… Henry [II] and his judges defined an ever growing number of actions as violating the king’s peace. These offenses came to be known as “crimes” at about this time, and… the contrast between criminal and civil causes developed, with criminal causes referring to offenses that generated revenues for the king or sheriffs rather than payment to the victim. Indeed, Lyon [1980, 295] notes that “the king got his judicial profit whether the accused was found guilty or innocent.”
… the services of trained lawyers were not welcomed in many of the campus and even forbidden in districts such as the Union Mining District… In this way, the local camps were able to agree upon rules or individual rights and upon methods for enforcement thereof without coercion from U.S. authorities. When outside laws were imposed upon the camps, there is some evidence that they increased rather than decreased crime. One early Californian writes, “We needed no law until the lawyers came,” and another adds, “There were few crimes until the courts with their delays and technicalities took the plane of miners’ law.”
… he who maintains and supports an institution is responsible for the general results of that institution. The general and necessary results of human government are war and the use of carnal weapons to maintain the government. Every one then that actively supports human government, is just as responsible for the wars and bloodshed that grow out of its existence and maintenance as are the men who actively wage and carry the war. Then every one who voted to bring about and carry on the war was just as much unfitted for service in the kingdom of God as was Gen. Garfield or any other soldier in the army. The same is true of every man that supports and maintains human government.
David Lipscomb, “Civil Government: It’s Origin, Mission, and Destiny, and the Christian’s Relation to It (excerpt)”, reprinted in Anarchy & the Law. Edward P. Stringham, ed. (2007) p. 465