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Day to Day

Take good notes. 

  • Always take the notes for a particular class in the same notebook. Spiral bound notebooks were invented because they solved the problem of keeping related information consolidated in one place. Take advantage of this.
  • Date each entry into your notebook.
  • It is usually best to keep the notes for different classes separate from each other. Spiral notebooks with built in dividers are excellent for this purpose.
  • Your notes should contain as complete a record of what the instructor said as possible. Of course, you should not try to write every word spoken, but don’t leave out ideas. When you study, your notes should call back to your mind the entire sequence of ideas presented. Take care to spell all new words carefully. It you don’t know how to spell a word, ask your instructor to write it on the board. Most will automatically do so for new or difficult terms.
  • Anything the instructor writes on the board should appear in your notes. If the instructor took the time to write it out, he or she considers it important. You should do the same.
  • If possible, try to take your notes in some kind of outline form. The organization of ideas is as important as the content of those ideas, especially when it comes to learning the material for an exam.
  • You might find it useful to have a second color of pen or pencil available for highlighting important ideas or indicating vocabulary.

Be involved in your classes. 

Don’t simply pretend you are a sponge, ready to soak up whatever the instructor says. You are there to learn, not to be taught.

  • If the instructor is moving too rapidly for you, or if you don’t understand what is being said, say something!
  • Ask questions if you are confused. Confusion is definitely your worst enemy.
  • If your class includes group activities, participate as fully as you can. Such exercises are done for your benefit, not to provide a break for the instructor.

Review your notes every day. 

This suggestion is one which we have all heard a thousand times. Unfortunately, most of us never really believe it until we actually try it. Spend 30 minutes or so each evening going over the notes from each class. There are at least two tremendous benefits to be gained from this discipline.

  • Research has shown that reviewing new material within 24 hours of hearing it increases your retention of that material by about 60%. This means that you will be 60% ahead of the game the next time you walk into class. If you want to significantly reduce the time necessary to prepare for exams, this is the way to do it.
  • Reviewing material before the next class period enables you to identify points of confusion or omission in your notes, which prepares you to ask the questions you need to ask before the next lecture. Again, confusion is your worst enemy.

It is excellent policy to give high priority to new vocabulary. Language is the most fundamental tool of any subject, and it can seriously handicap you to fall behind in this.

Keep up on your reading. 

Unlike most high school teachers, many college instructors don’t give specific reading assignments. You are expected to go to your text for the reading related to the materials covered in class. Be independent enough to do this without being told.

Using Your Textbook

Don’t expect your instructor to give you detailed, page by page textbook assignments. While some may do so, many do not. College teachers are much more likely to expect you to use your own initiative in making use of the text.

In most cases, it will be most useful for you to at least skim the relevant chapters before each lecture. You should receive a course outline/syllabus at the beginning of the quarter, which will tell you the subject for each day. You may receive chapter references (or even page references), or you instructor may expect you to be perceptive enough to refer to the Table of Contents.

  • When you first approach a chapter, page through it fairly quickly, noting boldface headings and subheadings, examining figures, illustrations, charts, etc., and thinking about any highlighted vocabulary terms and concepts. Also take note of the pedagogical aids at the end of the chapter–study questions, summary, etc.
  • When you have finished surveying the chapter, return to the beginning and read in more detail. Remember to concentrate upon understanding. Don’t simply read through the words. Any words which you don’t understand you should look up. If you own the book and intend to keep it, you may want to write definitions of such words in the margins. You may also find it helpful to make observations and other useful notes in the margins. If you don’t intend to keep the book yourself, you should carry out similar activities on a page in your class notebook.
  • On this first trip through the chapter, you should concentrate upon catching the major subjects and points of the material. Also take note of those things which you don’t understand. If the lecture on the material doesn’t clarify those points, you should ask your instructor to explain.

Following coverage of the chapter’s material in class, you should go back to the book and read it again. It will probably be helpful to skim through it first, as you did when you first looked at it. The tables and figures should be more readily read in detail. If you are a truly conscientious student, you will outline the chapter and prepare a vocabulary list of the terms which are pertinent.

At this time you should think seriously about the review and study questions at the end of the chapter. Do your best to answer all of them as if they were a take-home exam.

You may also want to develop a system of cross referencing symbols to use when comparing your class notes to your notes from the text.

Remember that your instructor will probably not use the same words which you find in the text book. nothing is more frustrating than to discover that what you hear in class is no more than a rehash of what you read in the book. However, if your instructor knows his/her subject, and the author of your text knows his/her subject, the meat of what they say should be the same. 

NOTE: Nobody is infallible. Your instructor may make mistakes. Don’t expect them to be more than human.

Preparing Assignments

Here’s another thing we have all been told thousands of times: Don’t leave assignments until the day before they are due! If you have a paper to write or a lab report to prepare, begin it as soon as possible. In most cases, instructors will be delighted to receive work early. Remember that many papers or projects require quite a bit of research before you can even begin writing. In most cases, it is impossible to accomplish the necessary preparation in one day or even one week. In some cases, instructors won’t accept late work at all. They are perfectly justified.

Another sore point: Be aware of the appearance of the work you submit. You should want to be proud of every assignment you submit, and that includes being proud of its appearance. If possible, assignments should always be typed. Never turn in an assignment written in pencil. Pages torn out of notebooks are sloppy and unsightly.Think about this point every time you hand an instructor an assignment. That paper represents the quality of your work, and your instructor is perfectly justified in taking its appearance into consideration when assigning a grade.

Preparing for Exams

Keep in mind that you want to be an active learner, not a passive one. The more you use and manipulate the information, the better you will understand it. Using and manipulating information in as many ways as possible also maximizes your ability to access your memory.

