s researcher in the stylistically thrownback The Royal Tenenbaums was a callback to Venkman’s “negative reinforcement” introduction from Ghostbusters, like “back in the day we went looking for psychics but instead we just discovered autism")

anonymous asked:

Can you explain more the thing about cyclical narratives and why fanfiction is like medieval literature? it sounds cool

okay, it’s been quite awhile since i studied medieval lit, but i studied a fuckton of it a decade ago. @lesetoilesfous, my precious medievalist, let me know if i get something wrong. 

so basically before the advent of widespread literacy, available books, AFFORDABLE books, and methods of reliable preservation (and even for awhile afterwards), the idea wasn’t so much to tell a new story. new stories were about some guy nobody had heard of, and who the fuck cared about him? nobody that’s who. 

but what people did want to hear were the old stories. the ones based on heroic events. legendary people from the past. people that maybe really did exist, and certainly everyone had opinions about.

a lot of people have played that game where you whisper something down the line of players and at the end the phrase is a jumbled mess of what it used to be. and of course, that’s what happened with stories, but instead of a line of giggling eight year olds, you have people who are really good storytellers. who sure, love the source material, but who also have their own interests and biases. who maybe tell the story a little different than they heard it told to them, who give a heroine the red hair of their lover, or who maybe even change the setting a little to make comparisons to contemporary political struggles. 

of course you’ve also got those guys memorizing the illiad so they can sing it with a harpist, but that’s another side of this whole thing. 

it’s like the branches of a tree. wild stories branch out, highly cultivated ones maybe don’t so much. but they still do a little.

fast forward to the middle ages where we start to have recorded english writing (i’m talking english as a language, not translations of things in other languages that had existed for ages). new authors are writing the way they told stories. the goal isn’t to tell the newest one, but to tell an old story in a good, interesting way. people know what’s going to happen, but they’re thrilled, excited, delighted when it happens anyway. shakespeare did it too. milton did it with the bible. and a host of other writers.

they were writing fanfiction. or, rather, what we now call fanfiction is the original form written literature seems to have taken in most cultures that i know of. almost any story you find from middle english writing was based on another story. there are constant references which the readers would have excitedly noticed and been pleased about, or annoyed at the heavy handedness of. because stories in many ways follow the same pattern that humor does, as in, we have a cultural set of expectations and what’s funny or delightful or terrifying is how those expectations are played with, how they’re turned on their head, or just skewed a little. our expectations are cyclical. we want romance, then we want restraint. we want heroes then we want tragic antiheroes. and so on, and so forth. 

there is nothing wrong with original fiction. not at all. but fanfiction has an ancient history. i for one kind of prefer it. but also i like getting paid so there’s the struggle i guess.