Researchers explore why those with autism avoid eye contact
Individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) often find it difficult
to look others in the eyes. This avoidance has typically been
interpreted as a sign of social and personal indifference, but reports
from people with autism suggests otherwise. Many say that looking others
in the eye is uncomfortable or stressful for them – some will even say
that “it burns” – all of which points to a neurological cause. Now, a
team of investigators based at the Athinoula A. Martinos Center for Biomedical Imaging
at Massachusetts General Hospital has shed light on the brain
mechanisms involved in this behavior. They reported their findings in a Nature Scientific Reports paper.
findings demonstrate that, contrary to what has been thought, the
apparent lack of interpersonal interest among people with autism is not
due to a lack of concern,” says Nouchine Hadjikhani, MD, PhD, director
of neurolimbic research in the Martinos Center and corresponding author
of the new study. “Rather, our results show that this behavior is a way
to decrease an unpleasant excessive arousal stemming from overactivation
in a particular part of the brain.”
The key to this research
lies in the brain’s subcortical system, which is responsible for the
natural orientation toward faces seen in newborns and is important later
for emotion perception. The subcortical system can be specifically
activated by eye contact, and previous work by Hadjikhani and colleagues
revealed that, among those with autism, it was oversensitive to effects
elicited by direct gaze and emotional expression. In the present study,
she took that observation further, asking what happens when those with
autism are compelled to look in the eyes of faces conveying different
Using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI),
Hadjikhani and colleagues measured differences in activation within the
face-processing components of the subcortical system in people with
autism and in control participants as they viewed faces either freely or
when constrained to viewing the eye-region. While activation of these
structures was similar for both groups exhibited during free viewing,
overactivation was observed in participants with autism when
concentrating on the eye-region. This was especially true with fearful
faces, though similar effects were observed when viewing happy, angry
and neutral faces.
The findings of the study support the
hypothesis of an imbalance between the brain’s excitatory and inhibitory
signaling networks in autism – excitatory refers to neurotransmitters
that stimulate the brain, while inhibitory refers to those that calm it
and provide equilibrium. Such an imbalance, likely the result of diverse
genetic and environmental causes, can strengthen excitatory signaling
in the subcortical circuitry involved in face perception. This in turn
can result in an abnormal reaction to eye contact, an aversion to direct
gaze and consequently abnormal development of the social brain.
revealing the underlying reasons for eye-avoidance, the study also
suggests more effective ways of engaging individuals with autism. “The
findings indicate that forcing children with autism to look into
someone’s eyes in behavioral therapy may create a lot of anxiety for
them,” says Hadjikhani, an associate professor of Radiology at Harvard
Medical School. “An approach involving slow habituation to eye contact
may help them overcome this overreaction and be able to handle eye
contact in the long run, thereby avoiding the cascading effects that
this eye-avoidance has on the development of the social brain.”
researchers are already planning to follow up the research. Hadjikhani
is now seeking funding for a study that will use magnetoencephalography
(MEG) together with eye-tracking and other behavioral tests to probe
more deeply the relationship between the subcortical system and eye
contact avoidance in autism.
Sure, everybody says you should start out with quartz, rose quartz, amethyst, citrine but what about for witchcraft and magic specifically. What stone carries the witchy soul? I will be listing some stones perfect for use in magick to aid and strengthen you.
You probably guessed the first one ;D
The Inuit people believe that Labradorite fell from the Aurora Borealis. Another legend claims that a warrior struck the stone with his spear creating the Northern Lights as a result.
This is a stone of magick, it is a stone for shamans, diviners, healers and people seeking knowledge or looking for guidance. Perfect for honing in your strength and power as a witch. Labradorite helps awaken physic abilities, strengthen intuition and create awareness. If you wear labradorite, it will help your innate magickal abilities rise to the surface.
This stone is the most protective stone you can get. It shields the aura and strengthens the energy within. It guards against negativity. Due to this, it is a difficult stone to use in black or negative magicks. Some say it is impossible. Because of it’s protective and shielding quality it is perfect to use when exploring alternate levels of consciousness and doing visionary explorations. This stone will keep you safe from all harm.
Labradorite is good for seeing past illusion and into the truth.
2. Dendritic Agate AKA Merlinite
Do not mistake with Mystic Merlinite. This is not the same.
This is another stone of pure magic! It is a stone of duality, of light and dark, black and white. It is the stone of good luck and the dark night of the soul.
It is said to be able to help the user recall memories of alchemists and even the great Merlin of Arthurian times (thus its name).
This stone attracts good luck and magick into the life of one who carries it. This stone is good for shadow work, allowing you to travel and see the deep dark parts of yourself. Merlinite, is a very shamanistic stone, aiding you to commune with the natural world and elementals and work with its energies.