Do not wait until the night before an exam to study! Of course, you should be regularly reviewing your notes, but the preparation still takes time.

If your instructor hasn’t explained to you how he or she designs exams, ask. this is a perfectly legitimate concern. However, keep in mind that an instructor has the right to design exams in whatever fashion he or she sees fit, and in most cases you have no business asking for changes in that design. You need to learn to handle all testing styles–including the dreaded essay exam!

A good first step in preparation is to read through your notes a couple of times. While you are doing this, you might also;

  • Highlight major topics and subtopics, with the goal of generating an outline of your notes. Even if you take your notes in outline form, this is a good practice. Major topics often extend through more than one day’s lecture, and it is easy to lose track of the overall picture from day to day.
  • With a second color, highlight all vocabulary terms.

Outline the entire set of notes. When you study a large body of information, you should study from concept to detail, not the other way around. It will, in fact, be much easier to learn the details if you take the time to learn the concept and theory first. The least efficient approach to studying is to attempt to memorize your notes from beginning to end. It’s not the words which are important–it’s the ideas.

Consider ways of dealing with the information other than those used in class. the more ways you can manipulate and experience the material you are trying to learn, the more secure your understanding and memory will be. Some suggestions:

  • Make charts, diagrams and graphs.
  • Make lists.
  • If the subject matter includes structures, practice drawing those structures. Remember that a drawing is useless unless the important structures are labeled.

There are almost always types of information which you will have to memorize (eg. vocabulary). No one has ever invented a better device for memorizing than flash cards.

One of the most universally effective ways to polish off your study activities is to prepare a self test.

  • Challenge yourself as severely as you can.
  • As you are studying, keep a running collection of “exam questions.” If you seriously attempt to write difficult and meaningful questions, by the time you finish you will have created a formidable exam. When you begin to feel you’re ready for your instructor’s exam, take out your questions and see if you can answer them. If you can’t, you may need to go back and reinforce some of the things your are trying to learn.

Never, ever pull an “All-Nighter" on the night before an exam. This is a "freshman trick,” meaning that good students learn very quickly that it is futile. What you may gain from extra study time won’t compensate for the loss of alertness and ability to concentrate due to lack of sleep.

On exam day:

  • Try not to “cram” during every spare moment before an exam. This only increases the feeling of desperation which leads to panic, and then to test anxiety. You may find it useful, on the night before an exam, to jot down a few ideas or facts which you wish to have fresh in your mind when you begin the exam. Read through your list a couple of times when you get up in the morning and/or just before you take the exam, then put it away. This kind of memory reinforcement not only improves your performance on the test, it also improves your long-term memory of the material.
  • Be physically prepared.
    • Get a good night’s sleep.
    • Bring necessary writing materials to the test–at least 2 writing tools, erasers, blue books if necessary, calculators if appropriate and allowed. Be aware of what the instructor has specified as permitted for use. Some instructors object to exams written pencil; some prohibit use of tools like calculators. It is your responsibility to know these requirements; you should be prepared to take the consequences if you don’t.
    • This may seem silly, but go to the bathroom just before the exam. Don’t expect your teacher to let you leave to do this during the test! The tension which generally goes along with taking an exam may increase the need to perform this physical activity, so you may need to go, even though you don’t particularly feel like it.

Some Final Suggestions

You should receive a syllabus for each class. This is the Rule Book for that class (in my classes, we call it the Survival Manual). Know everything on that syllabus! Your teacher has the right to expect you to know and abide by any rules and stipulations on that document, and it is perfectly within his/her rights to penalize you for failing to do so. Respect dates and deadlines, and expect to lose points if you turn things in late.

Never miss an exam if you can help it. You will rarely be more ready for the exam in two or three days than you are on the scheduled date, and the annoyance the teacher will feel about having to arrange a special exam time for you can actually hurt your grade in the end. Miss exams only if you absolutely have to.

Save everything. Never throw away a handout or a returned assignment or exam. With this in mind, equip yourself with a pouched folder for each class.

Develop systematic behavior patterns associated with your schoolwork.

  • Keep your class materials together and neat.
  • Never allow yourself to be caught at school without the necessary notebooks and materials. If you develop systematic habits with respect to attending classes, etc., this will be no problem.

It is excellent practice to set aside a study area at home, and to designate a particular span of time each day as study time. However, don’t fall into the trap of feeling that study should never exceed the preordained time limits. You put in as much study time as is necessary to master the material for your classes.

12.11 pm // i made some biochemistry flashcards for carbohydrate and nitrogen metabolism! they’re basically condensed notes but they’re much more convenient and organised this way as each side of the card is a different subtopic plus now i can study on the go ~~ᕕ( ᐛ )ᕗ 

[ from my instagram @studyingg ☄ ]

This masterpost has been done over and over again to the point that you probably have this iconic list memorized. 

Since this is the case, I don’t want to bore anyone with the same old explanations and instead give you some information you haven’t heard/read yet.

So to begin, I’ll start with what to include in your notes and explain exactly why doing this is helpful.

-

Notes are meant to be reviewed, the sole purpose of notes is to use them as a study method. However, many people miss the target altogether when writing out their own notes and make it much more difficult to revise them later on.

S T E P 1 : H E A D E R S

Most textbooks will make their topics and subtopics very evident in order to keep students “interested” and focused on reading the passage. In general, it makes the textbook more organized and easier to read. We want exactly this for our notes so we include headers and sub headers to help as a guide later on.

