An enumeration to intensify/emphasize a description
- Her action was stupid, dangerous and reckless.
Using several words close together that begin with the same letter or sound; it connects the words and forms a unit; it is used in headlines, advertisements or poetry to grab the attention of the reader
- good as gold, busy as a bee, Kim comes to cut colorful kites
Referencing a certain person, story or event (biblical, hsitorical, etc.) without directly explaining it to get your point across
was her Achilles’ heel.” - reference to Achilles, a character in greek
mythology whose only weakness/vulnerable place was his heel
Repeating a word or phrase at the beginning of two (or more) lines or sentences
- Had she seen it coming? Had she ever dreamt of something like this happening? Had she prepared for it?
Using a more polite word or expression to describe an unpleasant statment
- he passed away instead of he died
- collateral damage instead of accidental death
An exaggeration to emphasize an action, emotion or impression
- I have told you a million times already!
- My mom is going to kill me!
A figure of speech that implies a comparison (without using the words
“as” or “like”); the comparison between the two things stresses the
quality or characteristic they have in common
- She has a heart of stone.
- You are the light of my life!
Repeating the grammatical form in a phrase or paragraph to add symmetry and to emphasize
- Like father, like son.
- We make a living by what we get, we make a life by what we give.
Attributing a human quality to an animal or object
- This city never sleeps.
Repeating words or phrases to emphasize
- And miles to go before I sleep, and miles to go before I sleep.
- “Oh, woeful, oh woeful, woeful, woeful day!
A question you ask not to get an actual answer but to point out e.g. something obvious or ridiculous
- Do you want to get killed?
- Do you think I’m stupid?
A comparison where you use “like” or “as” to explain a certain idea or
quality to the reader; by comparing it to something they presumably are
familiar with you can illustrate or highlight a certain aspect of the
thing you are explaining
- Tall like a giraffe.
- Cold as stone.
An object, an action or a word that stands for an abstract concept
- a dove -> symbolizes peace
- a red rose -> symbolizes love/romance