studio 38

1. Lisa Kudrow was afraid of the duck.

2. When the show was first written, Joey and Monica were intended to be love interests.

3. The average Friends episode took five hours to film.

4. Joey and Chandler’s big white dog actually belonged to Jennifer Aniston. A friend gave it to her as a good-luck gift when the show started.

5. Three cast members from The Simpsons made guest appearances on Friends: Dan Castellaneta (Homer), Hank Azaria (Moe/Apu, etc.), and Harry Shearer (Mr. Burns/Smithers, etc.).

6. The show was originally called Insomnia Cafe. It was then renamed Friends Like Us, and then Six of One before becoming Friends.

7. In the first season, each of the main six cast members received $22,000 per episode.

8. In 1997, they banded together to negotiate a salary increase to $100,000 per episode. It was the first time in TV history that cast members had done this.

9. By the final season, they each got $1,000,000 per episode.

10. “The One Where No One’s Ready” takes place entirely in Monica’s apartment because the show didn’t have a large enough budget for guest stars or additional sets.

11. Joey plays Dr. Drake Ramoray in a fictional version of the NBC soap opera Days of Our Lives. In real life, Jennifer Aniston’s father, John Aniston, plays Victor Kiriakis on the actual Days of Our Lives.

12. Courteney Cox is actually older than David Schwimmer, despite playing his younger sister.

13. In the pilot, Monica forgets the name of a guy she sleeps with. Producers were worried that this would make the audience not like her, so they handed out a survey to the studio audience asking whether they thought the plot should be changed. They didn’t.

14. Ross and Rachel weren’t meant to be the central romance of the series. Their storyline was developed because of David Schwimmer and Jennifer Aniston’s chemistry.

15. Monica’s apartment changed from number 5 to number 20 when the show’s writers realised that “5” wouldn’t denote an apartment on an upper level floor in a large block. So they matched, Chandler’s also changed from 4 to 19.

16. Kathy Griffin and Jane Lynch both auditioned for the role of Phoebe.

17. Jon Favreau and Jon Cryer both tried out for the role of Chandler.

18. Live audiences were never used for cliff-hangers, such as Ross and Emily’s wedding.

19. The storyline of Phoebe carrying her brother’s triplets was written because Lisa Kurdrow was pregnant in real life.

20. In the opening credits of “The One After Vegas”, which is dedicated to Courteney Cox and David Arquette’s marriage, every cast member has the surname Arquette added to the end of his or her real name.

21. Phoebe’s wedding is not attended by any of her relatives, including her twin sister Ursula, her father, her birth mother, her brother Frank Jr. or the triplets she gave birth to.

22. Hank Azaria, who plays David the scientist, auditioned for the role of Joey twice before the show went into production.

23. Chandler was written as a character who was awkward around women because Matthew Perry told producers that he himself was.

24. The cast had a huddle before filming each episode to wish each other luck.

25. Bruce Willis appeared in the show for free after losing a bet about whether The Whole Nine Yards would be No. 1 in the box office on its opening weekend with Matthew Perry. He donated his fee to charity.

26. Phoebe and Chandler were originally supposed to be supporting characters.

27. David Schwimmer was the first of the main six actors to be cast in the show.

28. Jennifer Aniston was the last of the main six actors to be cast in the show.

29. Before the show’s pilot aired, the cast was taken for dinner at Caeser’s Palace in Las Vegas to enjoy their “last shot at anonymity”. They later returned to the same place to shoot Ross and Rachel’s drunken wedding.

30. Crew member Paul Swain was responsible for the Magna Doodles on the door of Chandler’s apartment.

31. When Monica pops up from underneath Chandler’s bedsheet in London, the two of them held position for 27 seconds.

32. Marcel was played by two monkeys, Monkey and Katie.

33. NBC originally thought the cast was too young and asked writers to include an older character who gave advice to the twentysomethings.