S T E P 2 : A B B R E V I A T I O N S

It is good to set up your own personal abbreviations especially for note-taking. It’s already difficult as it is trying to follow along with a teacher’s presentation so make it easier on yourself by incorporating them.

o Examples:

  • Ex. | Example
  • Imp. | Important
  • Info. | Information
  • w/ | With
  • w/o | Without
  • Pg. | Page
  • Govt. | Government
  • b/c | Because

S T E P 3 : T W O  C O L U M N

This is a method of note-taking I took from Cornell Notes. If you are familiar with them then you know that CN include two columns: one for the main information and another for questions to ask yourself later on. In the picture at the end you will see how I used this method slightly differently so that I could create a form of sub headers in the first column. Like I said, we want to be able to easily read our notes and I found that this was most helpful in doing so. Every time I went back to them it was given that I could just glance at the left column to find the information I wanted.

S T E P 4 : B U L L E T  P O I N T S

This one has probably been mentioned numerous times already so I’ll try not to drag this one on. Bullet points basically just make it easier to read the notes. When you search online for ways to make your acne go away do you read the article with paragraphs first or do you resort to the article with bullet points? Bullet points all the way. It’s easier to register the information in your mind and just makes it quicker to skim through your notes as well.

S T E P 5 : H I G H L I G H T I N G  S Y S T E M

One of the first things I do at the beginning of each school year is create a key for my highlighters. Having a set color for each part of your notes allows you to have a better understanding of your own notes and is great for directing you through them afterwards.

o Examples:

  • Green | Vocab
  • Orange | Topic
  • Blue | Subtopic
  • Purple | Title
  • Yellow | Chapter  #
  • Pink | Imp. Info.

Putting it all together, you get much simpler and extremely helpful notes! For reference, these are the ones I used to create this list:

So that’s the basics! There is so much more to note-taking, however, true to the title, these are only the basics! I will go more in depth about notes for certain classes, different types of notes, textbook and class notes, and much much more later on in the series. Please do look forward to them! Check out the rest of the series and what I have planned here.

-much love, studyessie ♡

How to study when you have no idea how to study

(This is kinda for a pretty serious study session, so if you’re opting for a 45 minute study plan then this isn’t for you, sorry)


First things first, find a place to sit.

  • You may have already created a perfect study space for you, but sometimes it isn’t enough to get “into” the studying part.
  • Find a spot where you think you can spend some quality time for the day, and collect every possible thing that you might need to study.
  • Textbook first, followed by your class and handmade /digital notes + paper and pens and highlighters and midliners and whatever floats your goat tbh. Make sure you have all the content that you need to study with you.


Clear up your study space.

  • Get rid of everything that’s not going to be required. This includes all those other books on your desk, your planner (if you haven’t included anything about your study session in it) and anything that is taking up unnecessary space. Your study area needs to look as neat and motivating to you as possible.
  • Keep a tiny water bottle nearby, along with some nuts or maybe junk food. You know you won’t transform into the perfect student overnight, it’s okay to enjoy a bit.


Getting “into your element”


  • First of, determine your test’s portion. Sometimes the entire chapter isn’t included in the exam, only a part of it is. Know what part you’re supposed to study.
  • The textbook is your bible. My teachers always say that no matter how many reference books and notes I refer to, the best information I can get is using the textbooks. So open them (for real) and see for yourself.
  • Tick the topics you are going to cover in the textbook.
  • Start reading the textbook, and by reading I absolutely do not mean skimming through it and considering it done. You know it doesn’t work that way.
  • Underline stuff you find important with a pencil. You obviously can you highlighters as well, but what happens then is that whenever you refer back to your textbook it’s this big mess of neon and it will make reading difficult for you. Use a pencil, make boxes around subtopics, underline phrases, make doodles to explain stuff, go crazy. Studying can be fun if you want to have fun doing it.


This is what my textbook looked like after “actively reading” through my textbook.

Try watching this video for a better understanding on active reading : https://m.youtube.com/watch?t=578s&v=K4Tn4tv836A


Retain what you just learned


  • You may have heard of this method before, and trust me when I say it’s helpful af.
  • You just went through the textbook, now write down the main points on a blank sheet of paper. Only the main topic, subtopics and examples. Whatever you feel outlines the topic.


This is how my outline looks :

Try to condense the info down as much as possible, kinda like you’re making a cheat sheet.

Also, if possible do not loose this paper, because it will help rewiewing the chapter later on when you sit to revise.


Find out what you need to understand now

  • Chances are you have retained maximum information already, but hunt down the text for anything you do not understand clearly. Mark it for future references.
  • Use all studyblrs’ favourite Khanacademy and CrashCourse videos to clarify the topic. You can use a friend’s help, and in the end teachers are always ready to help out!
  • Mark this chapter as done in your study planner, if you do not have one I’d highly recommend making one as it is tremendously helpful. Mine looks like this :


There you go, you’ve accomplished something, so go ahead and reward yourself!

*pats you on the back* you did well my child… This potato is proud of you….

Originally posted by bluesbadlands

Disclaimer: I have never taken a non-science college class. Meaning, I have no idea how to take notes for humanities or social sciences. Not saying this method won’t work for that, just that I can’t guarantee it will. Also, this method is not about achieving pretty notes, only structured practical notes.

What you’ll need:

  • Notebook. I use a notebook. Most people I know use a notebook. Why should YOU use a notebook?
    • You won’t get as many handouts (if any) as in highschool.
    • Professors won’t ask to see hw in your notebook. For all they care, your notes could be a comic about the class. As long as you pass, you do you.
    • You don’t have as many classes in a day so even if you carry around notebooks, your bag won’t be all that heavy.
    • You can divide it into three sections: class notes, seminar notes/work and lab work. All in one for your studying comfort.
    • Professors WILL reference that formula from 3 classes ago and when you have no idea wtf they’re talking about, you can just flip a few pages.
    • Seriously, no one in your class wants to hear you snap loose leaf paper out of your ring binder.
    • And let’s be honest, your notes are going to get jumbled up any other way.
    • If you’re taking a continuation class and you’ll need to revise from these notes, it’s much easier to pull out a notebook than to look through the thousands of notes from all your classes and try to figure out which are the ones you need and what is the correct order.
  • Two pens, three tops. Blue for general notes, black for sections and the other color for subsections or underlining. Go for black for general note taking if you want to (I do it too sometimes) but blue strains your eyes less.