It stimulates deep intuition and a psychic knowing. It helps to bring you in contact with teachers in other realms.
A stone of harmony it helps aid the birth of creativity. This stone is not only for the light aspects as it will allow you to see the reality of your own inner darkness.
Use this to bring balance to light and dark, masculine and feminine. Use it to balance any kind of duality.
3. Moqui Marbles AKA Boji Stones AKA Shaman Stone
“Moqui” is the Hopi word for the dead. They say that the dead come around sunset to play with these stones.
This stone is believed to carry two genders, like animals and people. The flatter more oval ones are said to be male while the rounder ones are female. They are often used as pairs. They bring balance to the masculine and feminine energies inside all of us.
Use for inner transformational work. Use them for protection during journeying and out of body travel. These stones prevent negative entities from attaching to you.
These stones are perfect for overcoming fears of any kind, especially death.
They elevate your intuition and help you come in contact and communicate with spirit guides and totems.
Moqui Marbles also help you to become aware of parts of yourself that may be hidden including tendencies or habits that come from past lives.
Nuummite is know as the sorcerer’s stone as it is a stone of sorcery and magick. It draws and combines the fiery energies of the earth with the energies of a raging storm.
Nuummite is the oldest stone on earth; it is approximately over 3 billion years old and has volcanic origins.
This stone is good for personal magick, increasing synchronicities and luck, clairvoyance and intuition. Nuummite allows for deep journeying into your psyche allowing you to see your true, authentic self- the good and the bad, the whole of you. This stone will bring you gifts of inner power and self mastery.
A great stone for grounding and highly protective, it shields the auric field and fiercely fends off against negativity, manipulation, and environmental pollutants.
Nuummite heavily draws from wild earth energies.
Be careful. This stone has intense energy and may be too much for some to work with. Nuummite is a strong magick stone and should be taken seriously and treated respectfully. Use with good intent as harmful intent rebounds on the user.
5. Hag Stones
These stones you can find around lakes, rivers, and creeks. They are natural stones with a naturally-forming hole (or holes) straight through.
Hag stones are believed to ward against evil, negativity, curses, illness and nightmares.
The holes inside the stones are used to look through and are said to help you see other worlds, spirits, and even fairies.
Hag stones can be used to enhance the magick abilities of anyone who uses it or keeps one on them. If you cannot afford any stone at this time, look for hag stones outside. They are powerful and have been held as sacred to many ancient Pagan religions for thousands of years.
U.S. folks please signal boost!!! VIRGINIANS NEED TO VOTE ON TUESDAY.
The Republican candidate for governor (Gillespie) has followed Trump, making the race about confederate statues (FUCK SLAVEMASTER STANS) and sanctuary cities (even though there are NO SANCTUARY CITIES IN VIRGINIA).
If he wins, this will be the blueprint for state and local elections through 2018, a racist “populist” movement that takes the hell we’re in right now and seals the deal for years or decades to come. THIS NEEDS TO END NOW.
If you are in VA, VOTE TUESDAY, and bring at least one friend who DIDN’T vote in 2016!
FIGHT RACISTS - FIGHT RACISM - VOTE THESE KLAN KLOWNS THE FUCK OUT
“On Tuesday, Virginia’s voters confront what will almost certainly be the most consequential election for governor of their lifetimes.
The contest between Democratic Lt. Gov. Ralph Northam and Republican Ed Gillespie matters for the state, of course, but its implications will be even larger for the nation.
A Northam victory would send a signal to the country that President Trump is a severe drag on the GOP, especially if it were combined with Democratic pickups in the legislature. This would bolster the forces trying to contain Trump’s abuses and give heart to those doing the organizing work against him at the grass roots.
It would tell Republicans in Congress that coddling and imitating Trump carry a high cost while strengthening Democratic efforts to recruit strong candidates for the 2018 midterms.
A win by Gillespie would convey exactly the opposite message. It would ratify the Republican candidate’s vile and dishonest campaign tying Northam to felons and criminal gangs. This, in turn, would lead to more ugly racial and anti-immigrant appeals by GOP candidates next year. The party would decide that playing around with a few of Trump’s more hateful themes was the way to go. The race to the bottom would continue.”
can you look at what houses the boys' juno is in and what it means for their future marriages? 🌸🌷
Jin and Yoongi - Juno in the 4th house
both their junos are also in the sign cancer so their marriages just scream domestic !!
their partner will have cancer traits: sensitive, caring, and nurturing. one that enjoys homemaking activities like cooking and looking after the nest. someone who feels like home.