34. NBC originally thought Central Perk was too trendy and wanted to set the show in a diner, like Seinfeld.

35. In “The One Where Chandler Doesn’t Like Dogs”, we find out that Ross hates ice cream. One season earlier, however, we see Ross and Elizabeth enjoying ice cream on a date.

36. Producers originally wanted Courteney Cox to play Rachel, but she asked to play Monica because the character was so strong.

37. The orange couch in Central Perk was found in the basement of the Warner Bros. studio.

38. Ross is 29 years old for three years.

39. Monica and Chandler’s twins are born three minutes and 46 seconds apart.

40. All of the six main characters have kissed each other at one point (if you include alternative “what if?” episodes), except Monica and Phoebe.

41. Like Monica and Chandler, Courteney Cox and David Arquette had trouble getting pregnant.

42. Courteney Cox had to film the scene in which Rachel has Emma just after having a miscarriage.

43. Joey wasn’t written as a dim character. Matt LeBlanc suggested it.

44. The frame around the peephole in Monica’s apartment originally had a mirror in it. It was broken by a crew member during the early stages of filming, but producers thought it looked good so they left it.

45. June Gable, who played Joey’s agent Estelle Leonard, also played a nurse in the episode where Carol gives birth to Ben.

46. David Schwimmer directed 10 Friends episodes.

47. Friends co-creators Marta Kauffman and David Crane are also co-writers of the show’s theme song, “I’ll Be There for You” by The Rembrandts.

48. When Rachel is trying to find a new officiate for Chandler and Monica’s wedding, she finds a Greek Orthodox priest coming out of the Anastassakis/Papasifakis wedding. Anastassakis is Jennifer Aniston’s family name.

49. When Lisa Kudrow first read the script, she thought Chandler’s character was gay.

50. Giovanni Ribisi plays Phoebe’s brother Frank Jr. in later episodes, but he also has a small cameo in the earlier seasons. He plays a boy who accidentally throws a condom into Phoebe’s guitar case instead of a coin.

51. Lisa Kudrow had already been guest-starring on Mad About You as Ursula Buffay for two years before Friends aired. They decided to make Phoebe a twin to create a crossover between the two shows.

52. Gunther didn’t have a name until the middle of the second season.

53. James Michael Tyler was cast as Gunther because he was the only extra who knew how to operate an espresso machine.

54. Gunther didn’t have a line until the show’s 33rd episode. He said “yeah”.

55. Winona Ryder and Susan Sarandon were both on Ross’ “celebrity list”. They both later guest-starred on the show as Melissa Warburton and Jessica Lockhart, respectively.

56. There were six versions of Phoebe’s dollhouse made for “The One With the Dollhouse” because the plot involved burning them.

57. The actor who plays Joshua’s father is actually Matthew Perry’s real-life father.

58. Ellen DeGeneres turned down an offer to play Phoebe.

59. In the last episode, it is mentioned that all six characters have lived in Monica’s apartment. They have all also lived in Joey’s apartment.

60. When the last series ended, Jennifer Aniston and her then-husband Brad Pitt hosted a dinner party at their home. They served bottles of wine that producer Kevin Bright had saved from the first series.

61. When the last series ended, each cast member was given a piece of the sidewalk from outside Central Perk as a keepsake.

anonymous asked:

I'm a longtime follower of your blog and I was wondering if you could explain what happened regarding the bankruptcy of 38 Studios.(i tried looking through your archive but I didn't see if you touched on it) From what I've gathered reading you a $75 million dollar loan is a lot to create a AAA game. A lot of the lawsuits that were launched against the studio post bankruptcy seemed to suggest that maybe it was a scam... tho maybe it just did that badly in sales?

This is more of a business question than a development one, but I actually understand this stuff a bit (and researched the situation since I was contacted by a recruiter for 38 Studios back around that time) so I can try to explain it to you. It’s a little mathy, but I’m sure you can follow. 