In class:

  • Structuring notes: not every structure works for every subject and professor so you should figure out a method for each one. That said, I usually start out with a basic structure and then tweak it along the way to better suit my needs:
    1. The name of the unit should be your ‘big title’. ‘ORGANELLES’
    2. Every ‘big topic’ (very easy to identify – usually the professor will make it really clear that you’re moving on to a different topic or it’ll be on the slides) inside the unit is assigned a number. ‘3. Mitochondria’
    3. Every ’big aspect’ of that topic is a subtopic. ‘3.4. Structure’.
    4. If there are even more sub subtopics, continue with the numeration system. Otherwise proceed to use bullet points for any enumerations. If there are enumerations inside these enumerations (wow enumerception), change your symbol for each level. Instead of bullet points you can use dashes, squares, spirals, Xs…
    5. The exception for this is when the enumeration corresponds to steps in a process. In that case, I number each step and circle the number.
    6. For each level you descend, indent your text. It’ll be easier to not get lost. Skip this if you’re working with a small notebook and you’re afraid of running out of pages.
    7. Sticky notes are your best friend. Does some random piece of info the professor just decided was important enough to be mentioned not fit into your very methodic structure? No problem, add a sticky note. Cute + calls attention to it, so you won’t forget.

Keep reading

Black and White - Chapter 5

Characters: Baekhyun x Reader

Genre: Bad Boy AU // University AU // Fluff

Word Count: 4014 words

Plot: Baekhyun is the typical heartthrob that always gets what he wants.. until you came along.

Black and White: Mini Masterlist

After that particular night in which Baekhyun had kissed you on the cheek, things seemed to have changed. During the following days in which he’d meet up with you so you both could continue the progress of the project, there was an unidentified tension lingering the air. It wasn’t thick to the point where it would suffocate him, but faint enough just for him to feel it in the lightest of ways.

Not to mention, neither of you addressed the kiss either.

He liked you. That much was undeniable. If he thought that the first few weeks when you were glued stuck to the back of his mind was too much, now it got worse.

Keep reading

THE BEAST // MASTERLIST // REQUESTS CLOSED


Requests: could you do an imagine where the reader is in a beauty and the beast kind of situation and he won’t let them go until they heard that her family was in danger (cause of the Resistance) and he gives her the choice to leave, but they don’t really want to leave? thanks, i love your writing! + I don’t know how to do requests, but I feel like it’d be cool to have a sort of beauty & the beast au if that isn’t too cliche lol???? + Hey so I had this idea after watching the new Beauty & the Beast movie the other day. Ben is cursed by witch lady or Snoke or something and becomes Kylo Ren, essentially UNTIL reader shows up and he goes back to the Light side. Idk. I might sound stupid…

A/N: First things first, this took me like two weeks to do bc I had others to write and this was really long. Second of all, it follows both the animated and live action versions; the characters don’t turn into things, rather, force ghosts (you’ll see), also this is based on Alderaan and you can easily tell which character is who. Anyway, thank you for the requests to those anons! Enjoy!

Warning: Mention of death

Word Count: 10K+ (oops)


The castle that sat atop of a snow covered mountain in the planet of Alderaan was long forgotten–and unheard of. No one dared to enter the land of the cold, seeing as no one was truly aware of its existence with their lack of need to travel the mountains. But, the castle was not abandoned nor was it vacant. Inside lived many souls that had been cursed, one in particular being the most brooding of them all.

Keep reading

How to study

A spiritual continuation to this post

Okay, so Studying is supposed to be easy and everyone’s been doing it forever but like honestly it’s hard to do so correctly. So, maybe I’m not an expert, but I just survived 4 years of college and I wanna share whatever shit I’ve learnt so far: 

