Who is Lilith?
Lilith is a female archetype. The actual “Lilith”, the name means “dark”, comes from folklore from what is now the Middle East probably beginning in Sumer then picked up by the Hebrews in Babylon. Lilith in Hebrew folklore was the first wife of Adam who was banished from Eden for refusing to submit sexually to her husband. She was transformed into a demon who lived on the souls of dead babies. She is the anti-Eve. She is the strong independent woman which men fear and so she was literally “demonized”.
As long as there have been mothers and babies some infants die in the crib. Rarely, and this is still true today, such infants were smothered by either the mother or the father. A significant portion of infants dying from “Sudden Infant Death Syndrome” were actually murdered. It was this way in ancient times and people knew it. Young mothers with an unwanted child would become despondent and harm the baby. Sometimes a new lover would kill the child of another man. So, in the village, there was always suspicion.
It is for this reason that many cultures have myths of demonic creatures who kill babies in the crib at night. These demons are always female Sometimes they kill just to kill other times they are cannibals. Usually, they are ugly, old and barren. Sometimes they can be young and beautiful and seduce the husband. Since women are the life-givers women who kill are viewed with great horror and many is the old widow who was pressed, hung or burned because of this superstition.