Once upon a time, the state of Rhode Island noticed that other states like Texas were getting a lot of economic growth after enticing tech companies to set up facilities in their cities with financial incentives (tax breaks, loan guarantees, etc.). The tech companies would bring large numbers of upper middle class employees to their cities, spurring additional economic growth via spending their money on restaurants, houses, cars, and so forth. The state of Rhode Island, eager to get some of that economic growth itself, decided to offer some similar financial incentives like tax breaks and loan guarantees to tech companies of a sufficient size to convince them to set up shop in Rhode Island.

A state loan guarantee means the state basically co-signs your loan. If you cannot pay off the loan, the state is on the hook to pay it off for you. By offering this as an incentive, Rhode Island’s politicians believed that they could grow a local tech sector that would bring prosperity to everyone. Give them some help obtaining seed money, then grow it into a strong and healthy economic center. One of those tech companies they attracted was the ill-fated 38 Studios. 38 Studios took out a $75 million loan with a state guarantee and used it to set up shop in Providence back in 2010.

38 Studios already had another branch in Maryland that was working on development of their first title - Kingdom of Amalur: Reckoning, but wanted to begin development of the much more ambitious project called “Copernicus”. It was supposed to be a next-gen big budget MMORPG, developed during the time when everybody wanted to make the next big MMORPG, and the bosses at 38 planned to use the $75 million loan guaranteed by the state to pay for its development.

However, the $75 million loan guarantee came with strings. The Rhode Island bureaucrats had requirements that had to be met before they would allow the loan guarantee to go through. 38 Studios needed to set up a facility and bring at least 450 jobs to the area by the year 2012. This target was amortized over a milestone schedule - X employees moved or hired in Rhode Island by Y date in order to maintain the guarantee. Because 38 Studios needed to meet those relocation/hiring milestones to keep the loan guarantee, they staffed up a lot faster than they were actually ready for. The development of Copernicus became troubled, mostly because they hadn’t done the preproduction development necessary to outline production work and that a MMOG is a huge undertaking that requires an awful lot of work - more than they had expected, and in different fields than they had expected. The studio was getting too big too fast, and it lacked the core technology and planning to allocate those developers properly. The costs began spiraling out of control as they struggled to find work for some  already-hired devs and hire others to fill key roles that were missing.

It all came to a head when 38 Studios ran out of money in May of 2012. They had been banking on the proceeds from sales of Kingdom of Amalur: Reckoning (which had been finished and released by then) in addition to the loan money to fund the continued development of Copernicus, but Amalur did not sell as well as they had hoped. One day in early 2012 38 Studios wrote a check for their regular loan payment and it bounced. Nearly three weeks later, the studio managed to cobble together the loan payment but then they lacked the funds to pay their employees for that pay period. Shortly thereafter, 38 Studios filed for bankrupcty and laid off all of their employees. 

38 Studios, now bankrupt, had to default on the remainder of its $75 million loan, which meant that the state of Rhode Island had to pick it up instead. By this time, the politicians who had been in charge had been ousted and replaced by newly elected officials who were not as enthused with the idea of paying so much money for a failed company. This lead to the state of Rhode Island suing the leadership of 38 Studios not once but twice in order to try to recoup some of the losses incurred. In the end, the remnants of 38 Studios’ stakeholders settled the first lawsuit for $4.4 million, and a second lawsuit a bit later was settled for an additional $2.5 million. Despite all this, the state of Rhode Island had to eat the remaining $28.2 million loan balance after it was all over.

Ultimately, it wasn’t so much a scam as it was an inexperienced studio biting off more than it could chew. 38 Studios rushed into AAA MMOG development without a solid plan in order to take advantage of those loan guarantees and it burned them badly. They spent too much too quickly and hid the fact that they would need significantly more funds to complete the project. I firmly believe that it wasn’t a scam, however - Curt Schilling, the founder of 38 Studios, lost over $50 million of his own money because of it all. If it were a scam, somebody would have made some money off of it. Sadly, that wasn’t the case for anybody involved except perhaps the bank. The developers that moved to Rhode Island lost their jobs, the studio leadership lost millions of their own money, the Rhode Island taxpayers ended up paying for a bad loan guarantee, and the game was never completed.