  • IF YOU’RE VISUAL: Bulletpoints!!
    • You’re gonna love bulletpoints. They are life savers for big complicated themes. 
    • So next time you get a BIG test, you sit down and break it down in the big main topics. Then subtopics. Then only one or two code words.
      • MAIN TOPIC 1.
        • subtopic a: code word. 
        • subtopic b: codeword. maybe a sentence?
      • MAIN TOPIC 2… ETC
    • color code each level (MAINS BLUE/SUB PINK/ETC)
    • highlight DATES in one color and NAMES in another, since those are the kinda stuff you need to learn by heart as opposed to understanding. 
    • All this should give you visual cues to remember most of the info in each big topic. Write it by hand in a separate piece of paper that you can later bring with you to study. 
    • Hand writing them will help you learn them, and then one quick look right before the exam will freshen it all up. 
    • Honestly I’ve resumed whole semesters word of classes in two pages of bulletpoints. 
  • IF YOU’RE A SPEECH PERSON: Teach. 
    • Study groups are your new best friend. 
    • “But I don’t understand the topics that well yet!”
    • It really doesn’t matter. 
    • Take turns to explain the stuff to each other. 
    • You’ll be surprised. In my experience, some times you don’t need to remember stuff by heart, you need to understand it. And there’s no better way to find the logic behind weird shit than when you explain it to someone else. 
    • You’ll find connections that you hadn’t seen before, and when you see the question in the exam you’ll remember how you’ll explained it!
    • History or shit? Story time! Narrate it to your study mates! Find the interesting stuff in it! Find the ridiculous stuff! It’s just a story! We all remember the stories we love!
  • IF YOU’RE A LISTENING PERSON: Music
    • Some people totally get distracted, and I get it, but if you can focus through it, this is a great tip
    • Small playlist on repeat. 
    • It gets repetitive. 
    • Yes!! That’s the point!!
    • You know how some earworms you just can’t get out of your head. That’s what you’re getting. 
    • And you’re gonna remember what you were studying while you listened. 
    • Listen to the playlist on your way to the exam. 
    • Hum while you answer. 
    • Got stuck? What song where you listening to while you studied this topic? La, la, oh my fuck that’s the answer! 
    • It works. Promise. 
  • Other things to do: 
    • Eat. Carbs and protein, get your energy up. 
    • Coffee!!!! Sorry if it’s not considered “healthy” but like, that’s how I survived. 
    • Take breaks. Ten minutes breaks. No more. 
    • Rewards! Little rewards in between finished topics. One chocolate. One short episode of a light hearted series. Texting a friend. 
    • Drink water!! 
    • Give your notes one quick check right before the exam. It’s a life saver.
  • Things not to do:
    • All nighters. I talked about it in this other college survival post. Just. Don’t. 
    • Overstudying: in my experience your brain over heats, you end up freaking out and go blank as soon as you see the exam.
    • Junk food. Sorry, gonna be the healthy voice of reason here. Sugar up. Sugar down. All your motivation dies. 
    • Cry. Don’t cry. Please don’t cry :( It’s gonna be fine. 
  • Finally, most important tip I can give you: enter the exam and tell yourself “This shit is to test how much I learnt and how well my teachers did at actually teaching me.” So like, you do your best, show what you know and that’s what the result will show. The number only defines how much you learnt. Not you.

A mind map is a graphical way to represent ideas and concepts. It is a visual thinking tool that helps structuring information, helping you to better analyze, comprehend, synthesize, recall and generate new ideas.

Just as in every great idea, its power lies in its simplicity.

In a mind map, as opposed to traditional note taking or a linear text, information is structured in a way that resembles much more closely how your brain actually works. Since it is an activity that is both analytical and artistic, it engages your brain in a much, much richer way, helping in all its cognitive functions. And, best of all, it is fun!

This is a mind map about – conveniently enough – mind mapping itself. It presents, in a visual way, the core elements and techniques on how to draw mind maps. Yes, I know this may look a little too messy initially, but bear with me: once you break the ingrained habit of linear note taking, you won’t look back.

Benefits and Uses

I think I already gave away the benefits of mind mapping and why mind maps work. Basically, mind mapping avoids dull, linear thinking, jogging your creativity and making note taking fun again.

But what can we use mind maps for?

  • Note taking
  • Brainstorming (individually or in groups)
  • Problem solving
  • Studying and memorization
  • Planning
  • Researching and consolidating information from multiple sources
  • Presenting information
  • Gaining insight on complex subjects
  • Jogging your creativity

It is hard to make justice to the number of uses mind maps can have – the truth is that they can help clarify your thinking in pretty much anything, in many different contexts: personal, family, educational or business. Planning you day or planning your life, summarizing a book, launching a project, planning and creating presentations, writing blog posts – well, you get the idea – anything, really.

How to Draw a Mind Map

Drawing a mind map is as simple as 1-2-3:

  • Start in the middle of a blank page, writing or drawing the idea you intend to develop. I would suggest that you use the page in landscape orientation.
  • Develop the related subtopics around this central topic, connecting each of them to the center with a line.
  • Repeat the same process for the subtopics, generating lower-level subtopics as you see fit, connecting each of those to the corresponding subtopic.

Some more recommendations:

  • Use colors, drawings and symbols copiously. Be as visual as you can, and your brain will thank you. I’ve met many people who don’t even try, with the excuse they’re “not artists”. Don’t let that keep you from trying it out!.
  • Keep the topics labels as short as possible, keeping them to a single word – or, better yet, to only a picture. Especially in your first mind maps, the temptation to write a complete phrase is enormous, but always look for opportunities to shorten it to a single word or figure – your mind map will be much more effective that way.
  • Vary text size, color and alignment. Vary the thickness and length of the lines. Provide as many visual cues as you can to emphasize important points. Every little bit helps engaging your brain.

Final Thoughts

Mind mapping is an absolutely fascinating and rich topic – this post only scratches the surface. If you want more reference material now, Wikipedia is always a good starting point.

In the meantime, please give mind mapping a chance – try it out. Follow these handy tips and see the results for yourself. Don’t worry too much about doing it the “right” way – just make it fun.

Kimberly

Black and White - Chapter 4

Characters: Baekhyun x Reader

Genre: Bad Boy AU // University AU // Fluff

Word Count: 4039 words

Plot: Baekhyun is the typical heartthrob that always gets what he wants.. until you came along.

Black and White: Mini Masterlist

Baekhyun stepped into the lecture hall and spotted you taking a nap. He noted that the seat beside you was occupied by a guy who was chattering with different girl next to him.

Striding up to him, Baekhyun planted his books on the table and jutted his head to the side. Understanding what Baekhyun was trying to convey, the boy immediately packed up his things and left his seat to search for another. He tried to hide the subtle roll of his eyes directed at his intruder but Baekhyun saw and chose not to comment on it because after all, the boy wasn’t in the wrong.

He plopped down on the seat next to you. Unfortunately for Baekhyun, the girl that was initially speaking to the boy whom had been shooed off seemed to have misunderstood the situation. She probably thought the shifting of seats was Baekhyun’s method of getting his way with her because she started an act of seduction.