speaking of home, that will be the most important part of their relationship
a lot of time will be put into creating a serene, cozy den where many memories will bloom
both jin and yoongi may become more homebodies after getting married and maybe even set aside work to stay there
instead of going out to town with their every night, quiet nights in are preferred
they’d rather enjoy hot chocolate by a cozy fireplace with their s/o than go out dancing
creating a family is a high priority. children are considered blessings
where they’ll meet their soulmate: they might be childhood sweethearts or someone from their youth. or they’ll meet at ikea
Hoseok - Juno in the 7th house
the asteroid of marriage in the house of marriage puts great focus on relationships
marriage is something he has thought or dreamed about for a long time, since childhood
he will “find himself” through his partner. they will reveal sides of him that he didn’t know he had
a theme of self discovery and growth during the marriage
with his juno in scorpio and pluto in the same house, he may have fear or hesitation of marriage
he will transform (pluto) greatly in marriage
he may go through many marriages, with jupiter also in the 7th house
either way, he is searching for a life long partner and will not settle until he finds them
partner and relationship will have libra traits: balanced, fair, and social
romance and intimacy are key. he will change into a truly lovesick boy with his partner
where he’ll meet his soulmate: because we form relationships everywhere we go, he could meet them anywhere. they might be business partners or in some form of a partnership. wherever it’ll be, it’ll feel like a movie once they lay eyes on each other
Namjoon and Jungkook - Juno in the 11th house
the 11th house rules friends and that’s exactly who these two will marry: a best friend
someone who they’ve known for a long time and developed strong feelings for over time
it may not be a love at first sight and it could take time to truly realize their feelings for their soulmate
but it will be a strong love that can stand the test of time
a classic “friends to lovers” story
it may occur at a moment where they’re spending time with them and see them smile in a certain way and it just clicks: “Wow, this is the person i want to spend the rest of my life with.”
the 11th house is ruled by uranus, the planet of everything different
their marriage will be non-traditional in some way
it could be an age gap, interracial, different backgrounds, may even same-sex
partner will have aquarius traits: unique, eccentric, someone who embraces the things that make them different
the 11th house also rules community so both of them may join social causes with their s/o. they will share a similar vision and it will most likely involve changing the world in some way
where they’ll meet their soulmate: in their friend group, a charity event, online, in a dream
Jimin - Juno in the 6th house
the 6th house is known for ruling work but it also rules our daily routine, habits, and health
his future marriage will be with someone he can work well with. not only in a career sense, but also in daily activities and emotionally
tending to small things around the house like chores and things that are usually seen as nuisances will strengthen the relationship
him and his partner will find joy in washing dishes together, doing laundry, things like that
co-operation is essential in the relationship. so is autonomy and freedom
work could keep them apart for long periods of time so trust is also key
he needs someone he can rely on and who can also rely on him
he could be quite literally married to his work, or find love at his workplace
partner will have virgo traits: an intellect, someone who pays attention to detail, someone organized and trustworthy
his partner will very likely look after his health a lot
exercise or sport may be activities they enjoy together
he may want a partner who serves him, someone more submissive
or vice versa, his partner may try to make him their servant
balance and fairness needs to be kept or else things could go south
where he’ll meet his soulmate: at work, a co-worker or colleague, or at the gym or spa
Taehyung - Juno in the 2nd house
the 2nd house rules the income, money, possessions, and also our self-esteem
his marriage will likely increase his sense of self-worth and confidence
his partner will be someone who boosts his ego and makes him feel like he could take over the world
this could manifest negatively where he marries someone in hopes to increase his self-worth or secure financial security. a common example is marrying into a rich family just for money. this usually doesn’t end well
possessiveness could be an issue. seeing his partner as something he “owns”
he could avoid divorce/leaving a bad relationship due to fear of losing money
on a more positive note: marriage will most likely be a blessing financially either way. he will amass great wealth with his partner
the relationship will be steady, committed, and solid. almost nothing can sway the strong foundation he will build with his s/o
a marriage characterized by luxury: a grande wedding, million dollar home, etc.
showing love through tangible things will be common. this could be gift giving or lots of physical touch
partner will have taurus traits: loyal, down to earth, and very sensual
overall i think this is an excellent placement of juno in his capricorn dominant chart
where he’ll meet his soulmate: his hometown, an event for the wealthy, the bank
Fact: Pansexuals receive a +3 bonus to all of their stats during Halloween. Although the reasons behind this are unknown, it is believed that Halloween is a special holiday for pansexuals as it mysteriously strengthens their Pan-Powers. Some believe this may be due to pansexuals’ love for candy and for high-effort costuming.
Eventually, you stop crying yourself to sleep and the self-blame will dim. The questions as to why you weren’t good enough along with all that lost time spent in the shower retracing your last conversation will also stop too.
However, it will not be easy.
You are still going to wake up with them in your mind for weeks to come and similarly, they will be all you can think about before you sleep. Heartbreak is a bit like love in that respect, you think about them constantly except the thoughts are painful this time around.