Got a burning question you want answered?

1D FOUR Hangout Time Breakdown

1:30- livestream starts, Niall intros it
2:10- Ben vs. Niall directing round 1
2:37- Ben vs. Harry makeup round

3:05- what’s changed since x-factor question
5:12- Harry’s sneezing sequence
6:07- Niall watches the old video diaries and xtra factor
6:25- Ben vs Louis braces and Toms round
7:22- first mention of control, the boys talk about clothes specifically, music comes up after
9:22- noises in the background, “keep it down!”- Louis ft. whisper-yelling
9:28- Ben uses the “fetus” terminology
9:35- “1D AF”- Harry
9:48- Ben vs Louis x-factor self advice round
10:24- Ben blatantly redirects to Zayn to try to get a serious answer
11:30- Ben tries to get them to stop being negative about their old x-factor hair cuts
11:32- first Narry fist bump

Keep reading

1. Lisa Kudrow was afraid of the duck.

2. When the show was first written, Joey and Monica were intended to be love interests.

3. The average Friends episode took five hours to film.

4. Joey and Chandler’s big white dog actually belonged to Jennifer Aniston. A friend gave it to her as a good-luck gift when the show started.

5. Three cast members from The Simpsons made guest appearances on Friends: Dan Castellaneta (Homer), Hank Azaria (Moe/Apu, etc.), and Harry Shearer (Mr. Burns/Smithers, etc.).

6. The show was originally called Insomnia Cafe. It was then renamed Friends Like Us, and then Six of One before becoming Friends.

7. In the first season, each of the main six cast members received $22,000 per episode.

8. In 1997, they banded together to negotiate a salary increase to $100,000 per episode. It was the first time in TV history that cast members had done this.

9. By the final season, they each got $1,000,000 per episode.

10. “The One Where No One’s Ready” takes place entirely in Monica’s apartment because the show didn’t have a large enough budget for guest stars or additional sets.

11. Joey plays Dr. Drake Ramoray in a fictional version of the NBC soap opera Days of Our Lives. In real life, Jennifer Aniston’s father, John Aniston, plays Victor Kiriakis on the actual Days of Our Lives.

12. Courteney Cox is actually older than David Schwimmer, despite playing his younger sister.

13. In the pilot, Monica forgets the name of a guy she sleeps with. Producers were worried that this would make the audience not like her, so they handed out a survey to the studio audience asking whether they thought the plot should be changed. They didn’t.

14. Ross and Rachel weren’t meant to be the central romance of the series. Their storyline was developed because of David Schwimmer and Jennifer Aniston’s chemistry.

15. Monica’s apartment changed from number 5 to number 20 when the show’s writers realised that “5” wouldn’t denote an apartment on an upper level floor in a large block. So they matched, Chandler’s also changed from 4 to 19.

16. Kathy Griffin and Jane Lynch both auditioned for the role of Phoebe.

17. Jon Favreau and Jon Cryer both tried out for the role of Chandler.

18. Live audiences were never used for cliff-hangers, such as Ross and Emily’s wedding.

19. The storyline of Phoebe carrying her brother’s triplets was written because Lisa Kurdrow was pregnant in real life.

20. In the opening credits of “The One After Vegas”, which is dedicated to Courteney Cox and David Arquette’s marriage, every cast member has the surname Arquette added to the end of his or her real name.


21. Phoebe’s wedding is not attended by any of her relatives, including her twin sister Ursula, her father, her birth mother, her brother Frank Jr. or the triplets she gave birth to.

22. Hank Azaria, who plays David the scientist, auditioned for the role of Joey twice before the show went into production.

23. Chandler was written as a character who was awkward around women because Matthew Perry told producers that he himself was.

24. The cast had a huddle before filming each episode to wish each other luck.

25. Bruce Willis appeared in the show for free after losing a bet about whether The Whole Nine Yards would be No. 1 in the box office on its opening weekend with Matthew Perry. He donated his fee to charity.