She casually tugged her tank top lower and bit her lip provocatively. “Hey oppa, are you going to the party this weekend?” she questioned flirtatiously.

Keep reading

Study methods + tips

02.03.2017 | Day 3 of the February study challenge! 

What are my favourite study methods? 

Originally posted by intoastrangeworld

To be honest, I’m still experimenting with different study methods and finding out what works best for me. But here are some of them! 

For math and sciences: 

When I do my homework, I highlight the questions that I had trouble with, so when it comes time to review my notes, I redo the highlighted questions to make sure I understand everything. Then I do ALL the review questions I can find in the textbook. 

Ideal study music: Either have no music, or play some light jazz. 

For arts and languages: 

I go over my notes with a blue pen and underline, summarize + annotate my notes to make sure I really understand the material. Usually on the side I will put some funny acronyms and pictures to help me remember the material. Then I just quiz myself by making sure I can explain each subtopic I have learned so far! 

Idea study music: Kdrama OSTs (Scarlet Heart Ryeo/ Descendants of the Sun anyone?) or any laid back feel songs. 

Thanks again for everyone’s support! 

14 July 2017 

Hi! 

Yesterday, I posted a picture of my algebra “cheat sheet”. It’s one A4 page in tiny tiny writing with all the info you could possibly need - and I feel like it might be helpful if I explain my motivation behind it. 

1. Do you actually cheat with a cheat sheet? 

No, of course not. My professor in algebra 1 allows us to bring one page (front + back) to the exam, filled with whatever information we want on it. The only condition is that it has to be hand-written, not typed. However, I frequently use this method even for other exams because I think it’s a good way to test if you really remember everything! (Then I leave it at home on exam day, of course.)

2. How do you make a cheat sheet? 

Some people question the effectiveness of such a load of information on such little space - and it’s a valid concern. As you can read in the caption of my cheat sheet picture, I called it “revision and simultaneously cheat sheet”, and I’d like to explain why! 

  1. Step 1: Gather information. Read your lecture notes, do practice problems, learn definitions - just like you would for a normal exam where you don’t get any help! 
  2. Step 2: Write a list of topics with only keywords - for example, I had “determinants” with the subtopics “Rule of Sarrus”, “Rule of Cramer” etc. Don’t write down any formulas, more specific definitions or proofs.
  3. Step 3: Get out a blank sheet of paper and with only the guidance of your topic list, write down everything you remember. This is the key - you will immediately notice if you’re lost or don’t know a topic well enough, and that’s your hint to study it again and improve before the exam. 
  4. Step 3.5 (optional): You can do this several times! Start by writing everything on for example 6 pages, then do it again but on only 4 pages, and repeat it until you can’t reduce it anymore. That repetition will help you memorise things and also filter the key aspects from the extra information. 
  5. Step 4: Colour-coding isn’t a must, but if you’re a visual learner like me, it will give you more structure and help you remember where each topic is on your paper. I use blue for definitions, orange for theorems, green for examples. 
  6. Step 5: If you have space left (you probably do), fill it with practice problems and examples! Don’t just copy them of course, actually solve them. 

3. Why does it have to be so tiny? 

It doesn’t. I’ve done this before on regular paper and in regular writing. I would, however, recommend to limit your available space (e.g. two pages, four pages, 10 index cards etc, depends on your class) because that will force you to focus on the key aspects and only write down what you really need. I’m now done with my algebra cheat sheet and the back of the page is almost completely empty, so I could have afforded to write a little bigger - you never know before. 

4. Will you be able to find the info you need during the exam? 

Yes. Colour coding helps, but I also divide each chapter from another with a small line in between. Don’t forget that you’ve written it yourself - you’ll remember the order of your topic list. 

The most important part: You probably won’t need the cheat sheet. As I’ve said, I do this frequently for other classes just as a test for memorisation even when I’m not allowed to take the cheat sheet with me. If you’re able to write all of that down from memory, you probably know it well enough to pass your exam. Even if it’s not completely from memory, just writing it down again usually helps. 

Permitted cheat sheets can give you a sense of security. Having a paper with everything you could need on it during the exam might relief some of the stress because you know that even if you forget what a determinant is (which you probably won’t), you’ll have the definition with you, and that’s why I would use the chance to bring one if it’s offered. I never ended up needing mine

I hope this cleared things up a little! I’d definitely recommend giving this method a try, especially in subjects with many topics and subtopics because it’ll give things structure - it works for almost every subject though! :) 

Black and White - Chapter 11

Characters: Baekhyun x Reader

Genre: Bad Boy AU // University AU // Fluff

Word Count: 8.1k words

Plot: Baekhyun is the typical heartthrob that always gets what he wants.. until you came along.

Black and White: Mini Masterlist

The brick wall felt rough beneath the fabric of your mustard-dyed top, providing you with a stark contrast of the smooth and wet lips that were moving languidly against you. However, the friction existed all the same, a consistent heat upheld strongly around you. The friction between the bones of your spine and the wrinkles of your shirt as they pressed even further into the wall, acting as a support system for your body, like the stem of a plant held firmly into the soil by its roots. The friction between two pairs of red lips, moulding to fit one another so perfectly like the hands of a potter shaping its clay, his fingers pressing into the finely-grained material to create adequately angled dents that added life to his creation. The friction in the cooling air. The air that floated around you and surrounded you, particles diffusing past each other at any opportunity they got. If the air had eyes, it would see everything, even the two of you standing behind a weak excuse of a barrier to hide you from the rest of the students roaming past the busy corridors. The air that you were deprived of as he kissed you breathless, stealing the supply of vital oxygen you needed.

Keep reading

I said I would do a little post with tips for revision as a thank you for 300 followers! ~ Xx

1. Just do it - if you’re anything like me, you complain more about revision and exams than actually revising. Pull yourself together and get started! Woo!