Indeed, there are moments where you find shelter from these thoughts, a hot chocolate with a friend or an essay that requires your full attention. Your favourite song will come on but then that shuffled sad song will follow and trigger the thoughts all over again. This is inevitable so when it catches you off guard, let it all out. Do all you must to wash away the sadness. Call a friend, bake some cookies, go and lie on the floor with your dog and tell him you’re glad he wouldn’t ever hurt you like this.
Your heart will miss them so much it will use any excuse to search for them. The same model car they have will drive by while you are laughing away with your friends and suddenly you cannot breathe.
You might see someone with the same curly hair or the way the person sitting in front of you on the bus drums their fingers to a song will remind you of them. This too, is inevitable. Try to appreciate these small quirks because regardless of where you have ended up, these were once pieces of a puzzle that led to you falling in love and that is a beautiful thing.
Most importantly of all, you are going to want to run to them. You are going to want to share your day- whether it be good or bad- purely out of habit. You will miss the way they told you terrible jokes or sent you pictures of your favourite breed dog just to bring a smile to your face for the first time that day. You will miss how excited they got when you were excited- how happy they got when you were happy. Allow yourself to grieve this absence but remind yourself that they aren’t the only person who would be willing to devote so much effort to cheering you up. Let your loved ones know you’re sad and soak in the warmth of their kind words.
And then, suddenly, a few weeks have passed and you think of them for the first time in three days and you realise that you are healing. You start to fill your time with people and things that make you happy. You suddenly crave adventure and new experiences and anything that makes you feel alive again. You stop beating yourself up and start to defend your corner like you are your own best friend. You put your hands up and admit your contribution to the downfall of it all but the difference is, you refuse to defend them any longer. You validate your pain and tell yourself that it is okay to hurt and that you just need time- the art of healing requires the same patience as a few broken bones.
The bond with your friends will strengthen if you let them in- please let them in. Spend time with them and regularly express how much you appreciate them. Feel good about telling loved ones that you love them. Do not shy away from this term because your heart is broken. Please remind yourself that this is not the end for you. Do not console yourself with the whole there are other fish in the sea rubbish because I know that despite how much pain they have caused, you still want them and you will continue to want them for a very long time. Instead, console yourself with the thought that your heart may be in two right now but bones do that sometimes and with a little support, healing is inevitable.
My darling, to break may not be beautiful while you’re going through it but it is, don’t you see? Even a glow stick has to crack to shine; think of how proud you will be when one day you can smile at yourself in the mirror and mean it again.
This spell is to help strengthen love that is already present. It’s very helpful for long distance relationships.
You will need:
- An herbal mixture of lavender, ground cinnamon, and chili pepper (I also have a Lover’s Herb mixture available in my shop that would work perfect for this spell)
- Two cinnamon sticks
- Three red candles
- Red or white ribbon
- A rose quartz (big or small, doesn’t matter)
- Rose incense (if you can’t find rose, lavender, or lover’s incense will also do)
- If you have a deck of tarot cards, pulling out The Lovers card can help. Place it on your work area as you do this spell to help give it an extra little boost.
Light the incense and take in the scent. Relax your mind and body. Mix the herbs together, concentrating on strengthening the bond between you and your partner. Mix them with your finger, athame, or wand in a clockwise motion. Mix the herbs in this circular motion six times. Hold the rose quartz in front of you, whisper your partner’s name to the stone and then lightly kiss the stone. Place the stone in the herbal mixture the strengthen the herbs.
Reflect on your partner and all it is that you love about them. As you do this, light the three red candles. Visualize your partner, see them in your mind as clearly as you can. Think about their smile, laugh, embrace. Hold a cinnamon stick in each hand as you do this, one stick represents you, the other your partner. Focus on your intent and slowly bring the cinnamon sticks together. With either your saliva, a bit of your blood, or some rose or lavender oil, dampen the joined sticks (you can also use a combination of all three liquids if you want). Lay them in the herbal mixture.
Turn the sticks over in the herbal mixture until the herbs stick pretty well to it. As you do this chant the following six times:
“Our love is ever strong
By distance short or long
We find home in each other’s hearts
Souls tied together from the start”
After the chant, use the ribbon to tie the sticks together. Wrap them tightly together, thinking about how precious and important your love is. You can tie the ends of the ribbon together, seal them with wax from the candles, or both.
Keep the tied sticks at the heart of your home or bedroom.
Note: If you find later that the relationship is not going well later on or if it is best to cut ties with your partner, simply disassemble the sticks and scatter the pieces to the four cardinal directions.
If you need a safe space, see a therapist. University is not a safe space. If university is done right, it’s a radically unsafe space. If you want to go somewhere and get yourself taken apart, intellectually, and then hopefully get put back together, then go to university. Everything you believe should be challenged in every possible way.