26. Phoebe and Chandler were originally supposed to be supporting characters.

27. David Schwimmer was the first of the main six actors to be cast in the show.

28. Jennifer Aniston was the last of the main six actors to be cast in the show.

29. Before the show’s pilot aired, the cast was taken for dinner at Caeser’s Palace in Las Vegas to enjoy their “last shot at anonymity”. They later returned to the same place to shoot Ross and Rachel’s drunken wedding.

30. Crew member Paul Swain was responsible for the Magna Doodles on the door of Chandler’s apartment.

31. When Monica pops up from underneath Chandler’s bedsheet in London, the two of them held position for 27 seconds.

32. Marcel was played by two monkeys, Monkey and Katie.

33. NBC originally thought the cast was too young and asked writers to include an older character who gave advice to the twentysomethings.

34. NBC originally thought Central Perk was too trendy and wanted to set the show in a diner, like Seinfeld.

35. In “The One Where Chandler Doesn’t Like Dogs”, we find out that Ross hates ice cream. One season earlier, however, we see Ross and Elizabeth enjoying ice cream on a date.

36. Producers originally wanted Courteney Cox to play Rachel, but she asked to play Monica because the character was so strong.

37. The orange couch in Central Perk was found in the basement of the Warner Bros. studio.

38. Ross is 29 years old for three years.

39. Monica and Chandler’s twins are born three minutes and 46 seconds apart.

40. All of the six main characters have kissed each other at one point (if you include alternative “what if?” episodes), except Monica and Phoebe.

41. Like Monica and Chandler, Courteney Cox and David Arquette had trouble getting pregnant.

42. Courteney Cox had to film the scene in which Rachel has Emma just after having a miscarriage.

43. Joey wasn’t written as a dim character. Matt LeBlanc suggested it.

44. The frame around the peephole in Monica’s apartment originally had a mirror in it. It was broken by a crew member during the early stages of filming, but producers thought it looked good so they left it.

45. June Gable, who played Joey’s agent Estelle Leonard, also played a nurse in the episode where Carol gives birth to Ben.

46. David Schwimmer directed 10 Friends episodes.

47. Friends co-creators Marta Kauffman and David Crane are also co-writers of the show’s theme song, “I’ll Be There for You” by The Rembrandts.

48. When Rachel is trying to find a new officiate for Chandler and Monica’s wedding, she finds a Greek Orthodox priest coming out of the Anastassakis/Papasifakis wedding. Anastassakis is Jennifer Aniston’s family name.

49. When Lisa Kudrow first read the script, she thought Chandler’s character was gay.

50. Giovanni Ribisi plays Phoebe’s brother Frank Jr. in later episodes, but he also has a small cameo in the earlier seasons. He plays a boy who accidentally throws a condom into Phoebe’s guitar case instead of a coin.

51. Lisa Kudrow had already been guest-starring on Mad About You as Ursula Buffay for two years before Friends aired. They decided to make Phoebe a twin to create a crossover between the two shows.

52. Gunther didn’t have a name until the middle of the second season.

53. James Michael Tyler was cast as Gunther because he was the only extra who knew how to operate an espresso machine.

54. Gunther didn’t have a line until the show’s 33rd episode. He said “yeah”.

55. Winona Ryder and Susan Sarandon were both on Ross’ “celebrity list”. They both later guest-starred on the show as Melissa Warburton and Jessica Lockhart, respectively.

56. There were six versions of Phoebe’s dollhouse made for “The One With the Dollhouse” because the plot involved burning them.

57. The actor who plays Joshua’s father is actually Matthew Perry’s real-life father.

58. Ellen DeGeneres turned down an offer to play Phoebe.

59. In the last episode, it is mentioned that all six characters have lived in Monica’s apartment. They have all also lived in Joey’s apartment.