2. Start with a clear working space - but don’t spend hours tidying up your desk/study area. I simply place the folders and papers on my bed/ to the side and get started.

3. Write and rewrite notes - these don’t have to look good, they just have to become more and more condensed and concise. By the end of it, having a few key words can prompt the rest of the information in your brain!

4. Posters - make a poster per topic, each subtopic a different colour. Flipboard paper is ideal for this and can be really cheap! Then you can hang them up on walls, this can help you associate a topic with an area of a room.

5. Breaks - what works well for me is working for 45 minutes and then have a 15 minute break. However, don’t go on your phone! If it’s nice outside go for a short walk/ run. Stretch, draw, write - it doesn’t matter as long as you stick to your break times and you leave your seat/ room.

6. Association - have any quotes/ steps to memorise? Take an object (one you can visualise in your head or you can take into the exam) and for each phrase, associate it to a part of the object. Go around the object in the same specific order each time. Eventually, if you are stuck in the exam, visualise/ look at the object and you’ll be able to recall the quotes/ steps. Check out this video if you’re confuse!

6. Memorise a generic introduction - If you are doing subjects such as English, you’ll probably have to write an exam on books you have studied. Write out and memorise a generic introduction incase you blank out on the exam! Check out the post I made about this!

7. Stairs - This is great for memorising statistics. Take post it notes, on one side write the key words of the stat, on the other side write the stat/ numerical value that goes with it. Place a post it note per stair and start at the bottom. Read out the key words and say the stat that goes with it. Each time you get it right, move up a stair. If you get one wrong, back to the bottom!

8. Keep focused - If you’re having trouble focusing, try moving room. If you can’t, try a different revision method. If you’re not being productive at all, go for a walk, listen to some music, comeback and try again.

9. Past Papers - This is the best revision method for maths, do as many past papers as you can, highlight questions you can’t answer and ask teachers/friends for their insight. Once you’re comfortable with the topics, time yourself and grade it afterwards.

10. Read the textbook - I do this when I’m unsure about a topic. Highlight keywords in one colour, the definition of said key words in an other and additional information in yet another colour.

Remember that if you try your best, that’s all people can ask for! ~ Xx

6

20.6.17 | anotha study guide!!!!

~ hey guysss!! So today I wanted to share another set of tips with you!! This one in particular is about something I’ve struggled with and continually work to improve, so without further ado, here are my science flashcards tips!!

1) this one may seem completely obvious, but I used to be the type of person who used to think I might forget something but then jot everything related to that thing down as well, instead of focusing on the main concept I was initially writing about. This made my flashcard-making process last much longer and I usually wouldn’t benefit from adding that extra paragraph.

point: write what you need to know.

2) I love the studyblr community, I love the way everyone’s notes look. But sometimes I feel like pretty notes take wayy too much time to make (especially if you’re a perfectionist like me!!). I used to make fancy notes for chemistry and sometimes they worked, but for longer topics like organic I just wrote the notes down in pencil and that actually helped things stick to my head much more efficiently than all the elaborate notes I made and threw out.

point: sometimes scribbles help more than pretty notes

3) this one helped me so so so much you guys, I swear i thought of this like a week before my bio exam and it HELPED A LOT. I basically had to take hormones twice (one time in our option and another in our actual syllabus) and just grouping everything together made it easier to actually understand what was what, where everything was coming from and it’s role.
* I will post an example about this later

point: if you have repeated concepts, try making cluster flashcards

4) I am was a victim of messy, here-and-there flashcards, but honestly just keeping everything together within it’s topic/subtopic made studying easier.

point: just keep ya things organised

5) having a reference of a diagram or graph that you need to memorise on hand can be a lifesaver. That way you won’t have to pile sheets of diagrams and drawings while studying. This way, you can keep looking at the graph/drawing while you’re working so that you can retain it better. This is especially handy for annotated diagrams.

point: a few annotated simple sketches on your flashcards will make a big difference

aaaaannnnddd those are my tips for today!! let me know if you liked this/want something in specific/if this helped you at all. good luck!!!!~

drugstorxperfume-deactivated201  asked:

best tips for cramming? i haven't done much over the past two years in regards to study (thanks, procrastination) and now i have finals in just over a week and i'm so stressed

hey!

I cram a whole lot- it’s ok if you’re down to cramming all the info in roughly a week!! Here’s what I usually do:

  1. Don’t waste time creating an actual study plan, just have one in your head so you won’t stress more from not being able to stick to it. 
  2. Instead of aiming to finish an entire subject within a set amount of time, try to finish units or subtopics within that subject; this makes it seem more achievable and breaks your course down so you know what you know or you’re not familiar with when you look through it
  3. Learn/revise at all the things that you’re most unfamiliar with first!! Don’t spend more time trying to write notes when you only have a week left. 
  4. Watch tons of youtube videos of whatever you don’t understand, or study with a friend so you can try explain it back to them to practice the info!
  5. Sleep is important, however if you only have 7 days left- sleep for your normal amount the first 3 days, and start to sleep less (if you’re someone who’s able to stay awake through the day) towards your exam date so you can cram more work in 24 hours!! This is definitely not good if it’s frequent, but losing sleep is temporary and you can sleep for eternity once your exams are over!!
  6. Drink plenty of water and eat plenty of food to power yourself, super super important imo

I hope this helped!! Let me know if you wanna know anything else specific!

6

{ Useful App #1: Eggbun - Chat to Learn Korean. }

Eggbun is an app where you can learn basic Korean for free, in a mobile-friendly, chat-setting! Yes, the lessons will be set like you’re chatting with someone~ Of course, you don’t have to worry because it’s all bot stuff. (I can’t even talk to real people on HelloTalk, and that’s where Eggbun comes in.)