60. When the last series ended, Jennifer Aniston and her then-husband Brad Pitt hosted a dinner party at their home. They served bottles of wine that producer Kevin Bright had saved from the first series.

61. When the last series ended, each cast member was given a piece of the sidewalk from outside Central Perk as a keepsake.

Another Dragon yarn bowl out of the studio today …number 38 to be precise. Unfired white earthenware. Glazed bowl pics in a few weeks.
This popular ornate fantasy yarn bowl is available as a made to order item at earthwoolfire.etsy.com

anonymous asked:

lately i've been getting a little discouraged because every successful artist i stumble upon has graduated from risd. (every single one of them, i swear.) do you think the education you get/opportunities you are given at a well-known and top notch art school like risd have a significant impact on your chances of "making it" as an artist, or in your opinion is it all down to talent and personal drive? (asking because i of course do not attend risd but i do hope to make a living off of art.)

Wow- good question. And a hard one to answer- I can’t give much more than my own anecdotal experience, and that’s all from the perspective of having attended an art school and benefitted from it. 
I do truly believe that the most important aspects of your ability to “make it” as an artist are skill (I wouldn’t say talent, because I believe a lot of it is learned and practiced), drive, and the ability to network. 

If your skills are up to snuff, then your portfolio will speak for itself. This field is, unfortunately, not a meritocracy- I wish I could say only the most qualified land jobs- but sometimes they don’t, and it’s baffling. What I will say is that honing your skill and having a killer portfolio is the single biggest thing you can do to control your chances. 

That said, drive and networking are important. Drive, because you will need it on the days you don’t feel inspired. You will need to want this hard enough to keep at it despite discouragements from others.

Networking is a bigger piece than most people talk about- for me, the art school experience was a huge boon, but it’s not the only way to do it well. You have to be personable; have a mind to market yourself and put your work in front of people and be approachable and pleasant while you do. People will respond to how you make them feel- and that will determine a lot of whether you do or don’t land work in the long run- you can have all the talent and the drive in the world, but if you are an unpleasant person then you will have a hard time connecting with work (no matter what field you’re in). My experience at RISD was formative for me, but so was my experience at comic cons- many of the best jobs I’ve landed have been the result of bringing my portfolio and some snazzy business cards with me to cons and shopping it around. There are ways to build a network of creative friends and coworkers without having to pay for art school. Even the internet is a HUGE tool and a gamechanger- tumblr, twitter, deviantart, and behance have all contributed in one way or another to any success I have had. We’re actually part of an age where, more than ever, the ability to get your work and name out there is in your hands with a minimum of gatekeepers preventing you from doing so.
I think it’s really important to talk about that last piece, because it’s a huge part of an artist’s career and you don’t actually have to shell out a college tuition to make it happen. 

Don’t despair- if you want this and you have the skills you can actually make this thing happen. I can’t promise that it will all work out (hell, you guys remember 38 Studios? Sometimes things just go sour), but it is far from hopeless. Art on!

semiiprecious  asked:

post 10 facts about yourself and pass it on to 10 faves! 💕

OOH FUN OK

1) I have three cats and I love them with all my heart and they have their own tumblr @pixie-cats ;~)

2) I am almost legally blind in both eyes my vision is so bad I actually cannot get contacts with my prescription +astigmatism SO I literally walk around all day every day with sub par vision lol help

3) My favourite band is Muse and my favourite song is The Handler (by Muse)

4) My favourite anime used to be Black Rock Shooter but is CLOSELY RIVALLED by Heartcatch Precure and Ojamajo Doremi.

5) I’ve been dying my hair unnatural colours for over six years now and it’s currently lime green :~)

6) I’ve been playing piano for over 14 years now and am a LIL PSYCHO ON THE KEYS

7) I work in a candy store called Freak Lunchbox as well as in an accessory and clothing boutique called Papercakes Pretty as well as for Youtube/Maker Studios <3

8) I am a pisces AKA fish woman

9) I am attracted to all genders

10) I’m a 100% all beef weenie