This app is available on the Play Store here and the App Store here. I’ll be explaining each screenshots one by one. Please bear with me, hehe.

  1. That’s the app on the Play Store.
  2. The list of courses available! There are hangul lessons, number + counter lessons, classroom settings, even basic beginner conversations (of TTMIK)!
  3. The front page of a course you tap on. There are many subtopics/lessons on each course, and you can see your progress as it will be displayed on each course/frontpage (given that you sign in with a Google account first.)
  4. That’s how your lessons are taught; it’s as if someone is chatting with you! 
  5. Useful Culture Notes to help you learn more about the Korean culture and formal etiquette! They’re bite-sized but very informative.
  6. And that’s the front loading page. I just thought it looked nice, so I put it there, haha.

You can use this app for free, of course, but there are paid options as well. The option menu (which is not included here) will let you change the keyboard settings, buy the app pass if you’d like, or even to read about the creators of the app! 

I just found this cute app recently and I think it really needs more love. It’s very good for Korean beginners, but it can also act as a ‘test’ thing for some lower intermediate learners as well! Also good for people who are scared of real conversations (…people like me…), and I shall not mention why, haha. 

I’ll be making more of this ‘Useful App’ posts in the future as well, so stay tuned! Thanks for reading, have a nice day and happy learning!

{ korean language resources // japanese language resources }

Here is how I outline a research review essay!

Sometimes called a literature review cos it’s lit, it’s main focus is to “review the state of the literature” regarding a certain topic. Think of it like a book review; but instead of evaluating a book, you’re evaluating several research articles within a topic. Alright, here we go!


CHOOSING A TOPIC

When choosing a topic to write about, it’s important to be sure that it’s not too broad but also not too specific. You want enough articles to work with, but too many will make it harder to focus on certain themes.

My advice is to start with a general idea, something that interests you, and then work your way from there. 

(ex. sleeping problems)

Some ways to narrow down your topic:

Incorporate some of the five W’s (who, what, when, where, why).

(ex. sleeping problems –> in children)

Find a specific subtopic. As you’re skimming through articles, keep an eye out for common themes.

(ex. sleeping problems –> in children –> with behavioral problems)

You’ll know when you’ve narrowed down your topic when the article results are narrowed to a few hundred or so. 


ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY

Now that you’ve got a topic narrowed down, it’s time to read! After reading through a handful of articles, I suggest narrowing down the articles you’re going to work with to 5-8 (while having less articles to work with may seem easier, it’s actually harder later on haha).

And for every one of those articles, fill out this guideline…

Citation:

Whichever citation format you’re using (like apa, mla, etc.) It’s extremely useful to properly write out the citation for each article beforehand. That way, you can simply ctrl c ctrl v that ish in the final draft. 

Also, I suggest writing it out yourself, following the format’s guidelines, instead of using a generator because those can sometimes be unreliable according to my professor who might’ve just said that to make me cite on my own :/   but either way, learning to cite on your own is a very useful skill!

Summarize:

A small summary of each article will help you to quickly recall what each article is about. What is the point of the article? What topics are covered? Also write down any significant annotations you made while reading the article.

Assess:

Now that you’ve summarized each article, it’s helpful to write your initial evaluations for each. Was the source credible? Were the research methods valid? How does it compare with other sources in your bibliography? Was there bias? Any gaps in the article? etc. etc.

this is the part where the reviewing of the book comes in. Don’t repeat what the article said (that’s what the summary is for), but analyze how it was said.

Reflect:

Instead of focusing on the singular article, now you need to focus on how it will fit within your paper as a whole. Write how you think you’ll use this article in your paper. Any comparisons or contradictions to other articles? Has this article changed your thinking on the overall topic?

Be sure to do an annotated bibliography for EACH article.


PAPER OUTLINE

Now the specifics for your paper will vary depending on what your professor wants, what class it’s for, as well as the topic of the research articles; but, here is a general guideline…

Intro:

1. Introduce your topic.

2. Focus your topic into the specific research question.

(ex. what is the relationship between sleeping problems and behavioral problems within children)

3. Discuss the importance or relevance of your topic.

(ex. this is important because it can help treat children with behavioral and/or sleeping problems)

4. Discuss how you outlined the rest of your paper into sections as best fits your topic. (Write this at the end of the rough draft)

Body:

This is the hard part. But you’ve actually already have half of it done. Yeah, remember those annotated bibliographies you wrote? With the information from those, simply arrange and rearrange your evaluations from those.

Some examples of subtopics to write about:

Evaluate the kinds of studies, discuss similarities & contradictions, write about gaps or inconsistencies between articles, write about patterns within the articles, and possible biases. 

those are just a few, but always keep in mind that you’re not stating what the articles say, but how they say it. (this is the mantra)

Conclusion:

1. Discuss the implications & your interpretations of your findings. Basically, how does what you found in your evaluations affect what we know about the topic?

(ex. If there were many gaps and inconsistencies in the research, would that make the findings of the overall topic credible and useful or nah?)

2. Direction of future research. After bashing on everyone else lmao jk, what do you suggest should be done next in terms of research? (different approach, more attention to minimizing biases, etc.)



And that’s it! yay!! While this may seem like overkill for an outline, keep in mind that the more attention you put in it, the easier you’re later drafts and editing will be.

Anyways, I hoped this helped, and I’m sorry if this seems like a lot TT just know that once you start, the rest is easy :)

I’m gonna tag a few of my favorite studyblrs cos why not lol so @studyblr @studylustre @studyrose @study-owl @sherlockian-studies @stvdybuddies @emmastudies  ♡